Federal President (Switzerland)

Federal President of the Swiss Confederation is that Minister, who leads the pares presidency as Primus inter with the meetings of Swiss government, the Upper House of Parliament. Its deputy is the vice-president of the Upper House of Parliament.

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it is - like for example the Federal President in Austria or Germany - a head of state of his country. The Swiss Federal Constitution knows neither a head of state still another head of the government. Allthese functions are noticed by the entire Upper House of Parliament as Kollegium. In the function as a chairman of the Upper House of Parliament the vote of the Federal President applies with equality of votes as decisive.

Additionally to the line of its section (Ministry) the Federal President takes over only some tasks of representation of a head of state. Firstthis was only inland the case: The Federal President holds responding to New Year and/or. to Swiss national holiday at the 1. August. In a time of increased foreign contacts the Federal President travels also more frequently abroad.

Because however Switzerland does not have a head of state,the country also does not maintain state visits abzustatten. If the Federal President goes abroad, then he does this only as responsible Ministers of a specialist area. If however a head of state of another country an official attendance is abgestattet, then this doesusually the Federal President; the same applies with appearances at the side of several heads of state of other countries (e.g. in the UN-general assembly).


the Federal President becomes from the united Presidential Election Council in each case for one year from the circlethe federal advice selected.

In 19. Century was the choice to the Federal President an honor for particularly estimated federal advice. Less influential cabinet members were however regularly ignored. Like that was the pc. Galler William Matthias Naeff, which belonged 27 years long to the federal state government,only once (1853) Federal President.

Since that 20. Century is usually undisputed the choice. It applies the unwritten rule that that Upper House of Parliament becomes Federal President, who did not dress this office already at longest the no more. Thus each Upper House of Parliament comes intoseven years at least once to the course. For tension with the choice only still the question provides, how many being correct in the Presidential Election Council obtains to selecting, what is rated as popularity test. 200 voices applied in the 1970er and 1980er years(of 246 possible) as excellent result. In one epoch of increasing party-political conflicts at present however already 180 voices are a respectable result.

Until 1920 were it - with interruptions - usual that the respective Federal President took over also the State Department. It camethus each year to a at least smaller castling, if the retiring Federal President returned to his old section and the new changed in the State Department. Likewise it was custom that the Federal President, even as ministers of foreign affairs, while its year in office Switzerland did not leave.

The Federal President of Switzerland for 2006 is Moritz Leuenberger. Vice-president of the Upper House of Parliament is me LINE Calmy Rey. According to the rules described above this means that she will transfer the presidency in the year following on it.


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