Election to the Bundestag 2002
The SPD, alliance 90/Die the Green, FDP, Party of Democratic Socialism and NPD were represented in all 16 Lands of the Federal Republic with national lists, the CDU in all countries except Bavaria, the CSU only in Bavaria. The Schill party placed itself in all countries except Saxonia-Anhalt to the choice.
The number of candidates, thatSeats in the Bundestag as well as the constituencies was smaller in the comparison to the election to the Bundestag 1998. 3542 candidates (1998: 5062), of which about 29% were women, applied for a mandate for on 598 the delegate (1998: 666) made smaller Bundestag. The number that Constituencies one reduced by 29 to 299.
Table of contents
candidate for the office of the Federal Chancellor
Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (SPD) was candidate for the chancellorship of the SPD, candidate for the chancellorship of the Union parties CDU and CSU was Edmund Stoiber again, after Angela Merkelin January 2002 had given its requirement up on the candidacy (“Wolfratshausener breakfast “). Also the FDP had appointed a candidate for the chancellorship this choice - for the first time in its history - officially, Guido Westerwelle.
topicsin the election campaign
the topics of the election campaign were variously, here a selection:
- verschiedene Affären:
of the candidates for the chancellorship to the Cologne SPD handbill affair at the FDP.
proportional election result
- SPD 38.5% (- 2.4)
- CDU/CSU 38.5% (the +3,4)
- Greens 8.6% (+1,9)
- FDP 7.4%(+1,2)
- Party of Democratic Socialism 4.0% (- 1.1)
- other 3.0% (- 3.0)
allocation of seats
- SPD 249 (of it 4 excessive mandates) (- 47 mandates)
- CDU/CSU 248 (of it 1 excessive mandate) (+ 3 mandates)
- the Green 55 (+ 8 mandates)
- FDP 47 (+ 4 mandates)
- Party of Democratic Socialism2 (no group and/or parliamentary group status) (- 34 mandates)
altogether 603 seats
of the five excessive mandates were omitted up to the end of the electoral period two, in particular two from the SPD faction, since a delegate died and a delegate did without his mandate.
For the first timein the history of the elections to the German Bundestag by alliance 90/Die a direct candidate a constituency set up could win the Greens:Hans Christian Ströbele obtained Prenzlauer mountain east” 31.6% of the voices in the constituency “Berlin Friedrichshain - cross mountain - and lay thereby before its sharpestAdversaries Andreas Matthae (SPD, 29.2%) and Bärbel Grygier (Party of Democratic Socialism, 22.6%).
details to the election result
the delivered voices varied both regionally and socialstructurally substantially. Red-green has the elections particularly in east and Northern Germany, with womenand in large cities won. However only if men from South Germany would have been entitled to vote, it would have become for black yellow a clear choice victory.
regional voice distribution
in West Germany CDU /CSU with 40,8% lies clearly before the SPD with 38,3%. In East Germany however the SPD lies around 11,5% before the CDU and wins thereby the choice. In West Germany the SPD loses four per cent points in relation to the election to the Bundestag 1998, in East Germany wins it however 4.7% per cent points.
Just as largeThere are differences in the old Lands of the Federal Republic between north and South Germany. In Northern Germany and in the center the SPD with 44,7% and 42,2% wins clearly before the CDU (33.5% and/or 35.6%). In South Germany however this can the Social Democrats with nearly 18 per cent points behind itself leave.
Also the union in large cities with few exceptions (Nuremberg, Stuttgart , Munich ) wins few and/or loses even voices, during it in small and smallest municipalities over six per cent pointsto add can.
Alliance 90/Die the Green keep their emphasis in West Germany: 9.8% in the old face 4.8% in the new Lands of the Federal Republic. The FDP however gains only 0.6 per cent points on 7,6% in West Germany, can however in East Germanytheir election result on 6,6% nearly double. The Party of Democratic Socialism finally breaks in its result in the east dramatically, is worse than even with the election to the Bundestag 1994, while it reaches the same result in West Germany almost exactly like 1998.
Socialstructurally arranged voice distribution
during with the election to the Bundestag 1998 women and men nearly directly co-ordinated, showed up 2002 clear differences. The SPD lay with the women of nearly four per cent points before the Christian democrats; the union however knew the Social Democrats with the menstrike voice portion around one nearly identically. The profits of the SPD come almost exclusively from Mrs., the profits of the CDU almost exclusively of men. The CDU is contrary to the 1950ern and 1960ern one of male voters preferred a party (54% the voter are male, 46% female), the SPD have a light woman Mrs. (48% male, 52% womanlike), the Greens have a still stronger woman Mrs. (45% male, 55% womanlike). With the female voters those has Red-GreenCoalition knappe a majority over 50%, only with the male would have won black-yellow the choice with four per cent points.
Losses of the SPD arise particularly in the middle age groups, with voters under 30 years or over 60 years can they their result keep stable. The union voters have into approximately the same age structure as with earlier elections. Best it cuts it off with over 60-jährigen, achieves here alone over 50%. However are whole - contrary to their earlierTimes - the old men of frequent CDU voters as the old women. This applies however only to West Germany. In East Germany the CDU can achieve that with over 60-jährigen only 27% of the voices, with the Mrs. almost catastrophic 24%. ThoseThe Greens win mainly in the older classes, with over 45-jährigen three per cent points just like with over 60-jährigen. With the voters under 30 the Greens cannot win anything in addition. In contrast to it the FDP: it wins strongly with votersuntil, remains the same for 30 in the group from 45 to 59 and loses voter, who is older than 60.
The traditional differences dissolve. With the traditional voter environment, this only little per cent is to the SPD, the workers and employeesbefore the CDU. Fraud the projection/lead of the SPD with the workers 1998 of still 23 per cent points, he sank 2002 on six (45% opposite 39%). With the catholics without church connection the projection/lead of the union sinks. It is about seven per cent points(44% opposite 37%). Only with the trade union-bound workers (SPD 54%; Union 20%) and with church-bound catholic (union: 73 %; SPD: ) the old connections still their meaning seem to keep 16%.
ThatChoice evening 2002 was unparalleled in its drama TIC. At 18 o'clock looked up the pool of broadcasting corporations behind blackyellow, the Second Channel of German Television both same and RTL again saw a majority for red green red green.
At 18 o'clock 47 already explained itself Edmund Stoiber as the winner,an estimate, which seemed to have their authorization around this time, was increasingly generic term-oiled however in the further process of the evening. The union changed thereupon its language on the rejoicing over the over roundness of the SPD regarding the parliamentary group strength. Afterin the course of the evening also this majority, for some hours obtaining that fell computationally most voting card pleased to the knowledge was taken.
The provisional official election result and the allocation of seats following from it still became at the choice night in Berlin in the realm tag buildingadmits given, however only far after midnight. The SPD lay also straight once 6027 voices before the Union parties. Auschlaggebend for the formation of a government the knappe difference between SPD and CDU/CSU was however not, there the projection/lead of SPD and the Green togetherabout 577,000 voices before CDU/CSU and FDP amounted to.
Due to some choice test complaints at the Federal Constitutional Court against the resolution of the German federal daily over election petitions against the validity of the election to the Bundestag 2002 center foundJanuary 2005 a new counting in the two by the Party of Democratic Socialism candidates won constituencies instead of. It should examine a mandate importance of the secondary voices that voter, who selected the Party of Democratic Socialism candidates with their Erststimme and with its secondary voice another national list. Thus they obtaineda double success value of their voices. A mandate importance was not determined however.
If the Federal Constitutional Court takes these voices off from the result for the allocation of seats to considering voices of the individual parties, the most probable mandate-substantial consequence would have been that the SPD by lossof e.g. 54.000 voices still another additional seat would have received - a consequence of right to vote-learn criticized negative being correct weight of the election to the Bundestag system.
overview of all begun parties
- a social-democratic party of Germany (SPD)
- Christian democratic union of Germany (CDU)
- christian-social union inBavaria registered association. (CSU)
- Alliance 90/Die the Green (the GREEN)
- free one a democratic party (FDP)
- a party of democratic socialism (Party of Democratic Socialism)
- a party of right-national offensive (Schill)
- a family party of Germany (FAMILY)
- humans environment animal protection (the animal protection party)
- a nationaldemocratic party of Germany (NPD)
- the grey ones - grey Panther (a GREY)
- Humanisti party (HP)
- A communist party of Germany (KPD)
- Christian center - for a Germany after GOD requirements (cm)
- a party of Bible-faithful Christians (PBC)
- a Bavaria party (BP)
- German central party - an secondaryoldest party of Germany based 1870 - (CENTER)
- a ecological-democratic party (ödp)
- civil rights movement solidarity (BüSo)
- alternative mirror-image-ritual policyin the new age (the violet ones)
- tool sneezing tables a party the MRS. (the MRS.)
- the republicans (REP)
- a party for pension justice and family (PRG)
- departure for citizen rights, liberty and health (DEPARTURE)
with direct candidates, but without national lists took part in addition:
- From now on… alliance for Germany (Germany)
- A German communist party (DKP)
- German social union (DSU)
Erststimmen secondary voices61.432.868 entitled to vote 61.432.868Voter 48.582.761 48.582.761 Invalid one 741.037 586.281 Valid voices 47.841.724 47.996.480
SPD 20.059.967 18.488.668 CDU 15.336.512 14.167.561 CSU 4.311.178 The 4.315.080 GREENS 2.693.794 4.110.355 F.D.P. 2.752.796 3.538.815 Party of Democratic Socialism 2.079.203 1.916.702 Schill 120.330 400,476 REP 55.947 280,671 NPD 103.209 215,232 animal protection 8.858 159.655 GREY ONES 75.490 114,224 PBC 71.106 101.645 ödp 56.593 56.898 THE WOMEN 2.264 36,832 FAMILY 15.138 30,045 BüSo 22.531 16,958 cm 2.413 15,440 BP 6.757 9,379 PRG 4.363 7,499 DEPARTURE 2.895 4,697 CENTER 1.823 3,127
HP 1.385 2.485 violet ones 840 2,412
KPD 686 1.624DSU 6.003 - DKP 3.953 - FP Germany 2.003 - Germany 571 -Remaining one 43.116 -
Web on the left of
- board cutter, franc/Deth, January van/scooter, Edeltraud (Hg.): The election to the Bundestag 2002. Analyses thatElection results and the election campaign, Wiesbaden 2004.
- Cecere, Vito: Government party in the group selection fight. To the communication strategy of the SPD in the election to the Bundestag fight 2002, in: Balzer, Axel/Geilich, Marvin/Rafat, Shamim (Hg.): /Politics as mark - politics switching between communication and production, Lit publishing house, Münster 2005, ISBN 3-8258-8146-6
- Dittberner, Jürgen: The election to the Bundestag fight 2002 of the FDP and the consequences: A function party or liberal Renaissance? , in: Balzer, Axel/Geilich, Marvin/Rafat, Shamim (Hg.):/Politics as mark - politics switching between communication and production, Lit publishing house, Münster 2005, ISBN 3-8258-8146-6
- hardlive. Florian/Jesse,Hitting a corner hard: A view back and forward: Factor “coincidence” or calculated chancellor strategy? The SPD in the election to the Bundestag fights 2002 and 2005, in: Balzer, Axel/Geilich, Marvin/Rafat, Shamim (Hg.):/Politics as mark - politics switching between communication and production, Lit publishing house, Münster 2005, ISBN 3-8258-8146-6
- Jerkovic, Toma: TV-duels 2002. Theatrale politics in the experience company. Scientific publishing house Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-86573-141-4
- Niedermayer, Oskar (Hg.): The parties after the election to the Bundestag 2002, Opladen 2003
- Neugebauer, Gero/smelling pool of broadcasting corporations impact: Gotten off a blue eye. An analysisthe election to the Bundestag 2002, Berlin 2002.
- Miner, Knut: The TV-duels in the election to the Bundestag fight 2002, in: Magazine for parliament questions, 36. Jg., number 1/2005
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