Castle landhit a corner

castle landhit a corner lies southwest from Landau, with blade cathedral in Rhineland-Palatinate.

Burg Landeck
Castle landhit a corner

table of contents

history

as with the overwhelming majority of the pfälzischen castles is also with castle landhit a cornerthe exact year of the foundation unknown. Generally it is accepted that the castle as a successor for the close convenient, probably in the second half 12. Century destroyed tower castle was established „Schlössel “. For this acceptance there is however just as little a direct proof as for the further thesis,that both castles a protective function for the close convenient monastery blade (- cathedrals) would have possessed. The visible architectural stylistic characteristics Landecks refer to the time around 1200. And occupied surely thus landhit a corner however only 1237 are actually mentioned on the occasion of the division of the Leininger of goods between the counts FriedrichIII. and Emich IV. of Leiningen. In this division the castle with all Zubehörden fell at Emich IV., which justified its own line of Leiningen Landeck. At the latest in the center 13. Century was the plant a Reichslehen, itself in the common leaning possession of the counts ofTwo-bridges and the counts von Leiningen found. 1255 caught Emich IV. With Hördt off and it kidnapped messengers from Mainz and Worms, which pulled in the Elsass to one city day, after landhits a corner. After fast becoming extinct of the collateral line in the year 1289/90 lent Leiningen Landeck king Rudolf ofHaving castle the backpleased half of the realm castle 1290 at its nephew, the elsässischen Landvogt Otto IV. of ox stone, while the other half remained in the possession of the counts von Zweibrücken Bitsch. Only since beginning 14. Century leave themselves more or less entitled, in the long term however successfulAttempts of the abbey blade cathedral prove, landhit a corner and surrounding goods as its property to spend, which had above all effects on the ochsensteinischen portion. Importantly also the ambitions of the Pfalzgrafen recognizable since the century center should become with Rhine to bring the castle into their hand which 1358/66with the acquisition of the opening right took its exit. In similar way due to internal-family disputes, arguments that common ones among themselves and not least by financial difficulties, 1405 a further portion to the diocese Speyer fell. The received sources of writing, under it particularly importantly the Burgfrieden, testify the attemptsnow three the owner parties - the counts von Zweibrücken Bitsch, the Mr. von Ochsenstein and the diocese Speyer -, to regulate their castle community lastingly. Although landhit a corner end 15. Century developed were, conquered the farmers elsässischen heap of piston the plant in the farmer war 1525 and burnedit out. The damage developed at that time was however again repaired to all appearances. After becoming extinct the Mr. von Ochsenstein 1485 and the counts von Zweibrücken-Bitsch-Lichtenberg 1570 the pfälzischen cure princes could increase their possession portion first to three quarters and 1709 by exchange with the diocese Speyerfinally complete. Up to the French revolution should Kurpfalz now owner of however of landhits a corner remains, who had been however destroyed in the meantime. When this destruction was done via French troops, is against the landläufigen opinion, which calls the year 1689 not to determine clearly might however rather 1680 happenits. After the Viennese congress 1815 to the Bavarian state fallen, belongs the impressive castle ruin today to from „castles, locks, Altertümer Rhineland-Palatinate to “administered objects. The 1881 created land hitting a corner association rendered special services to receipt and promotion of the plant.

building history

thosestill existing construction units go back into the time around 1200. Clear two building pounding are to be recognized. To the oldest castle parts the donjon and the coat wall belong. The tower cuts with a side into the wall, somewhat was thus in former times built. Up toBeginning 15. Century consisted landhit a corner only of the core castle marked by the internal Ringmauer. The bridge tower put forward far is only at the end 13. Century or still later established. The Ringmauer was changed several times in the course of the centuries, probably as consequence of the insertedBuildings, which pushed inside against the wall and used these as external wall. A change of the Mr. von Ochsenstein end 13. or at the beginning 14. Century belong the remainders of the western housing. From late 14. Century coming house in relation to, on the eastern sidethe Berings, at least at the beginning of partial in framework construction way and also in stone one had implemented later. This east and this west's building would be allowed to do with large security „bäumenen (= wooden) house “and „the stone house “to correspond, which are called in a source of writing from the year 1407. ThatCourse between both buildings, which was enough from the Burgtor to to the southern end of the core castle, was covered after 1421 by a transverse wing. Probably in the first half 15. Century the core castle was surrounded with the today's kennel plant and with half towers and so the changedmilitary engineering requirements adapted. Further construction measures let develop 1456 possibly „the Vorwerk put on according to kind of a Barbakane “including the bridge tower. Further building projects are up to the destruction at the end 17. Century no longer delivers. Since 1881 became on operation of the land hitting a corner association the rubble debris eliminated, walldamaging Buschwerk removes and repair measures made. From the large quantity of find stones one established the Burgschänke and secured thereby some art-historically important Bauspolien. In the sixties 20. Century took place under supervision of the national office for care of monuments extensive reorganization and restoration measures. 1967 becamethe original entrance situation - before the castle was only from the ditch over an earth ramp at the eastern side accessible - repaired over the renewed bridge on the still existing columns.

today's use

"Ritterlager" bei einem Mittelaltermarkt/Landeckfest
“knight camp” with a Middle Ages market/land hitting a corner celebration
the castle ruin landhit a corner places todaya popular trip goal. The Burgschänke is managed during the summer months at weekends and holidays. The tower can be mounted against a payment (wooden spiral stair inside) and offers by its Zinnen an impressing prospect. In the first stick of the tower is a small exhibition ofSoil finds of the castle area. On the area of the castle ruin landhit a corner in irregular distances so-called Middle Ages markets under the designation “land hitting a corner celebration” are held.

literature

  • Alexander Thon/Hans ride ago/Peter Pohlit: Castle ruin landhit a corner, Regensburg 2005. ISBN 3795417139

Web on the left of

  • entry to the castle in the scientific castle data basethe European institute for castle (EBIDAT)


coordinates: 49° 8 ′ 27 " n. Break, 8° 0 ′ 22 " o. L.

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)