Castle theatre

of these articles treats Viennese the castle theatre, for further sees to castle theatre (term clarifying)

the castle theatre („the castle “, the ensemble members also „castle actors “ mentioned), originally k.k. Theatre next the castle, then until 1918 k.k. Yard castle theatre, is a federal theatre of Austria in Vienna and one thatmost important European theatres.

Castle theatre (frontal view)
view of the roof of the castle theatre

table of contents


the beginnings

the old building on the Michaelerplatz was built originally 1741 as ballroom. To 14. March of the same yearly was created the castle theatre of empress Maria Theresia as „theatre next the castle “.Her son emperor Joseph II. explained it to 17. February 1776 to „the Teut national theatre “. Starting from 1794 the theatre carried for the names „k.k. Yard theatre next the castle “. To 14. October 1888 one shifted the castle theatre in from Gottfried a Semper (sketch) and Karl baronbuilding at the Viennese struggle race, sketched by Hasenauer ( front).

Castle theatre around 1900
castle theatres (hist. Postcard)

the cover paintings coming from Gustav Klimt and his brother Ernst Klimt, and/or. of Franz Matsch. Because of its bad acoustics and the more on representative appearance than upFunction aligned architecture was very disputed the building. 1897 took place a change of the auditorium, in order to reduce the acoustic problems. Since 1919 are called it only more castle theatres, although the original name is visible still on the front of the front and back of the building.

1922/23 became that Academy theatre as chamber play stage attached to the castle theatre.

in the time of the national socialism the National Socialist

ideas also traces in the history of the castle theatre left the castle theatre. 1937 and 1938 appeared with the Adolf Luser publishing house two strongly anti-Semitic coined/shaped books concerning the castle theatre of theTheatre scientist Heinz child man, in which it analyzed among other things the Jewish influence on the castle theatre. To 14. October 1938 was pointed production to the 50-jährigen opening anniversary of the castle theatre a Don Carlo - by Karl-Heinz Stroux, which served the ideology of Hitler. The role of the Marquis Posa playedthe same Ewald Balser, which one year before in another Don Carlo - production (of Heinz Hilpert) at the German theatre in the same role with the set of direction Joseph Goebbels 'Loge ranted: „Giving it thought liberty! “. The actor and director Lothar Müthel, between1939 and 1945 director of the castle theatre were, produced 1943 the buyer of Venice, in which Werner Krauss represented the Jew Shylock in a very unfavorable light. The same director produced Lessings parabola Nathan of the way after the war. Adolf Hitler visited during of the LV regimes only once, in the year 1938 the castle theatre, later he refused from panischer fear of an assassination attempt. The castle theatre ensemble did not carry between 1938 and 1945 a considerable resistance against the LV ideology, which became play plan strongly censored, only few followed actively for the resistance out, howe.g.Judith wood master (at that time however also at the folk theatre engages). To the emigration one help to the Jewish ensemble members, yet an actor, was brought and killed Fritz Strassny , into a concentration camp.

the castle theatre after the Second World War

after the house at the ring due tothe bomb attacks 1944/45 burned out and strongly damaged, moved the castle theatre was into the asylum accomodation Ronacher . The first conception after the Second World War was Sappho of Franz Grillparzer. The academy theatre could be taped. 1951 opened the castle theatre the first time its gates, however onlythe left Seitenflügel, where the ceremonies took place to the 175-jährigen existence of the old castle theatre. To 14. October 1955 came it under Adolf rots to the reopening of the restored house at the ring, from this cause a Mozart's small night music was played. To 15. and to 16. October followedthe first performance (from space reasons as double premiere) in the again reconditioned theatre:King Ottokars luck and end of Franz Grillparzer, produced of Adolf rot. Under rot and his successors - Ernst Haeussermann and/or. Gerhard blade mountain - the classical castle theatre style and the castle theatre German for the Germans becameStages finally pointing the way.

the today's castle theatre

a course in the castle theatre
the today's auditorium

Gerhard blade mountain internationalized the castle theatre, it loaded important directors such as Peter resounds, Luca Ronconi, Giorgio Strehler, Roberto Guicciardini and Otomar Krejca. Blade mountain made possible also thoseCastle debut by Claus Peymann and Thomas's Bernhard (1974 premiere of the shooting party). Bernhard was as successors of blade mountain in the discussion, however Achim Benning was finally appointed, on which the writer answered with the text „the theatrical Bruchbude on the ring (like I castle theatre manager will should) “. Benning,the first ensemble representative of the castle theatre, who was appointed the director, continued blade mountain way of Europeanizing with other means, brought directors such as Adolf Dresen, Dieter thorn or Thomas long-hopes to Vienna, looked with performances of pieces Vaclav Havels into at that time the politically separated eastand more strongly consideration for the public taste took. Under Claus Peymann, which was from 1986 to 1999 a director, came it again to a modernization of the play plan and the production styles, which encountered however with parts of the public first refusal. Above all the premiere kindled discussionsof Thomas's Bernhard's Heldenplatz, which argued with the coming to terms with the past of Austria, in addition, critically lit up the presence - with attacks on the SPÖ governing at that time -. Bernhard forbade even by will the performance of his pieces in Austria, against what Peymann expressed itself and a damage forthe work of the author feared, was not its pieces just in its homeland not to be demonstrated. First it was nevertheless possible by a permission of the executor Peter Fabjan - Bernhard's Halbbruder - to already further-pass on those in the play plan of the Burgtheates productions present. Briefly before its tenth day of deathit finally came to the new production of its piece before the retirement by the premiere director Peymann. The pieces of Bernhard stand for far on the play plan of the castle theatre and are regularly again brought out.

1993 were opened the sample stage of the castle theatre in the arsenal (architect: Gustav Peichl). Since 1999the castle theatre has the type of firm of a GesmbH. Director is since 1999 Klaus Bachler.

Jubliäumsjahr 2005

in October 2005 celebrated the castle theatre the 50. Anniversary of its reopening with a Galaabend and with the performance of Grillparzers king Ottokars luck and endin the production of Martin Kušej, which was specified in August 2005 with the salt citizen festivals with large success and for the Nestroy Theaterpreis for the best direction was nominated, which she did not get however. But Michael Maertens got the price (in the role of Rudolf of having castle) as best actors in this piece. The leading actor Tobias Moretti was distinguished 2006 for this role with the Gertrud Eysoldt ring.

At the anniversary celebration 16. Octobers 2005 were open the premises of the castle theatre all day long for the visitors. On the day of the open doortechnique guidance were offered and one could acquire old Theaterrequisiten on the flea market.

The anniversary yearly among other things also with a book concerning the history of the castle theatre of the Theaterwissenschafters Klaus Dermutz was thought, for years the books of the row edition castle theatre (above all books, those the Œuvrethe most important directors at the castle theatre treat) writes.

As slogan a quotation from Lessings Minna of barn helmet serves this play time: „It is so sad to be pleased alone. “

action art at the castle theatre

meanwhile held also action and performance art in the castle theatre introduction. TwoEvents excited special large attention in the play time 2005-2006:

To 19. November 2005 found the performance 122 at the castle theatre in the context of the Orgien Mysterien theatre. Action of Hermann Nitsch instead of. The maps were already on the first advance booking day within minutes sell off.

Of 17. - 22. Jänner 2006 found those431. animatographische expedition of Christoph Schlingensief, and/or. a large meeting of it under the title AREA 7 - Sadochrist matte house - an expedition of Christoph Schlingensief with visitable stage installations instead of. The performance is for March due to the large interest a regular component of the play plan.However the conceptions each mark run differently.

other events

  • at the beginning of of September 2005 in the castle theatre a MTV was noted - Unplugged with the dead trousers, which in November both on the music transmitter MTV was to be seen, and available on CD and DVDappeared.
  • At the night on the 1. December 2005 damaged an edge of wiring loom the cafeteria of the castle theatre. The flames could be deleted however fast, so that the damage to property amounted to 150.000 euro. The new, completely renewed cafeteria was again opened in March 2006.

stage technology and other technical characteristics

the ventilating system of the castle theatre
the vent duct, opened

the auditorium offer approx. 1,340 spectators place and is thereby one the largest under of Europe Schauspielhäusern. The stage portal is 12 m broad and at the highest point 9 m highly. The Schnürbödenand light bridges are in 12 m height. The stage surface amounts to approx. ² the stage

1954 were established to 1,000 m by the Austrian company Waagner Biro, which possesses experience also with other stage and opera houses, again. The main stage is equipped with a rotary cylinder stage with oneDiameter of 21 m with 4 sinking, which can be driven off to 8.8 m. This stage was established after the plans by Sepp Nordegg. So the pictures in the paternoster lift principle can be exchanged. In the year 1994 the stage renovation begun was terminated 2004. For example those becameold control by a computer price increase replaces.

The iron curtain of the castle theatre weighs 16 tons and can in emergency - for example with a fire - which separate stage area from the auditorium within 20 seconds.

The enormous air lock, the ventilation system is architecturally eizigartig and patented of theTheatre, which hides itself under the round roof on the side of the people garden. Air is blown, cleaned and kept at a moderate temperature by filters. Used up air is taken off from the Zusschauerraum by the brass lattice of the Kristalllusterkranzes in the center of the hall cover from the area in the free. ThatSuction for it produces the so-called “blister gel “, which stands as Wetterfahne on the dome.

The Souffleure at the castle theatre works with radio engineering, it gives no more Souffleurkasten.

Once in the month a stage technique special guidance for prospective customers is offered.

further play places of the castle theatre

  • that Academy theatre in the years 1911 to 1913 delighted by the architects Fellner and Hellmer and Ludwig Baumann, and is since 1922 the second play place of the castle theatre. Since that time it was converted and renewed stage-technically.
  • The casino at the Schwarzenberg place is considered as play place to pieces of present and special projects. Itbecame under director Benning to 26. April 1981 as 3. Since that time area at the Schwarzenberg place open and is taped with interruptions (see desire hereditary deserts). The present name originates from the management Peymann, which used the area first only as sample stage.
  • The Vestibül is the studio stage of the castle theatreand the Café Landtmann turned fixed staircase is under that. The Vestibül was prepared into the 1990er years for performances.
  • The desire hereditary deserts is a sample stage in the attic of the castle theatre. It became since that 16. September 1979 also again and again for performances consulted (at that time 3.Area - desire hereditary deserts, later only to desire hereditary deserts), then of the area at the Schwarzenberg place replaces. When this was used again for samples, one fell back again under Peymann on the desire hereditary deserts as performance place. Finally became the desire hereditary deserts after the reopening of the area at the Schwarzenberg place again asSample stage uses, to which it serves also at present.
  • Also at unusual places one plays: the production of the Anatom of Klaus Pohl with Ignaz Kirchner finds in the anatomical hall of the academy of the forming arts at the Schillerplatz instead of (2005), the unusual production of last call of Albert Ostermaier, the first co-operation of Andrea Breth with the stage designer of Martin Kušej, Martin Zehetgruber, became on the sample stage 1 in the arsenal in the 3. District easily, which was converted at short notice to a theatre area (2002).

small castle theatre ABC

castle theatre (Hauptportal)
Ein typisches Burgtheaterplakat
a typicalCastle theatre poster
castle theatre (side view)

  • but faith: The castle theatre has the call to be superstitious particularly „“. Naturally also elsewhere the common theatre superstition in the house, in which to tradition particularly great importance is attached, strictly are kept.
  • Castle-theatre-German:the variant that spoken on the stage of the castle theatreGerman language, Viennese „the stage German “, see above.
  • The castle theatre gallery is a collection of artist haven advice in the entrance hall, a kind „honour gallery “.
  • Castle theatre ring (the Concordia):Alternating of the Jakobs a Lippowitz, the publisher of the new Viennese journal, donated ring, which was lent annually between 1926 and 1934,to a member of the castle theatre (for special earnings/services) and to a dramatist.
  • Doyenne, Doyen of the castle theatre to be means to remain for the stage lifelong connected i.e. they are not set in retirement and are right to a funeral, which corresponds to the castle theatre customs (Aufbahrung and honourdes/r the deceased in the building of the castle theatre).
  • Particularly earned artists, who made themselves earned in the unusual measure around the house, are appreciated with the honorary membership. Their name becomes at the foot of the fixed staircase people garden side in marble in accordance with ice ELT.
  • The honour ring of the castle theatre becomes since 1. October 1955lent in irregular distances of the colleague shank of the castle theatre after suggestion of the work council to members of the castle theatre.
  • Ensemble representative: 1971 came into force the guidelines for an ensemble agency of the castle theatre, which meant a say of the ensemble to reform suggestions with occupations and play plan organizations.
  • Komparserie: With the castle theatrework no Statisten -- the layman actors are called exclusively Komparsen. The director/conductor of the Komparserie is since 1986 Wolfgang Janich, which completed even play training and in emergency also substitutes. The Komparsen is very carefully selected by multi-level Castingverfahren and even the companions thatparticipating animals Komparsen are called. Peymann wanted to abolish the Komparserie and to occupy the Komparsenrollen with actors, which then however these refused.
  • Sample stages: there is except the sample stages desire hereditary deserts and arsenal already mentioned still another sample stage in would turn-suppl.-eat in 15.Municipality district.
  • Bow order: Itgives strict house rules, for example, those regulate which the bow (who, when and with whom it is to bow itself with special rules for the premiere). Such a rule is allegedly for example that all, which play in the second act must bow themselves, those, only in firstArise to act, can naturally also do it, must however not. With the premiere bow themselves usually all participations, also the Komparsen and child actor.
  • Curtain prohibition:A nearly 200 years long carried out, unwritten law, that on a police theatre order of 19. August 1798 decreased/went back, wroteforwards that before the curtain only guests and Debütanten, but no ensemble members were allowed to bow themselves; the law was waived however 1979.

the castle theatre in film and literature

  • 1936 turned Willi forest the feature castle theatre, that from an aging, againcastle actor falling in love - represented of Werner Krauss - tells. The time of the action was 1897.
  • 1982 brought up for discussion Elfriede Jelinek in their piece of castle theatres the time of the LV dictatorship in the history of the castle theatre. The piece was uraufgeführt 1982 in Bonn as well as in Austria in the Grazer Theatre at the station only and encountered criticisms controversy, because it a negative picture of the legendary ensemble members at that time like e.g. Paula Wessely and Attila Hörbiger, which is clearly recognizable in the Haupfiguren, painted.
  • Thomas's Bernhard busy itself often in its works again and again castle theatres, approximately in its novel wood fellings - there it lets a saturierten castle actor arise - (1984) or old persons masters (1985), where particulars, between admiration and Verachtung oscillating remarks the castle theatre to apply.
  • The castle theatre often serves as scene for television films. In the crime film comedy Viennese blood of Dirk rule with Ottfried Fischer in the main role is murdered a castle actor (represented of Markus herring).

premieres at the castle theatre

directors of the castle theatre

2006 is not, the responsible culture undersecretary of state Franz Morak according to, an advertisement for the identification of the nextDirector of castle - starting from the season 2009/2010 - take place.

actors at the castle theatre

present ensemble members

to the most well-known actors that about 120 members of the ensemble belong: Anne Bennent, Sven Eric Bechtolf, Gerd Boeckmann, Klaus Maria Brandauer, Andrea Clausen, Kirsten Dene, Annemarie Düringer, Regina Fritsch, Bruno whole, Karl Heinz Hackl, Sylvia Haider, Dorothee Hartinger, Sabine head, Urs Hefti, Michael Heltau, Markus herring, Daniel Jesch, Gertraud Jesserer, Andrea Jonasson, Corinna Kirchhoff, Ignaz Kirchner, Roland cook, Johannes Krisch, Jutta lamp, Susanne Lothar, Michael Maertens, Peter Matic, Tamara Metelka, Markus Meyer, Robert Meyer, Birgit Minichmayr, Petra Morzé, Cornelius Obonya, Johann Adam Oest, Nicholas Ofczarek, Elizabeth Orth, Caroline Peter, Christiane von Poelnitz, Klaus Pohl, Branko Samarovski, Martin Schwab, dear-refines black, Heinrich Schweiger, Peter Simonischek, Johannes Terne, Ulrich Tukur, Gert Voss, Werner Wölbern, Johanna Wokalek, Gusti wolf, Heinz Zuber.

former ensemble members

famous one former ensemble members: Wolf Albach Retty, pink Albach Retty, Raoul Aslan, Ewald Balser, Joachim bite Meier, Hedwig remain-faithfully, Marcus Bluhm, Uwe Bohm, Markus Boysen, Rolf Boysen, Marion Breckwoldt, trusting God Buhre, refuge Caspar, Bruno Dallansky, Theodor Danegger, max of Devrient, Birgit Doll, Margarethe Dux, Christine close house, O. W. Fischer, Peter Fitz, Ludwig Gabillon, Zerline Gabillon, Wolfgang Gasser, Alexander Girardi, Boy Gobert, Käthe gold, Carla Hagen, Amalie Haizinger, Heidemarie Hatheyer, Jürgen Hentsch, Thomas Holtzmann, Judith wood master, Attila Hörbiger, Paul Hörbiger, Wolfgang pretty, Curd Jürgens, Josef Kainz, IDA Krottendorf, Josef Lewinsky, Pavel Landovsky, Hugo Lindinger, Robert Lindner, Theo Lingen, Ferdinand Maierhofer, Leslie mark clay/tone, Paulus Manker, Johanna Matz, Josef my wheel, Heinz Moog, Hans Moser, Ulrich trouble, Fritz Muliar, Alfred Neugebauer, Dorothea Neff, Susi Nicoletti, Hanns Obonya, max of Ophüls, Erika Pluhar, wants Quadflieg, Heinz Reincke, Ulrich Reinthaller, roll ago Reyer, Heinz resting man, ennobles sand skirt, Fritz Schediwy, Joseph Schreyvogel, Albin Skoda, Adolf of Sonnenthal, Lena pride, Curth Anatol Tichy, Jane tildes, Hans Thimig, Helene Thimig, Martha Wallner, Peter wake, Oskar Werner, Paula Wessely, Charlotte Wolter, Klausjürgen Wussow

guest actor

as guests for individual roles came and. A. Meriam Abbas, Barbara Auer, Bibiana Beglau, Senta Berger, Josef Bierbichler, Hans Christian sheet metal, Pinkas brown, Margit Carstensen, Ingrid Caven, August Diehl, Karoline squirrel, Veronika Fitz, Cornelia Froboess, Olivia Grigolli, Matthias Habich, Corinna Harfouch, O. E. Hate, Hannelore Hoger, Marianne Hoppe, Christine buyer, Klaus Kinski, Jutta lamp, Hermann of lice, Helmuth Lohner, Susanne Lothar, Eva matte, Sunnyi Melles, briefly Meisel, Karl notice-corrode, Bernhard Minetti, Tobias Moretti, Hans Michael deer mountain, Martin Reinke, Hans's Christian Rudolph, Ilse knight, Sophie Rois, Udo Samel, Otto Sander, Maximilian Schell, Otto give, Christoph Schlingensief, walter Schmidinger, Robert Stadlober, Tilda Swinton, Susanne Tremper, Ulrich Tukur, Angela Winkler, Ulrich Wildgruber, Gisela Uhlen, Hans's Dieter Zeidler

of honour members are among other things Annemarie Düringer, Wolfgang Gasser, Heinrich Schweiger, Professor. Gusti wolf, Michael Heltau.

directors at the castle theatre

work on []


  • Helene Bettelheim Gabillon: In the indication of the old castle theatre. Viennese literary institute, Vienna and others 1921
  • Heinz child man: The castle theatre. Inheritance and transmission of a national theatre. Luser, Vienna and Leipzig 1939
  • Ernst Hauessermann: Viennese the castle theatre. Molden, Vienna and. A. 1975 ISBN 3-217-00517-1
  • Minnaof Alth and Gertrude Obzyna:Castle theatre 1776-1976. Performances and occupations of 200 years. 2 volumes. Ueberreuter, Vienna 1979
  • Elizabeth Grossegger: The castle theatre and its public. 2 volumes. Publishing house of the ÖAW, Vienna 1989 ISBN 3-7001-1616-0
  • Hermann hatchet (Hrsg.): World comedy Austria. 13 years castle theatres. 1986-1999.3 volumes. Zsolnay, Vienna 1999 ISBN 3-552-04946-0
  • Franz Severin Berger, Christiane Holler: The castle theatre. A leader around and by the house at the ring. Link linkpublishing houselink publishing house, Vienna 2000 ISBN 3-85191-236-5
  • Klaus Dermutz: The castle theatre 1955-2005, with an essay by Klaus Bachler. Deuticke in PaulZsolnay publishing house, Vienna 2005 ISBN 3-552-06022-7
  • Claudia buyer Fressner: The castle theatre. Architecture, history and stories. FOLIO VerlagsgesmbH, Vienna 2005 ISBN 3-852-56328-3

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coordinates: 48° 12 ′ 37 " N, 16° 21 ′ 39 " O


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