République you Burundi (frz.)
Republika y'Uburundi (Kirundi)
Republic of Burundi< /font>
Flagge Burundis
Wappen Burundis
(Detail) (detail)

Wahlspruch: Unité, Travail, Progrès
(Franz. for „agreement, work, progress “)

office language French, Kirundi
traffic language Kirundi
capital Bujumbura
system of government Republic of
head of state Pierre Nkurunziza
Surface 27,830 km ²
number of inhabitants 6.370.609 (conditions July 2005)
population density of 229 inhabitants per km ²
gros domestic product/inhabitant 87 US-$ (2004)
independence from Belgium at the 1. July 1962
currency Burundi franc
time belt UTC +2
national anthem Burundi bwacu
Kfz characteristic le
Internet TLD .bi
preselection + 257
Lage von Burundi in Afrika
Karte von Burundi

Burundi (dt.: [buˈrʊndi]) a state is in East Africa. Burundi borders (in the clockwise direction) on Rwanda, Tanzania and the democratic Republic of the Congo. The largest part of the border to the democratic Republic of the Congo lies in the Tanganjika lake.

Table of contents


Burundi is one of the smallest states of Africa. Convenient between the Viktoriasee and the Tanganjikasee, becomesthe country of a high plateau (1,400 - 1,800 meters) pulled through, which rises gradually to over 2,700 meters. This border mountains of the Central African ditch fall finally to the inside from the Tanganjikasee of the filled ditch-lower steeply off.

The climate is tropical alternating-wet with two rain times.The temperatures are moderated by the altitude. Precipitation falls on the average 1,000 mm in the year. Among the species-rich animal world rank leopards, lions, Paviane, Zebras and Antilopenarten, in the rivers live crocodiles and river horses.


population trend x1000

largest subpopulation with 85 per cent are the Hutu, which speaks like nearly all Ruander the Bantusprache Kirundi, 14 per cent of the population belong to the Ethnie of the Tutsi, the remaindereducates the Twa (1%), a people, who is counted traditional way to the “Pygmäen “. The royal family, the Ganwa, frequently as own Ethnie, point out however strong parallels are seen to the Tutsi. Already for centuries those practicedTutsi the supremacy over the population majority of the Hutu out; this leads again and again to conflicts. Many inhabitants fled into the neighboring countries. Approximately 62 per cent of the Burundier are Christians (above all catholics), a minority professes itself to the Islam.

Work on []

Administrative arrangement

Provinzen von Burundi
provinces of Burundi

Burundi is divided into 17 provinces, which were designated after their capitals. Capital of the provinces Bujumbura Mairie and Bujumbura Rural is in each case Bujumbura. The provinces divide into 129 districts. The provinces are:

  • Gitega
  • Karuzi
  • Kayanza
  • Kirundi
  • Makamba
  • Muramvya
  • Muyinga
  • Mwaro
  • Ngozi
  • Rutana
  • Ruyigi



Burundi is a typical agricultural country. Living costs of approximately 85% the inhabitant are ofthe agriculture dependently. Are cultivated above all bananas, Maniok, corn, sweet potatoes, rice and vegetables. For the export in particular coffee and cotton are won.

Burundi has relatively high livestocks, but is the productivity and thoseUsability rather small. Only skins and skins of cattle , goats and sheep are exported.

Fishery is possible on the Tanganjikasee; great importance comes to fishing in view of the large lack of containing protein food.


Bodenschätze are above all nickel, cobalt, uranium and copper.

public expenditures for health, education and defense

portion of the public expenditures between 1992 and 2000 for:

worth knowing

Web on the left of

Commons: Burundi - pictures, videos and/or audio files
Wiktionary: Burundi - word origin, synonyms and translations

coordinates: 3° 40 ' S, 29° 49 ' O


  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)