|of these articles is concerned with the Japanese term Bushidō. For the German RWSby see Bushido (RWSby).|
Bushidō (jap. 武士道, dt. Away the Kriegers), is a philosophy of the old Samurai from Japan. It is an advancement of the philosophy of the Budō,with the activity and tasks of a Samurai one co-ordinated. It concerns itself mainly with the absolute loyalty of the Samurai and/or. to leave bushi in relation to his Daimyō (prince) and the readiness for this and the values of the Bushidō its life. The Samurai andthe life way Bushidō were highly recognition, not least because the Samurai the highest caste of the Japanese system to the most diverse epochs of Japanese history represented. In this connection one uses the Kōhai - synonym for the term pupil or learning.
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for the Samurai was natural it to make beside the war handicraft also training in the ranges art, science, religion and philosophy (文武両道 bumbu ryōdō, dt. both ways of literature and war (skunst)). In the first place loyalty however always stood to the leaning gentleman. The Samurai developed a strict code of practice, that and. A. the seven virtues of a Kriegers (Bushi) contained. This Kodex was the basis for all behaviors, also inprivate sector. Offences against this code of ethics were felt as dishonorable. The shame against the Bushido to have offended often led to the ritual Suizid, the Seppuku.
the seven virtues
- Gi (義): Sincerity and justice
- Yu (勇): Courage
- Jin (仁): Quality
- Rei (礼): Politeness
- Makoto (誠) or seemed (信): Truth and truthfulness
- Meiyo (名誉): Chūgi
- honours (忠義): Faithful ones
the five principal claims
the five principal claims of the Bushidos, which are summarized also under the term Dojokun, were:
loyalty in relation to your ruler and homeland love
loyalty andAttention for parents
loyalty to you, diligence
hardness and cold-bloodedness
patience and perseverance
- openness and sincerity
some religiously oriented writings arrange the Bushidō also into seven virtues (original, s.o.), according to the sieved large Kami of the Shintoismus: Honesty, courage, sympathy, politeness, Ehrhaftigkeit, sincerity and loyalty.
also: Ju-Jutsu and Aikido
ways thatDemand for an unconditional subjecting of the individual under a prince or higher values is regarded no longer up-to-date Bushido particularly in the western society of many than. Bushido has today however quite still its meaning in the traditional Japanese combat arts. In the sporty argumentthe opponent is not to be regarded therefore as an enemy. He is to be seen rather as a friend, it to one made possible to test its own abilities.
- Inazo Nitobe: Bushido. The soulJapan. Extended expenditure. Angkor publishing house, 2003. ISBN 3-936018-16-2
- Miyamoto Musashi: The book of the five rings. Econ publishing house, 1999, ISBN 3-430-16967-4
- Gustav Meyrink: Tschitrakarna, the distinguished camel, in the project good mountain
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