Cádiz

of these articles treats the city Cádiz; for the province designated after the city see Cádiz (province).
Rathaus von Cádiz
City hall of Cádiz
Cádiz, Campo del Sur
Cádiz, Campo del Sur

Cádiz is capital of the province Cádiz in the autonomous region Andalusien in south Spain with 133.242 inhabitants (2004).The city rises on a promontory, which into the bay of Cádiz, which is a small part of the gulf protrudes from Cádiz.

Cádiz is from an expressed Andalusian character. The old part of town is coined/shaped by the large individuality of the quarters (splinter Barrios) “El Populo”,“La Viña” or “Santa Maria”. These beautiful quarters stand in the strong contrast to the new city.

In addition the townscape coined/shaped by numerous park plants, old giant trees (Gummibäume), which allegedly by Kolumbus were brought here, and many small places.

Table of contents

history

Satellitansicht auf Cádiz
satellite opinion on Cádiz

Cádiz (phon.: 'gdr (Gadir); griech.:Gadeira) is a town foundation of the Phönizier. These recognized the favorable situation of the island (only in 17. Century became it a peninsula) at the delta of the Guadalete, in the proximity at silver rich of the Tartessos as well as on half way to the “tin islands” (Britannien). The Roman historian Velleius Paterculus gave 1100 v. as a period of the Grundsteinlegung. Chr. - “80 years after the Trojan war “(Historia Romana 2.3) - on, archaeologically a settlement of the area could do however only into the center 8. Century v. Chr. are retraced.

Cádiz was famous in the antique one for its Heiligtum kind of milking (on the Isla de Sancti Petri), which Hannibal before its famous course was to have visited over the alps. The almoravidische governor destroyed it 1146 on the search for a sayful treasure.

Under the Phöniziern and the Karthagern Gadir became later a flowering commercial centre. After the Puni wars took over the Romans the city and changed immediately the names; from Gadir Gades became. In the year 1262 Alfons X. conquered. Cádiz and drove thus the Mauren out,since beginning the 8. Century held the rule there.

In addition Cádiz was settled by the Greeks and Westgoten.

In the later colonial age of Spain Cádiz flowered again to a commercial town up, because by the favorable geographical situation at the Atlantic ocean she was considered to a certain extent as thatGate to America. Finally it was also a small place in the gulf of Cádiz named Puerto de Santa María, from which from Kolumbus on its second journey in the year 1493 into the new world segelte.

celebrations (Fiestas)

  • Trofeo Ramónde Carranza in August. Football tournament with following mass crickets at the beach. To this event 300,000 people are in the city.
  • Carnaval de Cádiz (simultaneous as in Germany - February). Singularly in Spain. Special highlights: Chirigotas, Comparsas and the day, at that the wholeCity is disguised.

objects of interest

Cádiz, Kathedrale
Cádiz, cathedral
  • cathedral (Catedral) from that 18. Jh.
  • Church of the holy cross (Iglesia de Santa Cruz) - old cathedral.
  • Oratorium San Felipe Neri (the place, at which the first Spanish condition was constituted) from that 17. Jh.
  • ThoseHoly cave (La Santa Cuerva) from that 18. Jh. (With paintings of Goya)
  • old bath house at the city beach (Baluarte de La Candelaria) - here Halle Berry rose in James bond “dies on another day” from the water. That was not Havanna.
  • Castellets San Sebastianand Santa Catalina
  • Plaza España
  • Plaza de Mina
  • theatre (teatro Manuel de Falla)
  • various museums

tourism

Cadiz is worth an attendance with a journey by Andalusien in each case. As in each Spanish city also new and old part of town, is the new cityless worth seeing, although the probably most beautiful beach in Cádiz is to be found there. With a longer stay one must make friends oneself with this part of the city thus. Admits is Cádiz much more with the native summer holiday-makers. In the summer months it drives thousands families from Madrid, Barcelona and many other places in completely Spain here. And not without reason: Who gladly one vacation in typical Ambiente to spend would like on someone else than a Spaniard will here rarely meet. Hardly English or other foreign languages are spoken, one should thusa few knowledge in the Spanish one bring along. Who does not have these, its Spanish can up-improve at good language schools.

climate

contrary to the places within the province is coined/shaped the climate of the sea. In the summer temperatures are almost pleasant around 30 degrees. That Klima的Atlantik bestimmt。 The wind comes from the west (Poniente) can it here very well be borne. In contrast to it the Levante stands. This wind comes from the east and is very welcome with the Windsurfern around Tarifa, leads in Cádiz howeverto similar conditions, as the foehn in Bavaria, however with substantially higher temperatures up to over 40 degrees Celsius. The people complain about headache, it are stickig and everything precede somewhat more slowly. Even at the beach it is sometimes unpleasant, because the usually strong windturns up the sand and blows it over the beach. Contrary to the other beaches the beach Playa de la Victoria is protected by the land development relatively well against the wind. The periods of the Levante can persist up to one week.

In the winter liethe temperatures during the day around the 12-18 degrees. In the evening it lets the high air humidity appear colder, than it is in truth (felt temperature). During the day the sun has still enough Kraft, in order not to freeze in a light Pulli also in the winter. However do not carryfew inhabitants then already scarf and gloves.

beaches

  • Playa la Caleta (at the beginning 9 km are enough for old part of town - very romantically in the evening, during the day
  • in the high summer very fully) Playa Santa Maria del Mar (new city - beach)
  • Playa de la Víctoria (new city - center sectionthe beach)
  • Playa de Cortadura (city boundary - for end 9 km are enough beach)

fine sand beach, which is distinguished for years with the blue volume (Playa de la Víctoria).

traffic

Cádiz is the largest Atlantic port Andalusiens. From here one comes by Ferry e.g. to the Kanari islands.

bus, course, to reach

car is the city with remote penalties and the course over only two approach roads, the promontory the Cadiz and San Fernando connects, as well as by the bridge Jose Leon de Carranza. Thereforeit accumulates at the city entrance to the traffic rush hours enormously. Since the football club ascended 2005 into the first league, and thus on the weekends on still more traffic to count is, is already long with the Bürgermeisterin Teófila Martínez is present plan for the building of onesecond bridge, now put into practice. In the summer 2005 the construction work is to begin and the city recruits with a completion in only 5 months.

The motorway connects the city by Jerez de la Frontera and Sevilla with the European motorway net.

Airplane

of next ones international airport is Jerez de la Frontera. From there out one takes the taxi (approx. ) €directly until drives to Cadiz or one 42 to Jerez with the taxi (12 € - 15 €) and from there out with the bus (society“Transport of general Comes” of http://www.tgcomes.es - 2-3 € p. P.). In the meantime (September 2005) a direct bus connection in the hour clock from the airport Jerez exists to Cadiz and back.

high voltage transmission line over the bay of Cádiz

Hochspannungsmast of the overhead line over the bay of Cádiz
in the 50'sYears became strained over the bay of Cádiz a high voltage transmission line with two three-phase circuits, which are hung up on both sides of the bay to two 158 meters of high Hochspannungsmasten.

This of A. M. Toscano sketched Hochspannungsmasten are of very unusual construction, those that of the Schuchow Radioturms in Moscowresembles. It acts with you around kegelstumpfförmige framework constructions with a relatively close lattice, which carries a cross beam on its point for the admission of the conductor cables. One decided at that time to this unusual building method, because the Spanish steel plants could supply no formed steel girders of large dimensions at that timeand because of the Franco dictatorship the import of such carriers was not possible.

sons and daughters of the city

Web on the left of

Commons: Cádiz - pictures, videos and/or audio files


coordinates: 36° 31 ' N 6° 17 ' W

 

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