César Cui

Cesar cui

César Cui (Russian ЦезарьАнтоновичКюи, Zesar Antonowitsch Kjui; * 6. /18. January 1835 in Wilna; † 26. March 1918 in Petrograd) was a Russian composer, music critic and an officer (military engineer) with French ancestors.

Cui was the son of a French officer and a Litauerin. Since it showed already early interest in the music, it received starting from the age from ten years music instruction, and. A. 1850/51 with Stanisław Moniuszko, which was at that time in Wilna. 1851it stepped into the pc. Peter citizen Ingenienieurschule; later changed four years to the there military engineer academy, where he studied to 1857 attachment natures. He at the engineer academy lecturer in this subject became subsequently, 1878 even a professor. In later years the lieutenant general one appointed. Besideits military career busy itself Cui however further with music:1856 it met with Mili Balakirew, which trained it in music in the following years, and set with this the foundation-stone for powerful handful. Particularly he did as a music critic, to the first vehement outthe aesthetics of powerful handful publicised. Later it dissociated from this group and was written partly even violent tears of its works (for instance of Modest mash ensuring skiBoris Godunow “), with which it did not add its old companion insignificant damage. Starting from 1880 turned Cui strengthens Francetoo, which is to due not least to a relationship with a French noble one, and the French picture of the Russian music life coined/shaped with its writings. In its last life years Cui was blind, enjoyed however as last survivors of the powerful handful of acknowledgment legend living as a kind.

Table of contents

style

the large paradox of the music César Cuis is that it represented the aesthetic position of powerful handful in its writings aggressively, thoseCreation of a Russian national style, even however in its works these directives represented by it followed rarely. Only occasionally it used people melodies or felt by harmonious and melodische characteristics the characteristics of Russian people music after; often the national element is missing completely. Therefore the music works of theof powerful handful as “Westler” Tschaikowski insulted substantially “Russian” as Cuis music. Rather its admiration for Robert Schumann becomes obvious in Cuis works. Although Cui composed 15 operas, he preferred rather small, miniatureful kinds such as songs and pieces of piano. Certainly steps in these works frequentlyto glide to light that Cui always ran the risk, into shallow, obliging/pleasing salon music. Like that it was already clear during its lifetimes that it was kompositorisch the member of powerful handful weakest with distance. It had greater importance anyway than music critics, to attribute which to its not insignificant literary giftis. However this meaning was diminished by the tears mentioned above, which witnessed from a ore-conservative musical attitude. Today Cui is hardly still well-known as a composer.

works

of orchestra works

  • Orchestersuite Nr.1 op.20 “Suite miniature” (1882)
  • Orchestersuite Nr.2 E major op.38 (1887)
  • Orchestersuite Nr.3 g-moll op.43 “in modo populari” (1890)
  • Orchestersuite Nr.4 op.40 “A Argenteau” (1887, Orchestrierung of 5 pieces of piano)
  • Suite concertante op.25 for violin and orchestra (1884)

operas

  • the prisoner in the Caucasus (1857/58, rev. 1881/82)
  • The son Mandarin (1859)
  • of the William Ratcliff (1861-68)
  • Angelo (1871-75)
  • Le Flibustier (1888/89)
  • Mateo Falcone (1906/07)
  • the captain daughter (1907-09)
  • the gestiefelte Kater, child opera (1913)

other vowel music

  • Kantate to the 300jährigen anniversary of the Romanow - dynasty op.89 (1913)
  • choirs A cappella
  • religious of choir works
  • approx. 350 songs, among other things approx. 50 child songs
work on []

Chamber music

  • caper quartet Nr.1 C-moll op.45 (1890)
  • caper quartet Nr.2 D major op.68 (1907)
  • caper quartet Nr.3 E flat major op.91 (1913)
  • Violinsonate D major op.84 (1870 ago)

piano music

  • Sonatine op.106 (1916)
  • “A Argenteau”, 9 pieces of character of op.40 (1887)
  • 25 Préludes op.64 (1903)
  • topic and variations op.61 (1901)
  • numerousfurther smaller pieces (Mazurken, tome etc.)
  • pieces for piano to 4 hands

Web on the left of

  • {{#if:
| | * Literature of and over César Cui in the catalog of the DDB

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note: Double data are first of all indicated in accordance with Julian calendar, inRussia up to the October Revolution 1917 applied, secondly in accordance with in the west since that 16. /18. Jh. used Gregorian calendar. See also: Wikipedia: Name conventions/cyrillic


 

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