César Franck

César Franck

César Franck (* 10. December 1822 in Lüttich; † 8. November 1890 in Paris) was French a composer and an organist - Belgian descent.

After their wedding in Aachen its parents drew 40 kilometers in the removed Lüttich, where César Franckshortly thereafter to the world came. After the first musical education in Belgium and first appearances as a pianist its family pulled to Paris. There César franc took first instruction with Anton Reicha and occurred 1837 that Paris conservatoires , which he visited until 1842. Itbecame one of the most important French composers, teachers and organists of the second half 19. Century.

Franck was one the founder of the French school, which was characterised by the polyphonischen style. Starting from 1846 Franck worked as organist on different Paris churches. 1858 it became organistthe church pc. It held Clothilde in Paris, this position up to its death. Starting from 1872 Franck professor for organ was to Paris conservatoires, to its pupils counted among other things Vincent d'Indy, Ernest Chausson, Henri Duparc and Guillaume Lekeu.

One yearafter the premiere of its symphony in D-Moll César Franck suffered an accident, from which he did not recover any longer. Few months later it died in a house at the boulevard you Montparnasse, which it had inhabited the last 25 years.

work

CésarFranck at the organ

during its study to Paris conservatoires succeeded it to César Franck to impress the professors with its piano play but remained for it success as a composer for the time being refused. Only at the age of approximately 30 years Franck turned to the organ andwith admission of its place at the church pc. Clothilde began to write independent music for organ to Franck. Its he wrote most well-known works however in the last decade of his life. These compositions attained their popularity only after César Francks death.

  • Stage works
    • 1841: Stradella (opera in3 documents, CFF 229)
    • 1851 - 1853: Le Valet de ferme (opera in 3 documents, CFF 230)
    • 1879 - 1885: Hulda (opera in 4 documents and 1 Epilog, CFF 231)
    • 1888 - 1890: Ghiselle (opera in 4 documents, CFF 232)
  • fairs
    • fair brineal (FMV 59)
    • fair fis moll (FMV 61), organ and orchestra version (with the well-known tenor air Panis angelicus)
  • Motetten
    • Quare fremuerunt towards width unit (FMV 67)
  • Sinfoni seals
    • Le chasseur maudit (the wild hunter)
    • Psyché forSoli, choir and orchestra
    • Les Éolides
    • Les Djinns
  • of organ works
    • Grande pièce symphonique fis Moll OI. 17
    • Prélude, fugue variation h-Moll OI et. 18
    • Pastorale E major OI. 19
    • Prière cis moll OI. 20
    • finally B major OI. 21
    • three Choräle (E major, h-moll, A-moll)
  • of piano works
    • Eglogue OI. 3
    • Prime Minister GrandCaprice OI. 5
    • variation symphoniques pour piano orchestre Prélude
    • , chorale et et fugue
    • Prélude, aria et finally
  • chamber music
    • Klavierquintett
    • caper quartet D major
    • Sonate for violin and piano

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literature

  • Klauspeter Bungert, “César Franck - the music and thinking the complete work, again-regards for listeners, scientistsand exercising musicians. With a general discussion for interlinking form and sounding sentence ", 1996, ISBN 3-631-30354-8


 

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