Córdoba (Argentina)

Córdoba is with 1.35 million inhabitants the second largest city of Argentina and capital of the province Córdoba. It lies in the central part of the country in the midst of a productive agriculture area between the Pampa - region in the east and the Sierras de Córdoba belonging to the Sierras Pampeanas in the west.

In addition, the city is an important industrial centre, is well-known because of numerous buildings in the colonial style in the city center as tourist center.


Base data
province: Córdoba
Departamento: Capital
surface: 562 km ²
inhabitant city: 1.267.377 (2001)
inhabitants population centre: 1.750.000 (2004)
population density: 2,255 inhabitants for each km ²
geographical situation:


Coordinates: 31° 24 ' 13 " S, 64° 11 ' 9 " W

height: 390 m and. NN
postal zip code: 5000
preselections: 0351, 03543
Website: www.cordoba.gov.ar
politics
mayor: Luis Juez
(Partido Nuevo)
situation of Córdoba

table of contents

geography

situation

of Córdoba lie in the valley of the Río Suquía, which alternatively also Río Primero (first river) is called. Thisit is because of the fact that the Spaniards the country in 16. Century from the north colonized and the rivers, which had to cross it thereby, simply durchnummerierten. The west of the city drags on into the first Ausläufer of the Sierras de Córdoba, the Sierras Chicas.

The official city is the Departamento Capital, which has the form of a square with an edge length of 22 km. In the northwest and the north the cultivated area exceeds the however partly far over border of this Departamentos.

The Río Suquía bolting ELT itself in east west direction throughthe city. It defines the center, which lies south the river, north of the so-called Alta Córdoba (“upper Córdoba”) the river. In the west the center is defined by the Arroyo La Cañada, a brook canalized today, on its banks one of the usually-traveled main streets of the cityruns.

surrounding countryside

the surrounding countryside belongs to three different nature areas. Southeast the Pampa is appropriate for the city - for grass level, which changes approximately on the height of the Río Suquía into the Savannenlandschaft of the Gran Chaco. The west belongs to the Sierras Pampeanas. Those the cityin the north, the east and the south surrounded surfaces are fruitful and are above all agriculturally used, while the hilly west is to a large extent feasting or wasteland.

ecological problems

in the center and some boroughs the air pollution is high, even if modernizations in the traffic and into the industry as well as the renouncement of krebserregende materials in electricity mains for improvement to hope leave and it because of the relatively windy climate hardly smog gives. Also the water soiling, above all the Río Suquía, is despite several purification plants still a large problem and reduces thoseQuality of the drinking water in below Córdoba localities lain.

An increasing problem is the Zersiedelung of the urban space particularly at the northwest periphery as well as in the Valle de Punilla its, where area widens clubs by weekend house colonies, new boroughs and Country is course-built and the existence onseveral animal species as for instance still recently far Puma spread were strongly dezimiert. A spacious surface between Córdoba and mansion of Carlo Paz still the military and is used belonged at present only to the cattle breeding. It admits efforts to convert the area into a nature reservation overprevent that the city expands into this important buffer zone.

climate

the climate in the city is warm-moderate with an average temperature of 17,3° C in the year; the average daily extremes are with 24,5°/10,6° and the precipitation rate with 722 mm in the year.

There is a pronounced rain time in the summer (November until March) with a maximum of the precipitation in December. The winter is against the fact like that drying that in the late winter in some suburbs frequently water scarceness prevails to the city. From the kind of the precipitation outweigh in the summer half-year Gewitterregen, duringin the winter term light drizzle dominate and the thunderstorm activity decrease/go back clearly.

The whole year is characteristic over strong variations in temperature. These are due on the one hand from the situation of the centralArgentine region relatively unprotected of mountains, which leads to the fact that itself both tropical and polar air masses everafter weather conditions fast spaciously to spread can; this happens in the form of wide wind systems like the Pampero (dry south-west wind), Sudestada (damp southeast wind) and Norte (damp northeast wind). Secondly the maritime influence is limited by the relatively large distance of the Atlantic ocean, which far higher and lower extreme temperaturesas for instance in the region around Buenos Aires permits; thus the absolute maximum of Córdoba with 45,6° C is clearly over from Buenos the Aires (37,8° C) and only little under the value of the South American heat pole (48° C). To third coin/shape local hoist the climate.The most important is the Zonda, the foehn a comparable drop wind, which partly ensures from the Anden particularly in the late winter and spring for extremely low air humidity and very high shock temperatures over 40°C, those often only few hours long continues and then again drasticallydrop.

The temperature is higher particularly at night in the valley boiler of the center up to 5° degree than in the high-altitude outlying districts. Because of it and at the air pollution is it also that the richer boroughs lie primarily on the hills of the northwest city.


Table of the climatic data (average daily extremesin C° and rain days per month):


January February March April May June July August September October November December
daily maximum 32 31 28 25 21 19 19 20 23 26 28 31
daily minimum 17 16 14 11 7 4 4 5 8 11 13 16
rain days 8 9 9 6 4 2 2 1 3 7 9 10

sources: H.M.S.O. Meteorological of report, K.L.M. Climatic DATA Publication, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. The indicated data refer to the Observatorio Córdoba in the city centre.

history

already before the arrival of the Spaniardswas in the northwest of the today's city at the Río Suquía the settlement Quisquisacate, which of Comechingones - Indians was inhabited.

The city became of Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera to 24. June 1573 based and after the city Córdoba in Spain Córdoba la Llana dela Nueva Andalucia designated. The original city was north the Río Suquía in the today's Barrio Yapeyú, where today a monument reminds of this historical date. Already with the establishment the city was specified, that essentially just as largely as the today's Departamento Capital- the today's city - was, but the zone intended for living was divided, as well as into military and agricultural areas in the Ejido.

To missionieren already based in the start time a number of religious institutions, whose task was it, the inhabitants. Around 1600the city had still 500 inhabitants. The Jesuiten settled itself at the beginning 17. Century on and the today's Universidad Nacional de Córdoba in the year 1613 who is the secondaryoldest university of South America at the same time, created the first university of Argentina. Up to the mechanism of the viceroy realm of the Ríode la Plata was the city the most important of Argentina, it prosperierte particularly because of the favorable conditions for the agriculture in the environment. After 1776 the city lost this role, since now the port Buenos Aires won as capital of the viceroy realm increasingly in meaning. Córdobabecame 1782 the capital of the subsection Intendencia Córdoba del Tucumán, who covered for instance the today's provinces Córdoba , La Rioja , Mendoza , San Juan and San Luis.

After the May revolution 1810, the start of Argentina into independence, the city recognized the newGovernment only on after the junta troops had ersendet into the area. The first governor and mayor of the city in autonomous Argentina were Juan Manuel de Pueyrredón.

A time of bloody arguments between Unitariern and Föderalisten followed. The governor von Córdoba was traditionally föderalistisch.1831 were used after one - for Córdoba - lost battle a capital-faithful, unitarischer governor. For a detailed description of the conflict see history of Argentina.

After conditions had again calmed down around 1860, it went with the city and its surrounding countryside again upward. InYear 1870 was attached Córdoba to the Eisenbahnnetz; this entailed a strong inflow of immigrants and Binnenwanderern. In this time the so-called “traditional boroughs” Alberdi, Alta Córdoba, general Paz and San Vicente were created.

The Palacio de Justicia

the liberalism triumphierte asnew dogma in the economic policy and brought a rapid modernization to the city. A set of scientific institutions was created, e.g. the observatory, the Escuela normal and the science academy, so that Córdoba became soon the technological and scientific center of the country. Thus 1871 became the first fair of Argentine products and works of art organizes.

1886 were expanded the city at the drawing board to the south: the French landscape architect of Carlo Thays sketched the Parque Sarmiento, the largest park of the city, and under the direction of Miguel Crisol the borough Nueva Córdoba one put on,today the most closely settled area of the city.

After the establishment of the aircraft factory Fábrica military de Aviones 1927 the city stretched increased to the west out. This tendency strengthened in the time after 1936, when under governor Amadeo Sabattini modernizes the city comprehensivelyand one industrialized.

Into the 1950er years settled due to the economic policy of the Argentine government at that time under Juan Domingo Perón several ín and foreign large-scale enterprises like the late Industrias emperor Argentina (IKA), taken over by Renault, and Fiat; Córdoba became in such a way the secondarymost important industrial site afterBuenos Aires.

1969 introduced a rising of the people in the city, the so-called Cordobazo, the end of the reign of the dictator Juan Carlo Onganía. To the break of the collective agreements by the government-faithful province governor it came to excesses, in which several hundredthousands were involved. Only after threeDays could repair the police the order. After few weeks Onganía withdrew, the dictatorship remained however first existing. 1971 came itself it to a further rising of the people, the Viborazo, which introduced the final end of this dictatorship and it to it forced, democratically opposite that To open Peronismus.


Into the 1970er years inside the growth of the industry was unbroken in the city, then fallow it after the neoliberalen measures of the military dictatorship national reorganization process (1976-1983) however clearly in; a further break-down happened after the economic crisis 1989.

Since that 21. June 1978 is Córdoba in Austria famous and in Germany notoriously: here on the occasion of the soccer world championship the German national team was defeated by Austrian 3:2. This was insignificant for the exit of the world championship, brought to the Austrian football however a thrust at self-assurance. “Córdoba” becomes inAustria almost as synonym for “success in the football” uses. In Germany the disgrace of Córdoba applies against it as one of the worst defeats of all times.

1994 were reformed and decentralized the structure of the municipality. The so-called CPC ( center de Participación Comunal) developed, relatively autonomousBranches of the city government in several boroughs lain outside. Their common outward characteristic is an extremely modern architecture dominated by cubic forms.

population trend

in the following periods increased the total population particularly fast: first with the ascent of the city in 17. Century, then due to thatImmigration wave 1870-1920, in which the city became the large city, and in the years 1940 to 1970 parallel to the growth of the industry, which tightened many Binnenwanderer from the interior.

For the 1990er years above all the suburbs of the city increase fast, while the cityrelatively slowly grows (approx. 1% in the year). While the suburbs counted for dye strictly speaking (constantly cultivated area without satellite cities) had 1980 still straight 34,459 inhabitants, there was 1991 51,047 and 2001 100.780; for 2010 on a further doubling one counts.

This accompanieswith generally at present the phenomenon of the exodus from the cities spread in Argentina, which has economic and soziokulturelle reasons: the clearly lower basic prices in the environment and the slope particularly the Oberschicht, itself into green, often closed boroughs (e.g. To withdraw Country club), around the hecticnessto escape and the criminality and be “under itself”. Like that the gap between Córdoba and that is already course-built for 35 km Salsipuedes lain northwest in the Sierras Chicas. The city shows in the meantime despite far free surfaces even tendencies, in few decades with the 40to grow together km city mansion of Carlo Paz lain west and thus with one expressed routistic area, which is straight because of the massive recreation of Country clubs in this area.

Problems of this growth at the periphery are on the one hand the destruction of nature, there landschaftlich areas attractive in particularthe house farmers and building permits are very desired to be usually fast given. On the other hand the explosive growth of some suburbs, whose infrastructure cannot keep up, particularly leads to the formation of slum areas, like e.g. in poorer areas. Juárez Celman, between 1991 and 2001 itsNumber of inhabitants almost increased tenfold.

Inhabitant development in figures:

  • 1573: 25 vecinos fundadores (establishment citizens)
  • 1600: approx. 500
  • 1810: 9.080
  • 1870: 36.223
  • 1900: 72.500
  • 1960: 589.153
  • 1980: 970.570 (dye: 1.004.929)
  • 1991: 1.157.507 (dye: 1.208.554)
  • 2001: 1.267.521 (dye: 1.368.301)

objects of interest

of buildings

in the vernacular is Córdoba because of the many churches of the Dominikaner and Franziskaner as “ciudad de read campanas “(bell city) well-known, in addition, due to the numerous universities and tutorial establishments, which are in the city, as” La Docta “(the scholars).

Many of the buildings worth seeing from thatThe colonial age are in the environment of the central Plaza San Martín. To these Plaza change all roads also for their names.

Because of the Plaza the 1782 delighted cathedral (Iglesia Catedral) are, whose inside was arranged new 1914 by the artist Emilio Carraffa. Directly beside thatCathedral is appropriate for the Cabildo, which was built in the time between 1610 and 1784. Today it accommodates a museum with changing exhibitions.

Something off the Plaza lies the monastery Santa Teresa, a rosafarbener building worth seeing. The church comes from 1717, the other partswere added later. Today it accommodates the museum of religious art Juan de Tejeda. One of the most magnificent buildings of the turn of the century is the building of the Banco Provincia de Córdoba, builds 1889.

south of 100 m the Plaza San Martín is the Manzana de loosely Jesuitas , the block of the Jesuiten with several buildings from colonial and Nachkolonialzeit, among other things the oldest still received church of Argentina, the Compañía de Jesús of 1671. He was explained 2000 as the world cultural heritage of the UNESCO.

The area of government administration around the channel La Cañada accommodates numerous public buildings,from those some are worth seeing. The largest is the Palacio de Justicia (Law Courts), a magnificent neuklassizistischer building of monumental of 1936. A church worth seeing of the area is the Basilika Santo Domingo, builds 1861. On the inside English flags are issued from the time of the invasion 1806 (seeto this topic:History of Argentina).

The probably most beautiful Plaza Córdobas is that already 1785 delighted, 1957 reconditioned Paseo Sobremonte, a round, somewhat deepened place with jumping wells in the direct environment of the Law Courts.

The church Sagrado Corazón in the borough Nueva Córdoba

the borough Nueva Córdoba originates from that 19. Century and is today because of its proximity to the Campus of the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba the most important student quarter of the city. In this area is the neogotische church Sagrado Corazón, builds 1929 of the Kapuzinern. A lock worth seeing is the Palacio Ferreyra the close Plaza España, a modern, busy round place, which was arranged in the rationalistic Design.

In the same borough, but in the proximity of the Cañada also the Paseo de is appropriate read Artes, an old subsidized low-rent housing complex in the neokolonialen style, for that today severalGalleries, antique shops and an expanded craftsman market accommodates.

In the borough Alberdi about 1 km west the center are located likewise some buildings worth seeing: the Iglesia María Auxiliadora, a monumental, far away visible church in the neoromanischen style, and the Casa Emiliani, an interesting building in the style of the Kind Nouveau.

In the old quarters San Vicente (eastern the bus station) and general Paz (northern the bus station) gives it several traditional buildings from the time to the turn of the century 1900. Most of them are today private residences.

museums

the most important art museum is the Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes Emilio E. Carrafa with changing exhibitions. The building likewise worth seeing is in the borough Nueva Córdoba because of the Plaza España. Here a version of the experimental house of the Japanese architect Hiroshi Hara is issued , an attempt, favorable also since 2005To connect building materials with modern aesthetics.

The Museo Municipal de Bellas Artes Dr. lain in the center is further important. Gene aero Pérez, and the museum Obispo Salguero, in which art and historical documents are to be visited. To mention in addition are the theatre and music museumCristóbal de Aguilar in the Teatro El Libertador and the center for contemporary art Chateau Carreras in the Parque San Martín in the west of the city.

Because of the inheritance of the Jesuiten the museums are important for religious art of the city. There is the Ekklesiasti museum Déan Funes and the museum of the religion art Juan de Tejeda

little admits than the art museums is the scientific museums. The most important thing is the Paläontologi museum of the university of Córdoba, whose collection contains among other things the fossil of the world-wide largest spider of the prehistory, is further worth mentioningthe anatomy museum Dr. Pedro era and the scientific museum Dr. Bartolomé Mitre in the borough Nueva Córdoba, which offers geological, palöontologische and zoo-logical pieces of find from the region. In addition in Córdoba the most important museum of Argentina for meteorology , the national museum of the meteorology Dr. lies. Benjamin Gould.

Because of the industriellen past and presence of the city there is several technical museums in the city. In the southwest the automobile museum in the industrial complex CIADEA is appropriate for the city ( Barrio Santa Isabel). The industrial museum lies in the Parque general Paz and accommodates beside various vehicles and machines alsothe first swivelling house America (1951 build).

Some historical museums inform about the past to the city, the emphasis lie thereby in the colonial age. There are two well-known historical museums: the historical museum Marqués de Sobremonte, and the museum Obispo Fray José Antoniode San Alberto into the Manzana de loosely Jesuitas.

For Numismatiker the bank museum Museo Banco de Provincia de Córdoba and the Numismati museum of the central bank, which issue Münzsammlungen, is interesting.

The Museo de la Ciudad in the Cabildo has changing exhibitions to different topics howMusic, history, art and culture in Córdoba and Argentina generally.

Further there are changing exhibitions in the exhibition center José Malanca , in the exhibition center Obispo Mercadillo and in the culture museum general Paz in the borough of the same name to different topics.

further objects of interest

the observatory Córdoba, convenientonly about 1 km southwest the center of the city, was one of the most important observatories in 19. Century. At the observatory Córdoba became 1892 the star catalog Córdoba survey, which provides southern counterpart for Bonn survey. At it however no astro+physical measurements were possible. After thatObservatory was called the borough, in which it lies: it is called Barrio Observatorio.

The more modern observatory Observatorio Astronómico de Bosque Alegre replaced the old observatory Córdoba starting from 1941 and was until approximately 1980 one of the most important observatories of the Southern Hemisphere. It is appropriate for about 25 kmsouthwest from Córdoba in the proximity of the city Alta Gracia. With their 18 m broad dome can one up to 600 million of light-years distant objects observe here. In Bosque Alegre astro+physical measurements for the composition and determination of the structure of stars are undertaken. Besides becamehere the system invented to use polished mirrors for observation.

The space center Teófilo Tabanera is the control controlling of Argentine space travel, which is limited so far to satellites. It is appropriate for about 15 km in Falda del Cañete, southwest from Córdoba. Far away visibly is its large control antenna. ThatBuilding accommodates also a museum, in which models of the Argentine satellites are issued.

population

the inhabitants of the city are mostly descendants of Italians, Spaniards and Germans, it gives however also a high portion of immigrants from the north andNortheast of the country, from which many indianischer descent are. The natives of the province, the Comechingones, became already against it in early 19. Century of the Spaniards deportiert and exterminated. 1,35 million the inhabitant live in the direct city. In the region of the Gran Córdoba further 350.000 livesHumans. To it parts of the Departamentos Colón , Punilla, Santa Maria, Río Primero and Río Segundo belong.

arrangement

CPC zones

the city is divided since 1994 in 10 zones, which the so-called CPC (center de Participación Comunal - local participation centers) are subordinate. Onthe citizens of the city except for few exceptions all formalities can fulfill the CPC.

There are the following CPC zones in Córdoba (area and number of inhabitants in parentheses)

  1. center América (the north, 135,267 inhabitants)
  2. Monseñor Pablo Carrera (the north, 87,242 inhabitants)
  3. Argüello (northwest, 137,730 inhabitants)
  4. Avenida Colón (the west, 105,702 inhabitants)
  5. Ruta 20 (southwest, 117,265 inhabitants)
  6. mansion El Libertador (southwest, 127,668 inhabitants)
  7. Empalme (southeast, 210,154 inhabitants)
  8. Pueyrredón (the east, 69,805 inhabitants)
  9. Rancagua (northeast, 80,298 inhabitants)
  10. Mercado de la Ciudad (center, 130,632 inhabitants)

the CPC center América has in the meantime a Sub CPC in the remote borough Guiñazú.

Work on []

Borough

Córdoba is further traditionally divided into 454 boroughs, additionally gave it in the year 2001 103 “illegal” slum areas (much-read miserias). Only the most important are briefly addressed here.

South of the center the important student quarter of Nueva Córdoba, in which one tried, lies multistoried buildings and old buildingsfrom that 19. To integrate century harmoniously with one another, which succeeded in far parts. Nueva Córdoba is one of the centers of the night life and the catering trade of the city. South the university town (Ciudad Universitaria) attaches, which about five square kilometers enclosure and park-similarly arranged is. Behind it finditself for Argentine cities typical periphery quarters.

Alberdi is a traditional borough west, southern of the center the Río Suquía. It attained special celebrity with the “Cordobazo” - rebellion 1969, when it was together with southern of it the convenient quarter of Bella Vista the center of unrests and demonstrations. Alberdiare a student and a worker quarter with some at night quite dangerous ranges.

Alta Córdoba, likewise a steeped in tradition quarter with many old buildings, is appropriate for 5 km north the center and his own life developed. Above all it is well-known as artist quarters, with many bars and cultural centers.Something similar applies to that east the center quarter of San Vicente lain, in which a steeped in tradition Karneval is celebrated, which takes place today because of the attack in the park Parque Sarmiento west this quarter.

The Cerro de read Rosas and the adjacent quarters of mansion Belgrano and Argüelloare relatively new, however to the scene quarters of the Schickeria of the city developed. The Cerro de read Rosas lies on a hill in the northwest of the city 8 km from the center far away and has a great many restaurants and discotheques as well as its own shopping centre, inQuarter one is published even its own boulevard magazine (Rosas read ). The area is coined/shaped of mansions with extensive properties.

population centre Gran Córdoba

the Departamento Córdoba Capital, which is generously limited official city, from the surface with 562 square kilometers, began the city theredifferently than most Argentine cities only for the 1970er years gradually to exceed at their arterial roads over the city boundaries. Since then the growth of the suburbs of the so-called Gran Córdoba accelerated itself clearly, while Córdoba grows only relatively slowly. The empty spaces become nevertheless inCity fast of new land development covers, in particular by the resettlement of slum areas in subsidized low-rent housing quarters at the periphery.

Fastest growth experienced an extensive area northwest the city, the Sierras Chicas calls itself and to approximately 50 km outside of the city extended at the mountain range Sierra Chica along extends. Most places of this region were coined/shaped, however today into living suburbs changed themselves for a long time routistic. The largest cities of this region are La Calera, mansion all end, Río Ceballos and Unquillo. Their character is coined/shaped by more constant, but more looselyLand development, Country club, sport areas, bath beaches and nocturnal entertainment places as well as something industry and agriculture.

Only for the 1980er years Córdoba grew also northward and the east, where in particular ärmlichere settlements developed, like z. B. Güiñazú, Juárez Celman, Malvinas Argentinas and Monte Cristo.These places experienced 1989-91 and 1998-2003 a stormy growth in the crisis years particularly because of the low basic prices.

Further one counts still further cities, which are not by constant land development, but by commuters and a close transportation net connected with Córdoba to the population centre Gran Córdoba.The most important are mansion of Carlo Paz, Cosquín and the southern Valle de Punilla, Alta Gracia, Jesús María and Río Segundo. Altogether the population centre covers about 10,000 square kilometers.

Córdobas most central park

  • is eastern of parks and green belts the Parque Sarmientothe borough Nueva Córdoba. It about six square kilometers and integrated among other things a rose garden, a zoo, sports sites and a entertainment park enclosure. In the middle in the park gives it in addition an artificial lake with two islands.
  • The small Parque read Heras is because of the Río Suquía, north the centerand in one most well-known night life quarters of the city, the so-called ex Mercado de Abasto (designated after here a market claimant to center of the 1990er years). On the park a craftsman market takes place on weekends.
  • In the south of the city is at the Arroyo La Cañada that Parque de la Vida in a hilly and delightful area. The park heruntergekommen however since the economic crisis 2002 somewhat.
  • In the west of the city is the Parque San Martín, which also Parque del Oeste (west park) is called. It is the largest and most nature-leftPark of the city (approx. 15 square kilometers). A majority of the park stands since 2003, when it became “settled” of some slum areas, under nature protection, a further large part is pastureland, however the park is enclosed from usually private (abgezäunten) boroughs. The moreover it enters a camping site,Fairground (Predio Feriar), the center for modern art Chateau Carreras and besides the football stadium of the same name, which are directly because of the Río Suquía. Besides a night life mile with several region discotheques lies.
  • The Parque general Paz is eastern a smaller park of the Río Suquía in the borough of the same name. Inalso the industrial museum stands for it beside a large Shoppingcenter.
  • The Parque de read Naciones lies underneath the borough Cerro de read Rosas at a mountain-slope. In it meetings often take place such as concerts and festivals of various kind.
  • Close one of the Chateau Carreras lies the Botani gardenin direct proximity of the Río Suquía. It was extended at the beginning of 2005.

economics

for the 1940er years settled in Córdoba a various industry. The largest branches are the automotive manufacture (Renault, Volkswagen, Fiat), the building of railways (Materfer) and that Aircraft construction (Fábrica military de Aviones, in the meantime divided between state and Lockheed Martin). Besides there is to textile, heavy, and something chemistry and Agro industry.

Córdoba was considered always already as the technology center of Argentina. Thus here the Argentine space center (center Espacial Teófilo Tabanera) in the suburb liesFalda del Cañete, where satellites are built and steered from a ground station. The software industry (Motorola, Vates) as well as the electronic industry are on the advance and turn increasingly also to the export.

In the 1980er and 1990er years got because of the neoliberalen policyabove all the service sector inlet, the meaning of the industry dropped somewhat.

social situation

Córdoba is one in the internal-Argentine comparison rich city. The relatively high growth rate due to Zuwanderung and internal migration has nevertheless at the periphery partly expanded slum areas (so mentioned much-read miserias) to develop leave, in which 8% (2001) of the urban population live. With social schedules of work and infrastructure improvements the government tries to concern this problem. In the context 2001 11,000 begun housing program about half of the slum areas is to be resettled into subsidized low-rent housing quarters spaciously put on. One criticizes onthis program that the new boroughs lay often very far far away from the center, and that the largest slum areas to the program it was not taken up (e.g.Mansion La Tela with 15.000 inhabitants).

criminality

the criminality rate in Córdoba is compared with Buenos Airesand Rosario relatively low. About eight murders come on 100.000 inhabitants (2002), while there is in Buenos Aires and in Rosario about 15. About 40% of the urban population became according to own data in the last years victims of criminal crimes nevertheless.

Media

La

Voz del Interior, a politically without uniformity positioned, followed printed media the most important newspaper of the city with partial high-quality journalism provided newspaper, is of La Mañana de Córdoba, Día A Día, reports 15 and Hoy Día Córdoba, thosecover rather the low price segment. The trade journal Comercio y Justicia as well as the free info. sheet El Diario del Bolsillo appears additional.

Magazines, which are published in the city, are and. A. the meeting sheet Aquí, the politics policy Orillas, the boulevard magazine read Rosas and the music magazine Todo Cuarteto.

radio

it gives a multiplicity of private and national Radiosendern in the city. The by far most well-known is country-wide the Cadena 3 (LV3), sending on UKW and MW, followed from LV2 and the more fastidious radio Universidad.

television

the national television stations Telefé and Canal 13 send in Córdoba a regional program with own productions (under the names Teleocho and Canal 12). The university-own Canal 10 sends formats of the transmitters América TV, Canal 7 beside own productions also and Canal 9 from Buenos Aires. Besides it gives Kabelsender Suquía, which itself to a large extent on radiating Cuarteto - music limits.

tourism

the city is visited annually by several hundredthousand tourists. A goal are above all the colonial buildings in the center, as well as thoseMuseums and cultural institutions. The western surrounding countryside of the city around mansion of Carlo Paz, in addition, in the suburbs Río Ceballos and Alta Gracia belongs to the most well-known tourist areas of the country, after the Atlantic coast and the Südanden.

celebrations and meetings in cityand surrounding countryside

  • January - an abundance of routistic meetings in the main season in the Sierras de Córdoba
  • at the end of January - Folklorefestival in Cosquín
  • at the beginning of of February - skirt and Cuartetofestival in Cosquín
  • in the middle of February - Karneval in the city as well as in Colonia Caroya
  • March/April (Easter) -Firmly the Viennese cakes in mansion general Belgrano, cross courses in several places of the environment.
  • 25. May - national holiday
  • between May and July - Rallye world championship in the western surrounding countryside
  • 6. July - day of the town foundation (local holiday)
  • 21.September - day of the student and/or. the pupil, alsovarious meetings in city and surrounding countryside
  • 30. September - day of the San Jerónimo Hieronymus, the protection patron of the city (local holiday)
  • at the beginning of of October - beer celebration in mansion general Belgrano
  • Christmas/New Year - Ausuferndes night life with various large meetings

culture

Córdoba has an important culture scene, particularly because of over 150.000 the students, who in the city live, constantly renews itself.2006 were appointed the city the culture capital America.

screen end art

it gives several important painters and sculptors in the city, their works usually to thatMuseums Emilio Carraffa and Museo Municipal de Bellas Artes as well as in the Chateau Carreras are issued. Admits, in addition, disputed the sculptor Antonio Segui, that is developed for the sculptures Mujer Urbana and Hombre Urbano in his own childlike style, on two important roundabouts thatCity, is responsible.

theatre

Córdobas largest theatre is the Teatro del Libertador general San Martín, an opera house in the Italian style of the turn of the century around 1900. It has one opera season, it takes place however also different theatre meetings of various kind. Further well-known theatres are the traditional Teatro material and the Teatro Comedia, in which apart from “serious” plays also humoristic meetings take place. Besides there are about 30 further smaller theatres. There are many independent groups of theatres, which often arise in Pubs or on craftsman markets.

music

the cityhave several important orchestras, the probably most well-known are the Orquesta Sinfónica de la Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, who belongs to the university. Admits is the city however in the range of the classical music particularly for its first-class choirs.

In the Popmusik is into the 1940erYears in the city an own music direction, which Cuarteto developed, a fast, merry dance, which something reminded at the Caribbean Merengue and in the meantime also with this mixed itself. The Cuarteto beside discotheques particularly on often very well visited Bailes (balls) one dances,on that volume the live several hours long in gymnasia or large halls play. This Bailes takes place mostly from Wednesday to Sunday each day and particularly by the youth of the lower layer is visited; Exception is also the volume La Barra,the youth of the Oberschicht, which chetos, is popular to so-called.

In the range existed a large and various scene, to country-wide celebrity it however only few volume (AQM and Armando Flores ) brought to the skirt music. Same applies to other ranges of the Popmusik how Latin Pop (only famous volume: Loosely Caligaris) and Electro Pop / Britpop (Enhola and Sniff have country-wide cult status). De Boca EN Boca, a Ethno Pop -, Worldmusic - and A-cappella-Vokalband, are however in completely Latin America with their mixture from singing more differently indigenen cultures thatWorld in a modern garb admits.

The electronic dance music has a scene, which particularly became after 1995 a mass movement in Córdoba since end of the 1980er years. Some DJs from Córdoba are in the meantime country-wide admit (e.g. Simbad Segui, Cristobal Paz, Magda and Andrés Oddone). There are several volume, which make experimental electronic music, the most well-known is Zort, which were already several times on European tour and enjoy in the Underground a special cult status.

there are institutes for culture

and academies of art in Córdoba several universities, in which oneacademic degrees in several art trends (music, screen end art, literature, cinema) to attain knows. Most depend on the national university. Likewise there are several foreign institutions for culture in the city, e.g. a Goethe Institute and an Argentine Spanish cultural center.

To 30. April 2005 became on a former military areain the proximity of the Parque Sarmiento Artes read the Ciudad de inaugurated, an enormous cultural center with several academies of arts and places of event. The project is criticized despite its Potenzials, there many it as an oversized, propaganda-pregnant work of the governor José Manuel de la Sota to regard.

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Night life

the night life of the city is various. Is remarkable, which gives it outside of the electronic music scene to few bars or clubs, which are limited to a music direction. The Arte bars is typical, in those apart from live music of various directions also theatres is ordered or workslocal artist to be visited can.

In the following zones the night life is particularly concentrated:

  • The student quarter of Nueva Córdoba has particularly many taverns, Irish Pubs, Lounge bars and small discotheques, those mainly in the range of the skirt music as well as since more recent time also Techno and House settled is andusually each day are opened.
  • In the center La Cañada an area is on the bank of the channel, in which one finds many bars with possibility for drinking in the free one.
  • The probably largest night life quarter is for the 1990er years the Zona del Ex Mercado de Abastoon the area of a former market, been about 1 km north the center. Several market halls, in addition, houses, were re-designed here to Pubs and discotheques of all style directions. The more remote areas of the area are today also the “red light quarter” of the city.
  • The traditional quarter of Alta Córdoba haspredominantly bars with live music, often also theatre to offer. Also some “illegal” cultural centers are here in occupied houses.
  • The realm quarter of Cerro de read Rosas has a night life, which is limited to electronic music and international Popmusik particularly. The discotheques are expensive and followin its decoration often international trend.
  • In the Parque San Martín with the Chateau Carreras at the west end of the city are likewise concentrates discotheques and clubs of the upper Preisklasse. Here also the momentarily rennomierteste Techno club of the city, Lokitas stands, in which quite often international Top DJs presents.

In the remainder of the city the discotheques and Pubs are more meagerly sown. Some clubs are also outside of the actual city in the suburbs, particularly in mansion all end, of La Calera and Saldán. In the summer shifts besides a part of the scene into the holidays place Mansion of Carlo Paz, in which there are many region discotheques.

catering trade

it gives restaurants of all Preisklassen with large variety at meals in Córdoba. Compared with other Argentine cities one finds remarkably many simple Arab restaurants, there many inhabitants of the cityArab ancestors have. Also in the families gladly Arab-Argentine specialities are cooked like Arab Empanadas , Niños envueltos and for Quepi, Döner Kebap are nearly unknown against it.

sport

football

the most popular kind of sport in Córdoba is football. It becomes excepton the official sports fields on an innumerable number of football pitches and on the road easily.

There are five professional associations, which originate in each case from other boroughs and so represent a certain socio-economic layer. Currently is however only one of them, Instituto de Córdoba (“La Gloria”)from the artist quarter of Alta Córdoba, in the first league Primera División. Belgrano (“lot Piratas”) from the worker quarter of Alberdi and Talleres (“lot Tallarines”) from the Barrio Jardín coined/shaped by the central layer are considered as ore rivals in the city. They are at present in thathowever of the Copa Conmebol 1999 can exhibit second league, Talleres as international success the profit. In the third league, the somewhat less well-known association Racing de Nueva Italia, whose fan rivals Instituto, is to the Torneo Argentino A. Likewise in this leaguePaz is junior the only professional crew of the city from a quarter of the Oberschicht with general.

The largest football stadium is the Chateau Carreras in the Parque San Martín, which also olympia stadium is called, although in completely Argentina so far ever olympic summer games did not take place. Further meaningthe stages of Instituto are in Alta Córdoba and from Belgrano in Alberdi. The fashion shop, the stadium of Talleres in Barrio Jardín is only occasionally used because of its low capacity and safety lack.

From Córdoba one of the most famous football players of Argentina, Mario Kempes came, which was active into the 1970er years as a professional and is today a football coach. The up-to-date most famous football player is against it the national player Pablo Aimar, an offensive midfield player.

other kinds of sport

in the basketball Atenas resides in Córdoba of the record masters of the Argentine league .It is considered as one of the best associations of the world outside of the US-American NBA.

The tennis professional David Nalbandian, which stands in the world rank list at present in the Top 10, comes from the Cordobeser suburb Unquillo.

Kinds of horse haven such as horse running and Polo are in Córdobafar likes less than in Buenos Aires. Only about ten times in the year running in the Hipódromo, the racecourse in Barrio Jardín in the south of the city is delivered. Pole Oman shanks the Córdobas play usually without public.

traffic

air traffic

thatat present in the change passenger airport present Aeropuerto Internacional Ingeniero Tallavela, also under the old name Pajas Blancas admits, is appropriate about 15 km north the center and connects the city with several goals in the country as well as with goals in Brazil, Bolivia and Chile.Besides Córdoba has an important military airport in the southwest of the city.

bus traffic

the medium range and long-distance traffic from Córdoba is mastered mostly with penalties. From the bus station lain central there are direct connections to all important cities of Argentina as well as abroad neighbouring.Likewise there some short-distance lines drive off into the suburbs of the city.

rail traffic

the city possessed years train connections into the 1980er into many important cities of Argentina. Into the 1990er years came the rail traffic against it to the privatisation of the national company Ferrocarriles Argentinoscompletely to succumbing. Exception was the tourist course Tren de read Sierras after Capilla del Monte (2001 because of disputes shut down between operator company and province government provisionally) and a course in close mansion the María. Since April 2005 a course operates again weekly after Buenos Aires.The distance is reconditioned at present, in order to be able to shorten the travel time.

Into the 1960er the city a streetcar possessed years. Córdoba does not possess Vorortzüge so far, which shifts the public local passenger traffic completely on the road. An appropriate project, the so-called Ferrourbano, upthe numerous, today to a large extent fallow-lying railways in the city to operate should, for the 1990er years was discussed, the realization is however completely uncertain, even if mayor Luis Juez at the beginning of 2006 explained his readiness to let the project live.

road system

Córdoba liesat the crossover of many important national routes, which go out star shaped in all directions - among other things to to the Panamericana - network belonging Ruta Nacional 9, which leads from Buenos Aires after La Quiaca at the border to Bolivia, their continuation lead across La Paz into southern Peru.

The suburbs of the environment are attached with partly finished, partly motorways and motorways under construction to the city. In building also the motorway planned for a long time is after Rosario, those up-to-date to Oncativo finished is and the citywith the motorway net of east Argentina and the capital will connect Buenos Aires.

The road system of the city is despite a ring motorway, which Avenida Circunvalación often overloads, in point times. At present among other things an internal south ring is built, the ends of 2006 to be finished is.

Public local passenger traffic

city traffic is equipped unsatisfactory and suffers from substantial structure problems. It is limited since the end of the streetcar to often outdated penalty and trolley buses, which are often overcrowded because of the low frequencies. Since the fleet however renewed 2005, around a centralTo redeem choice promise of the mayor Luis Juez: the improvement of the public Personnenahverkehrs in the city.

sons and daughters of the city


*) born in the suburb Unquillo

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