Camilo Cienfuegos was beside Ernesto Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, Raúl Castro of one the prominent revolutionary and Guerillaführer of the movement 26. July (M-26-7) and/or. the rebel army against the Batista - regime. Although Ciefuegos in the world admits not in such a way is like the other Cuban revolution leaders, he is highly admired in the Cuban population. Its day of death is a national holiday, at which the Cuban children throw a flower accompanied from the saying “Una flor para to Camilo” (a flower for Camilo) into the Caribbean sea.
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childhood and youth
as 23-jähriger participated Cienfuegos in a studying demonstration, which was accomplished in honours of the Cuban people hero Antonio Maceo. In the course of the demonstration it came to arguments with the police. Cienfuegos was met by a ball into the foot. It describes its following emotional experience in the hospital as the largest of its life. When it was carried to the hospital, received it there hundreds inspired humans at the entrance hospital. Under tears and applause he was high-carried. Seized of the emotions he cried “Viva Cuba”. Later he said that he knew since that Cuba under all circumstances had to be released.
Camilo was, exactly the same as Che Guevara, one the survivors of the first ambush after the landing with the yacht “Granma “on Cuba. Also it had followed the group around Fidel Castro in Mexico. It was thus a revolutionary of the first hour. Cienfuegos developed from an undisciplined fighter to a brilliant Guerillaführer. To 16. April 1958 he is raised into the rank of a Comandante. As such he finally stated 700 heads a strong column of the rebel army . It supplied itself thereby among other things wild engagements with Batista - to troops with with Camagüey and read much-read.
While Cienfuegos penetrated into the province Camagüey, Ernesto Che Guevara fought for the city Santa Clara. By means of a small radio and some couriers Camilo kept upright thereby the contact with Guevara. Cienfuegos of people penetrated likewise into the province read much-read in, after they had been entangled into numerous engagements with the far superior opponents. They besieged the barracks of Yaguajay and took these after embittered fights. The following division of the island was the foundation-stone for the further procedure. After two-year Guerillakampf against in terms of figures far superior and of the USA Batista supported - army in the mountains of the Sierra Maestra was created thereby also the break-through in the level, and the way into the capital Havanna freely. At the 1. January 1959 flees the dictator Batista from Cuba. Under the supreme command of Comandante Che Guevara advanced the two groups on Havanna.
Camilo Cienfuegos led to 2. January 1959 the first columns of the rebel army into the capital. It disarmed over 10.000 soldiers in headquarters the Batistas in Havanna, which had lost each combat morale with its 500 guerillas.
at the structure of the new system Camilo Cienfuegos was only little involved. Probably it would have rather sceptically faced however the structure of a puristic Marxist Leninistic coined/shaped system.
little than after year its victory, thus to 28. October 1959, died Cienfuegos in a mysteriösen Cessna accident on the flight from Camagüey to Havanna. Its airplane was never found despite a fast introduced rescue action.
There are several acceptance, which happened on this day. Fact is to be arrested that it had an order, in order its good friend Huber Matos, also a rebel. Briefly before Cienfuegos a discussion with Fidel Castro, in which he had accused to him to abuse the prestige of the revolution and the revolutionary, had to establish in order a personal dictatorship. Castro is not to have answered alleged to it. Possibly Cienfuegos was killed on behalf by Fidel or Raul Castro (that it anyway did not like, because he was not a communist). It concerns with these data however pure speculation, which is above all often launched by Exilkubanern.
- Ernesto Che Guevara, 2002: Pasajes de la Guerra Revolucionaria. Cuba 1959-1969. Reimpresión La Habana.
- Cuban revolution, history of Cuba, Cuban rebel army, M-26-7, Granma, a communist party of Cuba (PCC), Fidel Castro, Ernesto Che Guevara
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Cuban in a revolutionary manner|
|DATE OF BIRTH||unknown|
|to PLACE OF BIRTH||Havanna, Cuba|
|DYING DATE||28. October 1959|