Carl Friedrich Goerdeler

Carl Friedrich Goerdeler

Carl Friedrich Goerdeler (* 31. July 1884 in snowing the UHL, province floats, today Piła; † 2. February 1945 in Berlin Plötzensee) was a German conservative politician and resistance fighter.


Goerdeler originated from oneFamily Prussian civil servants. Its father was an office judge. It studied like its three brothers jurisprudence (1902 to 1905 in Tübingen and king mountain). During its study it became member of the Turnerschaft Eberhardina Tübingen (today: Old Turnerschaft Eberhardina Markomannia). 1910 he married Anneliese Ullrich, with which hefive children (two daughters and three sons) had. After activity in the municipal administration Solingens and the war service as an officer in the First World War he was active as politicians. It joined 1920 of the German national people's party (DNVP), it until 1931 belonged. It was of 1920 19302. Mayor in king mountain and since 1930 mayors of Leipzig. In the center of its interest questions of the economic policy were located. As administrative specialist and a supervisor he was repeated into the 1920er years as a realm chancellor in the discussion. 1931 /32 and 1934 /35 he was a realm commissioner for the price monitoring.

The ideology of the national socialism, in particular the church and racial policy, rejected Goerdeler. Into questions of the economic and financial policy he came by criticism at the dubious creation of money Hjalmar of pit, the publicised economic autarcy and the anti-Jewish policy into open opposition to the regime. As inNovember 1936 during a journey abroad was torn off by Goerdeler in Leipzig on Veranlassung of the national socialists the monument for the composer Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, because this Jew had been, and Goerdeler not to become generally accepted could to establish it again took it the re-election to the Leipziger mayornot on and separated to the 1. April 1937 from this office.

In cooperating with the later general staff boss Ludwig Beck formed Goerdeler - on the basis of that already since 1863 in Berlin existing on Wednesdays company, a circle national and conservative politicians - in the following years thatCore of a group of resistances against the regime in Germany. To this circle also Social Democrats pushed such as William Leuschner and trade unionists such as Jakob emperor after the beginning of the Second World War. A goal of the resistance was for the circle around Goerdeler the fall Adolf Hitler, around thatTo terminate war. Goerdeler rejected personally the killing of Hitler and pleaded for its arrest and a following right-national process. Goerdeler was intended for the time after the revolution as realm chancellors. In this characteristic he compiled extensive plans to a condition and also Minister lists,the many Mitverschwörern became the calamity. Its condition plans can be called conservative, economiceconomics and anticommunist. It was therefore rejected by the younger members of the Kreisauer of circle and the socialist resistance.

Already several days before the assassination attempt of 20. July 1944 became against Goerdelera warrant of arrest issue. Set of it by friends in knowledge, he fled into his westPrussian homeland. There it became in a pub of the lady bookkeeper Helene Schwärzel (for which she got 1944 from the hand of Hitler the steckbrieflich expenditure-praised 1 million realm Mark and 1946 as Denunziantin toosix years penintentiary condemned) one recognized, one betrayed and to 12. August 1944 arrests. The people's court condemned it to 8. September 1944 to death. In hope to be able to extort from it the names of further conspirators its execution was postponed again and again. Finally it became, afterextensive minutes over the intended re-organization, to 2. February 1945 in the penintentiary Berlin Plötzensee beheads.


  • Sabine Gillmann, Hans Mommsen (Hrsg.): Political writings and letters Carl Friedrich Goerdelers. K.G. Saur, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-598-11631-4
  • Marianne Meyer Krahmer: Carl Goedeler and its way inthe resistance. A journey to the world of my father. Herder, Freiburg/break. 1988, ISBN 3-451-08553-4
  • Gerhard knights: Carl Goerdeler and the German resistance movement. Stuttgart 1984, ISBN 3-421-06181-5
  • William of scratch (Hrsg.): Beck and Goerdeler. Community documents for the peace 1941-1944. Munich 1965
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  • Biografie Carl Friedrich Goerdelers after Carl Friedrich Goerdeler

, see also: List of the involved ones of the rebellion of 20. July 1944 resistanceagainst the national socialism


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