Carl Peter

Dr. Carl Peter (* 27. September 1856 in new house/Elbe; † 10. September 1918 in bath Harzburg) was a German politician, journalist, a colonialist and an Africa researcher. It is considered as the founders of the colony German East Africa.

Carl Peters (1856-1918)
Carl Peter (1856-1918)

Peter came of to an Evangelist minister family and studied and. A. with the national liberal and for his socialviennaistic and anti-Semitic ideas historians admitted Heinrich of Treitschke. It attained a doctorate to the doctor of philosophy, aimed at however no career in the training or university service, but was involved to London to its uncle and occurred its import business. Into England he came for the first time to own indication into contact with colonialism and world power politics, which controlled from now to its conception of the world.

From 1882 to 1883 Carl Peter employed intensively in London with the policy of England in overseas and sketched themselves similar plans for Germany. Its thought world was coined/shaped of the social viennaism. It tended to call the “non-white races in such a way specified” in the colonial-political Correspondenz published by him inferior. As only right of existence it approved of them an existence as workers under the rule of white Pflanzer too. Among the race ideologists of the Wilhelmini age it belonged to the radical wing.

1884 created the Peter's “society for German Kolonisation “and acquired first areas of master heads in the area of today's Tanzania, still without support of the realm government. To 27. It received a charter to February 1885 from the German emperor, in which the realm government commits itself to the protection of the areas.

Starting from 1891 was Peter's realm commissioner for the Kilimandscharogebiet. Because of its brutal procedure against the African population and executions 1895 were determined against it in Germany. 1897 of its office were relieved of Peter and removed discipline-bad-arranged after a process before dishonorably from the government service.

1899 it led a successful Forschungsreise to the Sambesi. It wanted to prove that the Biblical gold country Ophir had lain in southeast Africa, although this of the professional world as untenable theory was rejected. Primarily it concerned Peter to win with the help of its theory of shareholders for its finance company to acquire and dig for gold the country there in Portuguese Mocambique should. Its Ophir theory enriched Peter with violent Diffamierungen opposite the black African and demanded the introduction of the general hard labour in the colonies.

From 1896 to 1914 it lived in England. Peter based in London the Dr. Carl Peter Estates and exploration of cost., the later South East Africa Ltd., which operated the gold mining in South Africa. In several journeys it explored further Goldlagerstätten in Südrhodesien and Angola.

Its grave is on the city cemetery Engesohde in Hanover. During the 3. Realm one honoured Peter as a mental father of the national socialism “rediscovered” and in numerous books and a feature with Hans Albers in the title part. Also in numerous cities roads were designated after it. Also a warship carried its names.

See also: German colonies


  • Norbert carrion, Werena Rosenke (Hg.): Colonial history in the family album. Early photos from the colony German East Africa. ISBN 392830013X - Werena Rosenke deals in this volume with a detailed essay with Carl Peter.
  • E. Salburg: Karl Peter and its people. Duncker publishing house, 1929
  • Winfried Speitkamp: Dead memory as Berlin criticism. The cult around the colonial pioneers. In: Ulrich van the Heyden, Joachim Zeller (Hg.) „… Power and portion of the world domination. “Berlin and the German colonialism. Unrast publishing house. Münster 2005, ISBN 3-89771-024-2
  • Hermann Krätschell: Carl Peter 1856 - 1918. A contribution for journalism of the imperialistic nationalism in Germany, Berlin Dahlem 1959. - Thesis; Working the journalistic effect Peters' out with line of sight on the later national socialism.
  • Arne Perras: Carl Peter and German Imperialism 1856-1918. A political Biography, Clarendon press, Oxford 2004. ISBN 0199265100 - Exhaustive biography Peters' with treatment of its political meaning also in regard to the colonial policy of Bismarck; investigated in among other things newly accessible sources.

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