the Cavendish laboratory (English. Cavendish Laboratory) is Institut for physics at the English elite university Cambridge. It is after the British scientist Henry Cavendish (1731-1810, well-known and. A. as a discoverer of the hydrogen) designated and 1873 were created.
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by the precipitous development of the natural sciences in the course of the industrialization originated in in the second half 19. Century an increasing need according to universitären research and training facilities within this range. One of the first universities in Great Britain with a physics laboratory was the University of Glasgow (furnished of lord Kelvin into the 1840er years).
Into the 1860er years saw themselves the two large elite universities Oxford and Cambridge to own steps compelled and in such a way developed 1872 in Oxford Clarendon laboratory and one year later the Cavendish laboratory in Cambridge. Founder and backer as well as first chancellor was the duke at that time of Devonian-almost, William Cavendish. First professor for experimental physics became a Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell.
Cavendish professors for physics
- 1871-1879 James Clerk Maxwell
- 1879-1884 John William Strutt, 3. For lord Rayleigh (Nobelpreis for physics 1904)
- 1884-1919 Joseph John Thomson (Nobelpreis for physics 1906), discoverers of the electron
- 1919-1937 Ernest Rutherford (Nobelpreis for chemistry 1908), „father of atomic physics “
- 1938-1953 William Lawrence Bragg (Nobelpreis for physics 1915), in its term of office the specialist areas molecular biology and astrophysics 1954-1971
- Nevill Francis Mott ( Nobelpreis for physics 1977) developed
- 1971-1984 Brian Pippard
- 1984-1995 SAM Edwards
- since 1995 smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Friend
so far 28 Nobelpreise of researchers at the Cavendish actively were achieved. The most important research fields were thereby atomic physics, molecular physics (representation of the structure of the Desoxyribonukleinsäure by Watson and Crick 1953) and crystallography, superconduction, electron microscopy and radio astronomy.
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- http://www.phy.cam.ac.uk/ - web page of the institute for physics