Ceuta

Ceuta
map
Lage der autonomen Stadt Ceuta
base data
capital: Ceuta
surface: 18.5 km ²
inhabitants: 75.276 (1. January 2005)
ISO 3166-2 ES-CE
Straße von Gibraltar, Darstellung der NASA (Blickrichtung Osten)
road of Gibraltar, representation of NASA (line of sight the east)
Halbinsel und Hafen (Blickrichtung Osten)
peninsula and port (line of sight the east)
Panorama über die Dächer der Stadt, Mittelmeer, marokkanische Küste
panorama over the roofs of the city, Mediterranean, Moroccan coast

Ceuta [ˈ θ eu̯ta] an autonomous Spanish Exklave at the Mediterranean coast of Morocco is, close of the road of Gibraltar.

Like Melilla Ceuta belongs politically to Spain, geographically however to Africa. It is 18.5 km ² a large peninsula, the 21km from the coast of the Spanish peninsula is distant. The city is well-known as point of approach for illegal immigration of African into the European union.

Table of contents

history

thosevaried history of the city began with the Phöniziern. It is however not secured whether in the place of the today's Ceuta durable settlements existed. The Greeks called the place Επτά Αδελφοί (Heptá Adelphoí - seven brothers). 319 v.Chr. took over the Karthager the city, after the second Puni war became Ceuta as Septem Fratres (seven brothers) Roman, and the inhabitants received the Roman citizen right.

Ceutas strategic and economic meaning grew, and it became besidethe competitive Tanger to the most important city of the Roman province Mauretania Tingitana. 429 conquered the Vandalen the city, 534 fell it the Byzantine realm as successors of the Roman realm, in order 616 of the Westgoten to be then conquered.In the year 709 the Arabs finally took the city, two years, before they pulled on the Spanish peninsula and occupied these for centuries.

Portugal (1415-1580) 1415 became the city of king Johann I. for Portugal during the Reconquista back-conquers.

Spain (1580-heute) 1668 was surrendered to Ceuta as result of the restoration war in peacetime from Lisbon von Portugal to Spain. After the independence of Morocco (1956) Ceuta a sovereign place ( Plaza de soberanía) became direct, that the Spanish governmentwas subordinated. Ceuta is since 1995 an autonomous city (Spanish ciudad autónoma) and enjoys similar rights as the autonomous communities. The same applies in a general manner to Melilla and the three uninhabited Plazas del Soberanía. They all are subordinate directlythe Spanish government.

further data

population density: 4,069 Einw. /km ²
highest collection: 345 m

current

Migranten from Black African countries try to arrive over Algeria and Morocco after Melilla and Ceuta, over to Spain or into othersTo enter countries of the European Union. See also the article to Melilla.

Web on the left of

official Website the city Ceuta


coordinates: 35° 53 ' 12 " N, 5° 38 ' 0 " W


 

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