Champagne

of these articles is concerned with the region Champagne in France. For municipalities of the same name in France, Belgium and Switzerland; see to Champagne (term clarifying)

the Champagne is a historical landscape region in the north of France. It belongs today to the political region Champagne Ardenne. It borders inThe west to the Picardie and to the Ile de France, in the south at Burgund and Franche Comté and in the east at Lorraine.

The Champagne is famous for the Champagner, since that the 17. Century GEC ELT ore becomes. Only foam wine from the Champagne may do Champagner, everything else is (on German) sparkling wine is called. Apart from viticulture above all agriculture and tourism in the area are operated.

The most important cities of the Champagne are Reims, Épernay, Troyes, Langres, Reynel, Prauthoy and Châlons EN Champagne (in former times Châlons sur Marne). All French kingsin the cathedral to Reims were crowned. The baptism of the first Christian king Chlodwig I. are delivered. (496) and late of the Ludwig's pious one (816).

In the 1.Weltkrieg the front line between the German and allied troops ran north the line Reims Sainte Ménehould Verdun throughthe “louse Champagne in such a way specified” (there there only agriculture was and no cultivation of wine there as between Reims and the Marne). After solidifying involving heavy losses battles followed the front in the autumn 1914 (February/March 1915: Winter battle, September/October 1915: Autumn battle, April 1917: Battle around the massif of the Mont Cornillet, Septembers/Octobers 1918: Allied offensive), up to the final fight 1918 without considerable front shifts. This very day there many cemeteries and monuments of the war witness. A substantial part of the old battleground is used today as maneuver and bomb release place of the French army, can however every two years throughthe public to be visited.

count von Champagne


  • Odo II. († 1037) count von Blois 1004-1037, count von Champagne 1019-1037, brother Theobalds II.
  • Stephan I. († 1047/58) count von Champagne 1037-1047/48, son Odos II.
  • Odo († after 1096) count von Champagne 1048-1063, drove out, son step HansI.
  • Theobald I. († 1089) count (Theobald III.) of Blois 1037-1089, count von Champagne 1048-1089, brother step Hans I.
  • Hugo I. († 1126) count von Champagne 1089-1125, son Theobalds I.
  • Theobald II. († 1152) count (Theobald IV.) of Blois 1102-1152, count von Champagne1125-1152, nephew Hugos I.
  • Heinrich I. († 1181) count von Champagne 1152-1181, son Theobalds II.
  • Heinrich II. († 1197) count von Champagne 1181-1197, king of Jerusalem 1192-1197, son Heinrichs I.
  • Theobald III. († 1201) count von Champagne 1197-1201, brother Heinrichs II., marriesBlanka, hereditary daughter of the king Sancho VI. of Navarra
  • Theobald IV. († 1253) count von Champagne 1201-1253, king (Theobald I.) of Navarra 1234-1253, son Theobalds III.
  • Theobald V. († 1270) king (Theobald II.) of Navarra, count von Champagne 1253-1270, son Theobalds V.
  • Heinrich III. († 1274) king (Heinrich I.) of Navarra, count von Champagne 1270-1274, brother Theobalds V.
  • Johanna I. († 1305) queen of Navarra, countess of Champagne 1274-1307, daughter Heinrichs III., marries Philipp IV. († 1314) king of France
  • Ludwig († 1316) king (Ludwig X.)of France 1314-1316, count von Champagne 1304-1316, son Johannas I.
  • Johanna II. († 1349) countess of Champagne 1316-1349, daughter of Ludwig

the Champagne becomes to 15. March 1335 surrendered to the French crown.

 

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