Chaos computer club
The membership is open itself everyone, with theseGoals to identify can. Although the hackers see themselves gladly as „galactic community “, which does not want to be instructed on acts of administration, there is a registered association with approximately 1,500 members. The CCC was created, in order to give to hackers a platform, so thatthey on activities to report could, without having to fear prosecution. The cooperation in the CCC is not bound to a membership.
table of contents
structure and meetings
of the CCC registered association. is decentralized in regional groups organized. Smaller groups are called Chaostreffs, during more active and larger ERFA circles (exchange of experience circles) call themselves. The first virtual ERFA circle are the Haecksen, to those female members of theCCC belong.
And meets since 1984 once a year to the chaos Communication Congress interested members. In addition 2003 the chaos Communication Camp on the Paulshof close of the town old Landsberg on the country took place in the summer 1999 and. The internationalA character of the Camps was passed in the meantime to the congress, so that this follows its sub-title „the European hacker party “and as conference language dominates English. Apart from the many lectures on technical and socio-political topics there are also Workshops, e.g. over that Lockpicking. At Easter takes place regularly within smaller framework the workshoporientierte Easterhegg. Beyond that it gives to be organized over the year distributed since beginning of the decade many small meetings with up to 200 persons, those by regional groups andopen meeting of the community are partly, partly lectures to a certain topic offer.
times gives annually publications to the CCC the magazine The data centrifuge, the scientific trade paper for data travelers, out. In the 80's in two expenditures the hacker Bible appeared additional, an extensive manual and Sammelsurium with numerous documents to the hacker scene. The hacker Bibles and all expenditures of the data centrifuge up toYear 2000 digitized and on that chaos CD is available. In addition 21 becomes since that. Chaos Communication Congress a conference volume writes and publishes.
The moreover one on the Radiosender Fritz from potsdam is radiated once in the month the transmission chaos radio. Further radio endingsthe CCC are C-radar made of Darmstadt, /dev/radio from Ulm, radio Chaotica made of Karlsruhe and Nerds on air made of Vienna.
establishment the CCC to 12. September 1981 in Berlinat the table of the municipality 1 in the editorial offices taz. However the club developed in the following years mainly in Hamburg, since the initial members Wau Holland and Tom Twiddlebit were there.
At the beginning of of 1984 became the first expenditurethe data centrifuge publishes.
Into the start time also the publication of the kit falls to the Datenklo, a postal not certified modem even built. Finally world-wide communication wanted to be promoted, even if thereby against rules became to offend to the Federal Postal Administration.
for VTX, attained the CCC to 19. November 1984 with the VTX in such a way specified - or Haspa - chop. Here became due to a data overflow in of the Federal Postal Administration as surely tituliertenVTX system in one night scarcely 135,000 DM that Hamburg savings bank to the account of the association transfer. A demonstration of the safety gap went ahead through Wau Holland with the 8.DAFTA, but was not repaired the problem at the post office. In particularthe statements „we are shaken. The post office insured that VTX was safe of actual that wrongly. “ and „all respect for the capability of these people. It is unfortunate that only by the proof, which these people furnished the post officeof it to be convinced it could that their VTX software becomes not yet all requirements fair. “ the Haspa executive committee Benno Schölermann released the CCC from the call to be criminal.
On the contrary, the CCC became in the coming years with the creation of the data protection actin the FRG consults. Also appraisals were issued on most political level.
After VTX-chop became the call after a meeting, on which one dedicates oneself to the well-known and still coming Hacks, ever louder. Thus short hand became at the end of of December 1984in the Hamburg Eidelstedter community centre of the 1. Chaos Communication Congress organizes.
first case of net censorship
1985 was already entangled the club into an affair, in which it concerned to one of the later central topics of interest of the CCC uninformativeness -. On thatVTX pages of the club accumulated various texts to controversies topics, faithfully after the guidance saying from the hacker ethics „all information must be free. “. Thus also an excerpt from the thesis left itself „to Penisverletzungen with Masturbation with vacuum cleaners “<ref>http://devnull-de.org/DOKTORARBEIT_Penisverletzungen_bei_Masturbation_mit_Staubsaugern.pdf< /ref> of Theimuras Michael Alschibaja from the year 1978 call. Since in particular vacuum cleaners of the type Kobold of the company Vorwerk lead to injuries, the tradition enterprise was afraid negative publicity and saw themselves damaged by the CCC. He sued the club for 500.000 DM payment of damagesby call damage and the barrier of the side required of the Federal Postal Administration as Betreiberin of the VTX system. Only after the doctor father of the thesis and a Vorwerk concerned could be introduced, the company withdrew the complaint.
the CCC becomesregistered association.
In the course of the novella 2. White-collar crime law the computer criminality was taken up to the penal code. Without being a registered association, the CCC very fast as criminal combination would have been considered. Therefore 1986 became the CCC registered association. based and into thatRegister of associations Hamburg registered. Although the CCC registered association. according to statute, the non-profit character is non-profit by the tax office Hamburg was never recognized.
The association is to be its members helpful in problems, released for example by network analyses. It is the financial backbone for the data centrifugeand for projects for the research of new technologies. In addition its speakers are active as language pipe of the hacker scene.
An article in the data centrifuge 60 brings the motivation to the establishment of association on the point: „The preliminary investigations expected at that time (wg. NASA/splinter-chop etc.)should clearly be canalized, in order to prevent a large Kriminalisierung of the hacker scene (§129a) and to direct above all the preliminary investigations to (as a lawyer) prepared places (executive committee). That functioned also so far completely well. “
to from that NASA and ESA claimant cut (space Physics analysis network) were world-wide some large computers in particular the company Digital attached. Due to a safety gap in the operating system VMS, which was repaired 1986 in the USA, but only in the middle of 1987 in Europe, succeeded itnorth German hackers to receive access to the systems and some computers in this network. For this machines of NASA, the ESA, computer of the French Atomic Energy Commision (Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique), universities and research establishments counted. As can be prove however only damage could upComputers as „hacker driving school of the “baptized CERN to be discovered, of where from further nets could be achieved.
The north Germans hackers turned, when it became too hot, to the CCC. This again contacted in August 1987 the Federal Office for protection of the constitution,itself did not feel responsible and by the request to pass on references to the US-American colleagues with the CIA did not follow. As consequence there were some in September 1987 due to charges of the CERN in Switzerland and Philips France House searches by the Federal Bureau of Criminal Investigations in co-operation with the French public prosecutor's office. It was accused that the computers of the armaments company Thomson in Grenoble cracked, which were deleted volume of data of the Zementfabrik Lafarge and possibly spied with Philips construction plans for a chip.
As luckyit may have proven that CCC press speaker Steffen Wernéry met a TV-team of the transmitter SAT.1 in the proximity during the house search. Thus the house search became part of the live-reporting in the evening messages.
To 14. March 1988, the thing seemed nearlyforgotten, Wernéry traveled to SECURICOM 88, that 6. International congress over data security and data security, to Paris. With the arrival at the airport he was however already arrested due to the charge by Philips France and under fadenscheinigen reasons to cross-examines held. Onlyafter over eight weeks, to 20. May 1988, he - dismisses from the detention - could return to Germany.
a KGB chopping
from NASA-chop developed for that KGB chopping, or rather both found it parallel instead of andalso the same persons were involved. Summarized erspähte data from western computers were sold into the east. The Karl maintaken part cook becomes after several therapies the recovery of his drug craze and according to months-long statements opposite the protection of the constitution in June 1989burned found.
That KGB chopping was processed already several times in literature and films. Admits is in particular the book Kuckucksei of Clifford Stoll, who recognized reported like it the hackers with computer break-downs in the USA. In particular in Germany is that1998 developed film 23 - nothing is as it seems much admits.
Due to the determination work by the protection of the constitution, Hamburg club the distrust among the own members continued to increase in particular in. The next years were coined/shaped of the fact that hardlystill large actions were concerned. Thus in a kind regularity of the annual chaos Communication Congress was aligned, the data centrifuge appeared also more or less four times in the year and on the CeBIT met one annually on chaos Tuesday for FE storagethe post office, later then Telekom.
reunification among hackers
the political turn in Germany after the case of wall used the CCC, in order to attach connections into the GDR at that time. The east had into the late 80ern strongly inPunkto computer engineering caught up, which was to due mainly to reproductions of west computers, however was the entrance and the procurement of west technology by the CoCom - list forbids remained or simply exorbitantly expensively.
Already in February 1990 one became „hacker reunification “under the name KoKon (congress of communication, the support at CoCom was quite desired), in the house of the recent talents in the citizen of Berlin the east aligned. This two-day meeting was organized by the computer club in the HdjT as well as the chaos computer club. In consequence its became more againCCC Berlin based, which itself convenient in confusions of the reunification in Berlin center, between Friedrichstrasse and Reichstag knew a club area, ergattern. In addition in the structure of a first data communications network in the GDR one participated.
decentralization of the club
due to variousDiversities of opinion, in particular with the master club in Hamburg, developed at the beginning of the 90's ever more regional groups of the CCC, which was often not to be brought however to a co-operation with Hamburg. Apart from the reestablishment in Berlin, already addressed, it gavea CCC in Oldenburg, in Luebeck, which temporarily coordinated the publication of the data centrifuge, a group in Ulm and in Bielefeld. Here Rena tangent developed and padeluun the association FoeBuD , for that today even on initiative of the artiststhe BigBrotherAwards aligns and within ranges of the data security and the monitoring with the CCC together works.
As problematic the decentralization was regarded never, since in the hacker ethics the promotion of decentralized ones is finally placed out as a goal. Even the 1986 adopted statute of the CCC registered association. the establishment sawof independent exchange of experience circles (Erfa circles) forwards. Only today still occurring „rivalry fights “, as between Hamburg and Berlin, affected the productivity and led to the fact that some strong fellow combatants the CCC turned the back completely too.
Unethi free riders
Zurzeit of the beginningInternet booms was particularly good the business with technically badly advised persons. On this course as zwielichtige persons jumped up as Sönke Ungerbühler .< ref>Usenet Posting of Wau Holland, 6. January 1997, <6ONvrucoeMB@wau6458.other.thur.de>< /ref>
As an alleged member of the CCC it reported alsoPreference members of the board of banks and business enterprises that it is encountered explosive information by Hacking, which is for the press a found food. Against payment of stately sums of several thousand DM it became however silence and the uncovered materialhanded over. The meetings were mostly agreed upon Cambridge or Brussels in London , where Ungerbühler presented then a sentence empty disks. From fear of call damage these fraud cases were rather not brought to the announcement. Thus Ungerbühler drove long time in the name of theCCC its nuisance, without this was informed also only of it.
From the first detention, which was introduced by a careful journalist, Ungerbühler could flee to London. There it came to further meetings, however a sports article manufacturer could do it for the deliverypersuade in Germany, where it could be overwhelmed by the police. After its arrest Ungerbühler reported that the hush money had been partly almost forced upon to him by the disconcerted high-level personnel. In addition Ungerbühler does not have notion of computers according to own statement.
Oneother schillernde personality from this time was Kim Schmitz, better well-known than Kimble. The former hacker, who sold itself as a security advisor, was to be found frequently in the CCC surrounding field. It mixed together in particular in the newsgroup de.org .ccc in the Usenet andthus quite often with the CCC in connection one brought. After the exposures around its obscure machinations it received to today anwährendes house prohibition to CCC meetings.
by Tron became the algorithm COMP128 admits, which was used for the coding so-called identification code on GSM maps - in Germany only of man man portable radio -. Thus it became technically possible, a GSM map clones, which proved in the spring 1998 to the CCC.
With cloned mapscannot only discussions at expense of the original participant be set off, it also with its identity are telephoned. Once entered pin does not have to be entered a further mark. In particular dealers of GSM maps stood thus in suspicion, which use discovered gapto be able; because they had unimpaired entrance to maps and the pertinent pin, since the letters used at that time could be opened easily without destruction and closed later again.
The problem could only by conversion of the coding procedure and exchange of the map repairedbecome. However Schlumberger are to have been equipped with the susceptible COMP128-Algorithmus, even 2002 still about 30% of the maps in the circulation according to the world market leader with SIM maps.
a furtherdark chapter is the death of the hacker Tron, which was erhängt found 1998. Some members of the CCC represent a vehement murder theory. The circumstances of the case could not be cleared up so far.
Well-known CCC members are among other things the founder Wau Holland, Steffen Wernéry, Andy Mueller Maguhn, which had a seat in the you acct advice of the ICANN from 2000 to 2002, and which author Peter Glaser. Briefly before its death (1995) Konrad Zuse was appointed the honour member of the CCC.
Frequently the CCC worksalso with other organizations, which use themselves against censorship, for uninformativeness or the data security, together. In particular the FITUG and the FoeBuD are to be called here.
To 26. July 2004 made itself attentive the club. The free IT-entrepreneur Dirk herring house published its recordings in the club-own magazine data centrifuge as well as in the press [ 1] over a more than one year's back and forth with the German Telekom around safety holes in its job execution system OBSOC, around which „the pink giant is enough itself “Time did not care. Herring house calls this action T-chopping, which it is strictly not completely correct since it around one do not chop yourself in the actual sense acts, but first of all only around editing URL, whereby in the furtherProcess access to protected data in the generic term degrees data base became possible.
in the CCC and surrounding field are to be found three Logos:
- „The chaos knot “ or „data knots “asofficial Logo of the CCC registered association, sketched of Wau Holland; it is a mirror-image dargstelltes Logo of the Federal Postal Administration cable TV with extended and interlocked Kabelausgang.
- „The plague crescent “ or „the Datenpirat” as Logo of the Community; originally of pure hard Schrutzki 1990 for that FoeBuD sketched <ref> plague crescents: The plague crescent emergence on the web pages by pure hard Schrutzki< /ref>, represents it an old Federal Postal Administration mutated to the Totenkopf - to Logo (still with telecommunications lightnings).
- The rocket „Fairydust “as Logo of CCC meetings; already to the 1. Chaos Communication Camp 1999 became thosesmall, bulgy and dreifüssige rocket as Logo used, received however only to 2. Camp 2003 their names and is found in the meantime, not only as five meters large and accessible reproduction, with the chaos Communication Congress and other meetings.
- Daniel Kulla: The cliche examiner. Scenes from the life of Wau Holland, joint founder of the chaos computer club. Löhrbach 2003, ISBN 3-922708-25-0
- Wau Holland - the death of a hacker (on-line article)
- Wunderlich; div. Authors: The chaosComputer book - Hacking larva in Germany. Rowohlt publishing house GmbH 1988. ISBN 3-8052-0474-4
- Wunderlich; div. Authors: Hacker for Moscow - German computer feeler gauges in the service of the KGB. Rowohlt publishing house GmbH 1989. ISBN 3-8052-0490-6