Charles Gleyre

Charles Gleyre
Charles Gleyre

Charles (actually Mark Charles Gabriel) Gleyre (* 2. May 1806 in Chevilly in the canton Waadt; † 5. May 1874 in Paris) was a Swiss painter.

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after art training in Lyon and Paris went Gleyre 1828 to Italy, where it sought to penetrate into the nature of the different schools and copied Giotto with the same care as Raffael as well as several historical category pictures painted. From Italy it went 1834 as travel companion and a draughtsman of an American into the Orient and visited Egypt, Abessinien, Syria, Greece and Turkey, whereby it drew everywhere objects of interest, landscapes , Trachten and people scenes after nature.

Only 1838 it returned to Paris. Before the public Gleyre stepped for the first time 1840 with the painting Johannes on the island Patmos. A piercing success achieved he however only 1843 with the evening, a motive of the Nile, which represents a poet, who sees the personifizierten dreams away-driving of the bank from its youth in a punt.

It looked for itself from now on its own way, by Kraft of the expression and depth of the feeling with poetic Idealität connecting. It painted religious, historical and mythologische pictures, whereby it in latter romantic tendency with the strict, styleful stylistic idiom of the antique ones connected.



Gleyre was one the first idealists of the French art, which became outside of the school of Ingres, and a well-known teacher; in its studio operated among other things Jean Léon Gérôme, Jean Louis Hamon, Lecomte you Nouy, Augusts Toulmouche, Edward Poynter, Claude Monet, Augusts Renoir, Frédéric Bazille, Daniel Ridgway Knight and James McNeill Whistler.

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