Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
Table of contents
Charles Thomson Rees Wilson became to 14. February 1869 as a son of the farmer John Wilson and its Mrs. Annie Clerk Harper in the Parish Glencorse in the county Midlothian with Edinburgh born. After the death of itsFather 1873 it pulled with its nut/mother after Manchester. After the attendance of a Privatschule he was trained at the Owen's college, the today's University OF Manchester, - he changed 1888 to the Sidney Sussex college in Cambridge, onwhich it made 1892 its conclusion. With the goal, physician of becoming visited it predominantly biological courses. In Cambridge it began to be interested increased in physical and chemical questions - its decision from the medicine to turn away could howeveralso affected by Balfour Stewart, the physics professor at the Owen's college, its.
After the study Wilson worked on the Cavendish Laboratory and became 1900 Fellow of the Sidney Sussex college, held lectures and demonstrated attempts. He took over 1918 the progressing lecturesin practical physics at the Cavendish Laboratory. He was appointed 1913 the meteorological observer at the observatory for sun physics on the Ben Nevis. Starting from 1918 it held lectures in electrical meteorology and for 1925 the Jacksonian professor for nature philosophy was appointed.
Wilson married1908 the minister daughter Jessie drill and was father of four children, two sons and two daughters. It died to 15. November 1959 in Carlops in circles of its family.
after the observation of Koronas and Glorien upthe Ben Nevis in the late summer 1894 he began to try to reproduce these phenomena in the laboratory. With his attempts with damp, dust free air it stated that very frequently a drop formation took place. After some months it set up the assumption thatit a condensation at continuously produced cores acts - possibly ions, which are responsible also for the remainder conductivity of the atmosphere. This assumption was confirmed 1896, when it exposed a forerunner of the cloud chamber to the again discovered X-jets, to onestrong rise (nearly rain-like) of the drop formation led. In the following years Wilson dedicated itself extensive investigations of ions as condensation germs, starting from 1900 was its research however due to its extensive training activities strongly reduced. So it could do only 1911 with onedeveloped further cloud chamber the traces of individual alpha and beta particles as well as electrons photographically for the first time hold. In the following years this technology up to the perfection could weiterentwicklen, which in its two legendary, outstanding illustrated publications over the courses of electrons flowed to 1923.Its technology was used in far parts of the world with large success, among other things of Blackett and Kapitsa in Cambridge, of Irène curie and Auger in Paris and of Bothe and Meitner in Berlin.
For the development afterit designated Wilson cloud chamber for the proof of radioactive jets and other loaded elementary particles he was distinguished together with Arthur Compton, who could prove the Compton-effect with the help of a cloud chamber free of doubts , 1927 with the Nobelpreis for physics.
- Fellow OF the Royal Society, 1900
- Hughes medal, Royal Society, 1911
- Hopkins price, Cambridge Philosophical Society, 1920
- Gunning price, Royal Society OF Edinburgh, 1921
- Royal Medal, Royal Society, 1922
- Howard Potts medal, Franklin of institutes, 1925
- Nobelpreis for physics,1927
- Copley medal, Royal Society, 1935
Web on the left of
- information of the Nobelstiftung for award of the prize 1927 for Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (English)
|NAME||Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of Scottish physicists|
|DATE OF BIRTH||14. February 1869|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Glencorse|
|DYING DATE||15. November 1959|
|DYING PLACE||Carlops with Edinburgh|