Charles Tupper

Charles Tupper

Dr. med. Sir Charles Tupper, GCMG, CB, PC, (* 2. July 1821 in Amherst, new facts Scotia; † 30. October 1915 in Bexleyheath, England) was a sixth prime minister of Canada. It belonged to the conservative party and had the shortest term of office of all Canadian prime ministers: It took only 69 days, from the 1. May up to 8. July 1896.

Tupper studied medicine at the University OF Edinburgh in Scotland and received to 1843 the doctor title. 1846 he married Frances Morse (1826-1912), with which it had three sons and three daughters. The secondaryoldest son, Charles Hibbert Tupper, was Minister of Justice under Mackenzie Bowell, the predecessor of its father. The jünste son, William John clay/tone Tupper, was from 1934 to 1940 governor von Manitoba.

1855 were selected Tupper as a delegate of the parliament of the British colony new facts Scotia. It was member of the Confederation party, which endorsed the connection new facts Scotias to the Canadian federation; from 1864 to the entry to the Konföderation in the year 1867 he was a prime minister of the province. 1872 appointed it prime minister John Macdonald the boss of the national revenue office; 1873 were Tupper for short time tariff Minister, until the Pacific scandal brought the government to case.

1878 returned the conservative ones to power and Tupper became a Minister for public works. In this function he got the building going of the Canadian Pacific Railway crucially. From 1884 to 1887 he was a Canadian High Commissioner in Great Britain (corresponds to the post of an Ambassador). Afterwards it returned again to Canada and became a Minister of Finance. But one year later it already took over again the office of the High Commissioner.

1896 had to withdraw Mackenzie Bowell due to a heavy cabinet crisis from the office of the prime minister. The conservative party agreed on Tupper as a successor. Its task was it to lead the party in the same year to the choice victory. The conservative ones 46.5% of the voices and the liberals reached only 45%, but the latters had won due to the Mehrheitswahlrechts more mandates. After only 69 days Tupper had to withdraw in favor of of Wilfrid Laurier.

1901 withdrew Tupper as a parliament delegate and pulled finally to England. It died at the age of 94 years in Bexleyheath in the county Kent (today some of London). Its mortal remnants were transferred to Halifax in new facts Scotia.

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