Chemnitz

of these articles describes the city Chemnitz (1953-1990: Karl Marx city) in Saxonia. Further meanings under Chemnitz (term clarifying).
Coat of arms map
Wappen der Stadt Chemnitz
Lage der kreisfreien Stadt Chemnitz in Deutschland
guidance saying
city with Köpfchen
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Saxonia
governmental district: Chemnitz
circle: circle-free city
surface: 220.85 km ²
inhabitants: 247.094 (30. September 2005)
Population density: 1,119 inhabitants for each km ²
unemployment ratio: 18.3% (February 2006)
deepest point: 267 m and. NN
highest point: 523 m and. NN
height market place: 296 m and. NN
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 50° 50 ' N, 12° 55 ' O
50° 50 ' N, 12° 55 ' O
Postal zip codes: 09001-09131 (old 90xx)
preselection: 0371
Kfz characteristics: C
municipality key: 14 1 61 000
city arrangement: 39 quarters inclusive
8 localities
address of the city administration: Market 1
09111 Chemnitz
official Website: www.chemnitz.de
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Dr. - engineer Peter Seifert (SPD)

Chemnitz [ˈkʰɛmnɪts] a city is in the west of the Free State Saxonia. It is in the ore mountain basin, at the northern edge of the ore mountains. With scarcely 250,000 inhabitants it is to Leipzig and Dresden the third biggest city as well as one of the six upper centers of the Land of the Federal Republic. Chemnitz has thatStatus of a circle-free city and is seat of the governmental district of the same name.

The name „Chemnitz “deduces itself from the river of same name , which flows through the city. Its name again goes on the slawische designation Kamjenica (= Steinbach in Sorbi; kamjeń = stone; see. Kamenz) back.

In the year 1143 for the first time documentary mentioned, developed itself the city in the time of the industrialization to one of the most important industrial cities of Germany. The number of inhabitants of the city Chemnitz exceeded approx. 1883 the border of 100.000, whereby it became the large city. Between 1953 and 1990 Chemnitz Karl Marx city was called. Today the city beside Zwickau, understood in the change , forms a core „of the restaurant region Chemnitz Zwickau “and is a component „of the Metropolregion Saxonia triangle “.

Table of contents

Geografie

Chemnitz Chemnitz, framed from Ausläufern of the ore mountains in the south , is appropriate from heights of the centralSaxonian mountain country in the north and from the hiving mountain in the east in the ore mountain basin, in a far valley hollow at the river. Basis of the Erzgebirgi basin forms a formation„Red-lying “, which formed since the upper carbon.

See in addition also: List of the landscapes in Saxonia, list of waters in Saxonia

neighbour municipalities

the following municipalities Chemnitz border on the city. They are called in the clockwise direction beginning in the northeast:

city arrangement

Stadtteile von Chemnitz
of quarters of Chemnitz

the city of Chemnitz is divided into 39 quarters. The quarters a-settle, Euba, Grüna, gaping brook, Kleinolbersdorf Altenhain, central brook, roaring village and joke gene village are at the same time localities in the sense §§ of the 65 to 68 of the Saxonian Gemeindeordnung. For these localitiesthere as well as is in each case a locality advice, that depending upon number of inhabitants of the locality between 10 and 16 members has a local chief as a chairman.

The locality advice are to important to hear affairs concerning the locality. A final decision is incumbent on then however the local council of the entire town Chemnitz.


The quarters with their official numbers:

Aristocracy mountain (25) hardstrike (to 45) Rabenstein (94)
Altchemnitz (41) Helbersdorf (61) realm fire (86)
old person village (92) Hilbersdorf (15) Reichenhain (43)
Berne village (42) hat wood (64) roaring village ¹ (96)
fount ah A VILLAGe (13) chapel mountain (81) Rottluff (93)
Ebersdorf (14) Kappel (82) Schlosschemnitz (02)
a-settle ¹ (46) Kassberg (91) Schönau (83)
Erfenschlag (44) gaping brook ¹ (47) Siegmar (85)
Euba ¹ (16) Kleinolbersdorf Altenhain ¹ (26) sun mountain (21)
Furth (11) Luther quarter (of 22) Stelzendorf (84)
giving spring (24) marker village (62) joke gene village ¹ (97)
Glösa Draisdorf (12) central brook ¹ (87) Yorckgebiet (23)
Grüna ¹ (95) Morning-lead (63) center (01)

¹ at the same time locality

history

overview of the urban history of Chemnitz

in the year 1136 became with Chemnitz by king Lothar III. a Benediktinerkloster based, which received 1143 the market right. At some distance of the monastery probably becameafter 1170 by the king in the proximity of a ford by the river Chemnitz a city-similar settlement based, which was shifted already soon thereafter into the Aue. Until 1308 Chemnitz was free realm city. Already in the Middle Ages it was an economic center, in particular by in 14. Century received bleaching privilege.

Since end 18. Century Chemnitz a location of the industry with very high BSP, starting from 1800 was operated by machine the spinning mill. The origins decrease/go back on Johann ash from Limbach. Thereupon it increased rapidly, one called it„Saxonian Manchester “, „soot Chamtz “or also as „Russnitz “. Chemnitz became one of the most important industrial cities of Germany.

Chemnitz became already early seat of an administrative district (office captain shank) within the circle captain shank Zwickau of the State of Saxonia. In the year 1874 the city from the office captain shank Chemnitz separated and became one„city exemte “, which one designated later than circle-free city. It remained however further seat the office captain shank, from the which late district came out Chemnitzer country. 1900 were formed the circle captain shank Chemnitz as a forerunner of the today's governmental district Chemnitz. 1910 developed the office captain shank Stoll mountain from parts the office captain shankChemnitz.

Ein ehemaliges Ortseingangsschild der Stadt
A former local entrance sign of the city

at the end of the Second World War was strongly destroyed Chemnitz, particularly with anglo American bombardments to 5. March 1945. After dissolution of the countries in the GDR in the year 1952 Chemnitz became seat of a district, due to to 10. May 1953 on resolution of the GDR government renaming the city Chemnitz took place in „Karl Marx city “, to honours from Karl Marx, in district Karl Marx city were likewise renamed. In the apron of the entry of Saxonia the FRG became to 23. April 1990 a popular vote over the future namesthe city held. 76% the citizen tuned Chemnitz for the old name „“. The official back designation took place at the 1. June 1990, thus still before the formal entry of the GDR to the FRG. After reestablishment of the country Saxonia 1990 also the district Karl Marx city becamedissolved.

In the context of the circle reform in Saxonia 1994 the district Chemnitz was dissolved. A part was together closed with the districts Hohenstein Ernstthal and Glauchau to the new district Chemnitzer country. The other part came up in the district Mittweida , some municipalities came also to the middle ore mountain circle and to the district Stoll mountain. Chemnitz remained a circle-free city.

Center of the 1990er years began the land development of the construction areas in the city around the city hall to a new town centre, which is final after approximately 10 years not yet. This education of a new center became forwardsall department stores and shopping centres settled in the range of the market.

incorporations

following municipalities and Gemarkungen were integrated into the city Chemnitz:

Incorporation municipality or local part
29.09.1402 Borssendorf, controversy village, parts of Berne village and giving spring
01.07.1844 NIC reading lane
01.10.1880 Schlosschemnitz (1859 outLock before work and lock lane in an educated manner)
22.05.1885 „Küchwald “
02.01.1887 „Schösserholz “
01.10.1894 Altchemnitz
01.04.1900 giving spring
01.07.1900 old person village
01.10.1900 Kappel
01.04.1906 Hilbersdorf
01.04.1907 Berne village
01.10.1909 Helbersdorf
24.02.1894 parts of the Zeisigwald of Euba
01.07.1913 Borna and Furth
26.01.1914 „The fast market “of Ebersdorf
01.07.1919 Ebersdorf and marker village
01.07.1922 Heinersdorf
01.01.1929 Reichenhain
01.07.1950 aristocracy mountain (1934 from upper and Niederhermersdorf formed), Erfenschlag, Glösa (with that 1933 integrated Draisdorf), hardstrike, Rabenstein and city Siegmar Schönau (in an educated manner at the 1. October 1935 throughthe union of the city Siegmar and the municipality Schönau; to the city also the former municipalities realm fire belonged ¹, to new city ² and Stelzendorf ³)
07.11.1950 parts of the Zeisigwald of Euba
09.12.1953 parts of Auerswalde
end of 1970er of parts of Neukirchen/Erzgeb.
01.01.1996 parts of Light forest
01.01.1997 a-settle (with already to 15. July 1936 integrated Berbisdorf), gaping brook and Kleinolbersdorf Altenhain
01.01.1999 roaring village, Grüna, joke gene village (with the local part Murschnitz) and central brook
  • ¹ = realm fire became on 01.04.1922 after Siegmar in in common December
  • ² = new city became on 01.04.1922 after Schönau in in common December
  • ³ = Stelzendorf it became also efforts to integrate

the municipality new churches after Chemnitz on 01.10.1920 after realm fire in in common December since longer gives. This failed until today because of the resistance of the Lankreises Stoll mountain and the municipality new churches themselves.

Source: Chemnitzer citizen book 2000/2001

inhabitant development

diagram toPopulation trend

fraud the number of inhabitants in the year 1800 still about 10,500, then became Chemnitz already 1883 also over 100.000 inhabitants the five tenth large city of Germany. 1901 were already Chemnitz domicile of 200.000 humans, eleven years later counted the large city already 300,000 of inhabitants. The city had their population highest levelaround 1930 with a number of inhabitants of over 360.000. In addition the incorporations had had , e.g. substantial portion since 1880. the suburbs at that time giving spring, Kappel, old person village and Hilbersdorf.

Also Chemnitz is concerned for approximately 1989 of a strong decrease in population. Thus the city lost - based on the today'sArea conditions - since 1990 more than 20 per cent of their inhabitants. Despite numerous incorporations into the 1990er years (see above) the negative population trend could be stopped only briefly. The number of inhabitants of the city fell in December 2003 (according to statistic national office of the Free State Saxonia) under the border of250.000. Estimations resulted in that the total population will probably settle down up to the year 2020 between 220.000 and 230.000.

The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. Until 1833 it concerns usually around estimations, afterwards census results or official updating of the respective statistic ones Offices and/or the city administration. The data refer starting from 1843 to „the localpresent population “, starting from 1925 to the resident population and since 1966 to „the population at the place of the main dwelling “. 1843 ago the number of inhabitants was determined in non-uniform collection procedures.

Year and/or. Date inhabitant
1466 3.455
1474 3,523
1501 4,400
1530 4,318
1551 5,616
1586 5,476
1610 5,500
1658 3,000
1700 5,000
1790 9,162
1801 10,835
1818 12,000
1832 18,403
1. December 1834 ¹ 21,137
3. December 1861 ¹ 45,432
3. December 1864 ¹ 54,800
3. December 1867 ¹ 58.600
1. December 1871 ¹ 68,229
date inhabitant
1. December 1875 ¹ 85,334
1. December 1880 ¹ 95,123
1. December 1885 ¹ 110,817
1. December 1890 ¹ 138,954
2. December 1895 ¹ 161,017
1. December 1900 ¹ 206,913
1. December 1905 ¹ 244,927
1. December 1910 ¹ 287,807
1. December 1916 ¹ 271,738
5. December 1917 ¹ 265,540
8. October 1919 ¹ 303,775
16. June 1925 ¹ 331,655
16. June 1933 ¹ 350,734
17. May 1939 ¹ 337,646
1. December 1945 ¹ 243,613
29. October 1946 ¹ 250,188
31. August 1950 ¹ 293,373
31. December 1955 290,153
date inhabitant
31. December 1960 286,329
31. December 1964 ¹ 293,133
1. January 1971 ¹ 299,411
31. December 1975 305,113
31. December 1981 ¹ 318,578
31. December 1985 315,452
31. December 1989 301,918
31. December 1990 294,244
31. December 1995 ² 266,737
31. December 1998 ² 268,266
31. December 1999 ² 263,222
31. December 2000 ² 259,246
31. December 2001 ² 255,798
31. December 2002 ² 252,618
31. December 2003 ² 249,922
31. December 2004 ² 248,365
30. September 2005 247,094

¹ census result

²Source: Statistic national office of the Free State Saxonia (area conditions in each case to the 1. January of the subsequent year)


table for demographic development

the following overview shows the development of the total population and those individual age groups from 1997 to 2003. All data come from 31. Decembers yearly and referon the area conditions, the Chemnitz since that 1. January 1999 exhibits:

Year total population age: 0 to 14 age: 15 to 64 age: starting from 65
1997 275,125 34,043 191,353 49,729
1998 268,266 31,593 187,037 49,636
1999 263,222 29,803 183,161 50,258
2000 259,246 28,279 179,499 51,468
2001 255.798 26,868 176,212 52,718
2002 252,618 25,446 173,104 54,068
2003 249,922 24,291 169,999 55,632

source: Statistic national office of the Free State Saxonia

religions

Synagoge am Stephanplatz, Ansichtskarte um 1900
synagog at the Stephanplatz, picture postcard around 1900
Synagoge vor und kurz nach der Reichspogromnacht
synagog forwards and briefly after the Reichspogromnacht
Gedenkstein for to 10. November 1938 destroyedSynagog at the step Hans place

see also under „Web on the left of “.

About 80% of the population do not belong to a religion.

The population of the city Chemnitz belonged at first to the diocese Meissen. The city was already starting from 1254 seat of a Archidiakonats. Starting from 1313 was the respective abbott of the Benediktinerklostersthe archie deacon. 1539 were introduced the reformation and with the minister into pc. Jacobi a Superintendentur connected. 1540 was waived the still existing monasteries. Afterwards Chemnitz was over many centuries an predominantly Protestant city. Prevailing the lutherische confession was, but came into 16. Century also reformed efforts up, which could not become generally accepted however. Chemnitz always remained within of Saxonia seat of a Superintendentur. Today one calls this administrative district church district. The church municipalities of the city belong all to this church district within the region Chemnitz of the Evangelical-Lutheran regional church of Saxonia. ThatChurch district Chemnitz covers also municipalities outside of the city Chemnitz. Within the Evangelist regional church there is a nationalchurch community in Chemnitz also.

In 19. Also again catholics drew century into the city. These created immediately also again their own Pfarrgemeinde. Like all catholics in at that time Kingdom of Saxonia belonged also the municipality in Chemnitz to the Apostoli Vikariat with seat in Dresden, which was since 1743 responsible administrative district in the follow-up of the diocese Meissen dissolved in the reformation time. From this administrative district 1921 ( again) the diocese Meissen developed, since 1980 diocese Dresden Meissen, today to the church province Berlin (ore diocese Berlin) belongs. Chemnitz became within the diocese Meissen seat of a Dekanats, to which also Pfarrgemeinden belong outside from Chemnitz.

Beside the two large churches also many municipalities of different free churches can on long working inChemnitz look back, among them a Altlutheri municipality, the Elim municipality (member in the federation of freechurch Pfingstgemeinden), a Evangelist-freechurch Baptistengemeinde, the welfare army, a Evangelist-freechurch brother municipality, two Evangelist methodistische municipalities (Methodists) as well as a resident a clinical center (Bethanien), in the Evangelist methodistischen church, a Evangelist-reformed municipality (this heardto the Evangelist-reformed church with seat in empty) and a free Evangelist municipality.

The life of the city Chemnitz became by one, in the second half 19. Century developed, alive Jewish municipality strongly coined/shaped. In the year 1879 the first funeral on the Jewish cemetery found inQuarter old person village instead of and 1899 could be inaugurated the first Chemnitzer synagog at the step Hans place. 1923 had achieved the Jewish municipality with 3.500 members their highest level. It gave 26 Jewish associations and each third of the 600 Chemnitzer to manufacturers, each tenth physician as well as many artists was Jews.By the LV terror lost, as in completely Europe, many Jewish citizens their living or had to flee. Also the synagog was destroyed. Starting from 1945 there was again a tiny municipality. 1957 had it straight still 35 members and 1989 the municipality on 12 persons had shrunk.After the entry of the GDR to the FRG the number rose by Zuwanderung from former GUS countries to today approx. 650 members. In addition in the year 2002 a new synagog was geweiht.

politics

Altes und Neues Rathaus
old and new city hall

in the year 1298 already are for Chemnitz in Mayor and an advice testify, who stood both at the point of the city administration.
In 14. Century had the advice with the mayor altogether 12 members. Starting from 1415 there was three advice, „the old advice “(from the previous year), „the new advice “and „the resting advice “, whereby thatold and new advice together „the fully sitting advice “resulted in. The mayor managed it. After the dreissigjährigen war it only a Ratskollegium gave. 1831 were introduced a new city order. Afterwards the citizens selected its agency, those for its part the mayor and the paid town councillorsselected. With the separating of the city Chemnitz from the office captain shank 1874 the mayor received the title mayor.

During the time of the national socialism the mayor was used of the NSDAP. Briefly after the Second World War Soviet crew power set „the advice of the city “and/or those Town council . In the GDR elections took place, with which there was often only one possibility to select. Strong direct and indirect pressure was exerted on not line-conformal parts of the population, the elections was not not free and independent.

After the entry of the GDR toFRG was again freely selected that first as town council, now as an town councillor designated committee. Chairman of this committee was first a special chairman (starting from 1990 Reinhold Breede, CDU). Today is the mayor of chairmen of the town councillor. The town councillor selected at the beginning of also the mayor. Since 1994 that becomesMayor however directly of the citizens of the city selected.

Georgius Agricola (1494-1555)

list (upper) of the mayors von Chemnitz and Karl-Marx-Stadt

  • 1848 - 1873: JohannesFriedrich Mueller
  • 1874 - 1896: Dr. Heinrich Friedrich William André
  • 1896 - 1908: D. Dr. jur. Dr. engineer. Gustav Heinrich Beck
  • 1908 - 1917: Dr. jur. Heinrich storm
  • 1917 - 1930: Dr. jur. Hermann max of Johannes pretty man
  • 1930 - 1933:Albert Traugott walter Arlart
  • 1933 - 1945: Roll ago Schmidt

coat of arms

thatCoat of arms of the city Chemnitz shows two blue stakes in split sign in front in gold, in the back in gold a black lion with red tongue and armouring.

The stakes stand for the county Landsberg, the lion for the county Meissen. Both coat of arms symbols already are since that 15. Century in the seals of the city demonstrably (see. also the coat of arms of Leipzig and Dresden). They were led also of the cure princes of Saxonia as rulers across the city Chemnitz. Since that 18. Century both coat of arms symbols in split sign are represented.

Work on []

A partnership between cities maintains partnerships between cities Chemnitz with the following cities:

economics and infrastructure

town development

Blick über Rosenhofarkaden
view over rose yard arcades
Blick über die Türme der Stadt
view over the towers of the city
Mittelstandsmeile - Innere Klosterstraße
middle class mile - internal monastery route

with renaming in Karl Marx city was very ambitioniert tried for Chemnitz, a city centre to establish, that the classicalViews of the town construction of a socialist city to symbolize should. The plans were never completely carried out however due to by financial lack and a priority change in favor of the dwelling creation.

With Chemnitz it acts around the only German large city, for those, similarly the reconstruction of the direct postwar years, onlysince 1990 a city centre was planned and realized and/or. becomes, which feels obligated the principles „of the European city “. In its dimensions that is up to then essentially as open space fallow-lying area, in the place of the former city center, only with the building project „Potsdamer place “in Berlin comparably.

traffic

motorway

by the northwest city of Chemnitz leads A 4 Erfurt - Dresden , which here A 72 yard - as east west axle Chemnitz coming from the south crosses. The continuation of A 72 to Leipzigis in building and is in parts 2006 to be released.

federal highways

furthermore lead the following federal highways by the Chemnitzer city: B 95, B 107, B 169, B 173 and B 174. All federal highways form the southeast part of the so-calledCityrings, к umschließt vollständig welcher DAS Stadtzentrum. In order to relieve the city center from the non-resident transit traffic to, the already existing town center ring, by a pre-aged and in parts already existing, is to be supplemented city center ring. Besides with the extension of the south group, this is strengthened in its meaning as tangential connection,so that in the future, the transit traffic from direction ore mountains, over this connection to the motorway A4 in the north can be led. A connection with that west the city which is appropriate A72 is already present.

lines

lead railway of Chemnitz to the importantKnot Leipzig, to Dresden and Zwickau on the Saxonia Franconia Magistrale and after Riesa as well as several smaller distances into the Chemnitzer surrounding countryside. The distance to Leipzig was removed in the past years for a speed of 160 km/h. Every four hours drives to the intertown center to Dresden and/or.to Karlsruhe over Nuremberg and Stuttgart, three times daily a InterRegio to Berlin.

However Chemnitz is tied up based on its size very badly to national railway connections. Since center of the 1990er years are itself there therefore discussions in the city, which those requests politically responsible persons, overto endeavor an improvement of the binding. This negative circumstance wanted the German course with to 11. December 2005 in enterprise set Chemnitz Leipzig express (CLEX) and the campaign „starting goal victory: 59 minutes from Chemnitz to Leipzig “repair, however the railroad line is partly single-railed and besides unelektrifiziert. Alsoin the rail goods traffic Chemnitz is after quiet putting and abort of the marshalling yard Chemnitz Hilbersdorf no more railway knot . Since to the timetable change in December 2006 both the interrain IO connection Chemnitz Berlin and the IC connection Karlsruhe Dresden are to be stopped, presumably starting from this time no more long-distance traffic by rail will drive into Chemnitz.

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ÖPNV

the city Chemnitz is merged into the traffic group central axles (VMS). All public means of transport can be used therefore for uniform tariffs of the VMS. The public local passenger traffic (ÖPNV) in the city five strassenbahnlinien serve of the Chemnitzer metropolitan railway and 32 Buslinien of the „Chemnitzer traffic corporation “(CVAG).

The regional traffic operate:

  • Town center course Chemnitz GmbH (with the model distance Chemnitz Hbf - Stoll mountain and the distances after castle city and Hainichen)
  • railways Regio AG transporting enterprise Saxonia (distances after Zwickau, Dresden, Leipzig, Riesa)
  • railways RegioNetz of traffic GmbH ore mountain course (distances after Aue, Anna mountain book wood, Olbernhau)
  • motorbus GmbH Saxonia, REGIOBUS GmbH Mittweida, BVO of transporting enterprises ore mountains GmbH, transporting enterprises circle free mountain GmbH, travel service village ELT OHG

since the first half of the nineties pursued „Chemnitzer model “in the public local passenger traffic Germany far attention excited. It goes around[ستدت-وملند-فربيندونجن] [ميت] [نيدرفلور] - [سترنبهنن] [بر] [زويسكهن] قالب [غرنز] [سترنبهن] [أوند] [إيسنبهن] [هينوغ]. First such provincial town line connects the Chemnitzer city centre since at the end of of 2002 with the city Stoll mountain. By the Chemnitzer main station is driven on over the city centre until Altchemnitz the streetcar net of the CVAG. There changethe courses on the railroad line after Stoll mountain. This was developed with additional critical points and is operated electrified and today by the Regio Infra service Saxonia. The town center course Chemnitz accomplishes traffic on behalf the traffic group central axles. Continuing are first lines from the north (castle city, Mittweida and/orHainichen) in the city centre planned. In addition a further place of linkage of streetcar railway is to develop in the next years in the main station. Preparing sections of the streetcar between main station and city centre were already converted. In addition a line is intended after Limbach Oberfrohna over a northeast streetcar distance which can be built again. Furthermore is an extensionon the railroad lines in the ore mountains, direction Dresden and Zwickau conceivablly.

air traffic

the next-most convenient international airports are the airport Dresden (80 km) and the airport Leipzig-resounds (90 km). South of Chemnitz the airfield Chemnitz Jahnsdorf is convenient. The building of the former airport Chemnitz outstill and lies today in the midst of the populated area „Fritz tail ore is received to the start time of aviation in Germany “in the southwest Chemnitz'.

media

  • in the area Chemnitz „ the free press appears own after “, with approximately 364,100 copies per working-day as daily paperState the present-strongest regional daily paper of Germany.
  • The city magazine appears monthly „city strike ago “with a meeting planner for Chemnitz, Zwickau and their region.
  • In the region Chemnitz is to be received the Radio-Sender „CHEMNITZ 102,1 “.
  • Likewise in the region Chemnitz is over cables and antenna of the TV-transmitters „To receive Saxonia television “.
  • One „of the Saxonian training and test channels “(SAEK) resides in Chemnitz and produces a Hörfunkprogamm in ewt/the RFC cable daily on 90.5 MHz sends, likewise gives it a Livestream! , in addition the SAEK has also television band, into itself youngFernsehmacher to try out can.
  • Radio UNiCC e. %V. - the university radio DO Chemnitz, receiptable daily from 18-19 o'clock to 102.7 MHz
  • Chemnitzer citizen radio radio T, receiptable daily from 19-24 o'clock to 102.7 MHz

resident enterprise

  • ESKA Saxonian screw works GmbH
  • Volkswagen Saxonia GmbH,Engine manufacturing Chemnitz
  • Bruno Banani
  • Premium Bodywear AG
  • enviaM (envia Central German energy AG)
  • union machine tools GmbH Chemnitz (oldest existing machine tool factory of Germany)
  • IT services and Solutions GmbH
  • NILES SIMMONS Hegenscheidt group
  • technology center Chemnitz GmbH
  • CBS information Technologies AG
  • of public utilities Chemnitz
  • Siemens Chemnitz
  • ELWA building of high voltage systems GmbH Chemnitz

Public mechanisms

in Chemnitz have following mechanisms and institutions and/or bodies of the public right their seat:

  • Federal police station (BPOLAMT) Chemnitz
  • Federal Institution for industrial safety and industrial medicine
  • chamber of trade Chemnitz
  • IHK southwest Saxonia Chemnitz Plauen Zwickau
  • circle military spare office Chemnitz
  • regional finance office Chemnitz
  • regional management Saxonia of the federal agency for work (former state labour office)
  • district administration Chemnitz
  • To Higher Labor Court Saxonia
  • national social court Saxonia
  • regional court Chemnitz
  • district court Chemnitz
  • social court Chemnitz
  • Administrative Court Chemnitz
  • labor court Chemnitz
  • national office for family and social

education and research

Hörsaalgebäude der TU Chemnitz an der Reichenhainer Straße
lecture hall building DO Chemnitz to the Reichenhainer road

technical University of Chemnitz (TUC): The university goes back on the 1836 based Royal Gewerbschule Chemnitz, which was at the beginning of an education formation of the textile industry. 1882 came electro-technology in addition and to the Second World War it as a national academy for technology were led. 1953 ascended it to the university for mechanical engineering and 1963 became it a technical university. Finallyshe was raised 1986 into the rank of a technical university. The technical university cares for up-to-date between 10.000 and 11.000 students.

High Schools:

  • Alexander of Humboldt High School
  • Dr. - William André High School
  • Georgius Agricola High School
  • Gottfried Leibniz High School (is to be waived and closes together with the Karl Schmidt Rottluff High School)
  • High School a-settle (with integrated handicapped one)
  • Johannes Kepler High School (with mathematical/scientifically deepened profile)
  • Johann-Wolfgang-von-Goethe-Gymnasium
  • Karl-Schmidt-Rottluff-Gymnasium
  • Sportgymnasium Chemnitz
  • Werner-Heisenberg-Gymnasium (soll aufgehoben werden)

Forschungseinrichtungen:

  • Institute for Fraunhofer for machine tools and deformation technique (IWU)
  • Saxonian Textilforschungsinstitut e. V.

leisure and sports sites

see also: Category: Chemnitz (sport)

the artificial lake Oberrabenstein as Panorama-Aufnahme
  • sport forum (main stadium - spectator capacity: 18,500 places; Leichtathletik /Mehrzweckhalle - spectator capacity: 1.450Places; Cycle track - spectator capacity: 15,000 places; three Rasenplätze, two hard places, artificial turf place; a 50-Meter-Schwimmhalle; Boxer /Ringerhalle; two art gymnasia; Play hall; Judohalle)
  • Chemnitz arena (measures and meeting-resounds for up to 11.000 spectators)
  • smell-pool of broadcasting corporations-Hartmann--resounds - to home play place of the basketball association BV DO Chemnitz 99 (spectator capacity of 2,600 places)
  • sport-resounds to close-calibrate - play placethe ChemCats (spectator capacity: approx. 750 places)
  • stadium at the Gellertstrasse - home play place of the CFK (spectator capacity: 12,500 places)
  • ice sport and leisure center Chemnitz (ice-skating hall of 4,000 places; Practice hall; 400 m ice high-speed career; Rollhockeystadion)
  • artificial lake Oberrabenstein and further five open-rir swimming pools
  • municipal swimming pool and further three indoor swimming pools

culture andObjects of interest

stages

Der Chemnitzer Theaterplatz
of the Chemnitzer theatre place
  • the theatres Chemnitz
  • opera house Chemnitz (opera, Operette, ballet, musical)
  • Schauspielhaus Chemnitz
  • Robert Schumann Philharmonic Concert Hall Chemnitz
  • figure theatre
  • town hall Chemnitz
  • „the Chemnitzer Kabarett “(ehem. „1. Chemnitzer Kabarett “)
  • Kabarett crate - Kabarett „Sachsenmeyer & CO “
  • TACH theatre
  • of arm theatre with V. %E. %B.(Association-own stage)
  • FRESSTheater

museums

the castle Rabenstein
the lock Rabenstein

connecting with the efforts toward an improvement of the external effect Chemnitz' since the 1990er-Jahren is to be observed also a shaping as art and cultural center. The development of a musealen landscape in Chemnitz is at presentstill under way. Chemnitz' a character is to be protected as industrial city. As an important boundary stone of this development the Saxonian industrial museum is rated, which extensive collection of Saxonian industrial history covers. Witnesses these industrial development are likewise the Saxonian railway museum and the museum for Saxonian vehicles.

Further the art collections Chemnitz in the king Albert museum issue an extensive picture collection with emphasis on the Impressionismus and expressionism and supplement this offer with partially much-considered Sonderaustellungen. Besides that is as an important cultural and museale mechanismTo call culture department storetietz “, whichExhibits of contemporary art in the new Saxonian gallery and the museum for natural history accommodates. The coinage of the city by art nouveau becomes by the Henry van de Velde - museum in the mansion ash clearly, where above all exhibits of the Belgian architect and designer Henry van de Velde thatPublic to be made accessible.

The museum for urban history is integrated in the lock mountain museum. The premises of this museum are used also for numerous exhibitions to historical topics. The castle Rabenstein tells by different exhibitions of the history of the smallest castle plant received in Saxonia.

Besides are smaller numerousSpecial museums settled in the city, for example the German play museum, the Ebersdorfer school museum, the streetcar museum Kappel, the medicine-historical collections clinical center of the Chemnitz gGmbH as well as the culture-historical special museum for military history and the museum memory Ebersdorf.

The development Chemnitz' as museum location is continuously continued. Starting from autumn2007 is the picture collections of modern and contemporary art of the Munich Galeristen Alfred Gunzenhauser in particularly a building to which Gunzenhauser museum, furnished for it, are presented. Furthermore the city Chemnitz will accommodate the house of the archaeology in the former department store shocking starting from the year 2010, around the visitorto mediate comprehensive information about the archaeological and culture-historical development of Saxonia.

cinemas

  • Luxor - the film palace
  • film palace at the red tower
  • film palace in the Vita center
  • club cinema Siegmar
  • cinema m54
  • Metropol
  • film club in the middle in it

buildings

Karl Marx Monument („Nischel “)

see also: Objects of interest in Chemnitz.

  • Landmark of the city Chemnitz („city with Köpfchen “) is still „the Nischl “, the wuchtige Karl Marx Monument . With this monument it concerns the largest Porträtbüste of the world. She was arranged by the Russian artist Lew Kerbel, poured in bronze and revealed 1971 solemnly.
  • Old city hall, 1497 establishes and several times converted
  • Siegert house, only still received house with baroque front at the market (Johann Christoph of Naumann 1735 - 1741)
  • new city hall (smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Möbius, 1911)
  • opera house (smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Möbius, 1909)
  • king Albert museum (smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Möbius, 1909)
  • red tower - partthe historical city attachment (old landmark of the city)
  • castle Rabenstein
  • surge tank gaping brook
  • clock tower of the companies Thrust ore & Salzer (Erich Basarke, 1927)
  • former department store shocking (Erich Mendelsohn, 1930)
  • municipal swimming pool, important monument of the architectural modern trend (Fred Otto, 1928 - 35)
  • birth house Fritz hedge RTS (today „KIND OF TAIL “, restaurant and gallery)
  • the Kassberg as one of the largest period of promoterism and art nouveau quarters of Europe

churches

Schlosskirche
castle church
  • town church pc. Jakobi, oldestreceived church of the city (14. Jh.)
  • Castle church (lategothical resounding church as successors of a Roman Basilika of 1136, ehem. Benediktinerkloster) and lock mountain museum
  • Johanniskirche, mentions 1264 for the first time documentary (stood however outside of the Stadtmauern - see above town church pc. Jakobi)
  • Petrikirche, again-gothical building of sandstones (Hans's close, 1888)
  • Cross church (Otto Bartning, 1936)
  • peace church (Kassbergstrasse 30) 1879 (Methodist municipality)
  • Luther church (1908)
  • pc. Joseph, largest kath. Municipality of the city, (1905)
  • Markuskirche, again-gothical brick church with double helmet tower (1895)
  • pc. Andreas-creep (1888)
  • pc. Josephkirche (1888)

mansions

the mansion ash

the new Chemnitz

  • the new Chemnitzer city centerwith buildings of architects such as Helmut Jahn, Hans Kollhoff and Christoph Ingenhoven new synagog
  • at the Stollberger road (consecration, renowned internationally: 24. May 2002; Architect: Professor Alfred Jacoby). In the so-called. Realm crystal night of 9. to 10. November 1938 became the old Chemnitzer synagog (1897 build - 1899 after plans of architect Wenzel citizen) at the Stephanplatz just like 2,000 further Jewish places of worship in the German Reich in fire set, damages and later threadbare.
  • Culture department store „tietz “, a former department store (William circle, 1913), which today the municipal library,the people's highschool, the natural history museum, the new Saxonian gallery and. A. accommodated. Generally speaking halation is the petrified forest.
  • Chemnitz arena, multipurpose hall with up to 13.000 standing or 7,000 seats (former production hall on the area of the former moving he works)

highest buildings

Das Hotel Mercure
thatHotel Mercure
  • far is visibly the chimney of the combined heat and power station north. With a height of 300 m it is simultaneous the highest building of the city and the highest building of Saxonia.
  • The highest building is with 93 m height the 1974 delighted Mercure hotel congress in the city centre.
  • With 84 m the doppelhelmige tower of the Markuskirche (after drafts of the citizens of Berlin company Abesser & Kröger, 1895 geweiht) on the sun mountain is the highest church tower and a salient landmark.
  • The first Chemnitzer multistoried building (Willy beautiful field, 1925/26) was existing the this very dayBuilding of the former weaving mill Cammann & cost. with a height of 40 M.

further objects of interest

  • the petrified forest in the culture department store „tietz “, one of the most important nature thinking marks in Germany
  • close-calibrate and the Schilling figures
  • the Tierpark Chemnitz
  • the cosmonaut center victory mouth Jähn in the Küchwaldpark
  • park railway in the Küchwaldpark
  • the city park along the Chemnitz
  • water company park to the Würschnitz
  • underground Gewölbegänge in the Kassberg
  • looking mine „rock cathedrals Rabenstein “
  • Wildgatter Oberrabenstein
  • Botani garden Chemnitz (school biology center)
  • arctic-alpine garden of the walter Meusel donation

regular meetings

  • March: Days of the Jewish culture
  • March: Chemnitzer Linux days:At the 1. Saturday and Sunday in the month March
  • March: Automobile-look MACH in the Chemnitz arena
  • March: Chemnitzer Schultheaterwochen
  • May Septembers: Art and craftsman market at each 1. Friday in the month
  • May: Chemnitzer museum night
  • July/August: splash! Festival (largest Hip Hop and Reggae festival of Europe)
  • August/September: City celebration
  • Septembers: SOUL EXPRESSION (international BREAK thank meeting)
  • September: Artist book fair
  • Octobers: International Kinderfilmfestival „Schlingel “
  • Octobers: Kulturfestival „meetings “with various meetings
  • November: Days of the erzgebirgischen folklore
  • Decembers: Erzgebirgi Weihnachtsmarkt

to personalities

for honour citizens, sons and daughters of the city and further deserving personalities connected with the city, see list of the personalities of the cityChemnitz

language

in Chemnitz is spoken a meissnischer large city dialect, which exhibits influences from Vorerzgebirgi.

literature

  • of topic tables of city plans Chemnitz. 5 parts to individual architecture epochs. Chemnitz: edition full beard 2002/2003.
  • Jens Kassner, Christine Weiske: Reformarchitektur en Chemnitz. Chemnitz: edition full beard2003.
  • To the emergence and early history of the city Chemnitz. Colloquium of city archives Chemnitz, 24. April 2002, cooperative bank Chemnitz. From city archives Chemnitz 6 (Stoll mountain 2002), ISBN 3-00-011097-6.
  • Series of publications: From city archives Chemnitz (Chemnitz 1998 FF.), ZDB-ID 20028933.
  • Magazine: Reports of the Chemnitzer of historical association: Yearbook (Chemnitz1992 FF.), ZDB-ID 9137270.
  • „German city book. Manual of urban history “volume II Central Germany - on behalf the conference of the nationalhistorical commissions of Germany with the support of the German municipality daily, hrsg. by Erich Keyser, Stuttgart 1941.
  • Chemnitz. New buildings in the city center 1990-2003. Publishing house edition Leipzig 2003.
  • Jens Kassner: Chemnitz in the “golden Zwanzigern”. Architecture and town development. Publishing house homeland Saxonia 2000.
  • Jens Kassner: Live in Chemnitz. 75 years local housing industry 1928-2003. edition full beard 2003.

films

Web on the left of

Commons: Chemnitz - pictures, videos and/or audio files
Wikinews: Chemnitz - current messages
Wiktionary: Chemnitz - word origin, synonyms and translations


 

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