Chinese New Year celebration

of London Chinatown, festively decorates the Chinese New Year celebration for
the Chinese New Year celebration

the Chinese kitchen God (chin. 春節, 春节 chūn jiéspring celebration “; 農曆新年, 农历新年 nónglì xīnnián; 過年, 过年 gùo nián) as the most important Chinese holiday and introduces after the Chinese calendar the new year is judged. Since both the People's Republic of China and Taiwan use officially the Gregorian calendar, the traditionally celebrated New Year celebration is not at the formally valid New Year's Day.

The New Year celebration is celebrated particularly in China (inclusive Macao and Hong Kong), Taiwan and with easy differences also Thailand, additionally however also world-wide in areas with large population parts of ethnical Chinese. It concerns particularly special boroughs, which Chinatowns, which often developed own New Year traditions in the framework their political, geographical like also cultural distance of China, in particular by the consequences of the culture revolution. Also to have determined different ethnical groups such as Mongols, Koreans , Miao and Vietnamesen, who were affected by China in cultural, religious or linguistic regard, elements and/or. the date of the Chinese New Year celebration taken over. The customs can prove therefore as regional very differently.

The Chinese New Year is a clan and a family celebration. Since there is a high number at overseas Chinese, and also in the context of the workforce requirements of the southChinese coastal regions ever more family members separately from its families live, uses each year on the occasion of this celebration the largest regular migration movement of the world. The Chinese working off their homeland areas usually save its entire requirement for summer holidays, in order to the Chinese New Year celebration at least two, to be able if no more weeks of the work absence. Since in the homeland interests of clan are then discussed and partly also different possibilities for employment are offered, is a side effect of this migration that often up to a third do not vacation-end Chinese its old work again take up. This is e.g. a firm calculation factor. with building sites in the entire Southeast Asiatic area.

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date

Date of the New Year's Day designation
5. February 2000 龍 year kites (庚辰 gēngchén 17)
24. January 2001 蛇 year of the queue (辛巳 xīnsì 18)
12. February 2002 馬 year of the horse (壬午 rénwǔ 19)
1. February 2003 羊 year of the goat (癸未 guǐwèi 20)
22. January 2004 猴 year of the ape (甲申 jiǎshēn 21)
9. February 2005 雞 year of the cock (乙酉 yǐyǒu 22)
29. January 2006 year of the dog (丙戌 bǐngxū 23)
18. February 2007 year of the pig (丁亥 dīnghài 24)
7. February 2008 year of the mouse (戊子 wùzǐ 25)
26. January 2009 year of the cattle (己丑 jǐchǒu 26)
14. February 2010 year of the tiger (庚寅 gēngyín 27)
3. February 2011 year of the hare (辛卯 xīnmǎo 28)
23. January 2012 year kites (壬辰 rénchén 29)
10. February 2013 year of the queue (癸巳 guǐsì 30)
31. January 2014 year of the horse (甲午 jiǎwǔ 31)
19. February 2015 year of the goat (乙未 yǐwèi 32)
8. February 2016 year of the ape (丙申 bǐngshēn 33)
28. January 2017 year of the cock (丁酉 dīngyǒu 34)
16. February 2018 狗 year of the dog (戊戌 wùxū 35)
5. February 2019 猪 year of the pig (己亥 jǐhài 36)

there the Chinese calendar contrary to the Gregorian calendar is astronomically defined, falls the Chinese New Year each year on another day. The western New Year celebration oriented at the Gregorian calendar faces it 新年 xīn nián .

The Chinese and also vietnamesische New Year celebration finds 21 at the second Neumond after the winter sun turn, thus between that. January and 21. February instead of. In rarer cases of an additional elften or twelfth switching monthly in the preceding year the date can shift on the time of the third Neumonds after the winter sun turn. This will be next time in the year 2033 the case. The Chinese year is thus not congruently related to a Gregorian year, neither concerning length nor to beginning or end.

With the New Year celebration the cyclic change between the twelve different earth branches is connected after the Chinese Astrologie: To 29. January 2006 began the Chinese year of the dog. Additionally by a combination with the ten sky trunks a sixty-year cycle is gone through. Up-to-date it concerns thereby the sky trunk „fires and Yáng “丙 bǐng, from which itself the current year 丙戌 bǐngxū (number 23) 78. Sechzigjahreszyklusses and the year 4703 of the Chinese calendar result in. An extensive list is available under Chinese calendar cycles , whereby the relatively timenear dates are listed in the right table.

greeting formulas

招財進寶
zhāo cái jìn bǎo

to the New Year are frequently used different greeting formulas.

Abbreviation: 恭贺新禧
pinyin gōnghé xīnxǐ
恭贺 means congratulations and 新禧 stands for new joy
abbreviation: 恭喜发财, long characters: 恭喜發財
pinyin: gōngxǐ fācái; Hokkien: Keong hee huat chye; Cantonese: Kung hei fat choi; Hakka: Kung hee fat choi
恭喜 is alternative term for congratulations and 发财 means successfully, rich or flourishing. Together thus „congratulations and success/prosperity “. This greeting formula is used, if one wants to wish other luck; it is more in southern China and particularly in the area canton common.
Abbreviation: 新年快乐, long characters: 新年快樂
pinyin: xīnnián kuàilè
新年 stands for „new year “. 快乐 stands for „lucky/merrily “.

process and traditions

the preparations for the New Year celebration begin already for a long time before its date, usually in one period of two weeks. In the People's Republic China covers the New Year celebration of three legal holidays, traditionally is it however fifteen, and usually five to eight days are freely taken. The conclusion becomes to 15. Day of the new yearly with the lantern celebration committed. The New Year is accompanied with fireworks , kite - and lion dances committed as well as typically by Mahjongg - plays.

preparations

red lanterns as symbol for luck

traditional to 20. Day of the elften monthly lines up the cleaning of the house with branches of bamboo and its following decoration, whereby the numerous lamps and paper volumes are colored for red usually as well as were marked by means of black ink by all kinds of New Year sayings. Red is located in China for luck, joy and prosperity. Also regarding the Jahresdämonen Nian plays red a role, because this is to have been terrorized the legend after at each New Year's Day a village and have been finally driven out by red color, lamps and noise. On the walls one attaches besides goldfarbene luck characters. The banners are hung to the door and turned thereby. Generally before the New Year everything is renewed: one paints walls again, buys new clothes, visits the hairdresser and follows to preparing purchases.

To the many usually regional rituals belong also sacrificing from usually sweet-sticky rice to the kitchen God. This leaves the house of the legend after seven days before the New Year celebration, in order to refund to the himmlischen Jadekaiser on the occurrences of the last yearly report. By it is to be able to only report Positves to sweet rice, and it turns finally four days after the New Year celebration again into the house, where it will receive with fruits and dte. At the New Year's Day may also no Brunnenwasser be drawn, in order to grant the well God peace. This tradition is however declining due to the increasing modernization of the water supply.

last day of the yearly

the small or ideally also larger family meets at the latest on day the New Year's Night ago to a rich Festessen, traditionally with chicken and fish, which are however not completely up-eaten. Thereby into red paper small bags packed gratuities (紅包 hóngbāo, 压岁钱 yā suì qián, Cantonese 利是 a layman SI) are distributed to the children, whereby the height of the money is of great importance. Also the Jiaozi must be prepared still for the next day. Before beginning of the new yearly at 23 one leaves o'clock thereupon the house and takes thereby the traces of the old yearly with itself in the free, returns however afterwards, in order to open the windows and to in-permit the luck of the new yearly in this way. At also the fireworks insert and continue 23 o'clock until late into the next morning. In many cities it is however also forbidden because of the fire risk.

New Year's Day

the first day of the new yearly (正月初一 zhēngyuè chūyī) is likewise committed in circles of the family. One meets in the morning and distributes the red paper small bags now to unmarried members of the family, more rarely also to unmarried guests. Originally it acted here only around small gratuities, with increasing prosperity increases themselves these however and can at wealthy families quite high sums amount to.

second day

the second day is normally used, in order to visit the family of the wife, at whom usually also an extensive fixed meal takes place.

seventh day

on the sieved day is „everyone birthday “, at which one becomes older one year. In traditional China individual birthdays hardly played a role compared with this day.

see also

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