the surgery [ˈkirurgiː] and/or. [ˈʃirurgiː] (Greek χειρουργική [τέχνη] - the relating to crafts one [art]) the medical field of activity , itself with the treatment of diseases and injuries by direct, is manual or instrumentalEffect on the body of the patient (operation) concerns.
Surgery covers the emphasis container surgery, thorax surgery, accident surgery and Viszeralchirurgie. In the German linguistic area are heart surgery, neurosurgery, child surgery, plastic surgery/cosmetic operations, accident surgery and Theoretical surgery independent fields of activity. By the different Unterdisziplinen the methodology of the minimalinvasiven surgery pulls itself; thereby patients become if possible, without larger cuts operates. The surgeon must devices therefore over a screen operate and can only from the outside serve.
up to arising the academic medicinethe baths or Wundarzt with training relating to crafts accomplished smaller operations. Surgical interferences were often accomplished up to the modern times with tools, which were not particularly intended for the surgery. Because of the missing knowledge over risks of infection the instruments became like thoseHands of the physician often not before cleaned. This changed with the discovery of the cause of the child bed fever through I. Roll-point.
Before introduction of the Narkose (1846) the surgery had to work because of the high pain for the patient as fast as possible.Deaths by pain (shock) were pretty often. Sir Robert reading clay/tone (1798-1847) amputierte from habit despite for the first time assigned Narkose (21. December 1846) a leg in 28 seconds.
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