Christian Friedrich Daniel kind of thrust

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Christian Friedrich Daniel kind of thrust (* 24. March 1739 in Obersontheim in the county at that time Limpurg, now districtSwabian resound; † 10. October 1791 in Stuttgart) was a German poet, organist, a composer and a journalist.

Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart
To Christian Friedrich Daniel kind of thrust

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Thrust kind father, who functioned in Obersontheim in the county Limpurg as Kantor and Pfarrvikar, was shifted 1740 as a teacher after Aalen in the digester valley and received 1744 daselbst the Diakonat. On the High School to Nördlingen and the school to the holy spirit in Nuremberg Christian showedFriedrich Daniel kind of thrust already poetic musical talent, began already at that time irregular lives, which in attaining, where kind of thrust, on which to Jena understood , remained journey and a student became, found its increased continuation. Its driving fell it into illness and debts, so that it 1760parents home-called.

To a short stay as house teachers in Königsbronn it returned 1762 again to Aalen, of where out it helped out in the neighbourhood the ministers as a Prediger, until it 1763 in the late autumn the office of a Präzeptors and an organists to Geislingen assigns ward.Here it already married in January 1764 with the daughter of the Oberzollers Bühler, suffered themselves soon from the miserableness of its domestic and official conditions, over which it sought to away-help itself once by literary and musical activity and repeatedly by wild Gelage and scatters.

A deserton the death of the emperor Franz I. kind of thrust registered the imperial poet diploma . In Geislingen the “ death singing” ( Ulm 1767 ) and the “ Zaubereien” ( Ulm 1766 ) developed, those under Klopstocks, this under how/as country influence.

1769 were appointed kind of thrust as organist and director of music to Ludwigsburg.Its joke, its poetic and musical gifts led it here into distinguished circles; its unrestrained and irregular kind however disturbed likewise the peace of its house like the good agreement with the initial sponsors. A city-well-informed Liebesverhältnis with a Landsmännin from Aalen drove out thrust kind womanfrom its house and brought it on short time in detention, and as the manifold annoyance, which its change excited, took place via the duke 1773 thrust kind service frightening and Landesverweisung continued.

After it itself a time long at different places of South Germany stopped and then in Mannheim the hardly won favour of the cure prince of the Pfalz by an imprudent expression at the high Karl school had joked, turned it to Munich, where it hoped to make its luck by the crossing the catholicism.

The plan smashed itself, and kind of thrust meantto try now in Stockholm its welfare; he came however only to Augsburg. There it began 1774 the publication of the magazine “German chronicle” (first edition 31. March 1774), the large resemblance found and over to its patriotic attitude, their alive representation and unerschrockenen sake frankness alsoearned. Kind of thrust geisselte in its chronicle the encroachments of the ruling powers typical for the absolutism of providing in particular digging by force of soldiers, who were sold by the national gentlemen for instance from Hessen Kassel as also by Braunschweig to the English crown, in order for the treasury a further pecuniary resource.

When after short time Augsburger municipal authorities forbade the pressure of the journal particularly on operation of the Jesuiten, the same was continued in Ulm, where kind of thrust went 1775, after it was proven from Augsburg. In Ulm the poet, its was “chronicle” itself continual popularitypleased, hardly into the best and most productive epoch of his life stepped, when it duke Karl Eugen of Württemberg in January 1777 by the office for monastery Scholl in its authority building after Blaubeuren lure, it to 23. January to arrest and then on the Hohenasperg bring left, around its To make “insolencesagainst “nearly all crowned heads on the ground ” an end.

On the Hohenasperg kind of thrust had ten years long schmachten, the first year in strictest detention, until 1782 under the Obhut of the pietistischen the poet general Rieger, separately from woman and child, at firstof all books and write materials robbed, later in unworthy way from the commander of fortress to the business of an opportunity poet and a private secretary uses.

Only in May 1787 due to Prussian use the physically wrecked man was set again in liberty and then, around the Sinnlosigkeit of the-poetic arbitrariness fully toomakes appointed, the yard poet and theatre manager in Stuttgart, where he took up the publication of the one time long from thrust kind faithful friend Martin Miller, the poet “victory-waited”, in Ulm to the best one of the family resumed “chronicle” again and in now lucky family conditions andplentiful income more calmly than otherwise lived, without completely denying however the old Schmaus and carousing desire. Kind of thrust died to 10. October 1791 in Stuttgart. Its grave is on the Hoppenlau cemetery in Stuttgart center.


thrust kind seals and other literary works are thatfaithful mirror image of its personality. As was only it shown these breed and groundless the intuitions of momentary tendency subjected, then also its mental products in unsteady evaporability and without artistic Ernst hurled as it were on the paper.

Thrust kind name is admits remained by the you star life fate of thePoet; without these would be its seals (about “prince-close-calls” and the “Hymnus on Friedrich the D. Gr. “ as well as some really the people clay/tone appropriate, like “the cape song”, accounted for) long verschollen. Extensive admittingness attained however above all thrust kind popular-banal poem “the Forelle”, that from Franz thrust ore to the art song of the same name one toned.

Over its and internal experiences express the poet us in “thrust kind lives and convicitions” (Stuttgart 1791 - 1793, 2 volumes) own recordings drawn up in the dungeon left, which however the oppressing air of the prison, in which kind of thrust to the zerknirschten Pietisten ermürbt was all too very betrayed, historical reliability to them would be to be attached.

Thrust kind “all poems” appeared in Stuttgart 1785 - 1786, 2 volumes (new expenditure: Stuttgart 1842); its “collected writings”, Stuttgart 1839 - 1940 in 8 volumes.

The faithful-proven wife of thePoet survived it 28 years and died 1819 in an institute for arm to Stuttgart. His son Ludwig kind of thrust, geb. 1766 in Geislingen at the Steige, lived 1812 in Stuttgart as Prussian Legationsrat in Nuremberg and died. It translated mehreres from the English (z. B.Thomsons “seasons”) and gave its father “ideas for the aesthetics of the clay/tone art” (Vienna 1806) and “mixed writings” (Zurich 1812, 2 volumes) out.



In Ulm and Aalen High Schools are designated after it. In addition the city Aalen donated the literary award of kind of thrust to its memory 1955.

see also


  • Wilfried F. Schoeller, kind of thrust: Life and opinions of a Swabian rebel,that the revenge of his prince on the Asperg brought. With a selection of its writings. Berlin: Klaus car brook, 1979. ISBN 3803120543

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