Christian Wolff

Christian baron von Wolff

Christian baron von Wolff (in the Encyclopédie „Chrétien wolf “) (* 24. January 1679 in Breslau; † 9. April 1754 in resounds) was an important German universal scholar, lawyer and a mathematician and a one of the most important philosophers between Leibniz and Kant. It belonged to the most important representatives of the nature right and is considered as actual founders of the term jurisprudence 19. Century. German philosophy owes its terminological foundation to it; many of it defined terms like “meaning”, “attention” or “actually “became latertransferred to the everyday life language. Wolff had also relevant influence on the Prussian legislation.

After its study in Jena it became 1706 professor for mathematics and philosophy in resounds. Due to the reproach of the atheism Wolff its office had to give up and leave Prussia. It followed Hessen, where he taught until 1740 at the University of Marburg, whose main building of the legal faculty is designated after him today. One its pupil was Mikhail Wassiljewitsch Lomonossow. Friedrich II. got it in the same year back after resounds, 1743 became it a rector at thatthere university.

Wolff systematized central of parts of the philosophy of Gottfried William Leibniz, it coined/shaped also the system of the rationalism.

Wolff postulates introductory paper over philosophy into its work “generally,” three main kinds of the realization:

  • the historical realization: „ The realization its that is and, is it happens in the material world or in the immaterialen substances, nennnen we historical realization. “(§3)
  • the philiosophische realization: „The Erkennntnis of the reason of its that is or gescheiht, is called philosophical realization. “(§6)
  • the mathematical realization: „The realization of the quantity of the things designatewe as mathematical realization. “(§14)

writings

  • 1720 reasonable thoughts of God, the world and the soul of humans, also all things at all
  • 1721 reasonable thoughts of the social life of humans
  • 1728 Philosophia rationalis sive logica
  • 1737 Theologia naturalis
  • introductory paperover philosophy generally
  • Institutiones Iuris Naturae et Gentium
  • Christian Wolff: Collected works. Hrsg. and treatment. of J. École etc. Reproduction (German, French, Italian, Latin; German type). Olms, Hildesheim among other things 1962ff.

literature

  • Werner of cutter (Hrsg.):Christian Wolff 1679-1754. Interpretations to its philosophy andtheir effect. With a bibliography of the Wolff literature. (= studies to the eight tenth century; Bd. 4). 2. Aufl. Mine, Hamburg 1986, ISBN 3-7873-0676-5
  • Heinrich P. Delfosse, Berthold shopkeeper, Elfriede Reinardt: Wolff index. Place index and concordance to Christian Wolffs „German logic “. (= research and materials to the GermanClearing-up abbott 3, indices; Bd. 19). Frommann Holzboog, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-7728-0933-2
  • Hans Martin Gerlach (Hrsg.): Christian Wolff - its school and its opponents. (= clearing-up; Bd. 12,2). Mine, Hamburg 2001, ISBN 3-7873-1455-5

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