Claude Monet

Claude Monet (Portrait of Renoir - 1875)

Claude Monet (* 14. November 1840 Paris, † 6. December 1926 Giverny), French painter of the Impressionismus.

Table of contents

childhood, youth and first work years

the father, in the trade unsuccessfully, pulled with the family to a half sister of the boy in Le Havre.The Atlantic coast and the second largest port of the country must have affected and with wake the genius up Claude Monet. Already at school „OSCAR drew “caricatures of its teachers, whom it understood skillfully to marked out. To the painting however he came to ownData by the colleague Eugène Boudin older around 16 years, which requested it to be painted as it outside. Catching one instant in the motion of humans, animals or things, whom the wind vibrates, gave here a direction:„Slow opened my eyes, I understood nature really, at the same time began I them to love. “Monet went without conclusion of the urban High School 1859 to Paris to the progressive Académie Suisse, at which he Camille Pissarro and other materialistsbecame acquainted with. Only briefly as a soldier in Algeria, he, at typhoid fever gotten sick , turned after Havre back and received influences by Johan Barthold Jongkind: „I owe the locking education of my eye to it. “In the studio Gleyre it met Pissarro,on the core of the later Impressionisten. „Camille in the green dress “- according to the model of his later Mrs. Camille Doncieux (1847-79) - became a first crucial success. With the picture „“he finally finds his topic to women in the garden: the light. Itdraws the sunshine, for the shade, and the picture works suddenly many more alive and more genuinly. The area steps it into the pictures, in the water reflecting becomes motive and way to the groundless/unnecessary one. The railway makes it possible now, also further outside innature to create, above all however Monet loves the sea, with which it becomes one, grows together. The Prussian French brings war it and Pissarro from Havre to London. Here they leave the Themse and the Hyde park into thosePictures go, until they go back again after Havre.

Monet the painters

Edouard Manet, Camille Pissarro and Pierre-Auguste Renoir became acquainted with artist friends and influences in Paris . With the two latter ones it showed exhibitions to the first Impressionisten -its pictures, at the beginning still without large success. During an England stay the work William Turners impressed it. From influence on Monets picture design were also the Japanese woodcuts, since 1850 in large number of items and with high artistic levelto Europe arrived and in their view of picture composition of the abendländischen tradition were perfectly opposite. In London Monet 1883 had its first single exhibition. In the same year it pulled into a house in Giverny with Paris, in which it its latterfour decades lived, dedicating itself to his garden and his painting.

Claude Monet, Impression, soleil levant (1872) - the picture, that the Impressionismus its name gave

in picture series, e.g. of the Seine or the cathedral of Rouen under different beam of light, butalso in its late sea-rose pictures Monet tries to seize the different atmospheric light and color effects of its motives by colored marks on the canvas.

It possibly painted only therefore with blurring forms and gloomy colors, because it short-sightedwas and at grey star suffered, as the “South German newspaper” reports. The British optician and art lover Patrick Trevor Roper say, Monet always rejected, so sharp does not want eyeglasses with the reason it the world then nevertheless not to see. After oneOperation because of its eye suffering it was frightened by the colour in its paintings and has many of it with stronger tones over-old.

the garden of Giverny

1883 rented Monet not far of of Paris a house in thatsmall village Giverny, which he could buy owing to its economic success 1890 and in which he 43 years lived. To the house belonged a verwilderter vegetable garden, which Monet first worked on. He arranged it completely over coloured in one onFinest co-ordinated flower garden. Starting from 1890 it employed six gardners, who cared for also the two greenhouses. 1893 were extended the garden by a piece country, which bordered on the river Ru, a Seitenarm of the Epte. With permission of the municipality Monet ledthe small river over and put on his famous water garden. In this garden is the green Japanese bridge, which is just like the sea-roses of the pond motive on many of Monets pictures. Here the series of its large sized sea-rose pictures developed,the Grandes Décorations of the Nymphéas, today in the possession of the French country.

important life data

Garten in Giverny
garden in Giverny
water lilies
water lilies

of works (selection)

  • 1866, Camille (the lady in the green dress)
  • 1866, women in the garden
  • 1867, the church Saint Germain l´Auxerrois
  • 1868, the Fluss/Am bank of the Seine with Bennecourt
  • 1870, the hotel de Roches Moires in Trouville
  • 1872, Regatta in Argenteuil
  • 1873, Impressionen - soleil 1873
  • levant, Boulevard of the Capucines
  • 1873, railway bridge with Argenteuil
  • 1873, poppy field with Argenteuil
  • 1874, Seine bridge with Argenteuil
  • 1875, walk, woman with sun screen
  • 1877, the station Saint Lazare, arrival of a course
  • 1878, the Rue Saint Denis to 30.June 1878
  • 1879, the church of Vétheuil, winters
  • 1879, Camille Monet on the dead bed
  • 1879, Vétheuil in the fog
  • 1879, the Eisgang with Vétheuil
  • 1890, still life with pears and grapes/clusters
  • 1882, walk over the rockof Pourville
  • 1885, poppy field of flowers
  • 1886, the “pyramid” with haven Coton
  • 1886, rock cliffs with Bell hurry. Painting is considered as example of the integration of the language of the Japanese woodcuts into its painting
  • 1887, fields in spring
  • 1891, to three Pappelnin the summer
  • 1891, series: Heap of hay
  • of 1894, series: The cathedral of Rouen
  • 1898, sea-roses
  • 1899, the parliament of London
  • 1899, the Japanese bridge
  • 1901, way in the garden of the artist
  • 1903, sea-roses water landscape, clouds
  • 1904, London, the parliament, sun and fog
  • 1916, sea-roses
  • 1917, sea-roses
  • 1919, sea-roses
  • 1920, sea-roses (1916-26)
  • 1922, sea-rose pond in the evening (1916-22)
  • 1922, the Japanese bridge


  • Matthias Arnold: Claude Monet. 2.Edition. Rowohlt publishing house, Reinbek 2003.ISBN 3-499-50402-2
  • Daniel wild stone: Monet. 4 volumes. Bag publishing house, Cologne 1996. ISBN 3-8228-8725-0
  • Janice Anderson: Monet. Publishing house EDITION XXL, 2005. ISBN 3-89736-332-1

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