Claudio Monteverdi

Claudio Monteverdi (Portrait of Bernardo Strozzi)

Claudio Zuan Antonio Monteverdi (also: Monteverde, baptized 15. May 1567 in Cremona; † 29. November 1643 in Venice) was an Italian composer, Violaspieler and a singer. Its work marks the turn ofthe music of the Renaissance to the baroque.

Table of contents


youth time

Claudio Monteverdi was the oldestof five children; it had two sisters (Maria Domitilla, Clara Massimilla) and two brothers (Giulio Cesare, Luca). As a son of a physician Monteverdi became a maintained education assigns. Soon it showed itself as extremely music talented. It received its musical training with Marcantonio Ingenieri, to thatKapellmeister of the cathedral of Cremona. Its influence appears in its first work collection Sacrae cantiunculae , it the 1582 with fifteen years composed. 1587 followed the publication of its first Madrigalbuchs.


Titelseite einer Stimme (des Generalbasses) der Marienvesper
title page of a voice (the general bass) the Marienvesper

1590 becameMonteverdi un DES Herzogs Vincenzo I. de Hof de la guarida. Gonzaga as singers and Violinist after Mantua order, where he should remain 22 years long. There it found with a complete orchestra and an outstanding soloist unusually good conditions. Monteverdi became there 1594 „CAN gates “. He married thoseDaughter of a resident of musician. With the duke it began a militarily motivated journey to Hungary against the Turks. 1597 it bereiste with the orchestra Flanders, where it became acquainted with the large masters of the franko flämischen style. After its return it was appointed 1601 as the Kapellmeister,despite the attacks of some of its rivals, who accused too much „modernity to its style “.

Despite its obligations opposite the yard composed Monteverdi from 1590 to 1605 four further Madrigalbücher. Of Monodie, with its stress of clear melody lines, understandable texts and a reservedly accompanying music, was it only a short, logical step for the development of the opera. 1607 it composed one first of its kind, L' Orfeo, those as order work on the occasion of the annual Karnevals in Mantua appeared and to 22. February was specified; it was at first attempt a large success. OfDeath of its wife in September showed up Monteverdi deeply met. It composed 1608 a further opera, air Anna nevertheless, by whom today unfortunately only more is delivered the Lamento.

Monteverdi came increasingly into financial difficulties. it composed 1610 its most important Sakralwerk, „the Marienvesper(Vespro della Beata Vergine), which remained until today in the entire history of the religious music without parallels. After the death of the duke Vincenzo in the year 1612 Monteverdi of its became for music little sensitive successor to dismiss.


after oneshort stay in Cremona Monteverdi was appointed 1613 unanimously the Kapellmeister of the Markusdoms in Venice, one of the most important musical offices of the time at that time, where he revived the choir. With it its probably most pleasant and most productive years began. Parallel to works Monteverdi its lay led numerous religiousWork of far and published between 1614 and 1638 the Madrigalbücher VI to VIII.

After the death of its son, who fell the plague epidemic disease to the victim, Monteverdi became appreciably ill. In particular by the opening of the first public opera house in Venice in the year 1637 lively, he wrote furtherStage works, under it IL ritorno D' Ulisse in patria (1641) and L' incoronazione di Poppea (1642). After a last journey after Cremona and Mantua he died 1643 in Venice, where him a solemn funeral assign became.

Together with its only wife Monteverdi had twoSons. Francesco became a late tenor singer at the Markusdom and Massimiliano physician.


Monteverdi led the opera developed of the Florentinern (Jacopo Peri) briefly before the turn of the century as new musical form to its first high point and harvested large fame already during lifetimes.Altogether it composed at least 18 operas; but only l' Orfeo, l' Incoronazione, IL ritorno and the air „to Lamento “of its second opera l' air Anna remained.

Monteverdis last Madrigalbuch contains „the Magridale of love and war “ (Madrigali guerrieri et amorosi), which often as the most completedExamples of this form to be regarded. Altogether the eight books demonstrate the important step of the polyphonischen style of the Renaissance music for the monodischen style of the baroque.

After its death Monteverdi long time came into oblivion; only with Gian Francesco Malipiero, the Monteverdis compositions from 1916 to1942 in sixteen volumes published, awaked again the interest in its work.


of clergyman of works

  • Sacrae cantiunculae 3 v., 1582
  • Madrigali spirituali 4 v., Brescia 1583
  • Vespro della beata vergine there concerto composta sopra canti Fermi, 1610
  • Selva moralee of mirror-image rituals 1641
  • Messa A 4 v. et salmi A 1-8 v. e parte there cappella & con le litanie della B.V. 1650

lay vowel works

  • Canzonette 3 v., 1584
  • 6 books Madrigali A 5 v. 1587, 1590, 1592, 1603, 1605 (with B.c.), 1614 (with B.c., con UN dialogo A 7 v.)
  • Concerto, 7. Madrigalbuch 1-4 e 6 v. 1619
  • Madrigali guerrieri amorosi… libro 8° 1-8 v. et. con B.c., 1638
  • Madrigali e canzonette libro 9°, 1651
  • 2 books Scherzi musicali 1607 and. 1632
  • Lamento D' air Anna, 1623; with lat. Text as” Pianto della Madonna “, in: Selva morale… 1641

stage works

excerpt from IL ritorno D' Ulisse in patria
  • L' Orfeo, Mantua 1607
  • L' air Anna ebda. 1608
  • pro logs to L' idroppica (Guarini) ebd. 1608 (verschollen)
  • IL ballo depression ingrate, ebd. 1608
  • ballet Tirsi e Clori ebd. 1616
  • pro logs to Maddalena, ebd. 1617
  • intermedia Le nozze di Teti e di Peleo, ebd. 1617 (verschollen)
  • Andromeda, ebd. 1617 (verschollen)
  • Lamento D' Apollo, approx. 1620 (verschollen)
  • IL combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda, Venice 1624
  • La finta pazza Licori, Mantua 1627 (verschollen)
  • arm IDA 1627 (verschollen)
  • pro log and intermedia, and. A. Gli amori the Diana e di Endimione, Parma 1628 (verschollen)
  • Torneo Mercurio et Marches, ebd. 1628 (verschollen)
  • Proserpina rapita, Venice 1630 (verschollen)
  • Ballo into onore dell' Imperatore Ferdinando III, Vienna 1637
  • IL ritorno D' Ulisse in patria,Venice 1640
  • Le nozze D' Enea con Lavinia, Venice 1641 (verschollen)
  • ballet La vittoria D' amore, Piacenza 1641 (verschollen)
  • L' incoronazione di Poppea, Venedig 1642 (received in 2 versions)


  • Laszlo Passuht: Divio Claudio: a Monteverdiroman, 1982, ISBN 33-700-0310-4
  • Manfred H. Stattkus: ClaudioMonteverdi: Listing of the received works (sports association), mountain-came 1985

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| | * Literature of and over Claudio Monteverdi in the catalog of the DDB



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