|(van Ermengem 1896) Bergey et al., 1923|
Clostridium botulinum is an anaerobic Bacterium, which forms the poison Botulinumtoxin and so that Botulismus releases the illness. This bacterium produces seven different Toxine, about which 5 is human toxic. Botulinustoxine are the most effective well-known bacterial poisons, orally work already 0.1 micro gram deadly.
For the first time this bacterium became 1895 of the Belgian micro biologist Emilevan Ermengem from a spoiled ham isolates and Bazillus botulinus mentioned.
The bacterium can itself under oxygen conclusion, z. B. in closed canned goods or in the center of large volume food, like z. B. Raw ham, if the food is not cooled, increases and Toxine forms, the one food intoxicationto release can. The Toxine is heat-unstably, i.e. they can by heating up on at least. 80°C in 20 - 30 minutes to be inactivated.
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