of the Codex one-eats (also Manessi song handwriting, Manessi handwriting, large Heidelberger song handwriting or Paris handwriting) is the most extensive and most famous German song handwriting of the Middle Ages.Today it is kept in the university library Heidelberg (signature: PRACTICE Heidelberg, Cod. Pal. Germ. and/or. cpg 848). It consists 35.5 x 25 cm of 426 Pergamentblättern in the format. The Germanistik calls also briefly the collection “C”.
The “Manessi song handwriting”contains excluding dichterische works in medium high-German language. It developed around 1300 in Zurich, probably in connection with the collecting activity of the inhabitants of zurich Patrizierfamilie one-eats, after which it carries also its current surname. The Kodex is considered as representative sumthe medieval layman song and far away for the “after-classical” Minnesang the only source forms the main and. Those altogether 138 miniatures, which represent the poets of the works in idealized form with höfischen activities, are considered as important document of gothical book painting of the Upper Rhine.
To table of contents
contents and structure
the handwriting written in gothical book writing delivers the medium high-German lyric poetry in its entire genericand form variety (songs, Leichs, singing sayings) of the beginnings of lay song art (the Kürenberger around 1150/60) up to the time of the emergence of the handwriting (Hadloub around 1300). Melody notations to the texts are missing. The Kodex contains 140 poet collections, those in each caseby full-page author pictures (often with coats of arms and Helmzier, see. Fig.) to be introduced and, arranged according to tones, altogether approximately 6000 Strophen cover. The arrangement of the Liedkorpora orients itself, as in the wine gardners song handwriting and in (lost) the common collecting main*BC, at the conditions of the authors: At the point thrones, as most distinguished singers, rulers emperors Heinrich VI. pilotfish. and king Konrad IV.finally, follow princes , gentlemen (under others roll ago of the bird pasture) and masters.
Already ofC presents itself outside ones ago as result of a complex, never final collecting procedure: Neither the texts nor the 138 pictures are registered in a course, and some was rearranged; within the Autorenkorpora gaps remained, about a Sechstel for thatSides is for enter afterwards released. Differences become the basic stick of approximately 110 authors (beginning 14. Century) and several supplement layers, which added further 30 authors up to the center of the century. Unmistakably the intention, the song art, is also the contemporary,to collect as completely as possible, anyhow, as far as it was connected with names or could be connected.
view of the preliminary stages and/or. to the emergence the inhabitant of zurich gives poet Johannes Hadloub (house buying to the handwriting: 4. January 1302; † 16. March, probably 1340 ago). It belonged to by antiquarische preference for pilotfishes Minnesang and the circle coined/shaped by interest to literary Artistik and formalizing around the Patrizierfamilie one-eats.
In its likewise in the handwriting contained“Praise price of the one meals” (fol. 372r) besingt the poet the collection of song books, put on on completeness, by Ruediger one-eats D. A. (of age 1252, † 1304), one of the most influential inhabitants of zurich of councillors, and by its son Johannes, thatKustos of the Propstei († 1297). Even if a direct participation Ruediger Manesses in the production of the “Manessi handwriting” is not explicitly testified, then might nevertheless of Hadloub mentioned liederbuochen one-eat the basis of the famous Kodex to represent.
PossiblyHadloub participated considerably in the preparation and execution of the basic stick. The exposed position on that points its Oeuvre in C, which is marked by splendor initials and double miniature.
Hadloub mentions in other songs several prominent inhabitants of zurich city citizens, thusthe Fürstäbtissin Elizabeth von Wetzikon, the count von Toggenburg, the bishop von Konstanz and the abbotts of a settling and Peter living. One assumed in former times that an interest in literature or its participation permits it in the “literary life”will to regard this group as a kind promotion circle in the surrounding field of the one eating family which with the emergence of the collection a role could have played. In the meantime one knows that this so-called. “literary one eating circle” a fiction is. After max of seeming villages fictitious Hadloub ideal-typicalAnd the prominent political names use Lyrik situations, in order to lend to its songs an appearance from reality to.
“Habent sua fata libelli”
“books have their own fate” - these latin sentence is confirmed also with the Codex one-eat. Its meaningis reflected in his later eventful history.
In whose possession the handwriting up to the beginning of the early modern times was, is not not well-known. Possibly it already was in the 1. Half 15. Century no more in Zurich, otherwise would not haveat that time in the Elsass or in Württemberg hardly (entirely? -) Copy to be made know.
Around 1575/80 the Codex must have been in the possession of a flämischen collecting tank, particularly for the aristocracy coats of arms was interested, because he let the coats of arms and Helmzierden draw heraldisch expert, possibly from cause of sale of the handwriting.Appears a little later the song book in Switzerland in the deduction of the baron Johann Philipp of Hohensax († 1596), which had had from 1576 to 1588 offices in the Netherlands and which Codex could have acquired in this time. Its closeConnections to the Pfalzgrafenhof in Heidelberg let it appear also possible however that Hohensax would have carried the Codex forward there before 1594 entliehen and into Switzerland. Safe it is only that the Pfalzgraf of two-bridges and the Heidelberger scholar Marquard Freher afternothing for many years unversucht to the death of the baron left, over (again?) to arrive into the possession of the song book.1607 returned the handwriting - among other things on operation Swiss of the human Melchior gold branch - to Heidelberg. Gold branch was also its first“more scientifically” user, it published 1604 several didactical pieces. 15 years long the handwriting belonged now to the famous book collection at the kurfürstlichen Heidelberger yard, the Bibliotheca Palatina. 1622 during the dreissigjährigen war knew the handwriting before the conquest of Heidelberg throughthe troops of the league under Tilly obviously in security to be brought, since she was not spent like the majority of the Bibliotheca Palatina as war booty to Rome. It is to be assumed that the “winter king “Friedrich V. it together withthe most valuable family treasures into his exile carried forward. Its widow turned out after 1632 however more and more into economic distress, so that in the possible sales of the hereditary piece a not improbable way would lie, like the Codex one-eats some decades later inthe private library of the French scholar Jacques Dupuy († 17. November 1656) again to appear could. This bequeathed his collection the king of France. Thus the song handwriting was since 1657 in the possession of the royal library in Paris (today's Bibliothèque national one deFrance).
1888 returned the most famous German handwriting by switching of the Strassburger of bookseller Karl Ignaz Trübner under large sympathy of the population to Heidelberg, where she is kept until today. The original Kodex can for konservatorischen reasons only very rarely inFramework by exhibitions to be shown. The facsimile of 1925-27, published in 320 copies in Leipzig, is constantly presented in the entrance hall of the upper floor of the university library.
- Codex one-eats, the miniatures of the large Heidelberger song handwriting, hrsg. and describes ofIngo F. Roll ago, Frankfurt A. M. 1989;ISBN 3458143858
- Codex one-eats, catalog to the exhibition of 12. June to 4. September 1988, university library Heidelberg, hrsg. of Elmar intermediary and. A., Heidelberg 1988
- Gisela grain trunk, the Heidelberger song handwriting C, in: K. Rest(Hrsg.), the German literature of the Middle Ages (author encyclopedia), 2. Aufl., Bd. 3 (1981), frame. 584-597
- max of seeming villages, a regional-political certification with Johannes Hadlaub (SMS 2), in: Magazine for German philology 112 (1993), S. 37-65 (to the so-called. One eating circle)
- further reference works: University library Heidelberg
- table of contents of the Codex one-eat
- small Heidelberger song handwriting
- wine gardner song handwriting
- coat of arms
Web on the left of
- complete digital facsimile of the Codex one-eat, to offer PRACTICE Heidelberg
- the miniatures of the Codex one-eat (with preview pictures)
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