Covent guards

the exterior of the Covent guards Market

Covent guards in the urban district town center OF Westminster is a quarter of the Londoner city center, that particularly for the royal opera house in the north and its flower, fruit and vegetable market admits is (this moved in the meantime however after Nine Elms). Covent guards limited by High getting fount, Kingsway, The beach and the Charing CROSS Road. Often with “Covent guards” also only the open area with its market halls (cent ral Market), originally established for the market, is used, which is called actually “Covent guards Piazza”.


from Roman time is proven already a settlement core as part of the Londinium at that time. The borough in London kept the name Covent guards limited during the reign from king John lacquer country between 1199 and 1256, at that time a 40 acre (160,000 m 2) large piece country in the county Middlesex, west and east by the today's roads pc. Martin's Lane and Drury Lane, in the north and in in the south by the Floral Street and a line between Chandos Place, along the Maiden Lane and the Exeter Street to Aldwych.

In this rectangle the abbey maintained and/or. the convention of sank Peter in Westminster over the whole Middle Ages a large garden, in order to cover their daily need at food. During the following three centuries the convention garden ( Convent guards) became a ever more important source of fruits and vegetables for London. The garden was managed by a consequence by managers on behalf the abbott by Westminster. This kind of the assignment probably led to possession disputes with the crown, the Heinrich VIII. 1540 with a brush line solved: It extracted its properties from the monasteries during the reformation to its favour.

A part of the country it awarded to the first Earl OF Bedford, baron John Russell . In fulfilment of the last desire of his father king lent Edward VI. the part of Covent Gardens still remained 1547 to his uncle, the first duke of Somerset, Edward Seymour. This let establish there south of The beach starting from the subsequent year Somerset House.

When Seymour 1552 was beheaded because of betrayal, the country changed again into royal possession and four months later than reward at that, which was responsible for the case Seymours. 40 acres, OF Bedford admits as le Covent guards as well as the long acres went by royal decree in the long term into the possession of the Earl.

The today's Covent guards is rooted in early 17. Century, as the country (the Convent's guards) by Francis Russell, 4. Earl OF Bedford was again developed. In its order should Inigo Jones, which most important English architect of the Renaissance, an elegant populated area to create. Inspired by the large Piazzas of Rome, Livorno and other Italian cities he sketched a large public place in the center of Covent guards.

The market halls of the Covent guards market

the area became fast one of the most important places of the market dealers and after the large fire of London in the year 1666, which had destroyed many competitive markets in the eastern city, became the market in Covent guards the most important country. Exotic goods from the whole world were created up by means of boats the Themse up to the market and sold there.

The first mention of a Punch and Judy - performance, a typically British doll play, noted the author Samuel Pepys in May 1662 in its diary. Only 1830 was established the market halls as reminiscence to the Roman baths found in Bath, in order to make a permanenteren market enterprise possible independently from the weather to.

Years those of back-up in the small roads of the environment of the market such an extent had reached end of the 1960er that a market enterprise became ever more uneconomic - the necessary large quantities to goods which can be delivered were a principal reason for the traffic problems. The whole area became part of a complete new development plan and after a public proclamation 1973 received dozens approximately from buildings around the Piazza monument status, all to prevent further changes. 1974 moved the market finally to a new place, the so-called new Covent guards Market, scarcely five kilometers southwest with Nine Elms. The area siechte there until 1980 resounding as shopping center and tourist attraction were again opened. Likewise to the Piazza is the London's transport museum.

The market place and the Royal Opera House were brought to Shaws play Pygmalion in the opening by George Berne pool of broadcasting corporations on remarkable way in connection, when professor Higgins waited there for a taxi, which should bring him from the opera home. While it waited, it made acquaintance with Eliza Doolittle, which sold flowers on the market.

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