Département thunder mountain

the Département Mont Tonnerre

the Département thunder mountain (Département you Mont Tonnerre) was an administrative unit formed in the process of the French revolution wars, which essentially covered the area of the today's Pfalz and Rhinehesse. Parts of the Südpfalz belonged however to the section Bas Rhin with seat in Strasbourg. Präfekt that section was Jeanbon pc. André.

Already in the late autumn 1794 the French revolution armies had occupied the left Rhine bank. The Annexion was however only recognized in peacetime by Campo Formio (1797) and finally in peacetime by Lunéville (1801).

1798 becamethe administration of the conquered area after French model reorganizes and thus the section organization taken over. Board of directors assigned the Native of Alsace Franz Josef (François Joseph) Rudler this task and appointed it the “general government commissioner of all conquered countries between Maas and Rhine and Rhine and Mosel”. Rudler was before a judgeat the court of cassation yard in Paris. Its organization into four sections kept existence partly beyond that up to the end of the Frenchman time and:

the section covered first 37, later 38 cantons and is divided into the Unterpräfekturen (Arrondissements) Mainz, Speyer, Kaiserslautern and Zweibrücken. The annektierte area stood first under special administration; only with the assumption of the condition of 1802 it became thatinternal-French sections on an equal footing. As in France in the linksrheinischen areas the privileges of the aristocracy and all Feudalabgaben were abolished; the church possession was seized as national property and sold at rich citizens and farmers. The introduction code of the civil was very important by Napoleon. It guarantees everyoneCitizens equal rights and public legal proceedings. The population, who had lived up to then in small and smallest territories, became part of a large marketing area without tariff and guild barriers. Furthermore the male population of the conquered areas was consulted for the military service in the French army and had thus onthe French conquest wars participate, so also in the Russia campaign, whereby a majority of the soldiers died.

After the collapse of the French rule on the Rhine around the turn of the year 1813/1814 became the line of the provisional administration of the again conquered areas the realm baron Karl of andto the stone (1757 - 1831) transfer. The allied ones created new administrative units for a transition period in the areas with Generalgouvernements, occupied by them to change first without the existing administrative mechanisms. From the sections thunder mountain, Saar and Rhine Mosel the Generalgouvernement central Rhine was formed, inMarch 1814 still the Département Forêts (forest section) was attached. But in the June of the same yearly the common administration was already terminated; the Gouvernements was assigned to individual powers. The area south the Mosel came under common Bavarian-Austrian administration with seat into cross after; the areanorth of it fell at Prussia. Only after the final defeat Napoleon congress (1814 - 1815 ) became a decision over the further whereabouts of the rheinischen areas pleases on the Viennese. The larger part of the former section thunder mountain fell than “Rhine circle” to the Kingdom of Bavaria (1837 in “Pfalz” renamed); the area around Mainz came as province Rhinehesse to the Grand Duchy of Hessen.

The plunderings of the revolution wars and the digging of the napoleonischen time brought large wrong to the population, but there were also positive experiences. The French inheritance in administration and law,also in the Bavarian time one maintained, made possible a substantially larger clearance for liberal efforts. The Hambacher celebration of 1832 and the revolution of 1848 /49 are hardly conceivable without this inheritance.

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