|XIX. Viennese municipality district|
|coat of arms||map|
|surface:||24.90 km ²|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 48° 14 ′ 30 " N, 16° 21 ′ 10 " O 48° 14 ′ 30 " N, 16° 21 ′ 10 " O
|inhabitants:||66.487 (population updating 2004)|
|population density:||2,571 inhabitants for each km ²|
|postal zip code:||A-1190|
| address |
of the office for district:
|Gate castle lane 14|
|district chief||Adolf Tiller (ÖVP)|
|1. Deputy||engineer. Hannes Trinkl (ÖVP)|
|2. Deputy||Wolfgang Walluch (SPÖ)|
| district agency |
(46 district advice)
| ÖVP 20, SPÖ 16, the Green 6 |
|map: Döbling with district parts|
Döbling is the 19. Viennese municipality district and is in the northeast of Vienna because of the edge of the Viennese forest. The district was formed for 1892 from the former Viennese suburbs Unterdöbling , Oberdöbling , Grinzing , holy city , nut village , Josefsdorf , Sievering and the Kahlenbergerdorf. 1938 became the districtby new pin at the forest and Salmannsdorf, which belonged before to the district Währing, extends. Today Döbling with its Viennese forest mansions is considered similarly as Hietzing as Nobelbezirk and has an important cultivation of wine. By numerous buildings of municipalities like the Karl Marx yard or genossenschaftliche housing estates the population structure is however more balancedas often accepted.
Table of contents
Döbling lies in the northwest of Vienna andcovers the slope of the Viennese forest to the Danube and to the Danube channel, which limit the district in the east. The Danube forms thereby the border between Döbling and the district Floridsdorf, the Danube channel to the district Brigittenau. At the belt bridge over the Danube channel the district border branchesfinally off and Döbling separates when suppl. approximately in the south along the Viennese of belt from the district. An der Schrottenbachgasse zweigt die Bezirksgrenze schließlich nach Nordwesten ab und trennt Döbling entlang der Linie Währinger Park-Hasenauerstraße-Peter Jordan Straße-Starkfriedgasse-Sommerhaidenweg vom Bezirk Währing. The short border to the district Hernalsattaches directly northward.
32.6% (in the comparison to the entire city Vienna 33.3%) the Döblinger district surface is development land. To 85.2% it acts thereby around housing areas, the portion of the operating construction sites is with 2,2% of the district surface (Vienna7.6%) however very small. With a green area portion of 51,8% (Vienna 48.3%) Döbling is the fifth-greenest Viennese Gemeidebezirk. 14.9% of the district surface are allotted to agriculturally used surfaces, whereby the viticulture here around Grinzing, nut village, Sievering, new pin at the forest and Salmannsdorf the largest role plays. Further 25.4% of the district are wooded, in addition come 5.3% meadows, 2.7% allotments, 2.5% park surfaces and 0.9% sport and leisure surfaces. The remaining use of the district area is allotted finally with 11,0% to traffic surfacesand with 4,6% on waters, whereby the portion of waters is in relation to the whole city Vienna, the portion of the traffic surfaces under it.
by the large portion of the Viennese forest lie in Döbling numerous hardwood forest-covered house mountains of Vienna. Numerously lieit at the border to Lower Austria and/or. the neighboring districts. Highest summit is the Hermannskogel (542 m), to the landmark Döblings became however the bald mountain (484 m) and the neighbouring Leopoldsberg (427 m). Further mountains within this range are the journey mountain, Latisberg, bird singing mountain, three-boundary stone and nut mountain.Besides there are partly blocked collections in Döbling, like the high control room in holy city, the hunger mountain in Grinzing and the heel mountain in Sievering.
in the district area rise numerous brooks, which are hard blocked however today majority or led as brook channels. Originallythey all flowed into the Danube channel. Since the catchment areas of the brooks lie in the sandstone area of the Viennese forest, and could the brooks can increase to a multiple of their normal quantity of water. This led again and again to destructive floods, in particular along the Krottenbaches. The Krottenbach was the most importantBrook in Döbling and is led practically perfectly as brook channel. It takes up by Sievering the running underground in the range behind the federal High School Billrothstrasse work LG1 oh (pea brook), which runs today in the upper run to Obersievering still openly. The Nesselbach runs still up to the Krapfenwaldl openly, before itwith the journey mountain brook in Grinzing unites underground. The journey mountain brook runs thereby still to briefly before the local centre Grinzings openly. Nearly completely openly still the writer brook to nut village and the forest brook run with the Kahlenbergerdorf. And was derived however the Döblinger brook completely disappeared.This originally rose in the Cottage and flowed into the Spittelau into the Danube channel.
of Döbling one formed from several, in former times independent municipalities. These are:
- holy city
- new pin at the forest
- nut village
Döbling in the antique
the district Döbling were already settled before approximately 5,000 years, whereby the area Döbling nut village - holy city apart from the area Simmering - probably represents highway the oldest settlement area in the Viennese area. It admits is thaton the Leopoldsberg a militaryful village with a military tower insisted, with which the inhabitants of the surrounding villages collected themselves with danger. Over the inhabitants at that time little is well-known, the science calls it carrier „of the donauländischen culture “, it was however no Indogermanen. These penetratedin the Viennese only thousand years later and Celts mixed themselves area with the residents population and the Illyrern immigrated later and. Affecting of the Romans the today's area of Döbling is occupied by several finds. Thus was in holy cityMilitary tower of the Limes, in Sievering was found a Mithräum and excavations in the Heiligenstädter church to occupy a Roman cemetery. In Sievering a large quarry with a larger workers' housing estate was at the Roman time. A further source of income of the population was the viticulture, that probably alreadybefore the Romans one operated. Otherwise humans operated agriculture for the internal requirement.
Döbling in the Middle Ages
after the departure of the Romans is appropriate the further development of the villages of the area in the dark, first denominations of the villages originates from that for 12. Century. Gradually formeditself the later municipalities Unterdöbling, Oberdöbling, holy city, nut village, Sievering, the Kahlenbergerdorf, Josefsdorf, Salmannsdorf and new pin at the forest in the district area out. Besides insisted on the district area occasionally still further settlements. Thus existed in 13. Century a place Chlaitzing (Glanzing) at the southwest slopethe heel mountain, by which 1330 wine gardens, however no more houses were only called. Along existed again a small, single-line lane village would chop-yard-suppl.-eat on behalf of old Urfar. In the long run there was the place even at the Hermannskogel starting from 1200 Kogelbrunn, which was for the last time called 1417.
the area Döblings in the modern times
several times became the villages Döblings during the modern times devastate. When the FE storage of Vienna began 1482 by the army of Matthias Corvinus, its soldiers also the surrounding villages plünderten. Also 1529 ran over the Turkish soldiers inCourse of the first Viennese Turk FE storage , numerous inhabitants killed and kidnapped the villages Döblings many as slaves. While the churches were geplündert, the villages however majority remained existing. Economic emergency brought in the consequence also the dreissigjährigen war. The break-down of the wine export and thoseTax increases led to a strong depletion of the population. The large plague epidemic disease in the year 1679 demanded just as numerous victims in the villages, as the second Viennese Turk FE storage begun in the summer 1683. To 13. July stormed the osmanische Vorhut, act arene, the villages Döblings andplünderten they. In the battle at the bald mountain decided to 12. September in the long run the release of Vienna, when the relief army under the guidance of January Sobieski advanced over the Viennese forest heights into the back of the Turkish Belagerer.
1713 came again the plague to Vienna, whereby the placesSievering and Grinzing were particularly strongly concerned. If the numerous destruction and plague victims had restrained the development of the district area long time, then began in the second half 18. Century a constant ascent. By the use of the area as imperial hunting ground became in particular Oberdöbling also forthe aristocracy and the Viennese citizens attractively. Who could afford it, a Zweitwohnhaus built itself here. Similarly as in Hietzing, which profited from the proximity to the lock Schönbrunn, the foundation-stone for a special development of the suburb was put here. Between 1765 and 1786developed in Oberdöbling so five new roads and it were established in the today's district area of four hunting seats.
The abolition of numerous medals by Joseph II. affected besides the basic rule in Döbling, so that from the drawn in fortune of the Kamaldulenser (bald mountain), nun monastery the Tulln (Oberdöbling)and the pin Gaming (Untersievering) the establishment of the independent Pfarren nut village and Grinzing as well as the application of the Döblinger of cemetery to be financed could. Also the place Josefsdorf owes its emergence of the abolition of the Kamaldulenserklosters at the bald mountain. By the Pfarrreform Joseph II. attained further now ofHoly city independent Pfarren Oberdöbling, nut village and new pin at the forest their independence.
Döbling in 19. Century
difficult times for the area brought the Napoleoni wars. After the victory in the battle around Ulm1805 penetrated the French army to Vienna and the soldiers plünderten the villages, into the failed campaign against Bavaria penetrated the Frenchmen 1809 again to Vienna before and apart from repeated plunderings, had the municipalities the French soldiers to board. After the Viennese congress began thosetidy measurement of the Döblinger of area. The work lasted from 1817 to 1819 and ended with the introduction of the Katastralgemeinden and the adjustment of the borders between the places. Growth provided now in the rural villages for a first upswing in trades and industry. At the same time developeditself the places Döblings to popular trip goals of the Viennese. Above all the Heurigen and the nut villages brewery lured the visitors behind the line barrier.
During the revolution Döbling at the edge of the events remained. To 20. October 1848 was occupied the district area by imperial troops, thosevon Nußdorf aus eine Brücke schlugen und das gegenüberliegende Ufer beschossen. Center 19. Century provided the popularity of the summer-resort arising now for a true growth boom of the Döblinger of villages. From the additional need of dwelling numerous housings and the population of the villages resulted trebleditself almost within only forty years. This caused also a modernization of the infrastructure. Thus became in the middle 19. Century in Döbling also installed and one 1856 established gas works the area supplied the first Gaslaternen with gas.
Döbling becomes district
the establishment19. Viennese of municipality district Döbling came it finally end 19. Century. If the suburbs of Vienna were already in in common December in the year 1850, then also the discussion began over the incorporation of the suburbs into the 1870er years. Although the suburbs were against this step, decidedthe down-Austrian national committee the combination of Vienna with its suburbs, after emperors Franz Joseph I. this desire in a speech 1888 had stated. The appropriate law stepped at the 1. Jänner 1892 into force and united Unterdöbling, Oberdöbling, Grinzing (up to the comb of the Viennese forest, the remaindercame to Weidling), holy city, nut village, Sievering, the Kahlenbergerdorf (with exception of the northern part of the mountain, which came to monastery new castle), Josefsdorf as well as a part of Weidling (Fischer house, hunter meadow, protection house Hermannskogel) to 19. Viennese municipality district Döbling. Due to the size of Oberdöbling, that nearly exactly the same much inhabitanthow the remainder of the district had, there was no discussion over the names of the new district. The places of the district had grown together already to a large extent beyond that.
Döbling up to the Second World War
already starting from 1872 was with the sheeting of theArea begun between Döbling and Währing. A distinguished mansion quarter, the first Viennese Cottage developed. A building zone plan of the city administration should beyond that limit Döbling the overall height nearly completely to two floors. From fear of the loss of the industrial companies the plan sat downhowever through, the area between Heiligenstädter road and Danube channel was not dedicated as industrial area. Until 1895 further the canalization of the Döblinger brooks was locked. They flowed now no longer into the Danube channel, but into the main main sewer led parallel to the Danube channel. The brooks disappeared therebynow of the surface and as brook channels for the improvement of drains were used to a large extent. After the completion of the second Viennese water pipeline of source of high in the year 1910 most houses besides to the water pipeline attached, before were humans only supplied via wells and drinking water cars.
ThoseGas supply of the district area had begun already 1856 by the gas works of an English company, took over 1911 the city Vienna the supply, and one let the work in Oberdöbling clear away. After the First World War the creation of carry outable and adequate dwelling became enormously important, why the social-democraticCity government also in Döbling with the solid building of cheap municipality dwellings began. 1923 the first building of municipalities with 60 dwellings in the Schegargasse established, altogether invested the city until 1930 into the building of 2.801 dwellings. The largest and most well-known project was the Karl Marx yard.
The Social Democrats the social welfare tried to improve Karl Marx yard beside it by numerous mechanisms. The February fights in the year 1934 failed in the district particularly heavily. Main combat area was the Karl Marx yard. Two days long the building with artillery was fired at, three further buildings of municipalities were conquered by the federal army. After thatThe Social Democrats therefore also the before social-democratic district chief in Döbling lost striking down the rebellion. Around unemployment too lindern, the Federal Government began 1934 with the building of the Viennese elevator road. Over stages the road of the Cobenzl became on the bald mountain and afterwards to monastery new castleled. In the consequence a re-organization of the Viennese district borders was accomplished by the seizure of power of the national socialists. This concerned also Döbling, since new pin at the forest with Glanzing and Salmannsdorf of Währing at Döbling came.
The rule of the national socialists brought however otherwise above all wrong over thoseapproximately 4,000 Döblinger Jew (7% of the population of district). To 10. November 1938 was destroyed the synagog in the DOL liner lane 3. The 2,030 in May 1939 in Döbling, registered Jew remained was deportiert gradually into the concentration camps. During the war approximately 5,000 Döblinger had to engage,much more than half did not return. In addition bombardments came for the first time, to 8. July 1944 the district area met. 12 per cent of the 20,960 dwellings were destroyed or made uninhabitable. Was particularly heavily concerned the range station holy city and the high control room.
Döbling after the Second World War
Soviet troops penetrated to 8. Coming from direction monastery new castle over the holy city first race into the district and it up to 9 occupied April 1945. April completely. Karl Mark became from the commander of army to the first district chief of the 2. Republicappointed and began with the reconstruction. In this time the district lost its character to a large extent as next to each other from populated areas and working places. Ever more enterprises left the district, while the number of the dwellings from 20.000 rose to end of war up to 39.608 dwellings (2001). This development ledalso to the fact that two thirds of the population of district must oscillate to the work into other quarters or in the surrounding countryside. At building works and supplies substantially also the city Vienna was involved, which established approximately 7,000 further dwellings of building of municipalities until 1985. Largest building of municipalities of the post-war period in Döbling is between 1956until 1959 Copenhagen yard on the former area of the Döblinger established brewery, which accommodates 436 dwellings. Also the Krim, a part of Unterdöblings experienced a special upswing. The slum area once of ill repute was removed to a high-quality populated area with its own Pfarre. Further important buildings were that 1963finished press building in the Muthgasse (seat of the crowns newspaper) and the 1970 in direct neighbourhood built international press facilitiy with the seat of the APA and other press agencies. At present most important building project is round the sheeting of reasons around the stadium the high control room.
the district area 1832 6,438 humans lived population. By growth thatSuburbs in 19. Century doubled itself the number of the population within 20 years and trebled themselves until 1890. The number of the inhabitants rose up to the First World War further strongly and continued to increase by the local housing. The housing ensured into those1980er years for increase in the district. Afterwards the population of district began to sink due to increased housing requirements easily.
Döblings population is substantially older than the Viennese average. Like that the portion of humans is the 60 years and is older with 29,9%very highly, in the entire city this portion amounts to only 22.2%. A reason for the strong obsolescence Döblings is also the high portion of Pensionistenheimen in Döbling. Also the portion of the female population is above average with 55,1%, is it in Vienna altogether only 52,4%.
origin and language
the portion of the Döblinger with foreign nationality were 2003 with 13,1% approximately 4% below the average of Vienna. 2% the Döblinger had a nationality of Serbia and Montenegro, 1.6% are German citizens. Behind itfollow Turks (1.2%) as well as Poland, Bosniaken, Kroaten and Hungary, whose portion of the population lies however only between 0,5 and 0,3%. Altogether about 20% the Döblinger were born 2001 in another country, therefore also only 82.8% gavethe Döblinger German as colloquial language on. Further 2.8% spoke mainly Serbian, 1.6% Turkish, 1.2% Croatian and 1.1% Hungarian.
with 55,7% is the portion of humans with Roman-catholic confession around approximately 6% overthe average of Vienna. Also the trailers of the Evangelist church lies with 6,5% over the average. Behind it 4.0% with Islamic and 3.2 with orthodox confession follow. 23.8% the Döblinger are without confession.
|Josef Friedl||1891-1894||Karl Mark (SPÖ)||of 4/45 10/45|
|Johann Austrian||1894-1895||Karl Schwendner (SPÖ)||10/45 1960|
|Peter Langweber||1895-1903||Franz victim man (SPÖ)||1960-1965|
|Wenzel bold||1903-1919||Franz weber (SPÖ)||1965-1975|
|Josef Seleskowitsch||1919-1934||smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Stockinger (SPÖ)||1975-1978|
|Franz Karasek||1934-1938||Adolf Tiller (ÖVP)||1978|
the first elections after the introduction of the general right to vote brought a victory for the Social Democrats. They achieved scarcely the absolute majority of votes, behind it occupied the Christian-social with approximately 28% the second place. ThoseDominance of the SPÖ remained existing to 1978. In this year however the ÖVP overhauled the SPÖ, which places the district chief since then with Adolf Tiller in Döbling. 1996 amounted to the projection/lead of the ÖVP (37%) already almost on the SPÖ (28%) 10%. The SPÖapproximately 8% of their voices lost, about which in particular FPÖ RAN and profited. The FPÖ came on approximately 18%, the Green and RAN when its first beginning came on approximately 7%. The following district agency choice 2001 finally brought a victory of SPÖ and the Green.While the ÖVP with 36,54% lost easily, the SPÖ added around approximately 4.5% to 32,61%. The FPÖ slipped however to 14,54%, while the Greens with 12,63% could unlock already scarcely. That RAN lost again more than halfits voices and only a mandate reached with 3,15%. With the district agency elections the FPÖ set 2005 thereupon its downtrend away. It lost 6.09% and landed with 8,45% also behind the Green, their Auwärtstrend maintained could and 14.04% reached. The duelaround place unity decided the ÖVP clearly for itself. It profited at the strongest from the losses of the FPÖ and reached 40.67%. The SPÖ won easy and came on 34,31%. That RAN, the KPÖ, the BZÖ as well as the alternative list remained howeverin each case with a being correct portion under a per cent.
coat of arms
the coat of arms Döblings illustrates the nine former coats of arms of the independent municipalities, which became 1892 Vienna in in common December. The former municipality Oberdöbling is represented by Herzschild. On blue reason the lyinggolden Weintraube symbolizes thereby the viticulture operated there. In the left top the coat of arms is represented by holy city, which shows the ore gel Michael with a green kite on a silver background as a church patron of holy city. Right of it the coat of arms of Unterdöbling , with that follows the holy Jakobs as coat of arms figure. This is the church patron of the Heiligenstädter parish church, to which Unterdöbling belonged in former times. In the right upper corner the golden trunk with three golden Nüssen, during itself symbolizes the earlier municipality nut village on the left of the center the coat of arms of Salmannsdorf with oneIllustration of the martyr Sebastian finds. Sebastian is the patron of the chapel of Salmannsdorf. On the right of the center is again the coat of arms of new pin at the forest. It shows the holy Rochus, the church patron of the new founders parish church. In the left lower corner that represents Holy Severin the wine place Sievering. He is the patron of the Sieveringer parish church. Under the Herzschild is further the coat of arms of the Kahlenbergerdorfes. It shows holy George as kite-dead, who is the church patron of the bald mountain villages church. The last coat of arms part in the right lower hit a cornersymbolized in the long run the place Grinzing. The man with the Weintraube shows thereby the close connection to the viticulture.
culture and objects of interest
objects of interest
most important tourist attraction Döblings is the bald mountainat the edge of the Viennese forest. The former hotel with its well-known panorama terrace is not in the change and the popular Rundumblick on Vienna after the plans any longer will however at present be possible. Many, above all Polish, tourist visit the pc. at the bald mountain also. Josefskirche or those Stefaniewarte. Further mountains worth seeing in Döbling are the neighbouring Leopoldsberg with the pc. Leopoldskirche and the highest mountain of Vienna, the Hermannskogel. Under the Döblingern and Wienern however also the Cobenzl and the range in the sky with the so-called “ celtic” tree circle and that have Sisi chapel some meaning. The range of the Döblinger of Viennese forest is accessible by the well-known Viennese elevator road.
local centres and churches
the ten places, from which Döbling was formed, contribute very much to the character of the district. Have in particular the places in the external areaslarge parts of their existence to retain can. Best example are here surely Grinzing, Salmannsdorf and the Kahlenbergerdorf, in addition, of the other local centres much built volumes are received. From the separate localities also numerous local churches resulted in Döbling. Oldest church is thereby the pc. Jakob church in holy city.It was built on the ruins of a Roman church and stands to, as an ensemble received, Heiligenstädter Pfarrplatz. Here, like everywhere in Döbling, also numerous received Heurigenhäuser is. In particular Grinzing is whether the numerous Heurigen among tourists likes, native ones turns rather in Sievering, nut village, holy city,New pin at the forest or the Kahlenbergerdorf.
further objects of interest
by the close connections between artists and Döbling kept also in this connection numerous objects of interest. Beethoven composed the of the same name 3 in the so-called Eroicahaus in the Döblinger main street. Symphonie, in thatPro bus lane wrote he the Heiligenstädter will and among other things parts of the 2. Symphonie. In the bunch Lanner again the gravestones of the famous Viennese tome musicians Johann bunch and Joseph Lanner are park. The moreover one finds in Unterdöbling one to the most unusual factory of Vienna. The so-calledZacherlhaus, a former insect powder factory was established in the style of a mosque. Also from that 20. Century important objects of interest in the district kept. Like that the stadium roofridge of the Vienna fiber plastic is 1894 Vienna on the high control room those the largest nature arena of Europe. Further is in holy city the most well-known building of municipalities of Vienna, the Karl Marx yard.
the district museum Döbling in the mansion value home stone dedicates itself in particular to district history and has also its own viticulture museum. Also Ludwig van Beethoven, thatmuch time in Oberdöbling and holy city spent, is two museums dedicated, the so-called Eroicahaus and a house in the pro bus lane. Further exhibits worth seeing beyond that Institut for Ur and early history, the Kahlenbergermuseum (second Viennese Turk FE storage) and the Lehár has - Schikaneder- Schlössl. Further can in the pc. Jakob church holy city excavations from Roman and earlyChristian time to be visited.
the district Döbling has today altogether nine park plants. Largest park is with 9 hectares of the Heiligenstädterpark. Behind it that follows with well 6 hectaresValue home stone park, which lies in the valley of the Krottenbachs in-curved today and also had its own blind garden. The Hugo wolf park put on on the northern slope of the Krottenbachstrasse, which makes a good view possible over the Krottenbachtal, is similarly large. An extensively maintained connecting park („Fellingerpark at the Hirschenbergerl “) links besidesthe Krottenbachstrasse with the Billrothstrasse. A Japanese architect set park in the style of a Japanese landscape on the high control room the Setagaya -, whereby the park was to symbolize the friendship between Döbling and the quarter Setagaya in Tokyo. Similarly as in Währing also the original becameLocal cemetery converted from Döbling into a park plant. The bunch - Lanner - park has today the original gravestones of the two composers. Further smaller parks are the Raimund Zoder park sew Krottenbachstrasse, the Richard Eybner park corner Silbergasse/Billroth road and the Saarpark in Unterdöbling.
of most important ones and most well-known sport club is the soccer club roofridge Vienna fiber plastic 1894 Vienna, the oldest soccer association of the city Vienna. At the sports field on the control room into the 1920er years also operas were specified and Boxkämpfe organized, international matches as against Italy 1923 became in the largest nature arena of Europefrom up to 80.000 humans pursues. The stadium is today also the home arena of the Austrian point club in the American football, the Chrysler Vikings. In the Kuchelauer port is settled the rudder association Austria, the sport union Döbling offers numerous sport sections such as a doing gymnastics, ball haven, bath min clay/tone and kinds of combat haven.
Economics and infrastructure
public traffic in Döbling were justified 1811 by a placing car line between the Freyung and the Heiligenstädter bath. Further lines followed after Oberdöbling, Grinzing and Sievering. The placing cars were horse-covered cars with approximately a dozenSeats. 1869 were attached Oberdöbling by the fifth line of the Viennese Pferdetramway to Vienna, further lines followed. Between 1885 and 1903 belt operated a Dampftramway to nut village also from the Döblinger. 1874 were opened the rack railway on the bald mountain. Paving the roads in the districtset wide in the last third 19. Century and one continued after the establishment of district. Many trees and avenues were sacrificed road construction.
The most important connections of the Viennese lines in the district are today the strassenbahnlinien 37 (high control room), 38 (Grinzing) and D (nut village) as well as thoseMotorbus lines 35A (Salmannsdorf), 38A (bald mountain), 39A (Sievering) and 40A (Döblinger cemetery). Besides Döbling has portion of the underground line U4 ( holy city) since 1976, whereby the station became holy city an important course and bus knot toward monastery new castle. Over holy city and the stations Oberdöbling and Krottenbachstrasse haveDöbling also connection to the rapid train route S 45. The most well-known road in Döbling is the elevator road on the bald mountain. Further important connecting and passage roads are the Krottenbachstrasse, Billrothstrasse, Döblinger main street, Heiligenstädter road, Grinzinger road and Sieveringer road.
Döbling has three baths. Largest is the Döblinger bath operated all year round on the high control room, here gives it both an open-rir swimming pool and an indoor swimming pool. In addition come the open-rir swimming pool lain in the Viennese forest Krapfenwaldlbad from whose sport basins one the singularPanorama of the city to admire knows and the family bath (in former times:Child open-rir swimming pool) in the Hugo wolf park. There are three urban libraries, in the Billrothstrasse, in the Heiligenstädter road (Karl Marx yard) and in the hat pasture lane. Two markets are to the inhabitants of Döbling at the disposal: the nut villages marketand the sunning mountain market.
the economy of the district Döbling was coined/shaped over centuries of the viticulture. The relevance of the viticulture is reflected also in the fact again that from the Middle Ages “as only social organization admits „the winegrower bills is. These negotiated overthe wages of the workers as well as the wine prices and worried about the members and churches. Up to the second half 19. Century was based the base of life of the inhabitants of the district on the cultivation and sales of wine. Besides became milk, eggs, meat, fruit and vegetables afterVienna supplied. At the brooks insisted smaller mills, on the hills also windmills. Meaning had likewise the Sieveringer quarry, which was subordinate to municipal authorities Vienna.
Starting from the center 18. Century settled also the first, larger trade and industrial companies in the district area, in particularin nut village, holy city and Oberdöbling. Starting from 1800 developed a whole set of enterprises of the textile, leather and chemical industry. Also breweries became in the first half 19. Century in Grinzing, nut village and Oberdöbling based, whereby in particular that one experienced an important upswing in nut village. Up toThe First World War remained the dairy farming with its dairy-farms of importance, afterwards this industry disappeared rapidly. But the meaning of the Heurigenbetriebe rose. These could hold themselves contrary to the enterprises of the surrounding districts, also because the steep area in Döbling was suitable less for the sheeting.To the most important production enterprises 20 belonged starting from the beginning. Century the car factory count & pin in Sievering. In Unterdöbling again the insect powder factory Zacherl attained great importance. Further important enterprises were engine works Heinrich in holy city. After the Second World War changed the characteristicsthe district. Ever more producing enterprises left the district.
in the year 1890 gave it only a middle school in the district, the Communal High School in the High School route. 1914 were added the state six-form high school into the Krottenbachstrasse, latertwo further High Schools settled in the Billrothstrasse. The district has numerous public and private people and hauptschule and a educational establishment for Kindergartenpädagogik Maria Regina. The educational program Vienna Bilingual Schooling is offered in three institutions: in the elementary school Grinzinger road, in that Hauptschule in the Krim and in the upper stage of the material High School Krottenbachstrasse. Also the school of music of the city Vienna has a mechanism in the Döblinger main street.
Universitäre mechanisms settled themselves already end 19. Century in the district on. 1896 became the later university for soil culture Vienna toLinnéplatz open, 1916 settled also the export academy in the Franz small lane, the 1919 to the university for world trade (today:School for economics Vienna was raised). After the Absiedelung the university in the 9. District some mechanisms of the school for economics remained like the Austrian university training course for tourism economy and the university training course receive international project management in the building. If it is shared additionally of the University of Vienna, then are here for instance Institut for Ur and early history and Institut for classical archaeology. In the High School route university is located to the students of the Viennese inlarge student home for the order (house Döbling).
numerous personalities, in particular artists, lived and worked in Döbling. Thus the high control room (Wollergasse ) to 1938 the poet Franz Werfel with his Mrs. Alma meal Werfel lived on. Their neighbour was the painter and meal he who rock stepfather Karl Moll, whose pictures hang today in the Döblinger district museum. Also Koloman Moser, the joint founder of the Viennese Secession lived in direct neighbourhood. Paula of Preradović, the Dichterin and authoress of the Bundeshymne country of the mountains, country at the river,lived in the Döblinger Osterleitengasse. After the poet Hugo wolf was designated even a park to the Krottenbachstrasse. Numerous actors lived the castle actress pink Albach Retty, grandmother of the well-known film actress Romy cutter in Döbling, so for instance. Castle actor Werner Kraus lived up to itsDeath in the Iglaseegasse. However the musicians, who lived and worked in Döbling, achieved the highest admitting heating degree. Thus Johann bunch (father) and Johann bunch (son) played, as well as Joseph Lanner in the Casino Zögernitz up, Lanners birth house were also in the High School route, whereLanner was born and died. In the place of its house today a High School stands, in which the Nobelpreisträger smelling pool of broadcasting corporations bold and Wolfgang Pauli was trained. Heinz Kohut and Karl Menger maturierten here. The multi-talent Peter Alexander lives until today in Döbling. At the location of theStudent home “house Döbling” was once the mansion of a famous Wieners, industrial magnates and owners of the Ottakringer brewery Kuffner.
- Klusacek, Christine; Stimmer, short: Döbling. From the belt to the vineyards. Vienna 1988. ISBN 3-900607-06-0
- Kothbauer, Karl: Döbling - and its Ried andFlurnamen. Thesis Vienna 2001
- black, Godehard: Döbling. Ten historical walks by Vienna 19. District. Vienna 2004. To ISBN 3-900799-56-3
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This article was taken up to the list of exzellenter articles.Sakralbauten in the district Döbling
Döblinger parish church | Glanzinger parish church | Grinzinger parish church | Heiligenstädter parish church pc. Michael | Heart Jesu chapel | Karmelitenkloster Döbling | Nut villages parish church | Kaasgrabenkirche | Kahlenbergerdorfer parish church | Monastery of the sisters of the poor child Jesu | Parish church Krim | New founder parish church | Sieveringer parish church | Sisi chapel | Pc. Jakob church | Pc. Josefskirche | Pc. Leopoldskirche | Unterheiligenstädter parish church | Vineyard churchof district parts of Döbling
I. Internal city | II. Leopoldstadt | III. Highway | IV. Wieden | V. Margareten | VI. Maria-help | VII. New building | VIII. Josefstadt | IX. When suppl. approximately | X. Favorite | XI. Simmering | XII. Meidling | XIII. Hietzing | XIV. Penzing | XV. Rudolfsheim Fünfhaus | XVI. Ottakring | XVII. Hernals | XVIII. Währing | XIX. Döbling | XX. Brigittenau | XXI. Floridsdorf | XXII. Danube city | XXIII. Liesing