Daniel Gran

Daniel Gran (* 22. May 1694 in Vienna; † 16. April 1757 in sank polarized) was one of the most important Austrian baroque painters.

It was after one century of Italian dominance in Austria beside Johann Michael Rottmayr of one of the first important painters from Central Europe.

Gran was the son of a yard cook emperor Leopolds I., under its ancestors were glass painters. It was promoted by the house Schwarzenberg, which financed it also a study trip in Italy, where he studied particularly with Sebastiano Ricci in Venice and Francesco Solimena in Neapel. In its works also varying between venezianischem influence in the colour as well as neapolitanischem influence in the composition is to be noticed. Beside the prince house Schwarzenberg was added also the yard as a client; 1727 he was appointed the yard painter.


  • 1726 - Kuppelfresko for the garden palace Schwarzenberg (1945 destroys): Allegorie on daybreak. As with Rottmayr the background a representation of the daily and night sky was not rather yellowish, but. The illusion effect was computed for two facing points of view, what for Fresken was rather unusual.
  • 1726 - 30 - Kuppelfresko of the yard library, are considered as Hauptwerk Grans: the program was sketched by the imperial advice Conrad of Albrecht and places a Apotheose of the emperor Karl VI. . In the center the emperor von Herakles and Apoll is supported, who are flanked by the allegorischen figures of different arts and sciences. The Fresko has a “war side” (with the Allegorien of mathematics, geometry and mechanics) as well as a “peace side” (with the Allegorien of medicine, jurisprudence and agriculture). The establishment purpose of the library, the Indienstnahme of the science by the state, which finds its beginnings in this time, is to be expressed thereby.
  • 1732 - Deckenfresko in the lock sow of kind of hitting a corner: Admission Dianas in the Olymp. Illusionistic illusory architecture forms here only one framework, the painting plays in an indefinable area.
  • 1743 - Dome and Langhausfresko of the pilgrimage church on the Sunday mountain: here the illusionism is nearly completely taken back.
  • 1749 - Emperor hall in pin monastery new castle: multipart Fresko with a clear, nearly already klassizistischen composition. In the center is a Obelisk with a representation of the holy Leopold, around which deseaming with veil and Hollunderbäumen (establishment legend monastery newcastle) are to be seen. Round around one sees a Allegorie of the Austrian majesty (with the flags of the holy Roman realm, Böhmens and Hungary), as well as the grinding of the houses having castle and Lorraine, where with a Amor between the allegorischen figures the dear marriage Maria Theresias and Franz' step Hans of Lorraine is represented.

Toward end of its career the “baroque” elements (figure wealth, illusionism, Erlebnishaftigkeit) lose themselves ever more - Gran is considered therefore as important Vorbereiter of the classicism.

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