David Friedrich bunch

David Strauß
David bunch

David Friedrich bunch (* 27. January 1808 in Ludwigsburg; † 8. February 1874 in Ludwigsburg) was a German writer, philosopher and a theologian.

life

David Friedrich bunch became to 27. January 1808 to Ludwigsburg inWürttemberg born. It studied theology at the Evangelist pin to Tübingen. 1830 it became Vikar and 1831 Professoratsverweser at the seminar Maulbronn; it went however still another half year to Berlin, in order to hear Hegel and Schleiermacher. 1832 it became Repetitor at the TübingerPin and held at the same time philosophical lectures at the university.

At that time it excited the life Jesu by its writing, critically works on nearly unparalleled attention. Bunch turned in the same in the area of the antiquity sciences justified and already to the explanation of alttestamentlicher and individual neutestamentlicher narrations usedPrinciple of the myth also on all contents of the Evangelist history on, in which it recognized a product unconsciously of the urchristlichen common spirit sealing in accordance with condition of the alttestamentlich Jewish Messiasbildes. Those contentwise thereby already of Hermann Reimarus saying close writing provided nevertheless for an unusualControversy. The retorts formed their own literature, in which hardly a theological and philosophical name was missing of importance. Its answers appeared as disputations (1837). On distinction between the historical person of the Jesus of Nazareth and the Christ of the faith late Martin bald should and then Rudolf Bultmann and. A. construct.

For bunch was his interpretation only once consistent application Hegel philosophy. Thus the son did not become as individual humans, but when the idea of mankind regards. According to this critical regulation bunch referred on that then the traditional Two-nature teachings. Jesus is that itself its glory entäussernde infinite spirit and that itself its infinity reminding finite spirit. So bunch knew also (however from this new point of view the one which can be regarded) the science of Christi of supernatural birth, the Auferstehung and Ascension Day and also the miraclesas „eternal truths “to quite stand leave.

Without the proof on the basis the sources bunch did completely, opened however the following one straight here a new field. For old person the will became the critical research v.a. taken up by Julius waving living. The immense effect Straussens becomes however onlyunderstandably, if the Lutheri Orthodoxie prevailing up to then is regarded, which (like Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg) rejected jedwede criticism at the gospel reports as „fraud “or „mental disorder “- like it then bunch also happened should.

In the controversy about Strauss' theses from the life Jesu the Hegelianismus disintegrated into two camps, into on the right of and/or. Althegelianer, which took position against it, and which with it sympathizing left and/or. Junghegelianer. Bunch, to which this distinction decreases/goes back, had to be added a linking to that, then in Ludwig of fire brook atheistischem materialism kulminierteand from here its way to the historical materialism Karl of Marx found. In clearer Eklektizismus remained however the rights, which found its apologetische occupation in the context of the Straussi work therein, to defend philosophy Hegels led against the reproaches of the Orthodoxie. The central reproach of the Pantheismus was already settled however (which one surveyed) by Hegel themselves.

Bunch, which still 1835 had been removed from its Repetentenstelle and as Professoratsverweser to Ludwigsburg was shifted, then however soon ind the private conditions changed, continued to themselves remove in the course of its life ever from Christianity as such. In Stuttgart 1839 the characteristics and criticisms, and the paper over passing and remaining in the Christianity developed. Coined/shaped by a versöhnlicheren tendency the appearing 3. Edition of the life Jesu (1838) was led back 1839 into the old Radikalität. ThatCall as a professor of dogma TIC and church history to Zurich excited such a lively contradiction that bunch had to be shifted still before the start of its place with 1000 Franconias pension into the retirement. As consequence „of the bunch trade “the liberal became government of in the Züriputsch of 1839Zurich fallen.

Its second Hauptwerk the Christian faith teachings, in their historical development and in the fight with the modern science represented was published from 1840 to 1841 in two volumes. It develops a sharp criticism of the individual dogmas in form of an historical discussion of the developing andDissolution process the same. 1841 married bunch then the singer A. Schebest, but was separated the marriage after some years. After some small aesthetic and biographic articles in the yearbooks the present 1847 the small writing of the romantics on the throne of the Cäsaren, or Julian followed thatAbtrünnige, an ironical parallel between the restoration of the Heidentums by Julian and the restoration of the Protestant Orthodoxie by the king Friedrich William IV. of Prussia.

1848 were set up bunch of its father city as a candidate for the German parliament, were subject however. The speeches, which itpartly on this occasion, partly before in different Wahlversammlungen had held, published in the same year under the title six theological-political people speeches. When he was then selected to the delegate of the city Ludwigsburg for the württembergischen federal state parliament, bunch showed a conservative political attitude, those against expectingto it of his voters even a vote of no confidence tightened, in whose consequence it laid down its mandate in December 1848. Its later, partly in Heidelberg, Munich and Darmstadt, partly in Heilbronn and Ludwigsburg leisure came of by Gediegenheit of the research and beautiful representation distinguished spentbiographic work thrust kind lives in its letters (1849), Christian Märklin, a life and character picture from the present (1851), life and writings of the NIC desert mash Frischlin (1855), Ulrich of huts (1858) (together with the translation of its discussions 1860); Herm. Samuel Reimarus (1862); Voltaire, six lectures (1870), furthermore small writings biographic, litteratur and art-historical contents (1862), from which Klopstocks youth history etc. (1878) and the lecture to Lessings Nathan of the way (1877) appeared separate.

A new, „forthe people worked on “expenditure of the life Jesu (1864) into several European languages was translated. Bunch in the writing the half ones and the whole ones (1865), directed against thighs and Hengstenberg, back , in its knows a part of the attacks renewed on that against itConnection also the Christ of the faith and the Jesus of history, a criticism of the Schleiermacher' life Jesu appeared. In its 1872 work the old and the new faith published represented it one of the materialism already affected Monismus. The question whether „we are “still Christians,answered it openly with “no”. On the Religiosität arranging as lawful functioning understood universe bunch saw itself for itself not, regarded it however as a legitimate alternative to the Christian faith in God. The book became and. A. of the young Friedrich Nietz in itsfirst „old-fashioned view “sharply attacked (see literature). Again bunch excited so briefly before its to 8. February 1874 to Ludwigsburg took place death attention. Its collected writings were published shortly thereafter by Zeller given change (Bonn 1876-78) in 11 volumes. A twelfth volume, poetic intending book, contained then the poems the youth friend of Eduard Mörike. The miniature pictures were published later.

literature

  • walter Boehlich (Hrsg.) Soirées de Grandval. 1996 (to the miniatures)
  • hit a corner: David Friedrich bunch. 1899
  • await from: David Friedrich bunch. 1901
  • Hausrath: D.F. Bunch and the theology of its time. 2 Bde., Heidelberg 1876-78
  • A. Kohut: Bunch as philosophers and educators. 1908
  • D. Are enough: Historical Jesus or mythischer Christ. Investigation to the contrast between Friedrich Schleiermacher and David Friedrich bunch. 1975
  • F. Nietz: DavidBunch of the Bekenner and the writer. (First old-fashioned view), 1873 -- various expenditures with Wikisource
  • Zeller: Bunch, after its personality and its writings described. Bonn 1874

Web on the left of

Wikiquote: David Friedrich bunch - quotations
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