David Wilkie

David Wilkie (* 18. November 1785 in Cults in the Scottish county Fife; † 1. June 1841 with Malta on a ship) was a Scottish painter.

Table of contents

life

it formed since 1799 on the academy to Edinburgh and went 1805 to London, where it, by the pictures: The village politicians (1806), the blind fiddler (daselbst in the national gallery), the map player (1808), who wounded fingers and the lease payment admits became, 1811 the member of the royal academy and 1823 the Scottish yard painter was appointed.

Well-known pictures from that time are:

  • The children on the rat hunt,
  • the hunt guardian,
  • the Dorfkirmes (1812, in the national gallery),
  • the blind cow play,
  • Duncan Gray (1812),
  • the Auspfändung (1815),
  • the rabbit to the Wand' (1816),
  • the breakfast (1817),
  • the small messenger,
  • the family walter Scotts (1818),
  • the Pfennig wedding (1819),
  • the opening of the will (in the Pinakothek to Munich, 1820),
  • guess, who? (1821),
  • the invalids reading in Chelsea
  • , the message of the battle with Waterloo (in Apsley House, 1821),
  • king of George IV. Arrival in Leith (1822),
  • the lecture John of the Knox in the cathedral to pc. Andrew,
  • the Büttel of the Kirchspiels (1824) and
  • the mountain family (1825).

For the re-establishment of its health it lived 1825-28 in Italy and Spain, where it painted a row scenes from the war on the Pyrenäi peninsula 1808-14. It followed the style Hogarths , with which it has the large diversity, refinement and sharpness of the observation of the characteristic one in nature, in many of its pictures also that prevailing dramatic of contents in common, in addition, by the Dutch category painters was substantially determined.

The pictures developed after its return from Spain are affected more of Tizian and Velazquez. To the pictures from this second period furthermore the gentleman went out ( 1834) and Christoph Kolumbus belong (1835). 1830 he was appointed the first yard painter. In this characteristic it painted many haven advice, also from the royal family. Furthermore the historical paintings developed: Pope Pius VII. in Fontainebleau, the emperor Napoleon I. refusing, the escape Maria Stuart from the lock Lochleven (l837 ), Sir David Baird, the body of the Tippu Sahib finding the signing of the concordat (1839), Paul III. and Benvenuto Cellini.

1837 it painted the empress Josephine of France before the Wahrsagerin. In these pictures it appears less favourably as in its custom pictures from the English, Scottish and Irish people life, of those still developed the later:

  • The only daughter (1839),
  • Peep o'day boys cabin,
  • the Saturday evening of the Tagelöhners,
  • the table prayer,
  • the death of the red deer and
  • the Irish Whiskybrennerei (in the Eremitage to pc. Petersburg),

by mindful and naive view of its best time remind. Most of its works are in königl. Private property. l840 went W. nach und dem 东方给Rückkehr的starb auf 1。 June 1841 with Malta on a ship. W. also erased. A statue of its person was set up in the national gallery to London. Its life described A. Cunningham (Lond. 1843, 3 Bde.).

painting

  • [1] William Chalmers Bethune, his Mrs. Isabella Morison and its daughter Isabella, national Gallery OF Scotland, Edinburgh
  • [2] The renting seizing, national Gallery OF Scotland, Edinburgh,
  • [3] The recommendation letter, national Gallery OF Scotland, Edinburgh
  • [4] Samuel in the temple, national Gallery OF Scotland, Edinburgh,
  • [5] The penny wedding, private collection.
  • [6] Reading the contract, private collection.
  • [7] The defense of Saragossa, Royal Collection, UK.
  • [8] The blind violonist, would do Gallery, London, UK.
  • [9] The Cotter's Saturday Nighter, Glasgow kind Gallery.
  • [10] The first crowning council meeting of the queen Victoria, Royal Collection, UK.
  • [11] The sitting lady of Constantinopel, British museum, London, UK.
  • [12] Preaching John Knox before the masters of the Kongregation to 10. June 1559. National Trust, Petworth House, Sussex, UK.

work selection

  • Chelsea veterans vintages a report on the battle of Waterloo, 1822, wood, 94×154 cm. London, Apsley House.
  • The blind cow play, wood, 63×95 cm. London, Buckingham Palace.
  • The first Ohrring, 1835, wood, 74×60 cm. London, would do Gallery.
  • Empress Josephine and the Wahrsagerin, 1837, canvas, 211×157 cm. Edinburgh, national Gallery OF Scotland.
  • Mohamed Ali, 1841, canvas, 61×51 cm. London, would do Gallery.
  • Pitlessie fair, 1804, canvas, 58×107 cm. Edinburgh, national Gallery OF Scotland.
  • William IV., 1833, canvas, 264×173 cm. London, Apsley House.

literature

  • J. WOODWARD in the catalog of the exhibition” Paintings and Drawings by Sir David Wilkie 1785-1841 “(national Gallery OF Scotland) III, Edinburgh 1958.
  • R. GOWER” Sir David Wilkie “, London 1902.
  • A. CUNNINGHAM” The would run OF Sir David Wilkie: with


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