the Dekabristen (Russian: “dekabr “= December, therefore in the German-speaking countries also as Dezembristen ) were “noble revolutionaries” (after Lenin ) admit, to 26. December (14. December after the Julian calendar then valid in Russia)in the year 1825 the oath on the new Zaren Nikolaus I. refused. Thus they stated their protest against the absolutist Zarenregime, against body characteristic, police arbitrariness and censorship. They served elite regiments in Peter citizens and were very formed. Five that rebellious officers were gehenkt, some were degradiert and approximately 600 to hard labour in Siberia were condemned.

There they brought culture and education as convicts into this at that time wild region and are located therefore this very day in Siberia in high reputation.

The Dekabristenthe first revolutionary movement, whose social program reached up to the abolition of the body characteristic, directed against the tsarist regime, politically up to the establishment of a republic or at least a constitutional regime, was conscious. The liberals and social ideas had themselves since thatBeginning 19. Century in the Russian Oberschicht in an educated manner. First these thoughts were publicised only in secret federations. A role played thereby the contact come to the revolutionary France during the Napoleoni wars, in their process many Russian officers to Western Europewere. Most important intellectual representative of the movement was a poet Alexander Sergejewitsch Puschkin.

The Dekabristen was formed finally 1825, as after death Alexanders I.the crown to the other brother Nikolaus, rejected by its brother Konstantin, to turn into should. ThoseRevolutionaries won some regiments of the capital for the revolt, which broke out in Petersburg. At the point of the movement officers of the imperial army stood. The rebellion became after short combat between the insurgent ones and government faithful the groups remained up„the place of the senate “depressed. Some zaghafte attempts in the province were suffocated in the germ.

The new Zar Nikolaus I. was alarmed of the revolt and led the extremely thorough investigations personally. The authorities tried, even the most distant sympathizers thatMovement aufzustöbern. The repression, as „exemplary “, when finally understood, frightened itself before cruelties not back. The five most important initiators, Mikhail Pawlowitsch Bestuschew Rjumin, Pawel Iwanowitsch Pestel (leader of the south federation), Sergei Iwanowitsch Murawjow Apostol (leader of the north federation), Kondrati Fjodorowitsch Rylejew, Kachowski, died on the scaffold: hundreds of humans moved into prisons, were proven or to the hard labour deportiert.

Those played an interesting role approximately 600 Dekabristen deportierten to Siberia as well as altogether thirteen Mrs., those their married men or lovingvoluntarily into banishing to Siberia followed. An outstanding shape was the princess Maria Nikolajewna Wolkonskaja, which recorded the impressions of its journey and its decade-lasting stay in memoirs. In Siberia the Dekabristen formed a closed community of progressive intellectual,in close letter contact with friends and used in the centers of Russia remained and thus not as by banishing aimed at into oblivion did not turn out. Rather the Dekabristen and its fate remained always a crystallization point for reformerische ideas.

There the rebellionin December (Russian Dekabr), called one took place the active ones of the movement Dekabristen. The term can be understood however also in broad calm sense, as the persons taken part to the additional Mythologisierung and legend formation are referred.

The Dekabristenalphabet

of the Protokollführer of that commission of inquiry, to 13. July 1826 the judgement over the Dekabristen fällte, Alexander Dmitrijewitsch Borowkow, an alphabet with the names and life data all those arranged, which were loaded to the Verhören. This in such a way specifiedDekabristen alphabet is a valuable source to the Dekabristenforschung.


  • Vincey: The brothers Christi in Russia. Memories, letters and time witnesses of some Dekabristen., BoD GmbH, north first EDT 2004, ISBN 3833410612

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