Democratic Arab republic seeing era

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'aluminium-Dschumhūriyya aluminium-ʿarabiyya as-sahrāwiyya ad-dīmuqrātiyya
Flagge Westsaharas Wappen Westsaharas
(detail) (detail)
office language Arab
capital El Aaiún (Laayoune) 1
system of government Republic of
head of the government Abdelkader Taleb Oumar
surface 266,000 km ²
number of inhabitants 373,008 (conditions July 2005)
population density 1Inhabitant per km ²
independence the DARS is a government-in-exile. The west seeing era area is under Moroccan administration.
Currency of Moroccan Dirham (WAD)
religion predominantly Islam
time belt UTC
geographical situation of 24° 30 ' N, 13° 00 ' W
national anthem
national holiday 27. February
Kfz characteristic sports club
Internet TLD .eh(inactively, not in the DNS)
preselection +212 (the preselection of Morocco)
(1) under Moroccan administration.
Lage von Westsahara in Afrika
Karte von Westsahara

The democratic Arab republic seeing era (DARS) in run the west seeing era conflict 1976 of the POLISARIO proclaimed (also Arab Saharaui democratic republic called). The DARS is one Government-in-exile and has its seat in Algeria. It stresses the area of the west seeing era, which is administered since the departure by Spain in the year 1975 almost exclusively by Morocco. Morocco judges the area as part of its territory. The futurethe west seeing era depends according to international right on a referendum , over whose holding so far no agreement could be obtained. Morocco rejects meanwhile the idea of a referendum as failed and offers an autonomy of the area as solution.

Table of contents


the area of the west seeing era lies in the north of Africa with 24° 30 ' north and 13° 00 ' west. It divides into the northern third Saguia elHamra and the southern area Río de Oro. This concerns a hot, dry desert area, whereby gravel and rubble deserts outweigh in relation to sand deserts. Only in the south and northeast the flat landscape is loosened up by hills. Desert climate prevails forwards,Rain is comes rarely and near the coast it frequently to formation of fog. Vegetation is to be found only in the oases. One finds adapted animal species, for example desert jumping mice and Dornschwanz Agamen to the dry habitat.

The largest cities are (census 2. September2004):

  1. El Aaiun: 183,691 inhabitants
  2. Dakhla: 58,104 inhabitants
  3. Smara: 40,347 inhabitants
  4. Cabo Bojador: 36,843 inhabitants
  5. El Marsa: 10,229 inhabitants

see also: List of the cities in west seeing era


the population of the area of the west seeing era of373,008 inhabitants (conditions July 2005) consists particularly of Arabs and Berbern. With the area settling Saharauis it originally concerns that Arab Nomaden, on which however a part as refugees in Algeria live. One speaks predominantlythe Moroccan Arab, beside it also Hassania, the regional form of the Arab one. Almost 100% the inhabitant are Muslims.


Phönizi addresses hardly traces have left and only with the introduction of the camel became the area as caravan passage placeimportantly. After penetrating Islam Islamic groups in the area of the today's west seeing era, which controlled later than Almoraviden a majority of North Africa and south Spain, developed.

1884 called the Spaniards a protectorate over the area of Cap Bojador to Cap blankout, it was called Río de Oro. 1912 were northward extended it. 1958 was combined the protectorates Saguia separated before el Hamra and Río de Oro to the overseas province Spanish seeing era.

After death Francisco Francos left Spain thatArea.1975 drew about 350,000 humans from completely Morocco into the country so mentioned march into the former colony, in order to make Moroccan requirements on the area valid.

To 27. February 1976 became of the POLISARIO the democratic Arab republicSeeing era proclaimed, which was not recognized by Morocco.

Morocco annektierte 1976 the northern two thirds of the west seeing era area and the remainder of the territory 1979, after Mauritania had withdrawn itself from the area.

The final status of the area is until todayinexplicably, since the decision is postponed over it from year to year. The democratic Arab republic seeing era exists to led government-in-exile with one of the liberation movement POLISARIO away. It was recognized world-wide by 53 states. (Conditions 2006; Source:

1992an armistice agreement between Morocco and the Polisario was closed, but until today about 100,000 humans in a refugee camp close of the city Tindouf live in the Algerian seeing era.

An intended independence referendum of the UN, from Moroccan side meanwhile rejected, is considered as failed.The UN is present with a constant observer mission MINURSO in the entire area of the west seeing era.

See also: West seeing era conflict


width of parts of the country are economically still unexplored, the road system is thin. The substantial industries are the fishery, the exploitation of Bodenschätzen(particularly phosphate, the occurrence as one the largest world) and the cultivation of Dattelpalmen (oasis economy). The entire economy is strongly subsidized by tax proceeds from Morocco and developed in the context of settling by Maroccans strongly.


stamps with the label(West) seeing era OCC RASD are no official marks, but only Vignetten. They are led in the Michel catalog and are published not from the Moroccan state, but from the government-in-exile DARS. They do not have official Frankaturgültigkeit.

See also

Morocco, Algeria, African union, colonialism

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