democratization is the process of the emergence of democratic structures.
Table of contents
democratization at States of
democratization is a lengthy process and is done via ownAct the citizen or by support from the outside in before undemocratic states, like the formerly socialist countries of the Eastern Bloc, and other former dictatorships, recent example is the Iraq.
A further example is in the postwar - to Germany(in the US doctrine the case of model for nation Building). Democratization contains the adjustment of the existing company form at the standards and value conceptions of the democracy.
In addition the draft of an appropriate condition , an executive , legislation and Judikative belongs. Further importantComponents of the democracy are individual citizen rights, right nationalness, free and secret elections (right to vote), a free press and an interested public.
Within the scientific discussionover the pacification of conflicts by force one assumes that the democratization can advance the development of a conflict culture, which plans the forceless solution of conflicts (see civilization Hexagon of Dieter Senghaas).
democratization of institutions
democratization can itselfin addition, refer to institutions such as enterprise (participation , restaurant economics) or universities (university advice , Asta). It stands then for autonomy and autonomy, for the increased possibility and rights with the institution by training orvocationally connected humans to bring in and on decisions influence take by committees, elections and tunings themselves ideas (organization, participation, Partizipatori democracy, basis democracy).
Up-to-date democratization is further also a topic with the student protests against the Ökonomisierung of the education.
disputed is, whether democratization can be ordered “from above”, ornot an individual process with the particular is, which takes place by means of insight , education , moral, own interest and reason independently. Thus as example of a successful democratization from above by the USA frequently the Federal Republic of Germany is stated, afterOpinion of some critics became really democratic this however only after 1968, by now also regenerated by the youth the LV past instead of one displaced, and countless basis-democratic citizens' initiatives and political groups developed (civil company, Willy Brandt: MoreDemocracy dare!), even if release from the national socialism and the establishment of democratic structures were by the USA a necessary condition for it. 1950 examined Theodor W. Adorno and further scientists the “authoritarian personality “, that had made the national socialism possible, andamong other things by undemocratic authoritarian thinking is characterized.
Likewise the war in the Iraq under these criteria is controversially discussed: Although it brought the release from a dictatorship, the democracy rather formally interspersed as in Hearts and Minds (heart and heads)Irish Republican Army gravel embodies. A publicised fight of the cultures of some Neokonservativer and also western economic interests led just like the radical Islamic fundamentalism on the opposite side, which democracy and secularization for religious reasons reject, acceptance of in such a way imported democracy model also lacking.First elections took place under a strained atmosphere of the assassination attempts of terror, it won above all Islamic parties.
- Democracy, E-democracy
- authoritarian personality, democratic education, political education, education, Empowerment, commitment
- technocracy, Governance
- representative democracy, a political party, representation
- citizens' participation, participation, Partizipatori democracy, basis democracy, direct democracy, radical democracy, advice democracy, autonomy, restaurant economics
- secularization, citizen, ages of the clearing-up, sovereign, state people, French revolution, Republic of, State of, open society
- power, power distance, delegation