the German course AG (German course getting thing; railways AG or only railways ) are briefly the successor of the two to 31. Decembers 1993 existing railways of the federation, the German Federal Railroads of the Federal Republic of Germany and the German National Railroad of the GDR as well as the West-Berliner VdeR. If these were legally organized as special estates of the federation, then the further by hundred percent Federal German existsCourse AG in a private legal form further.
The German course AG is the largest German parent company of railway infrastructure and railway transport enterprises as well as more or less eisenbahnaffinen service companies. The contraction „railways “of the German Federal Railroads was transferred, however in its graphic conversion as Logo, which modernizes „cookie so mentioned “. Seat that getting thing of the German course AG was first Frankfurt/Main, since 1996 however „the Bahntower “in Berlin. Since the lease runs off 2010, so far a removal is inthe citizen of Berlin main station intended.
At the end of of 2005 was considered also a removal to Hamburg, since in response an entrance would have been possible with Hamburg overhead railway and HHLA. Besides the course with the citizen of Berlin senate lay in the controversy. At the beginning of of 2006the railways decided after discussions with the Federal Government however to remain in Berlin.
To table of contents
|Data conditions April 2006||2003||2004||2005||note|
|company conversion billion €||23,029||23.963||25.1< ref>Press info. German course 31.03.06< /ref>||2003 adapted to design fundamentals 2004|
|coworker||242,759||255,512||230,000||under it approx. 59.000 with the course reform assigned oralmost gave time off|
|an official||Bahnhöfe||5,665||5,697 2004 of it 5,477|
|passenger railway stations enterprise-own railway system||km||35,593||34,718 the entire full traction network of Germany|
|transport achievement passenger traffic:|
|Traveler billion||1,682||1.695||1.8||2004 with average travel width of 41,5 km|
|person kilometers of billion||69,534||70.260||75,5||(= transport achievement from persons times route of transportation)|
|transport achievement goods traffic:|
|Carriage of goods million Tons||of 282.3||283.6||2004 of average transportation distance of 296,1 km|
|ton kilometers of billion||79,864||83.982||90.7||(= transport achievement from mass times route of transportation)|
|transport achievement railway rail net:|
|Route kilometer of railways of courses millions||917,8||912.7||kilometers (person and goods) of the courses|
|route kilometers of external enterprises millions||70,4||88||110|
the company executive committee of the railways AG balanced on his press conference to 31. March 2006 the year 2005 regarding operating result, conversion and passenger numbers as the most successfulin history of the German Federal Republic. Daily about 37,000 course travels take place. The lion's share of the courses becomes thereby of that approx. 30 company railway enterprises driven. The Eisenbahnnetz of the railways applies after Swiss SBB - net as secondaryclosest and most second highest loadedthe world.
Since beginning of 2003 the travels of the courses with the SQF (control system quality driving) are pursued and the Zugverspätungen and their causes are documented. The simulation of problems such as building sites is likewise possible. The quality of the course z becomes external.B. from the arbitration board suburban traffic of the consumer consultation North-Rhine/Westphalia by inquiries of on-time departure performance minutes seizes. Result of the inquiry January to in the middle of April 2003 in North-Rhine/Westphalia: 7.17% of all courses were more than 19 min are late, 2.12% failed completely. At 18,9% of all delays were missed the connecting trains. On the year counted the Verpätungszeit per commuter was on the average about 38,5 hours. Similar Umfagen makes also the passenger federation PRO COURSE .
Before the Deregulierung in the year 1994 the railways held the monopoly on the rail traffic in Germany, apart from some smaller Nichtbundeseigenen railways (NE-courses), which, to a large extent as traditional residues, were in country or local possession. Today it gives somewhat moreas 300 railway transport enterprises (EVU), under it for example also private course companies for the regional traffic and private goods traffic operators.
the official-legal obligations come out from the status of the Federal Railroads and National Railroad (paying, pensions, disease supply) and organizations (social works, medical service) as well as someother things by the earlier federal property changed over to the federal railway ability. The railway Federal Office took over the supervision-official tasks; the adjustment functions for the liberalisierten railway market were settled first likewise with the EBA again, turn into at present however to the federal net agency .
stock exchange course
it is planned that the railways AG go to the procurement of capital to the stock exchange and the portions of the society totally or partly into the hands from private people to thus arrive. Is disputed whether the railway system are likewise denationalizedit is and if whether it is to remain in railway possession. Five different models of the consultant Booz all Hamilton, those control the current privatisation debate from an integrated portion sale under supervision management getting thing up to a complete separation, already existing, of theDriving of the enterprise of the railway system are enough. As advantage of the last model of economists the complete guarantee of the discrimination-free net entrance for other railway transport enterprises and associated competition effects is called such as lowerings of the route prices. Critic like the company line of the railways AG, differentTraffic consultant and - experts argue however, by the separation model were lost important Synergieefekte in the wheel rail system, from which so far above all the line operation profits. In addition the stock exchange course of the course was retarded by the separation procedure which can be completed technically, raised the price of for the federal budget and those Capital ability of the enterprise reduced.
the railways is subdivided into different from each other independent enterprises („operational divisions “) for the following ranges:
- Mobility passenger traffic (railways Regio, railways long-distance traffic(in former times railways Reise&Touristik), railways autocourse, railways city traffic, railways selling (in former times service center selling) and autostrength)
- network infrastructure and services (railways net, railways services, railways telematics, railways of system, railways energy, railways vehicle park, Railways building of projects, railways Station&Service)
- Logistics transport and logistics (Stinnes AG, with the subsidiary companies donors and Railion, in former times railways cargo)
the smaller participation of the railway company are widespread and unclear. By the current restructuring is it with difficulty to keep a complete list of all railway daughters current.
See also major items: Price system of the German course AG
at the end of of 2002 introduced the railways a new price system, it bad pressand sinking market shares brought in. Main point of criticism was the Vorausbuchung for journeys, necessary for a favorable price of transportation, in long-distance traffic, how it is common at airlines. This lowered the flexibility in the selection of travel routes and - times; the prices did not sinkenough, in order to adjust this disadvantage in the customer perception. In the summer the railways improved and led 2003 after substantial protests of parts of its tariff system after among other things the old BahnCard under the name BahnCard 50. Besides the Vorausbuchungsverfahren was simplified,still also without BahnCard 50 reductions of up to 50% of the regular price of transportation makes possible.
In order to improve extent of utilization in long-distance traffic lastingly, the railways began, in fast consequence different special campaigns (durable: „Surf&Rail “, “Surf&Rail international “; seasonally:„Summer-specially “to present „autumn-specially “to etc.) whereby it kontingentierte itself almost exclusively over, course-bound tickets to special fixed prices it acts. Exceptions form for example „the Germany ticket “, a kind limited new edition of a short time mains circuit board, or „the LIDL ticket “, which was sold over the Discounter LIDL. The action prices thatRailways are violently fought against critics, since they strengthen according to their opinion the common perception of the standard prices as too expensive and to the lasting production of new customers do not serve. Conversion and traffic capacity of the railways long-distance traffic AG have themselves however since forcing thatAction offers clearly increased. In the suburban traffic the railways strengthen the paragraph group traffic areas selected by blanket rate offers in group-free and (for example by the land tickets), in order to generate over simple and low-priced offers multi-traffic.
members of the board
past chief executives:
- Heinz dry,1994 to 1997, thereafter chairmen in the railway's supervisory board.
- Johannes load-eternally, 9. July 1997 - 30. Septembers of 1999
members of the board are at present (January 2006):
- Hartmut Mehdorn (chairman since 16. December 1999)
- Diethelm bag (finances & Controlling)
- Margret Suckale (personnel/ director of work)
- Dr. Otto pointing hay (economics and politics)
- Roland Heinisch (system group course)
- Dr. Karl Friedrich intoxication (passenger traffic)
- Dr. Norbert Bensel (transport & logistics)
- Stefan Garber (infrastructure & services)
chairmen of the supervisory board is Dr. Werner Mueller.
- 17. December 1993 - The Upper House of Parliament approves of the course reform after the Bundestag.
- 1. January 1996 - The rail suburban traffic is regionalisiert. The countries order traffic capacities with the railways or its competitor.
- 1996 - Removal of the center of Frankfurt/Main in the Bahntowerin Berlin
- 1. June 1999 - Under the roof of a holding company separate corporations for passenger traffic, freight, net and stations develop.
- 14. December 2002 - To long-distance traffic “early books” - the discount system is introduced. It remains from the outset disputed among the course customers.
- 1. August 2003 - After solid complaints the complicated system is simplified and the old Bahncard with 50% discount advantage experiences their re-establishment.
- 14. January 2004 - With the ceremony for ten-year existence to the German course AG Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder pleads for a privatisation over the stock exchange, if it creates the course to gain 2004 a “black zero” in the result.
- 22. September 2004 - For the year 2006 the angedachte stock exchange course is shifted until further notice.
- 1. October 2004 -In 2. World war abolished adhesion of the course for loss and delay of courses and the right of the customers to remuneration, following from it, is again introduced on solid pressure by press and politics railways of customer rights in long-distance traffic and to 12. December 2004 also the “Charter of the rail passenger traffic” of the community of the European courses (GEB) converted: Railways customer Charter
- November 2005 - the senate of the free ones and Hanseatic city Hamburg offers Hamburg overhead railway to the railways participation in that and that Hamburg port andLogistics AG in response against a removal of the center to Hamburg on. This is rejected in December 2005 by the federation as a sole owner of the railways for location-political reasons.
- 31. January 2006 - The German course AG akquiriert the US-American Logistikdienstleister Bax global Inc. for a transaction volume of 1,1 billion US Dollar of the American The Brink's company.
- price system of the German course AG
- list of German railway companies
- list of European railway companies
- listthe Lokomotiv and motor coach series of the German course AG
Web on the left of
|Commons: German course - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
- www.db.de - company portal of the railways
- www.bahn.de - travel portal of the railways
- www.bahnhof.de - the largest stations of the railways
- ticket automat of the coursefind
- campaign against the stock exchange course of the German course
- Federal Ministry for traffic, building and town development: Stock exchange course of the course/appraisal