It has 31 days.
To 21. or 22. December is the day of the sun turn - the sun stands exactly over the turning circle of the Steinbocks at the southern Degree of latitude of 23°26'. This day is in the Northern Hemisphere the shortest in the year, the night the longest, in the Southern Hemisphere accurately turned around.
The old German name Decembers is July moon. The name comes from the July celebration, the old-Germanic Celebration of the winter sun turn. Other names for Decembers are Christian month, since Christmas, which is celebrated Christian celebration so mentioned, in December, or also welfare moon, there “Christ the welfare brings”. Latter names are naturally only after the conversionthe July celebration in the course of the Christianisierung developed.
In the Roman calendar December was originally the tenth month (lat decem = ten) of the 304-tägigen of moon calendar. In the year 153 v. Chr. if the beginning of the year became however around two months forced, sothat on behalf of and counting relationship were void.
Which concerns the church year, then it, deviating from the lay calendar counting, begins 1 with Sunday, that. Advent. This can lie already in November or also in the December, depending on, at which weekday Christmas lies.
Is the 29. , 30. or 31. Decembers one Monday, are added the days starting from Monday of the first calendar week of the subsequent year. In this case the last calendar week ends of theYearly according to the DIN standard with the last Sunday of December. Such a year has then always 52 calendar weeks.
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|Wiktionary: December - word origin, synonyms and translations|