Dhikr

under Dhikr (Arab: ذكر, „memories “; also Dhikrullah, „memories of God “) one understands the intensive Anbetung of God in the Islam. The Dhikr can be loud practiced, in addition, be had a quietly and so rather meditativen character. It can do both alone and oneExercise of mirror-image-ritual kind and in the community, usually as ceremony of the Sufi - medal (Tariqas) for calling the names of God, to be exercised. That, which exercises a Dhikr, is called Dhakir.

The subject of calling God are usually the ninety-nine different names and/or. Attributes Allahs. At most used Ya Allah ( „Oh Allah “) are, Ya Hu (about: „Oh it “) and Ya Hayy („Oh aliveness “). Beyond that the Schahada ( the Islamic Glaubensbekenntnis) is spoken very often jointly: La ilaha ilAllah („there is no God except Allah “).The loud Dhikr often resembles a rhytmischen speech singing.

The Sufi medals know different kinds of the Dhikr, from East Asian methods of resembling Meditation over from „the turning the wiping “methods (sema) of the Mevlevi practiced - medal from Konya (today's Turkey), up to Selbstgeisselung,similarly as with Indian Asketen („Fakiren “).

The Sufis believes that God is constantly in the human heart present, to become conscious and that Dhikr is a kind tool for it, this göttlichen presence. Some Sufis describes the heart as one „mirrors “, that in the course of the timea strong dirt layer set.Dhikr serves in this case as „a polishing agent “, with which one can bring this mirror back to shining and reflect so the göttliche secret.

Dhikr is not to confound with salāt, that five times on the day ritual prayer which can be fulfilled, thatwith prescribed body movements and that is connected not the internal depth of the Dhikr has, on the other hand one the Sufis designates even salāt than the largest dhikr. Besides there is still du'a, a personal, informal (ask) prayer.

See also: List of Islamic terms on Arab

Literature

 

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