The bridge

of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see the bridge (term clarifying).

The expressionistische group of artists the bridge (often also only “bridge” mentioned) became to 7. June 1905 in Dresden of the four students of architecture Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel and Karl Schmidt Rottluff based. They had created thereby the first artist combination, which understood itself expressly as a representative of the expressionism. With the symbol of the bridge the group wanted to introduce the bank change in the art,in addition, the overcoming of old conventions represent. “The bridge” gave itself close-to-reality in experiencing large city and nature and stressed the graphic expression value conflict-rich reality experience. Contrary to the South German group of artists the blue rider they embodied a reality-referred Expressivität. Their preferentialMotivik was humans particularly to represent (it in its true nature, why e.g. Bathing ones a very popular motive were). Particularly the daughter of nine years of a circus family, Fränzi, was portraitiert by the bridge artists gladly and much. (Starting from 1911) also that became laterMotive of the large city again and again taken up, which particularly accompanied with the conflict with Berlin. On the one hand the large city was repulsively (anonymity, hecticness) on the other hand also tightened them an artist.

1906 closed among other things Max pitch stone and Emil Nolde on. 1907 steppedNolde however. 1908 pushed Kees van Dongen to the “bridge”. Bleyl left the artist community 1909. In the year 1910 Otto Mueller and one year of late Bohumil Kubista was added .

After “the bridge” had moved 1911 to Berlin, their members tookContact to the gallery and magazine “the storm “under Herwarth Walden up. This connection brought cubist elements into the work of the painters. 1913 separated “the bridge” due to the various influences of the city and whereupon following individual development thatInvolved one and internal disputes up. Cause for the final separation was one of Kirchner wrote “chronicle of the bridge”, which the remaining artists rejected.1967 were opened in Berlin the bridge museum Berlin.

Otto Mueller: Two girls in the country


differently than the French Fauvismus, with which they divided many influences from the outside, stressed the bridge painters not only the pictorial form and the picture composition, but in particular the mental-psychological moments and the associated realization or assumption over thatCore of the things. They turned from the people picture 19. Century off and also taboo topics painted, because they wanted to up-shake and worry their fellow men. From this some substantial characteristics result:

  • Intensive and high-contrast use of color
  • change of the form throughconscious coarsing and renouncement of details.
  • “more woodcut-like” a character of the painting
  • angular forms
  • bold spatial arrangement


  • refuge Jähner: Group of artists of bridge. History of a community and the life's work of their representatives. 464 sides. E.A.Seemann publishing house. ISBN 3865021239

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