The Greens (Austria)
the Greens are a party represented in the Austrian parliament, the 1986 from the 1982 the created conservative united Greens of Austria (VGÖ) and the more progressive alternatives list Austria (ALÖ, gegr. 1983) as a Green alternative (GA) developed. Since 1993 it carries the official designation the Greens - the Green alternative (the Green). The contrast between former alternative list and VGÖ coins/shapes the party within many ranges until today, approximately in often different opinions between Federal Party and national parties.
Today the Greens apart from the ecology support also for the rights of the minorities and a ökosoziale tax revision. Their basic values in accordance with the basic policy statement of 2001 read: “determines basis-democratically, force-free, ecologically, solidary, toolistic,”. Analyses show that the Greens address above all a recent, urbanes, formed public.
The party is member of the European Greens a party.
To table of contents
the campaign against the start-up of the nuclear power station Zwentendorf (1978) was like that something like the generation of the green movement; their birth took place then 1984 with the successful resistance against the Danube power station shark castle (occupation of the shark citizens outer ones). Some later Greens were involved in the peace demonstrations and demonstrations of the years 1981 to 1984.
The Greens with 4,82% of the voices and eight mandates drew federal level 1986 into the Austrian parliament. With the preferred national council choice 2002 the Greens attained country widely 9.47% of the voices and 17 mandates. This was at that time by the way the highest voice portion becoming green of a party in completely Europe.
During the feed into the national council the Greens appeared as “citizen fright” and refused initially adapting their behavior to that of the other parties. Thus they refused for example initially designating a club chairman/a Klubobfrau and designated instead a straw doll. World-wide attention excited also was called the swastika flag at the Rednerpult of the Austrian parliament by the Green delegate Andreas Wabl, in order to protest against the Federal President at that time to forest home briefly.
2003 failed to government negotiations on federal level with the ÖVP. In this connection extortion had been accused to the party leadership party-internally; it had broken the negotiations off, after the negotiation results were not sufficient. By the green alternatives youth GAJ briefly the Green club in the parliament had been occupied.
2003 educated the Greens with 3 federal advice for the first time their own club in the Upper House of Parliament.
Federal speaker since 1986
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color: The Greenfrom: 1986 till: 1988 text:Freda Meissner bluefrom: 1988 till: 1992 text:Johannes Voggenhuberfrom: 1992 till: 1994 text:Peter Pilzfrom: 1994 till: 1995 text:Larva line Petrovicfrom: 1995 till: 1997 text:Christoph choir gentlemanfrom: 1997 till: end to text:Alexander Van that barking
color: SPÖfrom: 1986 till: 1987 text: Vranitzky Ifrom: 1987 till: 1990 text: Vranitzky IIfrom: 1990 till: 1994 text: Vranitzky IIIfrom: 1994 till: 1996 text: Vranitzky IVfrom: 1996 till: 1997 text: Vranitzky Vfrom: 1997 till: 2000 text: Climate
color: ÖVPfrom: 2000 till: 2003 text: Dish Ifrom: 2003 till: end to text: Dish II
Vorarlberg was the first Land of the Federal Republic, in which a green party could achieve mandates with elections on land or federal level. 13 per cent of the voices when first beginning with elections of the federal parliament in the year 1984 meant for conditions at that time a sensation. The urige and charismatische Bregenzerwälder farmer Kaspanaze Simma, which stated the list of candidates, had large portion of this success. The introduction in club strength in the Vorarlberger federal state parliament brought also undreamt-of problems with itself, because in evenly only 1981 was intended the fertiggstellen new country house only the premises for three party parliamentary groups. In the consequence the Greens in Vorarlberg in the larger municipalities and on regional level could be durably established. Occasionally they lost the club strength in the federal state parliament however from 1999 to 2004. Present speaker of the Vorarlberger the Greens is Johannes smoke.
Results of the elections of the federal parliament in Vorarlberg:
|Year||per cent||of mandates|
|1984 1||of 13.00%||4 mandates|
|of 1989||5.18%||2 mandates|
|of 1994||7.76%||3 mandates|
|of 1999||6.03%||2 mandates|
|of 2004||10.2%||4 mandates|
results of the elections of the federal parliament in Vienna:
|Year||per cent||of mandates||other|
|1983 1||2.5%||no mandate|
|of 1991||9.08%||7 mandates||1 town councillor/rätin|
|1996||7.94%||7 mandates||1 town councillor/rätin|
|2001||12.45%||11 mandates||1 town councillor/rätin and 1 Upper House of Parliament|
|of 2005||14.63%||14 mandates||1 Upper House of Parliament and 2 town councillors|
1 begun as ALW (alternative list Vienna)
The Viennese Landtagsabgeordeten (and local councils/guess inside) of the current legislative period of the Greens are: Maria Vassilakou (Klubobfrau), whale-trusts Antonov, Heidi Cammerlander, Christoph choir gentleman, Sabine Gretner, Susanne Jerusalem, Alev Korun, Ruediger Maresch, Martin Margulies, Sigrid mushroom, Ingrid Puller, Marie Ringler, Marco Schreuder, Claudia summer Smolik. Nichtamtsführende town councillors are David Ellensohn and Monika Vana.
With the local council and elections of the federal parliament the Greens 12.45% of the voices and thus 11 mandates in the federal state parliament received 2001. In addition it succeeded to them to become with the district agency elections in the district new building with 32,55% of the voices the strongest party and to place thus the district chief. By the election result the Viennese the Greens with Stefan Schennach could nominate a becoming green in the year 2001 as the first an Upper House of Parliament. Despite strong increases it did not succeed however to make a government participation possible because the SPÖ holds an absolute majority since 2001 in the federal state parliament again at mandates.
With the European elections 2004 the Greens in Vienna achieved their best election result. With 22,2% they overhauled the ÖVP (19.0%) and are thus at place 2 behind the SPÖ (37.7%). In the 7.Bezirk (new building) the Greens got 41%. Likewise at the first place the Greens are in the 4.Bezirk (Wieden), in the 6.Bezirk (Maria-help), in the 8.Bezirk (Josefstadt) and in the 9.Bezirk (when suppl. round).
With the local council and elections of the federal parliament 2005 the Greens gained most voices, could however the 2 desired. Place do not reach and landed in voices scarcely behind the FPÖ at place 4. Due to the regionally different voice distribution the Greens have a mandate more than the FPÖ however now with 14 mandates. In addition they place a second not-office-prominent town councillor. With the district agency elections the guidance in new building was developed clearly, with the Josefstadt selected a second district by the majority green. Thus it gives now the two Greens to district chiefs in Vienna. The second place and thus a district chief deputy in each case reached the Greens in the districts 2, 5, 6, 9 and 15.
see also: 2005 Lower Austria since 1998
the Greens with 2 authorized agents are represented local council choice in Vienna in the federal state parliament, 2003 created the Greens of 7.22% and thus 4 mandates (club status). With larva line Petrovic have the niederösterreichschen Greens a former federal spokeswoman and one of the prononciertesten animal contactor gutters of Austria as Klubobfrau. since that time 2005 created the Greens NO the introduction into 100 municipality parliaments and places 4 vice-mayors.
The Greens upper Austria drew upper Austria 1997 for the first time into the upper-Austrian federal state parliament. To the elections of the federal parliament 2003, with which the Greens could book increases, it came to an election campaign, which was designed for a Green government participation, to controversies within the party over the government participation, whereby the civil parliamentary group could succeed approximately around Rudi Anschober and this became finally with an exchange - ÖVP Landeshauptmann against national advice - national advice. The Linzer the Green over the town councillor Jürgen sky farmer had arisen most strongly against the black Greens the government convention. For the first time the Greens in upper Austria could nominate also a Bundesrätin and sent Ruperta Lichtenecker into the Upper House of Parliament.
in Kärnten stepped different green parties on (KEL/AL 1984, other Kärnten 1989 and 1994 and democracy 99 1999), did not create however not the introduction into the federal state parliament, since the Kärntner right to vote requires achieving a basic mandate or a jumping over of a country-wide 10%-Hürde for the introduction into the federal state parliament. Only 2004 created it the introduction in the Kärnter federal state parliament, where they are represented now with the Kabarettisten Rolf Holub and with Barbara Lesjak. On regional level, for example in complaint ford, the Greens in Kärnten played already longer a political role. In the Klagenfurter local council are the Greens by Andrea Wulz, Matthias Köchl, Angelika Hödl and Reinhold gas by represented. Since the local election 2003 the Greens complaint ford place a seat of the government, Andrea Wulz are a office-prominent town councillor for the agendas for the first time women, family and social living new building.
The Greens of two authorized agents , 1994 three and 1999 had Salzburg after the elections 1989 again two. Under Cyriak Schwaighofer remained the Greens with the election of the federal parliament 2004 under their expectations and could not not achieve the club status desired of three mandates. As voter current analyses showed, the small increases fed themselves particularly from former voters of the liberal of forum, which no more did not begin to the choice.
The citizen list (Website) is the group of municipalities of the Greens in the city Salzburg. It bears like many other autonomous groups of municipalities its own name.
sit at present in the steirischen federal state parliament three delegates of the Greens. Klubobfrau Ingrid Lechner Sonnek, likes. Edith Zitz and Peter Hagenauer. The two independent Greens parties exist: on the one hand the national party, on the other hand exists to alternative list Graz for the state capital Graz its own party under the name the Greens -. In the Grazer local council the Greens are represented by Sigi binder , Lisa Rücker , Hermann Candussi and Christina Jahn.
In the Steiermark is the largest green youth organization Austria, the Green youth Steiermark. Beside the Green youth Steiermark exists into the Steiermark Austria far the first country-wide green pupil organization, the ECO Students.
Elections 1984: 2.92%, no mandate (had begun the forerunner list for another Tirol)
Elections 1989: 8.26%, three mandates (of 36) (EH Lichtenberger, Jutta Seethaler, Franz intelligent).
Elections 1994: 10.68%, four mandates (Bernhard Ernst, Franz intelligent, max of cutters and George Willi (club chairman)).
Elections 1999: 8.02%, three mandates (Maria Scheiber, Elisabeth pointing Mueller, Georg Willi (club chairman)).
Elections 2003: 15.59%, five mandates (Sepp Brugger, Maria Scheiber, Uschi Schwarzl, Elizabeth pointing Mueller and Georg Willi (club chairman)).
In Tirol the Greens (the Greens - the Green alternative Tirol, like the official designation reads) placed 1994 with EH Lichtenberger the first green Landesrätin in Austria, entrusted with the environmental agendas.
The portion of 15,59% with the election of the federal parliament 2003 is for the Austrian Greens the best result, which had reached ever a national organization of the Greens. In Innsbruck the Greens reached approximately 27% of the voices. The election result brought also with itself that the animal oilers the Greens could for the first time nominate a member of the Upper House of Parliament now in their history. Delegate to the Upper House of Parliament since 2003 is EH Konrad, before times chairman the Austrian high pupil shank at the University of Innsbruck.
The local council elections 2004 brought a doubling of the mandates for the Greens - easy increases brought the Green to alternative Tirol, the chamber for employees' welfare elections for the “Greens in the AC”.
With the elections to the European parliament the Greens obtained - the Green alternative Tirol with 17,32% of the voices their best result. With EH Lichtenberger place the animal oilers the Greens now a member of the European parliament. From greener view was particularly pleasing cutting off in Innsbruck: there they became with 28,28% the strongest party before ÖVP and SPÖ.
Topics, with which the Greens - who could score the Green alternative Tirol in the past years, were beside social one above all the range traffic. With the member of the European parliament EH Lichtenberger, the national speaker and club chairman George Willi and the speaker of group of regional of Innsbruck Gerhard Fritz the animal oilers the Greens have expressed experts in the traffic sector. The topic is in Tirol of special importance, because the country is troubled by the transit traffic between Germany and Italy over the burner passport. Omissions did not here only throw the Greens to the federal state government, but in particular also the Federal Government forwards, that had not worried about the fact that there is a follow-up regulation for the 1994 with the European Union negotiated transit contract. Beside the Greens in the anti-transit area in the last years different citizens' initiatives became, by means of those also different parties try actively, the environmental topic for itself to stress.
With briefly Green forest a further animal oiler of delegates is in the national council, and also the federal speaker of the Greens Alexander Van that barking has animal oiler roots (it spent here part of its youth and went into Innsbruck into the High School).
the Greens have in the year 2004 country widely about 3,000 members, whereby there are at present no uniform regulations for memberships. In the surrounding field of the Greens a far larger number of persons is active.
The originally very large basis democracy with rotation principle was stopped in the course of the time. As last basis-democratic element the strike ballot kept, which can be introduced country widely by the signature by 100 members. Until 2003 however still no country wide strike ballot took place.
The highest committee is the Federal congress, which will at least once a year call up. All national organizations send delegated, also the MigrantInnenorganisation as “the tenth Land of the Federal Republic” can delegated to send. The Federal congress provides the lists for national council elections or elections to the European parliament. He orders also/the federal spokeswoman. The Federal congress decides the party program and gives the large guidelines.
The extended Federal Administration consists of a smaller number of delegated ones of the countries and meets usually at least once in the month. It provides for the arrangement of the guidelines, as they were given by the Federal congress. He selects also the StellvertreterInnen of the federal speaker/the federal spokeswoman.
The Federal Administration developed in the last years to the actual decision center. He meets at least once weekly, mostly Tuesday, and determines the lines of the daily politics. Also the power of decision is incumbent on it over party finances.
The national organizations are mostly similarly organized: There are state meetings, which are put on as delegate conferences sometimes as meetings of the members, sometimes. , correspond to the extended Federal Administration mostly extended regional-level party councils or national committees, whose delegated by the groups of regional is delegated. Mostly a regional-level party council, which selects a national spokeswoman/a national speaker in some Lands of the Federal Republic, corresponds to the Federal Administration. The federal statute plans beyond that that all national organizations must contain the possibility of the strike ballot.
Independently the national council club in the national council , which can specify its guidelines independently, exists. In the last years however an increasing fusion of the work from a party and club is to be noticed to. Like that Michaela Sburny is since June 2004 as a successor of Franz raft Federal Executive Manager of the Greens, at the same time keeps it in addition, its mandate as a national council delegate.
Within and in the surrounding field of the Greens today different organizations are in particular active, itself as green and/or. understand green near. In addition among other things
- the Greens Andersrum count: The gays -, lesbians - and Transgenderorganisation is in each Land of the Federal Republic differently organized. In Vienna it is a partial organization of the party. Green Andersrum one gives it in all Lands of the Federal Republic except in Vorarlberg and the castle country.
- The Greens senior inside (DGS) became to 9. March 2001 in Vienna based. In addition the “initiative the Green had invited senior inside - IGS Vienna” - based 1997 - into the cafe Landtmann. Beside the Viennese the Greens participated as guests among other things also: Doris Eisenriegler, state parliament delegate from Oö and at the same time initial member that IGS Vienna, Rotraut Mayr and Gernot Schürr from Tirol, as well as Vera farmer from the Steiermark. They occur with their politics for older humans and their rights and want to lead an active, fulfilled and certain life also in this period of life. DGS
- initiative the Green MigrantInnen (IGM): As “the tenth Land of the Federal Republic” special political rights in the Green a party are entitled to them, own delegated ones at the Federal congress.
- The Green and alternative studying (GRASS): The GRASS is stood as a candidate to Austrian high pupil shank its own party and with the elections to. There it is the largest parliamentary group and places since 2003 together with the federation of socialist studying (VSStÖ) the federal executive the Austrian high pupil shank.
- Green alternative youth (GAJ): The GAJ existed for over ten years, had dissolved however due to political differences 2001. Since 2003 find it itself in a reorganization process, in whose framework she is country widely again active. The GAJ is member of the Federation OF Young European Greens (FYEG). The GAJ adds itself radical linking. Beside the GAJ, consisting of the GAJs Vorarlberg, Tirol, Salzburg, upper Austria, Kärnten, the castle country and Vienna exist also the Green youth Steiermark GJ and the Green youth Lower Austria GJ NO, which sees itself closer at the national party.
- Becomes green woman organization: It does not exist at present in all Lands of the Federal Republic.
- ECO Students: If pupil agency becomes green, exists only in the Steiermark.
- The Green economics: The Green economic organization is stood as a candidate and with the chamber of economics elections.
- Alternative one and independent one trade unionist inside (AUGE/UG ): The trade union parliamentary group of the Greens and independent groupings.
The education work of the Greens is settled by the Green education workshop.
to the most well-known initial members and Mentoren count Professor. Alexander mad man, the actor Herbert Fux, the Steyregger mayor Josef Buchner (the first Greens mayors Österreichs - 1987 impossible from the green parliament club), Freda Meissner blue, Günther Nenning, the painter peace realm hundred-one hundred and the Nobelpreisträger Professor. Konrad Lorenz, who supported 1984 protest calls to shark castle.
Today rank among the prominent politicians of the Greens (in alphabetical order):
- Rudolf Anschober (national advice upper Austria)
- Thomas Blimlinger (district chief Neubau (Vienna))
- Dieter Brosz (delegate to the national council, education speaker)
- Christoph choir gentleman (state parliament delegate Vienna)
- EH Glawischnig Piesczek (delegate to the national council, deputy federal spokeswoman)
- EH Lichtenberger (delegate to the European parliament, member of the Austria convention)
- Ulrike Lunacek (delegate to the national council, spokeswoman with regard to foreign policy)
- Karl Öllinger (delegate to the national council, deputy federal speaker)
- larva line Petrovic (Klubobfrau Lower Austria)
- Peter Pilz (delegate to the national council, safety speaker)
- Johannes smoke, (club chairman and national speaker Vorarlberg)
- Marie Ringler, (delegate to the Viennese federal state parliament, culture and technology spokeswoman)
- Michaela Sburny (delegate to the national council, restaurant economics, Federal Executive Manager of the party)
- Therezija Stoisits (delegate to the national council, minority spokeswoman)
- Ingrid Lechner Sonnek (Klubobfrau the steirischen Green)
- Alexander Van that barking (federal speaker, club chairman in the national council)
- Johannes Voggenhuber (delegate to the European parliament; To member of the European condition convention, member of the European convention to the fundamental right Charter)
- Maria Vassilakou (Klubobfrau of the Viennese the Green)
- George Willi (club chairman and national speaker Tirol)
- acquaintance of members of the Greens
- Green delegates to the Austrian national council (22.Legislaturperiode)
- green alternative youth
Web on the left of
- www.gruene.at the Greens - homepage
- www.europa.gruene.at the Greens in the European parliament
- www.gaj.at green alternative & the Green youth
- www.seniorinnen.gruene.at the Greens SeniorInnen DGS