The German armed forces in

all three armed services ( army , Air Force , war navy ) knew ranks in the armed forces like all modern German armies three careers:

Table of contents

army

crews

university forming: Crews carried grey and/or black shoulder straps with the number of the regiment or an appropriate federation with waffenfarbener edge (Paspellierung):

  • Infantry: knows
  • infantry, mountain troops: lightgreen
  • artillery: red
  • medics: grain-flower-blue
  • supply: light blue
  • remote alarm units: lemon-yellow
  • Kavallerie: gold-yellow
  • field gendarmes: orange
  • armor branch: pink
  • pioneers, tank pioneers: black

the actual badges of rank were carried at the left upper sleeve. Beyond that crews carried grey, into the above mentioned. Colors advanced collar mirrors. At the crews there were the following ranks:

their badges carried

NCOs without Portepee of NCOs on shoulder straps, as matte-silver Tresse as edge. Their collar mirrors corresponded to those of the crews.

  • NCO (mountain troops: Upper hunter): U-shaped Tresse
  • SSG (artillery and Kavallerie: Unterwachtmeister): Tresse approximately around the shoulder strap

of NCOs with Portepee

The appointment generally took place after existence of the examination to the main sergeant. Into this utility position prefers technical sergeants and Csms appointed, who maintained their regular rank insignias beside the “piston rings”. As long as they had the utility position, the address for both read (!) Ranks “main sergeants”.

In the war increased also sergeants, every now and then even SSGs and NCOs were appointed first sergeants. Since they had not taken the examination, they were tituliert officially as “main sergeant service door”.

The designation “main sergeant” replaced originally the designation “technical sergeant of the troop” used for the utility position of the first sergeant .

  • Csms (artillery and Kavallerie: Staff being awake master; (Rank 1939 introduced to the three branches of service). Like SSGs, but three stars

officer candidates in NCO rank

  • Fahnenjunker - NCO: like NCO, but with a double Unteroffiziertresse transverse to the shoulder strap.
  • Fahnenjunker sergeant and/or. Wo1: like sergeants, but with a double Unteroffiziertresse transverse to the shoulder strap.
  • Cw2 and/or. Unterarzt with the medics: like technical sergeants, but with a double Unteroffiziertresse transverse to the shoulder strap. In addition cw2 carried the garrison cap of the officers with matte-silver hat cord.

officers

traditional carried German officers of shoulder pieces with waffenfarbener document; General staff officers carried it in karmesin, generals in high red. The shoulder pieces were from Aluminiumgespinst, twisted at second lieutenants and main people next to each other-sewn cords (flat cords), with staff officers quadruple twisted, with generals likewise from golden Gespinst with aluminiumfarbener insert. In addition became if necessary. four-jagged golden or silver stars carried. The officer collar mirrors were attached, somewhat larger at the high-closed anthrazitfarbenen collar and silver with raids in the above mentioned. Colors of the branch of service. Many officers, who participated actively in fighting, did not carry however their badges of rank. Thus they wanted to be prevented, be constituted and killed of hostile snipers as officers.

Offizierschulterstücke in der Wehrmacht
Officer shoulder pieces in the armed forces

of second lieutenants

main people

of staff officers

of generals

of generals carried already since that 19. Jh. red collar mirrors with a golden representative sheet on it.

Air Force

crews

university forming: Crews carried grey shoulder straps with the number of the squadron or an appropriate federation with waffenfarbener edge (Paspellierung):

  • Flying personnel: gold-yellow
  • technical personnel: blue
  • Flak: red

the actual badges of rank were carried at the left upper sleeve. Beyond that crews carried waffenfarbene collar mirrors. At the crews there were the following ranks:

  • Flier: colored collar mirrors with a aluminiumfarbenen double rocker
  • private first class: a grey angle on dark document, colored collar mirrors with two double rockers upper private first classes
  • aluminiumfarbenen: two into one another-pushed angles, colored collar mirrors with three aluminiumfarbenen double rockers
  • main private first classes: three into one another-pushed grey angles, colored collar mirrors with four aluminiumfarbenen double rockers
  • staff private first classes: a twisted grey angle, over it a grey star, their badges carried colored collar mirrors with
four aluminiumfarbenen double rockers

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of NCOs without Portepee of NCOs on shoulder straps, as matte-silver Tresse as edge. Their collar mirrors corresponded to those of the crews. The uniform collar was however with a matte-silver so-called. Unteroffiziertresse provide.

  • NCO : U-shaped Tresse, collar mirror with a aluminiumfarbenen double rocker
  • SSG: Tresse approximately around the shoulder strap, collar mirror with two aluminiumfarbenen double rockers

of NCOs with Portepee

  • sergeant (Flak: Wachtmeister. Like SSGs, but additionally a four-jagged matte-silver aluminum star, collar mirrors with three aluminiumfarbenen double rockers
  • technical sergeant (Flak: Upper being awake master). Like SSGs, but two stars, collar mirrors with four aluminiumfarbenen double rockers
  • main sergeants; only as utility position of the first sergeant; Flak: Main being awake master). Additionally to the badges of the technical sergeant two so-called. Piston rings at lower sleeves
  • Csm (Flak: Staff being awake master). Like SSGs, but three stars, collar mirrors with four aluminiumfarbenen double rockers

collar mirror yellow with silver

of officers

the shoulder pieces of the Air Force corresponded to those with all officers in the army, whereby the document was implemented in the colors planned for the Air Force. The collar mirrors were different and to the put down collar fastened. They showed the respective rank.

second lieutenant

  • second lieutenant. No star, collar mirror: ziselierter silver oak leaves half ring, a aluminiumfarbene double rocker and silver Paspellierung.
  • First lieutenant. A golden star, collar mirror such as second lieutenant, but two rockers.

main people

  • captain: Two golden stars, collar mirrors: three rockers.

staff officers

  • major. No star, collar mirror: silver Paspellierung, a silver oak leaves ring, a silver double rocker
  • lieutenant colonel. A golden star, collar mirror: two rockers
  • Colonels. Two golden stars, collar mirrors: three rockers

of generals

of Air Force generals carried the same shoulder pieces as those of the army, but with white document. The collar mirrors were white with golden Paspellierung, a golden oak leaves ring and golden double rockers.

  • Major general: no star, collar mirror: a double rocker
  • lieutenant general. a silberneer star, collar mirror: two double rockers
  • general of the fliers: two silver stars, collar mirrors: three double rockers
  • colonel general: three silver stars, collar mirrors: on the golden oak leaves ring a golden realm eagle (Air Force execution)
  • general field marshal: two crossed silver marshal staffs. Remarks starting from 1942 were whole from goldfarbenem Gespinst, collar mirror: like colonel general, but additionally two crossed marshal staffs in the catches of the realm eagle.
  • Realm marshal (Göring): Shoulder piece such as GFM, but a golden realm eagle with crossed marshal staffs in the claws, collar mirrors: left: two crossed golden marshal staffs on white reason, doubly gold-borders; right: a realm eagle, gold-borders likewise doubly.

war navy

crews

university forming: Crews did not carry shoulder straps (excluded naval artillery, this like army) and no collar mirrors.

The badges of rank were carried at the left upper sleeve. Beyond that crews carried the respective career badge as golden Aufnäher over the rank insignia. It gave for all crews and Unterofiziere among other things the careers:

  • Maritime service
  • naval measurement service
  • naval medical service
  • naval signal service
  • naval civil service
  • sailor: no rank insignia
  • sailor private first class: a golden angle on dark document
  • sailor upper private first class: two into one another-pushed golden angles
  • sailor main private first classes: three into one another-pushed golden angles
  • sailor staff private first classes: a twisted golden angle, over it a golden four-jagged star
  • sailor upper staff private first class: two into one another-pushed twisted golden angles and a golden four-jagged star over it

NCOs without Portepee

of NCOs carried their badges at the upper left sleeve as crossed anchors implemented easily differently depending upon career. In addition they carried grain-flower-blue collar mirrors.


NCOs with Portepee

Uffz with Portepee carried similarly as the army shoulder straps with Tress and stars, whereby the Tresse was goldfarben. In addition they carried the respective career badge on the shoulder straps. Uffz with Portepee of the attendant career were called not as usual usually Bootsmann, but attendant, Colonel of you man etc.

officer candidate in NCO rank

  • sea-cadet: A round golden Tresse, among them for officers of the navy typical five-pointed golden so-called. Sea-star
  • wo1 to sea : Shoulder piece such as officers, this however smaller implemented and without stars.
  • Cw2 to sea and/or. Naval under physician with the medics: like wo1, but with two four-jagged stars. In addition cw2 carried the garrison cap of the officers.

officers

the shoulder pieces of the war navy corresponded to those with all officers in the army, whereby the document was implemented in for the war navy blue. Collar mirrors were void. The officers maritime service carried the sea-star already mentioned over the strip at the suit. Beyond that there were the careers for officers:

  • Technical service, badge: a golden gear wheel
  • Sanitätsdienst, badge: a golden Äskulapstab
  • naval weapon service: crossed golden pipes
  • check weapon service: a golden Raise
  • marine oh arranging service: golden lightning

of second lieutenants

captain second lieutenant

staff officers

  • lieutenant commander. No star. Sleeve: three middle latitude strip.
  • Commander. A golden star. Sleeve: first four, then three middle latitude strip. Starting from autumn 1944 two middle latitude strip, a narrow strip and a centralbroad strip.
  • Captain to sea. Two golden stars. Sleeve: four middle latitude strip.


flying a flag officers (admirals)

admirals carried the same shoulder pieces as the army generals, but with blue document. Collar mirrors were void also here.

  • Kommodore: Shoulder piece such as captain z.S., sleeves: a broad strip
  • countering admiral: no silver star. Sleeve: more broadly and a centralbroad strip
  • a Vice Admiral: silver asterisking. Sleeve: more broadly and two middle latitude strip
  • admiral: two silver stars. Sleeve: more broadly and three middle latitude strip
  • general admiral: three silver stars. Sleeve: three, as commanders in chief of the war navy four middle latitude strip to the broad strip.
  • Large admiral: two crossed silver marshal staffs. Sleeve: more broadly and four middle latitude strip.


armed forces administration

armed forces officials carried coloured easily amended armed forces uniforms, here gave it a similarly arranged order of rank. In the course of the war still the so-called special leaders were added . This were civilians, those for a special task (e.g. Dolmet) as officers (in the rank second lieutenant, captain or major) were integrated into the armed forces. Their shoulder pieces were nearly the same as the appropriate officers, them carried however geändete, not advanced collar mirrors.


See also: Ranks of the SS

 

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