the conductor is the artistic director/conductor of a making music ensemble (choir and/or orchestra).

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it compiles the musical work and brings it to the performance. ThatConductor has thereby in particular two tasks and/or. Functions:

  • the technical co-ordination of the participating musicians. With the striking of the clock (see impact figure) it marks for all obligatory speed.
  • the interpretatorische organization sovereignty. After the concept of the conductor is thatWork to be compiled and specified (see interpretation).


(in the sense of clock indicate) becomes directed, since one makes music. In 18. Century ensembles were usually led by one of the active musicians (that often also thatComposer of the specified work was). In 17. and 18. Century, the general bass age, was usually taken over by the Cembalo or from a violin the line. In individual cases the leader already stepped before the ensemble. Assistance of a baton, with thatthe clock on the soil was rammed, and it gave musical instructions to arm movements.

The conductor in the function and shape or also job title, how one knows him today, there is only since beginning 19. Century. Increasingly more largely becomingChoirs and orchestras not possibly made the line from the instrument. In the course 19. Century became the position of the conductor a firm size.

The conductor became since then a relatively complex shape. It unites and concentrates in itsPerson the power of the musical organization sovereignty and (ideally) also the authority in addition. It is the needle eye between the exercising musician and what is to be heard as musical product. Common making music does not function here any longer over complex communication structures underthe musicians, but over, expressed, “subordination” exaggerates something. Due to these authority it developed a strong social position, which made the later star conductors possible.

Nevertheless the art lies in the practice of the Dirigates in it, on the one hand the execution of the work which can be specifiedto subordinate by the orchestra musicians the own will; on the other hand this knows however success only if the musicians in this subordination can unfold their own musical-artistic talents complete at the same time. The conductor successful with public and musicians is aware of its.

As Nadia Boulanger 1938 bad clay/tone the Symphony Orchestra directed, fallow it into a traditionally male domain in. Until today only few women succeeded in becoming generally accepted as Dirigentin.

see also

Wiktionary: Conductor- Word origin, synonyms and translations


  • Elke Mascha bright castle: Conductor inside in 20. Century: Portraits from marine Alsop to Simone Young, Hamburg: Europ. Verl. - Institute 2003
  • Norman living right: The myth of the Maestro. The conductor. Typology of occupation conditions,Atlantis music book 1993

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