a thesis (officially also „Inauguraldissertation “) or doctor work is a written scientific work for the acquisition of a doctor degree at a university. The thesis is the written and most important achievement component of the graduation procedure. Further achievement components are a verbal examination (Rigorosum or Disputation) as well as the publication of the thesis. Only if all three achievement components of the graduation procedure are furnished, the graduation procedure thus is successfully final, the doctor degree by the faculty is lent. The actual graduation procedure is however already with furnishing thatwritten and verbal achievements finally, which is documented by the award of the appropriate certification.
Contrary to exam -, Magister - or thesis (diploma) is the thesis and/or. Thesis writing an independent scientific work. It mostly becomes under support of a professor (Doctor father) in addition, at the university accomplished, can be made „outside of “the university and submitted by external.
In some countries (not in Germany) one speaks also with a Magister or a thesis (diploma) of a thesis.
Table of contents
contents and form of theses in Germany
depending upon subject is occupied a thesiseither theoretically with a topic or describes and interprets empirically/experimentally won realizations.
A thesis is to prove that the candidate understands to work scientifically independently. It must contain as a rule new realizations to the selected article. Importantly to the proof of the independentscientific working is also the knowledge of the relevant literature, the knowledge of the methodical approaches, pulling loadable conclusions as well as the imbedding of the own work into the scientific context.
For the range of a thesis there are no regulations, for the quality comesit less on the extent than rather on the content on. In Germany are usual 150 - 400 sides, whereby particularly in the Geisteswissenschaften for a long time a trend appears to by far more extensive work (1000 sides and more). ThoseAcceptance of extensive theses can be rejected; informally at present an extent of approximately 500 print pages is considered, but depends this on the consultants as upper limit of the reasonable one.
For arrangement, quotations of other work and the formal proof of the independence are certain formsusually and/or. in the graduation order of the faculty prescribed. A proven plagiarism or those in part assumption of strange texts without indication of source can lead afterwards to the loss of the doctor degree.
a Dissertant or a graduate student or a Promovent is in University graduate/a Akademikerin,/(mostly after the diploma -, masters - or Magisterstudium and/or. the state examination) aims at the highest academic degree of the doctor.
a condition for a graduation and thus for the preparation of a thesis is todayin all rule an final higher education (diploma, Magister or state examination conclusion); many university teachers attach additionally importance to a good conclusion note. As a rule the interested one to an university teacher turns, the interesting Forschungsgebiet represents and discusses with it a suitablescientific question as topic of the thesis.
The length of time of the topic choice up to submitting the thesis is very different. It depends on the subject, on the topic and on the epoch. During in the first half 20. Century theses oftenwithin a yearly were made, extended the period in the second half to two to five years. In the medicine it goes mostly importantly faster than in the natural sciences. In many spirit-scientific subjects there are still nonetemporal defaults; particularly due to the necessary comprehensive searches as well as the extent it can take here quite five years, until the work is final. For some years some universities of the German linguistic area for some fan write a special doctorate study of twoto four terms before; these doctor studies are abroad with the scientific research doctorates in such a way specified with conclusion Ph.D. usually.
Graduate students in most cases are into the research enterprise of an institute and/or. an academy or a laboratory merged. The financing of the graduate student placesis done from budgetary appropriations, from project funds (third means) or via a scholarship. The salary mostly corresponds to that a half place, because the result of the work about ever to the half the private goal of the graduation and the research tasks of the institutebenefits. Since the owners are merged by regular graduate student places mostly in administration, research and theory of their institute, the completion of the thesis can retard every now and then much. In the Geisteswissenschaften graduate student places are however rare - in many subjects is located at the mostone per university for the order -, why the number of those, which finance themselves over scholarships or extra jobs, is there particularly high.
Although together with the thesis writing nearly always also a Selbstständigkeitsversicherung in lieu of an oath is demanded, lately unfortunately drawsthe trend off to let the achievement settle against contribution of a fee totally or partly from one „Ghostwriter “. Apart from rejecting the work or subsequent denying are when becoming known such procedure also criminal consequences because of To expect perjury and fraud. Enterprises, which promise graduation consultation “a rapid way to the doctor title in the context of one „and contacts to Ghostwritern obtain, act at least in a legal (and moral) gray area.
the finished thesis becomes with thatFaculty submitted, which orders the graduation procedure open and a graduation committee. The formal proceeding with the graduation procedure is fixed in the graduation order of the faculty.
The graduation committee examines first the form of the thesis and decides on acceptance or refusal. With acceptance he asksat least two university teachers (habilitierte lecturers or professors) around a written investigation of contents and form of the thesis. If the two appraisals in their evaluation deviate clearly from each other, a third appraisal can be requested. Some faculties require thirdAppraisal, even if both first suggested the note summa cum laude. Appraisals and thesis can thereafter a certain time (mostly two weeks) in the faculty administration „faculty-publicly “be seen and possible objections be announced.
The thesis is, thus thata written achievement component of the graduation procedure, existed, follows the verbal achievement component of the graduation procedure, which Rigorosum („examination “in the graduation subject) and/or the Disputation (or Defensio/defense).
The Disputation consists of (university) a public lecture (mostly 20 to 30 min.) and a following about in-hour discussion/questioning(= actual defense). In addition, the lecture is held today mostly over the topic of the thesis, it gives faculties (z. B. the philosophical faculties in Tübingen and Kiel), at which the candidate must speak over a topic, infor thesis stands for no connection. Since thus the kind of the procedure from subject to subject and from university to university varies strongly, a comparability is hardly given.
The Rigorosum is a verbal examination and extends also over neighbouring fields of activity,by two Nebenfachprüfungen to be mostly taken off. The examiners are three to five university professors and/or. Lecturers (under it at least the consultants of the thesis), of whom one also the faculty/university to belong does not have, at which the thesis one submits.
Is the graduation proceduresuccessfully finally, it is obligation to publish the thesis. This can happen with a publishing house, in the self publishing house, in a technical periodical or as microfilm. Ever more frequently by the universities also digital net publications (particularly in the pdf - format) are recognized. Into thatThe admission of the work applies for Geisteswissenschaften into a regular publishing house program as particularly honorable. Often a subsidy must be paid to the publishing house, which a considerable cost factor in „the Gesamtrechnung means “for the troubles of the doctor becoming. Many institutes lead special publication rows forthe publication of theses (e.g. „Series of publications of the institute for… “). The proof of the publication is done via delivery of a prescribed number of printed copies to the faculty or the university library, which continues to hand in principle a copy to the German library.
Only alsothe publication of the thesis all achievement components of the graduation procedure are furnished. The doctor degree will lent and the doctor titles may by the candidate be led. The doctor degree occupies the ability to the independent scientific work. The award of the doctor degree (and other academic degrees) is the most distinguished right of the faculties.
evaluation stages of a thesis
for the graduation can apply depending upon graduation order to the respective doctor degree of a University of the following evaluation stages:
|summa cum laude („with highest praise “)||means an excellent achievementand corresponds to the note opus eximium („outstanding work “) for the thesis. This descriptor is assigned only rarely in most subjects.|
|magna cum laude („with large praise “)||means a very good achievement and corresponds to the note opus valde laudabile („very muchpraise-worth work “) for the thesis|
|cum laude („with praise “)||means a good achievement and corresponds to the note opus laudabile („praise-worth work “) for the thesis|
|would guess/advise („rule in accordance with “)||means a sufficient achievement and corresponds to the note opus idoneum („suitable work “) for thoseThesis|
|more insufficienter/non would guess/advise („insufficiently “) and/or. sub omni canone („below each yardstick “)||meant formerly a insufficient achievement/thesis (therefore it the phrase „under all cannon “)|
the evaluation stages can also all on German take place and over „be insisted “supplemental. ManyPublishing houses accept only work for publication, which was evaluated at least with magna cum laude.
the most frequent doctor degrees in German-language countries are in the article doctor to be found. In the connection the designation thesis becomealso the terms graduation, doctor work, doctor diploma, doctor letter and doctor examination determined.
- dock And. Jürgens, How publish I mean doctor work?, Publishing house Ludwig, Kiel 2006. ISBN 3-937719-28-8
Web on the left of
- DrArbeit.de - job exchange service for doctor work. Switching of graduate students and doctor father
- thesis on-line one
- Austrian thesis data base
- OPUS Metasuche
- Thesis registered association, the country wide Doktorandenetzwerk for attaining a doctorate andAttained a doctorate
- panel for graduate student
- graduate student stock exchange for the switching of graduate student and doctor father
- “How ton of Write A PhD Thesis”
- “How ton of Write A Ph.D. Thesis "