|of these articles treats the Turkish city, for the province of the same name sees Diyarbakır (province).|
Diyarbakır (aramäisch and Kurdish Amed, in the antique Amida) is the capital of the province of the same name Diyarbakırand is because of the Tigris in the southeast of Turkey. The number of inhabitants of the city amounts to 1.244.273 (2005), by the majority Kurds.
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Diyarbakır was the capital of the Aramäer of Beth Zamani (2. Millenium v. Chr.). Their Armenian and aramäischen Urbewohner, also Syrian (türk. Süryani) mentioned, became 1915 on Veranlassung of the Osmani realm of theirKurdish neighbours massakriert (genocide at the Armenians). Today only few Armenian and aramäische families live in Diyarbakır.
name of the city
the oldest name appears in assyrischen historical sources as amide or Amed. These sources originate from the year 1300 v. Chr. That is also the epoch, in which the first testified settlement Ameds developed. In Greek and latin sources it appears as Amido and Amida. After the Okkupation by those Arab armies emerge also the names amide and black amide . It means that the additive black of the color of the stones comes, which were used with the building of the city.
In other sources it is explained that the name Diyarbekirfrom the ruler or the master prince Bekr would come, which established itself with the Arab idea in the area. To further Syrian sources the name of the aramäischen word “Dayr Bekir” (= first church, or church of the virgin [Maria]) would come intoSupport to the nut/mother God church (Meryem Ana Kilisesi) in the city. The church is one of the oldest churches at all and is from that 2. Jh. come. As Diyar i Bekri (in the meaning of area of Bekr) became it inRun of the time to Diyarbekir. Turkey converted then the name Diyarbekir 1937 into Diyarbakir (area of the copper). In the people the name Amed is common.
Diyarbakır is an important industrial site in Turkey andin Südostanatonlien. The large Südostanatolien Staudammprojekt gave also an upswing to the agriculture. Nevertheless many humans emigrate into the Turkish towns with millions of inhabitants (predominant Istanbul).
Diyarbakir possesses one the largest and besterhaltenen attachment plantthe world. It consists mostly of basalt. The plant is divided into an inside and an outside section.
Outside part: In the year 349 the Roman Cäsar Constantius II. leaves.the walls and castle of the city renewextend and. Thus the walls received their current appearance. Since then each culture in the walls perpetuated itself by developing. The wall is about five kilometers long and has a height of ten to twelve meters and a thickness ofthree to five meters. It has 82 towers and four gates. The gates point to the four directions:
- Dağ Kapısı (mountain gate) or Harput Kapısı in the north
- Urfa Kapısı or Rum - gate in the west
- Mardin Kapısı or Tel - gate in the south
- Yeni Kapı (new gate), Dicle - gate or CSU - gate in the east.
Internal part: This barrier is in the northeast part of the outside barrier.The castle is separated by walls from the outside barrier. Within this barrier a hill with a quarter of the Viran Tepe lies is called. Sultan Süleyman I.increased this plant. It has 16 towers and four gates, from those itself two- Fetih Kapısı and Oğrun Kapısı - outward and the other two - Saray Kapısı and Küpeli Kapısı - open to the city.
Diyarbakır is the place in the world, where the largest Wassermelonen grow.Each year is celebrated the so-called “Melonenfestival” (karpuz festivalı), gotten with that the farmers for its harvest an honor (medals, a gift o.a.). The weight of the green geschreiften melons is with 40 to 65 kilograms. One setsalso small children into the scooped out Wassermelonen, in order to emphasize their size.
- Abdulkadir Aksu (present Minister of the Interior of Turkey)
- Arif (poet)
- sheikh Haydar Safawi (gest. 1488), large masters of the Safawiyya Sufis and father of the later Schah IsmailI., Founders of the Persian Safawiden - dynasty
- Izzet Altınmeşe (singer)
- Mar Yeshua (Syrian /Aram of äischer writers)
- Mehmed Emin Bozarslan (writer)
- Mor Dionysius Jakob bar Salibi († 1171) large one Syrian aramäische theologian and writer
- Nesimi (poet)
- Ziya Gökalp (Politologe)
- max van Berchem; Josef Strzygowski: Amida. Heidelberg 1910.
- Julian Raby: Diyarbakır, A rival tons of Iznik. A sixteenth century tile industry in eastern Anatolia, in: Istanbuler reports 27/28 (1977/78) S. 429-459.
Web on the left of
- official ones Side of Diyarbakır, Turkishly
- interesting information about Diyabakır, English
- a portal of and over Diyarbakir, Turkishly
coordinates: 37° 54 ' 39 " N, 40° 14 ' 12 " O