Thunder mountain

of these articles is occupied with the mountain thunder mountain. For the parliamentary group of the Frankfurt national assembly see thunder mountain (parliamentary group).
Blick auf den Donnersberg von Steinbach am Donnersberg
View of the thunder mountain of Steinbach at the thunder mountain
situation of the thunder mountain in Germany

the thunder mountain (lat. Mons Jovis, frz. Mont Tonnerre) in the thunder mountain circle (Rhineland-Palatinate) the highest mountain massif of the Pfalz is with 687 meters. Several crests the basic mountain lies in the Nordpfälzer mountain country between skirt living and Kirchheimbolanden, not completely in the center of the town triangle Bad Kreuznach, Worms and Kaiserslautern. Its highest collection is that King chair, (with much Fantasie) as piece of rock throne-like which can be regarded.

The thunder mountain run over a distance of 7.200 m with an upward gradient of 418 m, cumulated, is annually in February the 1. Run of the Pfälzi mountain run series.

Table of contents

geology

left open copper pit „Katharina 1 “in CIM brook

the thunder mountain takes a floor space of approx. 2,400 hectars, possesses a diameter of about. 7 km and towered above its surrounding countryside around approximately 300 M. It lies in the northeast of the Nordpfälzer of mountain country at the border to the Rhine-hessian hill country. Geologically the Nordpfälzer mountain country is assigned to the Saar close basin, which as link between lain the north Rheini slate mountains and that South West German layer stage country following south functions itself.

The mountain resulted in the age Permian, the upper red-lying in the transition from the lower one to, from volcanic elevation. It was however no active volcano; within the range of the Nordpfälzer of mountain country from the interior of the earth ascending sour magma masses solidified due to their thickness still underneath the earth's surface usually as Intrusivgesteine.

The western part of the thunder mountain massif is characterized by many single mountains, which are separate by deeply cut valleys. In contrast to it the northeast main stick of one becomes about 300 hectars of largeHigh surface with only easy downward gradient taken, from which then steeply dropping Hanglagen lead to Tale.

At the western edge of the plateau in the east the king chair rises. It is a fissured, however accessible Rhyolithblock, that approx. 8 km deeply into the earth's crust in-hands.

InHydrothermale mineral sowing ions, which made an expanded ore mining industry possible, are southwest of the mountain (with CIM brook). In different quarries the hard rock is won for use in road construction.

Flora and fauna

the thunder mountain is today totally wooded, predominant with hardwood, of it about 50% beeches and 25% Birken. With the resinous wood spruces and Kiefern prevail forwards. A large existence of Edelkastanien is remarkable in the eastern peripheral location. This tree species came with the Romans around the Christian turn of an era into the Pfalz.

At game are beside wild pigsTo find , deer and hare also Mufflons.

history

Keltenwall on the thunder mountain

Keltenzeit

on the high plateau of the mountain the remainders of a split celtic ring barrier plant (Oppidum) are, those with altogether 8.5 km length one the largest this kind norththe alps was. Them became in the La-Tène-time, about 150 v. Chr., establishes and took a surface of 240 hectars, whereby at the eastern Hauptwerk a wall height of approximately 4 m is proven. A small section was reconstructed (S. Photo).

The entire plant becameabout 50 v. Chr. on peaceful way clearing. It is further below in detail described.

Teuton time

the German name thunder mountain lets assume that the mountain massif, which on the other hand the Nordostpfalz lain in its Lee often gives to dry periods frequently cloud-imposed from the west, with that Teuton the God Donar was holy. But also latin name (mountain of the Jupiter) speaks, which possibly developed in similar translation, when once the Romans took the area in possession.

the Middle Ages to modern times

the five castles fir rock, wild stone, high rock, Falcon stone and Ruppertsecken, which surrounded the thunder mountain in the Middle Ages, underline its strategic meaning.

1335, in the late Middle Ages, became within the high surface the monastery pc. Jakob based. Monks rodeten the area within the range of the former ring barrier and managed it for self-supply. Around 1550,after the reformation, the monastery was again dissolved there and a agricultural yard property (with 70 hectars field and meadow country) was furnished, which was until 1854 in enterprise. Afterwards it bought up the Bavarian state and left the entire area up forests. At the place of the formerYard stands today a hotel.

name giver

the thunder mountain was after 1797/98 name givers for the French Département thunder mountain and 1969 for the today's Rhineland-Palatinian thunder mountain circle.

buildings

Keltenwall, Nahaufnahme
Keltenwall, close-up

Keltenwall

the barrier consists of oneEast and a west work and by the Celts were twice renewed. Inside the barrier (and that is so far unique) is one square-dig. At the so-called cinder barrier at the northern corner point 2004 excavations with the goal run of proving a celtic glass production for the year. FirstExcavation results probably make the thesis that the Celts at the cinder barrier glassed Rhyolith in furnaces, in order to arrive in such a way at Rohglas, which was re-used for the production of decoration and customs goods.

However from the size the barrier plant belongs to the most important celtic Oppida at all. Besidethat square-digs and for glass production so far also a bronze oh nail head, Münzfunde of the Leuker and from Roman time was made. In recent time there were further finds of bronze metal parts, z. B. small, scarcely 4 cm be enough conical approaching bronze case with double side. It was supposedthe point of a celtic drinking horn.

Keltenwall and square-digs can on the so-called Keltenweg be erwandert, which runs along the eastern main barrier plant.

Ludwig tower

900 m east the king chair was built 1864/ 65 by a pfälzisches Turmbaukommitee of the 27 m high Ludwig tower. 1952 one had to restore it from reason on, in order to protect it the outline. Today the tower is cared for by the thunder mountain association.

In clear weather one has a outstanding all-round visibility from here over far parts of Rhinehesse, the Nordpfälzer of mountain country and the Pfälzer of forest.One looks for example eastward up to to approximately 30 km (air line) removed cathedral city Worms and can in the northeast with very good view even the Skyline of Frankfurt/Main recognize, where there is about 70 km.

TV tower

near the Ludwig tower1961/62 in reinforced concrete construction way 204.82 m a high TV tower of the southwest broadcast were established. It serves as (similar) basic utilizable transmitter for UKW sound broadcasting and TV. The tower not accessible for the public became a far away visible landmark of the thunder mountain. The following programs are radiated from it:

Sound broadcasting SWR1 99.1 MHz/60 KW
SWR2 92.0 MHz/60 KW
SWR3 101.1 MHz/60 KW
SWR4 (radio Kaiserslautern) 105.6 MHz/60 KW
TV First Channel 21
Second Channel of German Television Channel 25
Southwest Rhineland-Palatinate Channel 48

US radio station

between TV tower and king chair became after the Second World War for those U.S. Army the largest radio station of Western Europe provides, which had a paramount meaning in particular in the times of the cold war for connection into the USA.

start

the approach road to the plateau of the thunder mountain been made by the air health resort THEN rock, local part phloem house. An additional return trip possibilitythe one-way street offers directly after THEN rock.

literature

  • Andrea Zeeb Lanz: The celtic Oppidum on the thunder mountain
  • briefly Bittel: Excavation on the thunder mountain (Rheinpfalz). in: Germania. PH. of Zabern, Mainz 14,1930, 206-214, ISSN 0016-8874
  • Heinz Josef of angel: Those square-digs, excavation 1974/75.The thunder mountain, excavations, research,History 1. Franz Steiner, Wiesbaden 1976, ISBN 3515023496
  • briefly Bittel: The thunder mountain, a celtic city plant. Franz Steiner, Wiesbaden 1981, ISBN 3515035753
  • briefly Bittel: The contribution of the excavations on the thunder mountain for the knowledge lateceltic city plants. Steiner, Stuttgart 1989.

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coordinates: 49° 37 ' 29 " N 7° 55 ' 38 " O

 

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