|coat of arms||map|
|Wahlspruch: The heart of Westphalia, strongly in Europe|
|Land of the Federal Republic:||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|landscape federation:||Westphalia lip|
|regional association:||Regional association Ruhr|
|surface:||280.3 km ²|
|inhabitants:||587.830 (30. June 2005)|
|Population density:||2,086 Einwohner/km ²|
|height:||50-254 m over NN|
|postal zip codes:||44001 to 44388|
|preselections:|| 0231 (local area network Dortmund)|
02304 (local area network of swords)
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 51° 31 ′ N, 7° 28 ′ O 51° 31 ′ N, 7° 28 ′ O
|municipality key:||05 9 13 000|
|GROOVE - region::||DEA52 (Dortmund)|
|city arrangement:||12 urban districts|
of the city administration:
| Peace place 1|
|mayor:||Dr. Gerhard Langemeyer (SPD)|
|majority in the town councillor:||SPD, alliance 90/Die the Green|
|last choice:|| 26. September 2004|
(ballot: 10. October 2004)
|Next choice:||Autumn 2009|
|debt conditions:||979,5 millions € (4. March 2004)|
|unemployment ratio||17.6% (28. July 2005)|
|Foreigner portion||of 12.7% (30. November 2004)|
|Written one Student (Uni/FH/etc.)||approx. 30.000 (SS 2005)|
| age structure: |
(31. December 2003)
Dortmund (westfälisch duo RPM, rare Düöpm; Latin Tremonia) is a circle-free city in the eastern Ruhr district. It is belonged the largest city as well as economics and commercial centre of Westphalia and to the governmental district Arnsberg (North Rhine-Westphalia). Depending upon exact payment date and source it is because of sixth to respected place of the largest German cities. Dortmund the ninth-largest circle-free city of Germany is surface moderate. the city is member in the landscape federation Westphalia lip and in the regional association Ruhr
Dortmund develops from an industrial city to an important Hightech location in North-Rhine/Westphalia: In former times above all coal admits by steel , and beer as well as by the local soccer association, carries out itself the change of the heavy industry over service and research up to the high technology. Nevertheless the city possesses still one of the highest unemployment ratios in West Germany. Dortmund is most important traffic center in the easternRuhr district and point of attraction for the surrounding countryside rurally coined/shaped up to the western neighbour cities. Since excess of the 100.000-Einwohner-Grenze 1895 is Dortmund large city.
Dortmund lies in the middle west of Germany. The city is in the southwest of the Westfäli bay. South Dortmund rise the Ausläufer of the Ardeygebirges and the sour country, north borders the cathedral Muenster on Dortmund. In the east liesthe Soester Börde and in the west the population centre Ruhr district, whose westfälischem part belongs also to Dortmund. The city is to that at the upper run Em and because of the central run of the Ruhr. Into the latters flows south to the city boundary (below the Hohensyburg and alreadyon the city of Hagen) the Lenne. North the city flows the lip. The Dortmund Ems channel ties up Dortmund to inland waterway craft travel the duct system .
Highest collection of Dortmund is the Klusenberg with 254 meters over Normalnull, lain in the quarter Syburg. The lowest point is with 50 meters over Normalnull in the northwest of the quarter Mengede in the place, in which those withdraws Em from the city. As town center and thus general point of reference the Reinoldikirche is considered, more exactly said to their towerpin on the west side, been on 85.42 meters over Normalnull, 7° 28 ' 6 of " eastern length and 51° 30 ' 58 " northern latitude. In Dortmund as in completely Germany the Central European time, the middle local time applies remains this opposite 30 minutesand 7.7 seconds back.
expansion of the city
the city of Dortmund covers 280.347 km ². The longest expansion in north south direction amounts to 21 km, in east west direction 23 km. Of Dortmund city boundary altogether 126 km are long,it divides 76 km with the circle Unna, 21 km with the circle Recklinghausen, 17 km with the Ennepe Ruhr circle, 10 km with the city Bochum and 2 km with the city Hagen.
in the northwest bordersthe circle Recklinghausen with the cities Castrop Rauxel and Waltrop at Dortmund. From northeast to southeast Dortmund of the circle Unna with the cities Lünen is, came, Unna, which clasps municipality Holzwickede as well as the city of swords. To it closesthe short city boundary to the circle-free city Hagen directly in the south on. West Dortmund continues to push stove corner and jokes to the Ennepe Ruhr circle with the cities. Exactly in the west the circle-free city Bochum finally lies.
Dortmund city center west, city center north, city center east, Eving, crowd refuge, Brackel, Aplerbeck, horde/hurdle,
- Lütgendortmund is divided
- the twelve urban districts
- , three
- city center districts and
- an enclosing
- ring from
- nine further
- Huckarde and
See also: List of the quarters in Dortmund
Dortmund lies like completely Germany in a moderate climate zone. Tendentious the climate is in Dortmund rather maritime coined/shaped as continental, it shows upsome typical climatic characteristics closely populated area. The amount of precipitation is clearly lower with annually 750 mm in the average of many years than in the surrounding low mountain ranges. Most rain falls in the summer time area (July on the average 80-90 mm), few in the winter time area (February on the average40-50 mm). The winters are cool with -6°-11° C in January mildly and the summers with 10°-35° C in August relatively. The middle yearly temperature amounts to 9-10° C.
in Dortmund live more women than men. The portionthat is to the female population accordingly the male population with 48,4 per cent about 51,6 per cent.
For well 20 years the natural population movement shows a negative tendency. That means that the number of deaths is higher than those of the births. ThisPopulation losses become partly balanced by the influx of humans. In the past five years Dortmund registered a migration surplus.
The foreigner portion of the Dortmunder population is to 23.5 per cent with 12,7 per cent, of it again comes from the European Union member states. The largest group thatTurks educate foreign inhabitant, followed from Yugoslavs and Poland. Between the urban districts it gives large differences with the portion to the foreign population. If Brackel and Aplerbeck live only about 5 per cent foreign citizens in the urban districts, then there is in the urban district city center north41.5 per cent.
Source: Annual report Dortmunder population 2005, city Dortmund - office for Statitik and elections
first traces of the settlement on the today's Dortmunder city go back into the Bronzezeit. Dortmund becamearound 880 to 885 the first time as „Throtmanni “(old-Saxonian for „throat mountain “) mentions. the Ersterwähnung of the Dortmunder of market rights is 990. In the 11. Century became the legend after Reinoldus the protection patron of the city. 1152 found in Dortmund a large realm meetingunder emperors Friedrich Barbarossa instead of. In the year 1293 Dortmund the brewing right is lent to the city.
in the sketch of the Hanseatic city plays the light way as trade route a special role. Due to the dreissigjährigen war Dortmund lost muchat meaning. The number of inhabitants of Dortmund sank up to the year 1793 on 4500 inhabitants.
Until 1803 the Dortmund belonging to the Niederrheinisch Westfäli realm circle was free realm city, then the city came as Exklave to the Principality of Oranien Nassau. 1806 became Dortmund as part of theFrench Grand Duchy of mountain prefecture of the Ruhr section. After the Prussian victory over Napoleon Dortmund fell finally 1815 to the Prussian province Westphalia. Here Dortmund became 1817 seat of a district within governmental district the Arnsberg, from which Dortmund separated 1875,in order to become a circle-free city.
Starting from the center 19. Century began by the Kohlenförderung and steel processing the renewed ascent of Dortmund and the change to an industrial city. Since the opening of the Cöln Mindener railway in the year 1847 Dortmund became tooan important traffic center in the Ruhr district. 1899 made a further important contribution for economic development the opening of the Dortmund Ems channel and thus the port.
Already 1905 began those with the integration of roughen a wave of incorporations, with the law overthe local re-organization of the Ruhr district of 1928 their high point with the incorporation of the city horde/hurdle (those already 1340 municipal rights received) reached. During the Second World War the city was strongly destroyed with their historical churches. 98% of the settlement surfaces in the city layin rubble. According to contemporary reports was first considered not constructing the city center again. The reconstruction preceded altogether seen however so fast that 1950 of the 500.000. Inhabitant was born.
See also: History of the city Dortmund
development of thePlace name
Dortmund was in particular mentioned for the first time around the year 882 in the arable of the monastery . The knappe, latin entry reads „in throtmanni rather homo arnold [US] viii [arios] nob [is] soluit [solvit]. “ (German: „In Throtmanni the free man pays us Arnold of 8 Pfennig. “) Few years later, in the year 899, Dortmund was mentioned again in a document, this time than Trutmania. From the following years many different entries are such as Trutmenni (928), to Thortmanni (939), Trotmannia (941), Drotmanni (953), Thrutmanniu (978), Therotmani, Thertmanni, Thertamanni (983-1002), Trutmundi (997), Dretmonna and Thortmanne (1002-34), Trutmonia (1024), Trytemanne (1030), Trudimonia (1033) and so on, which are to due however all to the same Lautstamm. The use of the individual designations appears arbitrary thereby. 1152and thus one year after its stay in Dortmund placed emperors Friedrich I. Cologne archbishop the Arnold II. a document out, those latin designation „in burgo Tremonia “(German: „in the city Tremonia “) contains. From this time on is in latin the sources the designation Tremonia and it is only assumed that this decreases/goes back to an arrangement Friedrich Barbarossas. On Tremonia also the altfranzösiche designation Trémoigne and Trimoniaborg decreases/goes back into the Norwegian Karlsepen . Only as in 14. Century again German sources arose, are also again linguistically developed further forms of the original name such as Dorpmunde or Dortmunde. These forms were then shortened in the westfälischen flat to duo RPM (more rarely also Düöpm).
Those the word trunk Throtmanni something similarName forms deduce themselves from the oldSaxonian and give up to today mysteries. Hermann Jellinghaus translated Throtmanni with „settlement at gargling waters “(literally: „Gurgel “or „Kehlbach “), Jürgen Udolph however attributed in a detailed investigation Dortmund to Throtmande and translatesthis with „throat mountain “, thus a mountain with cut present above and a deep. Both interpretations close on the description of special geographical conditions, which are no longer comprehensible today however due to the land development. The designation Tremonia does not lead itself directlyfrom this word trunk off. One assumes that on use of this designation the good phonetic sound and the out volksetymologischer perspective existing sense content played a role. The name became then from the words tres or tria (Latin for three) and moenia (wall) build up and as much as three-wall city mean. Not comprehensibly it is with the fact however to what extent thereby actually to a three-way Ummauerung of the city one alludes. Also the name form Throtmanni was subject to volksetymologischen interpretations. Thus chroniclers of the late Middle Ages refer that to two villages,„alde “and „the new Dorp “, which are to have been appropriate both with a castle „for Munda “and which settlement core of the city Dortmund to represent. This Saxonian castle was conquered by the Romans (or also Franconias) besieged and. Of the Roman battle call „trucide, trucide “ (German: „Metz ELT it down, Metz ELT them down “) would have only understood those Saxonia in the absence of of latin knowledge trutz or trot and thereupon first the Romans and later the place spöttisch than Trotmanni (Trutzmänner) designates.
Into the city Dortmund the following municipalities became in in common December:
- 1905: Municipality roughens
- 1914: Municipalities Deusen, Dorstfeld, Eving, Huckarde, Kemminghausen, lime tree refuge, cream and Wischlingen
- 1918: Municipalities Brackel and Wambel
- 1928: Urban area (since1911) Horde/hurdle and municipalities woodlice, Bodelschwingh, Bövinghausen, Brechten, Brüninghausen, Ellinghausen, Schwieringhausen, Grevel, getting living, Kirchderne, Kirchlinde, Kley, Lanstrop, Lütgendortmund, Marches, Mengede, nice one, Oespel, Westerfilde, Wickede and parts of Derne (all district Dortmund)
- 1929: Municipalities Aplerbeck, Barop, mountain yards, Kirchhörde, Kurl, stirring up, Sölde, Syburg and Wellinghofen as well as parts of Somborn (all district horde/hurdle)
- 1975: For municipalities felling trees and light village as well as parts of book wood
Dortmund with the neighbouring cities Cologne and Soest applied for inhabitant development diagram of the population trend of Dortmund from 1380 to 2005 as onethe largest cities in the area of the today's Federal Republic of Germany. Occasionally a number of inhabitants is called of up to 15.000. But this number is historically not secured. Historians proceed from a number of inhabitants between 6.000 and 10.000.
In the course of the Middle Ages sankunder wars and feuds as well as by plague epidemic diseases the numbers of inhabitants on approximately 4.000. 1793 had Dortmund of 4,500 inhabitants. Until 1895 the town center in the course of the industrialization grew on 110.000 humans.
After the incorporation of the city horde/hurdle and the districtsDortmund and horde/hurdle lived 1929 about 536,000 persons in the city. The 2. World war depopulated the destroyed Dortmund. 1945 one counted 340,000 humans. Afterwards many settled evacuated humans and refugees in the rural surrounding countryside in Dortmund. The numbers of inhabitants roserapidly. 1965 were reached with 657.804 citizens a highest level. Town planners dreamed about a million-metropolis, but it came differently. Until 2000 the number of inhabitants sank on 588.994 humans.
The following overview shows the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions. Until 1833 it actsitself usually around estimations, afterwards around census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices and/or the city administration. The data refer starting from 1843 to „the localpresent population “, starting from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to „the populationat the place of the main dwelling “. 1843 ago the number of inhabitants was determined in non-uniform collection procedures.
¹ census result
of the 587,830 inhabitants of Dortmund 34.6% are Evangelist, 29.6% catholic and 0.7% Jewish. The Islamic religion is seized separately by the office for statistics and elections of the city Dortmund, considers one however the numbersfor the origin of the Dortmunder population a portion of 6% - 8% of Islamic faith results. 34.8% of the population are denominationless or belong to other religions.
Dortmund belonged since the establishmentto the ore diocese Cologne and was seat of a Archidiakonats. Starting from 1523 gradually the reformation gained a foothold. But starting from 1562 the communion was only expenditure-divided in both kinds of shape. The city was predominantly Protestant thereafter. As free realm city Dortmund could do also thosereligious affairs regulate and received the city in such a way 1570 a new church regiment. Prevailing was the lutherische confession. The reformed confession was not at all certified until 1786. 1625 established the advice the Superintendentur Dortmund. From this developed after the transition onPrussia the later parish district Dortmund within the Evangelist church in Prussia and/or its westfälischer Provinzialkirche. Later the parish district Dortmund was divided into four parish districts. Today the parish districts Dortmund center northeast (22 church municipalities) form, 2002 fused from the parish districts Dortmund center and Dortmund northeast,Dortmund south (14 church municipalities) and Dortmund west (14 church municipalities) with their associated church municipalities as well as the neighbouring parish district Lünen (5 church municipalities) „the federation of the Evangelist church municipalities and parish districts in Dortmund and Lünen “within the Evangelist church of Westphalia.
Also after introductionthe reformation there were still few catholics in Dortmund, who belonged further to the ore diocese Cologne. First only the monastic churches for God-official uses remain to them.1616 received however the Dominikanerkloster again to Pfarrrechte. After 1803 the catholic monastic churches were secularized either orbroken off. The church of the waived Dominikanerklosters remained as Propsteikirche.1821 was assigned the catholics to the diocese and/or ore diocese Paderborn. Due to strong Zuwanderung in 19. Century and early 20. Century, in particular from the province at that time floats, tookalso the number of the catholics strongly too.1832 became Dortmund seat of a catholic Dekanats, which was divided later into the Dekanate center, northeast, south and west, to which today all Pfarrgemeinden of the city Dortmund belong. The Dekanate Dortmund northeast andDortmund south cover however also Pfarrgemeinden, which do not belong to the city of Dortmund.
beside the Evangelist (34.7% the Dortmunder belong to the Evangelist church on) and catholic municipalities (29.7% the Dortmunder belongthe Roman-catholic church) in Dortmund there are on also still different free churches, under it several Evangelist-free-church municipalities (Baptisten) (Christ church Dortmund center, field gentleman Mr., bridge municipality Dortmund horde/hurdle, Auferstehungsgemeinde Dortmund Eving, Evangelist-freechurch municipality Dortmund woodlice, Evangelist-freechurch municipality Dortmund center, Saarbrücker road and Evangelist-freechurchMunicipality Dortmund Huckarde), the free Evangelist municipality Dortmund-roughens and the Evangelist methodistische church Dortmund center.
Also the orthodox ones, the Neuapostoli church, the witnesses Jehovas and the church Jesu Christi of the holy ones of the last days („Mormonen “) as well as those Oldcatholic church are in Dortmund represented.
See supplementing also religion history of the city Dortmund.
meaning not-Christian religious community in Dortmund is the Islam. Many mosques and prayer houses (particularly in the strongly Turkishly settled northern city center) machen el deutlich de los dados.
The Islamic structures in Dortmund based in associations usually Turkishly stämmiger Arbeitsmigranten. The 1966 created association of Turkish employees in Dortmund and environment arranged 1973 the first Islamic prayer place in a former Evangelist community center in the DortmunderNorth city. Center of the seventies gave it numerous establishments of associations to common religious identity. These municipalities were supported frequently by the office for religious affairs (Turkish: Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı, briefly: THIEF), who since beginning of the 70'sYears in Turkey trained Islamic theologians into the German mosque associations sent. In November 1976 the first Islamic theologian was welcomed as teacher and Vorbeter in Dortmund.
Between 1979 and 1983 the Islamic municipality Dortmund existed as independent roof federation thatIslamic municipalities in Dortmund. This dissolved 1983, since the establishment of the Diyanet donation was angedacht on the part of the religion-assigned of the Turkish message. This donation was not realized in the long run and the Dortmunder municipalities closed finally the Turkish-Islamic union of the institutefor religion (Turkish: Diyanet İşleri Türk Islam Birliği, briefly: D.I.T.I.B.) on. To D.I.T.I.B. belong today ten municipalities in Dortmund.
Apart from the mosque associations oriented at the national conditions in Turkey further Islamic municipalities exist, for example those in Dortmund Islamic community milli Görüş with other mirror-image-ritual adjustments.
When in the 90's that appeared the Arbeitsmigranten in Dortmund remain durable should, this had also effect on the mosque associations. Those up to then loosely organized associations organized themselves after GermanLaw on societies and aimed at non-profit character. Before frequently the prayer places accommodated in Hinterhäusern pulled into the front houses. The Islam became more visible. The trend for the building of representative mosques, as it is to be observed in completely Germany, continues also in Dortmund.
for the Middle Ages is documentary occupied already the settlement by Jews in Dortmund. One prayedat that time in an own praying house with Mikwe. After Progromen in 16. Century settled themselves in the first half 19. Century again Jews in larger number on. 1895 developed as central, representative praying place the old person synagog Dortmund. That Holocaust dezimierte the Jewish population in Dortmund on few humans.
By the influx of Jewish humans from the former Soviet Union the Jewish municipality grew in the 90's again considerably. Today the orthodox Jewish Kultusgemeinde covers 4200 members. It operatesbeside a synagog also a kindergarten. Also the Jewish part of the Dortmunder main cemetery is today actively used again.
In addition a Baha'i exists - to municipality.
the origins of the Christian-Islamic dialogue in Dortmund 1969 is the innitierten working group infür Religion und Weltanschauung der Rheinisch-Westfälische Auslandsgesellschaft. In den 90er Jahren fanden erste direkte Kontakte zwischen christlichen und islamischen Gemeinden im Arbeitskreis Kirche und Moschee statt.
Seit 1993 widmet sich das christlich initiierte Dortmunder Islamseminarder interreligiösen Zusammenarbeit zwischenIslamic, Christian and other religious communities.
The society for Christian-Jewish co-operation Dortmund registered association dedicates itself to living together Jews and Christians in Dortmund..
at the point of the city Dortmund stood in times of the free realm city of the 18köpfige of late 12köpfige advice, that was occasionally compound in the course of the time. The term of office took first one year, whereby the membersregular changed, so that there were one „old advice “and one „new advice “and/or „sitting advice “. Since end 15. Century the councilmen on lifetime were selected. From the 6 highest councilmen two led the title „mayors “. The 7. Seat was the free count reserve. After 1803 fürstlich oranischer city municipal authorities transferred the office business and in French time gave it a Maire, which a Munizipalrat to the side. After 1815 there was a mayor and a local council. With introduction of the city order 1835municipal authorities and the Stadtverordnetenkolleg led the administration under presidency of the mayor. Starting from 1860 the city head carried the title mayor.
During the time of the national socialists the mayor was used of the NSDAP. After the Second World War the military government set the British zone of occupation and 1946 it introduced a new mayor the municipal constitution after British model. Afterwards there was „an advice of the city selected by the people “, whose members one calls „city delegate “. The advice selected at first from its centerthe mayor as chairmen and representatives of the city, which was honorary active. The moreover one the advice selected a full-time director of upper city than directors/conductors of the city administration likewise starting from 1946. 1999 were given up the double head in the city administration. Since that time it gives onlythe full-time mayor. This is a chairman of the advice, director/conductor of the city administration and representative of the city. The mayor was selected 1999 for the first time directly by the people and recruits themselves for 59 years in continuous consequence from the numbers of the SPD. Thosedominating position of the SPD led to the metaphor of Dortmund as „Herzkammer of the social-democracy “.
Member of the Bundestag
the Dortmunder city forms two election to the Bundestag circles.
The constituency 143 Dortmund I covers the western urban districts. Here was void 2005 with 56,3 per cent of the deliveredErststimmen the direct mandate in the years 2002 and 2005 on the SPD delegates Marco Bülow. Over the land list Markus Kurth, alliance 90/Die the Green as well as Michael Kauch, FDP in the 16 pulled. German Bundestag.
The eastern urban districts formthe constituency 144 Dortmund II. Here the direct mandate fell again 2005 with 57,9 per cent on Ursula Burchardt, SPD. Over the national list Erich G. became. Fritz, CDU selected.
local election results
A detailed overview of the results of the Dortmunder local elections offers the article local elections Dortmund, here the current numbers:
allocation of seats in the town councillor
|SPD||CDU||the Green||FDP||citizen list||DVU||Party of Democratic Socialism - open one list||left alliance||offensive D||Entirely|
with the local election 2004 achieved 36 SPD candidates a direct seat in the town councillor, although the SPD only 34Seats would have been entitled. Due to its six overhang were furnished - and balance mandates (SPD: 2, CDU: 2, the Greens: 1, citizen list: 1). A CDU councilman changed few days to the choice to the FDP. The councillor selected for the offensive D stepped at the end of of 2004from the party. FDP and citizen list educate a common parliamentary group in the advice.
After the local election the advice decided 1999 that parliamentary groups from at least four persons can be educated (contrary to other advice and Kreistagen in North Rhine-Westphalia, in thosethis border frequently with two persons lies). This resolution was maintained after the local election 2004. Thus the relatively large number of seven parliamentary groupless councillors results. This has the consequence that the councillors of the smaller groupings have clearly fewer participation possibilities(Request right, speech right, etc.).
mayors and/or mayors
- 1807 - 1812: Johann Arnold Caspar Brügmann, Maire
- 1812 - 1832: Dr. Franz Mallinckrodt, Maire, starting from 1813 mayors
- 1832 - 1847: William Brügmann, mayor
- 1847 - 1871: Karl tooth, 1. Mayor, off 1860 mayors
- 1871 - 1875: Dr. Hermann Heinrich Becker, DFP, mayor
- 1875 - 1876: William Becker, mayor
- 1876 - 1878: Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations examiner, mayor
- 1878 - 1886: Ernst Heinrich lime tree man, mayor
- 1886- 1910: Dr. Karl William Schmieding, mayor
- 1910 - 1933: Dr. Dr. Ernst Eichhoff, Oberbürgermeister
- 1933 - 1934: Bruno pupil, mayor
- 1934 - 1945: Dr. Willi Banike, mayor
- 1945 - 1946: Dr. Hermann Ostrop, CDU, kommissarischer mayor
- 1946: William Hans man, SPD, mayor
- 1946: Dr. Harsh ore Scholtissek, CDU, mayor
- 1946 - 1953: Fritz Henssler, SPD, mayor
- 1954 - 1969: Dietrich Keuning, SPD, mayor
- 1969 - 1973: Heinrich special man, SPD, mayor
- 1973 - 1999: Günter velvet-lives, SPD, mayor
- 1999 - today: Dr. Gerhard Langemeyer, SPD, mayor
directors of upper city
- 1946: Dr. Hermann Ostrop, CDU
- 1946 - 1954: William Hans man, SPD
- 1954 - 1967: Dr. Walter Kliemt, SPD
- 1967 - 1982: Hans Diether Imhoff, SPD
- 1982 - 1991: Harald Heinze, SPD
- 1991 - 1999: Dr. Hans Gerhard cook, SPD
- 1860 - 1899: Otto baron of the Heyden Rynsch
- 1899 - 1916: Briefly baron of the Heyden Rynsch
- 1818 - 1919: Adolph Overweg
- 1919 - 1928: Dr. Robert Klauser
of land advice of the district horde/hurdle (until 1929)
- 1887 - 1900: Heinrich Philipp jump
- 1900 - 1905: Karl von Starck
- 1905 - 1907: Dr. Felix Busch
- 1907 - 1919: Dr. Alfred Luckhaus
- 1919 - 1929: William Hans man
coat of arms and colors
the coat of arms shows the right-looking, in gold einköpfigen, pilotfishes, realm-urban black eagles. It is red reinforced and bezungt. The seal shows the same symbol with the inscription „city Dortmund “.
After Dortmund itself in 13. Century to the free realm and Hanseatic city had etwickelt, led it the realm eagle in coats of arms and seals as imperialSymbol of the imperial city. The oldest well-known seal of the city Dortmund of 1241 showed a tower behind Stadtmauern, the representation of the realm eagle appears a little later than symbol of the city in coat of arms representations. As seal picture the eagle is first inSecretion seal, the small seal of the advice.
In contrast to the realm eagle in the imperial coat of arms of the Middle Ages and the early modern times the Dortmunder eagle was original on silver reason. Already at the beginning 16. Jh. Hermann Botes the today's is in the layer bookKolorierung. But the official coat of arms showed the eagle for a long time in silver. Only 1946 was finally taken over the historical / Weimar realm colors with golden sign. 1871 was added two lions as coat of arms owners and a crown on the sign. These became however 1888 and/or 1908 again remove.
The flag of the city is red and white in longitudinal strips. These are the colors of the Hanse.
Beside coats of arms and colors there was that since 1994 a Logo, the representative letters DO in oneright-open semi-circle from nine dark-blue five-pointed stars shows. The stars become downward smaller. The senkrechte line in the D is upward extended and again briefly crossed. It is to represent the Florianturm, during two bent lines over the O on the large Westphalia-resounds allude. The two letters are held in Petrol. The representation with stars was considered as Europalogo, found one the Logo partial also without stars. In the spring 2005 the urban Corporate Design became however the traditionalColors and symbols changed over. In addition the city Dortmund for citizens or enterprises, who want to show their solidarity with Dortmund, makes available still another city silhouette with several salient buildings in the color of the former Logos.
partnerships between cities
Dortmundmaintains officially sieved international partnerships between cities. In the order of coming off is this (in parentheses the year, since which the partnership exists):
- Amiens, France (1960)
- Leeds, united kingdom (1969)
- Buffalo (New York), Rostow at the Don,
- Russian federation (1978 ) Netanya , Israel (
- 1981) Novi Sad, Serbia
- and Montenegro ( 1982) Xi'an , China (
- 1992) in addition Dortmund maintains United States
the culture long
time a rather insignificant role played culture and objects of interest in a traditional industrie and worker city such as Dortmund. The industrial worker held for the art and culture of the education middle classDistance and the elevated official enjoyed art and culture rather in the state capital Duesseldorf. But the structural change did not make stop also before the cultural life. A heterogeneous citizenry makes today culture and affords these.
1904 created theatres the Dortmund offers opera, ballet, play and a child and a youth theatre. On the area of the former synagog 2 became after that. World war the play places opera house, Schauspielhaus and the studio stage againestablished and were considered as important symbol of the reconstruction of the war-destroyed city. Gedenkstein before the opera house reminds of the destruction of the synagog in the Reichspogromnacht. The child and youth theatre „theatre Sckellstrasse “have his play place at the road of the same name indirect proximity of the Westphalia park.
The ensemble Fletch Bizzel was created 1979. Since 1985 the theatre Fletch Bizzel has its own stage at the Alfons Spielhoff place. Apart from own productions of the ensemble in the theatre also regularly child theatre and doll theatre productions are shown. To the theatrebelong a gallery and a culture workshop, which serve theatres, dance and singing as training further place within the range.
In a former strassenbahndepot to the Immermannstrasse in the Dortmunder north city the theatre in the depot found its play place. Itself as center thatfree theatre art understanding stage offers since January 2001 to a large extent own productions, in addition, other free groups of theatres without own play place find here a at home. A theatre workshop with courses and Workshops for amateurs and layman actors rounds the program off.
The private Theatre Olpketal is mentioned the homeland stage of the Dortmunder of original Bruno Knust, Günna. The Günna well-known from radio and television dedicates itself again and again in its productions peppered with much local color to the topics Ruhr district, the inhabitants of this region as well as thatFootball. Also as an author Knust in the city of large popularity enjoys of regular columns in the Ruhr messages.
The landschaftlich most beautiful play place in the middle the nature stage Hohensyburg has in the Syburger forest at the foot of the Hohensyburg. Since 1952 become here inthe summer months different productions for large and small theatre friends specified by layman actors. Since 2003 during the winter months the play season in the Studio of the nature stage is continued. Particularly likes are regular child musical.
„The school for dance art “forms the dance theatre Cordula Nolte.In a historical gymnasium at the Rheini road regularly dance theatre productions on a private studio stage take place since 1998.
The graduates of the theatre school Là Bouche form the free Roto theatre. Theatre school and Roto theatres have a stage in the Dortmunder the north.
Alsoonly 45 places smallest Dortmunder theatre is the nostalgic doll theatre in the Westphalia park.
Further Dortmunder play places is:
the 2002 opened, again concert hall built Dortmund -the Philharmonic Concert Halls for Westphalia - music culture is considered as lighthouse project of the Dortmunder. The concert hall established in a modern steel glass architecture had 1500 places and is considered as ochestra with outstanding acoustics. The concert hall is seat of the Dortmunder Philharmonics, the 1887were based.
The Dortmunder Oratorienchor was created 1899 as „teacher singing association Dortmund “and gave its first musical lecture for the opening of the Dortmunder of port in presence of emperor Wilhelm. Since 1905 a co-operation with the Philharmoni orchestra Dortmund exists. During thatNational Socialist dictatorship many members of the choir are excluded due to their Jewish descent and war confusions to mean the provisional end of the choir. Only 1957 find the teacher choir again together and become for lack of sing-joyful teachers 1986 the Dortmunder Oratorienchor. The repertoire of theChoir covers classical music from brook to Vivaldi.
Immediately after that 2. World war was lifted 1946 in the zerbombten Dortmund von Emil Rabe of the Dortmunder chamber choir from the baptism. On numerous journeys abroad the choir achieved a multiplicity of international honors,so for example in the year 1954 „the large price of the Republic of Ireland “. The Dortmunder chamber choir was already distinguished four times with the title master choir of the singer federation North Rhine-Westphalia.
The 1968 of the city Dortmund opened leisure center west (FZW) are considered as an organizerinnovative youth and Popkultur. The club carried by the association for independent culture (VUK) offers annually over 250 meetings for different juvenile subcultures and musical scenes. In the FZW club and beer garden apart from regional sizes play also regularly in the locations resound,international Topacts of different music directions. Also as party location the FZW has a good reputation. The Ü-30-Party is legendary. As one of the first clubs of Germany the FZW recognized early the need the Middle Ages humans of good music and dance and created thatClub30. Electronics music festival Juicy Beats is organized by FZW.
Since 1969 the jazz club domicile exists. Originally in the cellar areas of a Kindertagesstätte resident, these 2005 a homeland in the earlier Studio cinema in the Westphalia house at the Hans branch race found. AsAssociation organized jazz club organized in its history innumerable concert meetings with regional and international interpreters. The web page of the club has extensive meeting archives. The WDR and the Deutschlandfunk use the club regularly to concert with cuts. The renowned New Yorker jazz magazine downbeatthe domicile ranks among the hundred best jazz clubs of the world.
The youth jazz orchestra North Rhine-Westphalia is established 1975 with the goal of the promotion of young people as a first youth jazz orchestra of Germany. Of meanwhile 400 artists, who collected their first Meriten in the youth jazz orchestra, could do that well inThird the way of the professional musician hit.
On one meanwhile more than 50-jährige history can look back the jazz volume Siggi Gerhard Swingtett. In 1949 created Hot the club Dortmund found Siggi Gerhard and Hilbert Homberg to each other and created the formation. Appearances followedin the WDR and with the German Jazzfestival. Until today the Siggi Gerhard Swingtett with their in-usual Swing possesses large popularity.
For the training of young musicians the school of music Dortmund is responsible. Already 1901 as music conservatoire based look the school of music on a long historyback. Today the school of music with 150 instructors cares for annually more than 4000 young musicians.
Also within the range of the U-music there are some considerableInterpreter:
Beginning of the 80's attained the meaning supraregional into the Hausbesetzerszene resident Folkrock volume Cochise. On the peace demo against the NATO double resolution to 10. June 1982 in Bonn played those volume before 350.000 humans.
Also the Punkformation The Idiots, approximatelyaround the Dortmunder Urgetüm Hannes, erspielte itself a grateful fan municipality. After their dissolution singer Sir Hannes created the phantoms OF Future, which in the 90's as one could be established the most well-known German Independent skirt Acts.
Dortmund is location more numerously more publiclyand private museums:
The created museum at the east barrier for modern and contemporary art collects 1947 painting, sculptures, objects, photos 20. Century. It accommodates the largest collection of works of the painter Alexej of Jawlensky in Germany as well as the collection „The bridge “from the surrounding field „of the blue rider “. Besides at the beginning of the 90's-years over thousand work of Marcel Duchamp to Joseph Beuys, by Günther Uecker to Jean Tinguely from the collection of Siegfried Cremer were acquired, thoseform a further emphasis of the museum (informal art, Zero and Fluxus).
The museum for art and culture history is today in one 1924 to kind Déco building delighted of Hugo Steinbach as city tables savings bank. The collection of the museum gives on the basisof paintings, sculptures, furniture and arts and crafts a view of the culture history of the city. The collection of exhibits of the Ur and early history temporally covers to exhibits 20. Century. The promotion circle surveying museum registered association. a constant exhibition maintains to history of theSurveying and presents rare geodetic instruments. The premises museum regularly for the presentation by supraregional meaning art and culture exhibitions are used.
The museum eagle tower accommodates an exhibition to the medieval urban history. To see are excavation finds and a model of the medieval city.Contemporary representations, historical weapons and utensils illustrate the appearance of Dortmund in the process of the past centuries.
The museum for natural history was created 1912 and tries geologic history to bring minerals and the domestic animal and plant world to the public more near. Geologyan emphasis museum forms. High points of the museum are a mineral cabinet with a beautiful group of rock crystals, a visitor looking mine and an Amazon aquarium with tropical süsswasserfische.
In the center of the German example book museum Dortmund the example book authoress Henriette Davidis, those is located to 1876 from 1856 -in Dortmund lived. The museum would like on the basis the issued exhibits social life and kitchen technology, social differences and table culture 19. Century make experiencable.
1910 as mechanism for teacher advanced training and as teaching materials - looking collection based, looks the Westfäli school museum on a steeped in tradition historyback. The museum accommodates one the most important schoolhistorical collection in Germany and captivates by an extensive museum-educational program.
That Westfäli industrial museum has its center on the bill Zollern II/IV. The 1903 sample bill finished placed of the Gelsenkirchener Bergwerks-AG shine througha art nouveau architecture with courses of north German brick gothic. The art nouveau portal saved resounds 1969 before the threatening outline and made it thereby the building of pioneers of the industrial care of monuments in Germany. Today Zollern is museum of the social and culture history of the Ruhr mining industry.
The 1992 shut down Coking plant Hansa offers fascinating views of the history of the heavy industry of the past century as accessible large sculpture. On an experience path nature and technology can commit visitor the production departments of the coking plant standing under monument protection. A received machinery building with five gas compressors is outstandingthe DEMAG. Hansa is seat of the donation industrial care of monuments and historical culture.
The German industrial safety exhibition (Daimler Benz Aerospace AG) is one 1993 created technical museum in the Dortmunder quarter Dorstfeld in the proximity of the University of Dortmund. The exhibition shows modern and past technique worlds. The technologythereby not as self purpose, but always manufactured the purchase is represented to humans working thereby.
The 2005 again-opened Hoesch museum are in the former Portierhaus I of the Westphalia hut. By the co-operation of former „Hoeschianern “, the museum for art and culture historyand the meaning of the enterprise Hoesch AG for the city points and presents Westfäli restaurant archives developed museum to the donation out the industrial history of the steel industry from 1871 to the fall end 20. Century.
The stone guard in Dortmund is a remindingand memorial place to the Gräuel of the Nazi period and accommodates the constant exhibition „resistance and pursuit in Dortmund 1933-1945 “of the Dortmunder of city archives.
In April 2006 the brewery museum Dortmund was again-opened. Accommodated in the historical turbine house of the former Hansa brewery with adjacent production hall outthe museum gives an overview of the brewing history of the city to the 60's.
The exhibition port and navigation in the old person port authority informs on the basis from ship and port models about the navigation nature and the modern port economy.
- Automobile museum
- hard commodity media art association in the PHOENIX resounds
- small mining industry museum at the bill Hans man
- local history museum Dortmund Lütgendortmund in the lock Dellwig
the house of artists Dortmund since 1983 of artists in self organization is led and as place of issue for contemporary and experimental art used. ItWestphalia is in in the Dortmunder north city in former factory the bill.
The Dortmunder art association was created 1984 and has its seat in the people's highschool. The exhibition program covers annually four to six presentations of contemporary recent artfrom the most different ranges such as painting, design, sculpture, photography or video art.
- Studio 21
- arke gallery
- gallery in the yard
- gallery Utermann
- gallery UnArt Uniewski
- gallery Carpenter & Heitmann
the large cinema dying seized also Dortmund. The openingthe multiplex cinema CineStar at the north exit of the Dortmunder of main station means the end for the many small city center cinemas particularly on the bridging race. Survived on this former cinema route only the looking castle as independent light play theatre.
In the Dortmunder the two serve the northProgram cinemas Roxy and Camera the fastidious Cineasten on hard seats with a balanced film offer.
From the formerly numerous cinemas in the Dortmunder quarters only the Postkutsche Aplerbeck created the jump in the third millenium.
of the RWE Tower, highest building of the Dortmunder city center, became to 24. August 2005 of the public hand over. 91 m high elliptical buildings with a front from anthrazitfarbenem Chinese graniteseat of the RWE is - daughter Westphalia Weser Ems.
The city and federal state library Dortmund were opened 1999 south the Dortmunder of main station. The building of libraries arranged by architect Mario Botta consists of a rectangular solidium of rosafarbenem sandstone and a pre-aged glass rotunda.
The Dortmunder U, a monument-protected industrial multistoried building from the year 1926, is considered as salient landmark of the city. On the roof of the building originally used as brewery the 9 meters high lit golden Dortmunder U prangt as trade mark of the union brewery since 1962. Aftersince 2003 all surrounding buildings were torn off from the removal of the brewery into the periphery. The building waits since then for the fundamental reorganization. A use of the multistoried building as museum location is planned.
Old person the port authority became 1899 in the style of the new Renaissanceafter plans of advice of building of cities Friedrich Kullrich establishes. The zweigeschossige building with a central front tower possesses a hexagonal sketch and became at the 11. August 1899 by emperors Wilhelm II.inaugurated. Until 1962 the building was seat of the Dortmunder port AG. Todayaccommodates the port authority the water protection police and the exhibition port and navigation with exhibits to port history.
The gaming house Hohensyburg was finished 1985 on the Hohensyburg after two-year construction period. Germany turnover-strongest Casino lies above the Hengsteysees and over-bids a far-curving viewthe Ruhr valley with Hagen.
the 1928 established former coking plant Hansa is since 1995 possession of the donation industrial care of monuments and historical culture. Since 1998 most components are posed under monument protection and the monument coking plant Hansa are part of the route industrial culture. The plant can in the course of guidance by former coworkers andtrained, expert companions to be experienced.
The old person colony Eving is a monument-protected workers' housing estate in the quarter Eving. The settlement between 1898 and 1899 of the bill combined stone and hard mountain for in this time strengthens enlisted foreign workers established andoriginally consisted of 76 houses with 270 dwellings.
On the shut down, powerplant. monument-protected and mostly torn off Hochofenwerk phon ix-west south the Westphalia park remind two partly received blast furnaces with Möllerung, a Gasometer, which reorganized and blower-resounds umgenutze, that today than To the industrial history of the quarter horde/hurdle meeting-resounds used former spare part camps and some further fragments.
- West living in Bodelschwingh bill
- Adolf of Hans man bill
- Minister stone bill
- Gneisenau in Dortmund Derne water tower
- of the Dortmunder of south station national upper local mining authority
- Dortmund [
in the city center gives it approximately around the Reinoldikirche an ensemble from places and pedestrian precincts.
The old person market in Dortmund forms the heart of the city. Until 1955 the ruin was here in2. World war destroyed old city hall of the free realm and Hanseatic city, it was considered as the oldest city hall of Germany. Today the picture of the old person of market is coined/shaped by Aussengastronmie. The center of the market forms the Bläserbrunnen. On the adjacent Hansaplatz finds on Wednesdays,on Fridays and Saturday the weekly market instead of. To feet of the Reinoldikirche lie the Willy Brandt place, the Reinoldikirchplatz and the place of Leeds.
The Dortmunder peace place is the central meeting place. At the peace place important urban mechanisms are like the city hall, thatfrom red sandstone old city hall as well as the pressing and office for information builds. In the center of the place the peace column rises up into the sky.
castles and locks
of the public is the large city Dortmund hardly admits as location of numerous castles, locks and gentleman seats. But find in accordance with their westfälischen traditionitself on the Dortmunder city a multiplicity of former aristocracy seats:
Above the confluence of Ruhr and Lenne in the Hengsteysee on the back of the Ardeygebirges the historically important Hohensyburg lies. Of the Saxonian Sigiburg, their first documentary denomination in the year775 took place, are received to today ruins. On the Syberg further on the year 1100 the dated historical military church pc. is. Peter to Syburg, the 1857 established Vincketurm and one 1893 to 1902 built emperor William monument. The 1985 finished placed Gaming house Hohensyburg is considered as the turnover-strongest Casino Germany.
Of in 12. Century at that Em built Hörder castle is only the main tower received. The castle served long time as court seat. Hörder castle is considered to that as a cradleRuhr industry. The Iserlohner manufacturer Hermann Diedrich beep stick established here 1852 a Puddel and a rolling mill, the later Hermannshütte. After the fall of the mining industry today castle the Phoenix lake develops to feet Hörder.
In 13. Century builds surge tank houseDellwig combines different architectural styles and lies delightfully in the hilly morainic landscape in the Dellwiger brook valley, surrounded by the protected area Dellwiger forest. At fussläufiger distance is the Westfäli industrial museum bill Zollern II/IV.
In the Dortmunder quarter Aplerbeck lies that 1290 for the first time documentarymentioned surge tank house Rodenberg. The surge tank built by the knight Diederich of the Rodenberge belonged today the city Dortmund, was reorganized 1996 fundamentally and serves as seminar building of the people's highschool.
Of the family of Rome mountain in 13. Century builds lock Brünninghausen became in 2. World war destroys to a large extent. Of the former surge tank remind today the gate building used as urban art galleryand the former lock park.
The knight seat house few became in 13. Century of Goswin and Johann of few puts on and presents themselves today as only in the Dortmunder area received aristocracy house 16. Century with gothical forms.
Further important buildings are:
- Manor house Sölde
- property Niederhofen
- lock Westhusen
- house Wischlingen
- house training jokes
- house stone living
buildings of churches
with the building of the Reinoldikirche was begun 1250. The Evangelist church is designated after the holy Reinoldus, the protection patron of the city. That originally 112 m high tower of the Reinoldikirche applied after its completion 1454 as „miracleof Westphalia “. After seismic damages collapsed these 1661 and directly one rebuilt. The tower of the Reinoldikirche with today's height of 104 m can be mounted up to the first platform by the bell tower.
Opposite the Reinoldikirche lies the Marienkirche.The probably oldest Gewölbebau Westphalia originated in in the second half 12. Century as lateRoman Pfeilerbasilika. End 14. Century a gothical choir was supplemented. The inside of the church decorates a Marienaltar of the Dortmunder of master Conrad of Soest from thatYear 1420.
Also the Petrikirche was established at the light way. The dreijochige building became in early 14. Century begun and as gothical resounding church completes. On the inside of pc. Petri is the golden miracle of Westphalia, a magnificent wing altar from thatYears 1521, which are complex restored at present.
The catholic Propsteikirche pc. Johann was the monastic church 1330 created former Dominikanerklosters of the pc. Johann. Among the received objects of interest of the monastery a Altarretabel of the Weseler of painter Derik Baegert from that ranks 15. Century.
The probably oldest church on Dortmunder city is pc. Peter to Syburg. The original church was established 776 on the Hohensyburg by Karl the large one and to 779 by Pope Leo III. geweiht. On the ruins of this building arose thenin the 11. Century to military church received today.
Further beautiful buildings of churches are:
- Coming Brackel
- cross church
- Franziskanerkirche - there the Gebeine of the monk Jordan May Luther church
- Pc. Maria Magdalena
- pc. Bonifatius
after the first horse running already 1887 at the main header RTS castle at the Fredenbaum taken place, 1913 had the gallopp course Dortmund with a sand and a lawn course in the Dortmund Brackel was opened. The historical course is venue of the German pc. Casually.
The first sports facility of the ball play association Borussia Dortmund was the white meadow at the Westphalia hut in the DortmunderThe north. This first stadium of the Borussia offered 1924 as sport park Borussia place for 18.000 spectators. 1937 were expropriated the sport area by the national socialists and the realm work service began here with the establishment of the Hoeschparks. Of the white meadow reminds todayonly a Gedenktafel in the open-rir swimming pool stick heath close of the Hoeschparks.
The 1926 again built combat course red one earth in the civil south of the city became new play place of the BVB. The stadium red one earth was part of the people park Dortmund and was based on thatplanning concerning town construction of the building advice Hans Strobel. To the Dortmunder the rose terraces and the people bath belonged to people park the Dortmund directly south the old realm road 1 to the time at that time also Westphalia-resound. Experienced its large times the stadium red one earth with thatSuccesses of the Borussia in the middle of the 60's. With wooden auxiliary grandstands the spectator capacity on 42.000 humans was raised. Today the stadium serves as pure Leichtathletikstation and is venue of national and international matches.
The soccer world championship 1974 the Westphalia stadium with a capacity becamefrom 54.000 spectators establishes again. A pure football stadium in the style of the 70's from cold concrete, and was enthusiastisch accepted nevertheless it by the population and the fan. Despite being missing successes of the Borussia and a time in the second federal leaguerecord attendances were celebrated. With successes of Dortmund in the middle of the 90's the gradual development of the football temple in such a way specified began. The Westphalia stadium is today with a spectator capacity of 81.264 spectators the largest football arena of Germany. A characteristic and extremely worth seeing is thoseSouth grandstand. As the largest standing place grandstand of Europe it is the homeland of the enthusiastischen fans of the Borussia.
Those Westphalia-resounds as wooden round-resounds by building advice Strobel in the 20's established. With a capacity of 15.000 spectators it was temporary the largest resounding buildingEurope. The world championship fight of max of Schmeling in the year 1927 is legendary. In 2. World war resounds as prisoner-of-war camps abused, with bombardment resounds by the allied ones came numerous prisoners around the life. After the war those became already shortResounds again established. 1952 the new resounds, delighted handed over as freely carrying roof structure with a capacity of 25.000 spectators, by Federal President Theodor Heuss of their regulation. Today resounds part of the fair center is Westphalia resounding with altogether 9 meeting resounding.
the Dortmunder city center was destroyed to a large extent in the Second World War. In the neighbouring boroughs numerous old buildings and a local culture of quarters kept.
The cross quarter in the southwest of the city center was cultivated between 1904 and 1908 by the official housing association andis considered this very day as a residential area of the upper central layer. As location of the professional school Dortmund and with proximity to the university is the cross quarter also with students much likes. The tavern scene of the quarter enjoys a good reputation.
The north city became between 1858and 1913 as worker quarters established and are inhabited predominantly today (50%) of southEuropean immigrants. North the Dortmunder of main station the north city the largest connected urban residential area is convenient in North Rhine-Westphalia.
The emperor route marks the part of the light way between east gate andSpark castle and is traditionally seat of the Dortmunder of courts. South many founder-temporal entrepreneur mansions are to the emperor route. The Italian consulate, the former national upper local mining authority as well as the Jewish synagog are here settled.
The bridging race quarter is the last part of the city center, its road system outthe Vorkriegszeit remained. As cinema mile and location of numerous discotheques the bridging race had a zwielichtiges image. Also one beyond the city well-known open drug scene was to center of the 90's here active. With the settlement of high-quality cultural mechanisms(Concert hall, people's highschool) and an accomodation management by the city a development moving in opposite directions could be introduced here. Today the bridging race presents itself as modern, high-frequented shopping street with a cultural background.
parks and green areas
from the outsetDortmund applied despite extensive industry as the green city of the district. The city organized run for image reasons regularly the 49% -. This should stress that still half of the city surface consisted of green and park plants. After the fall of the mining industrythis is despite increasing urban sprawl by construction of free-hold dwellings no more topic. Dortmund presents itself with many parks and nature surfaces as large city worth living.
1897 developed from a patriotic spirit of the time everywhere in the Ruhr district emperor gardens so mentioned. The Dortmunder Kaiserhain was appropriate south for that Federal highway 1. On this area 1959 to the Bundesgartenschau the Westphalia park with the German Rosarium and the Florianturm developed. In that 75 hectares large park took place 1969 and 1991 further federal horticultural shows.
About two kilometers south, on the areathe lock park of the former lock Brünninghausen, is the probably most beautiful Dortmunder park. That about 65 hectares large Rome mountain park developed as Botani and English landscape garden and is in particular well-known for its wood collection. As characteristic are in that nature nearleft park a herb garden as well as an artificial moorland heath landscape.
The area between Westphalia park and Rome mountain park, in former times location of the steel plant Phoenix west is momentarily renaturiert. Growing together the two large Dortmunder parks is prepared thereby.
Also the Dortmunder zoo belongs to this largeurban green area. Because of the southern end of the Rome mountain park that is in former times as Tierpark Dortmund well-known zoo. On a total area of 28 hectares are 1,840 animals in 265 kinds. Emphasis of the zoo are attitude and breed of South American animal species.
The largest DortmunderGreen belt is with 135 hectares the main cemetery further used as cemetery. On in the cemetery developed are to history tables style large, free lawns, landscape-architecturally interesting view axles and old tree existence.
City center near east cemetery has old tree existence and a multiplicityhistorical graves of famous Dortmunder citizens.
Into the Dortmunder north city the Fredenbaumpark on the area of the former city forest loads westrecovered and the leisure facility Lunapark on 63 hectares to expanded walks and recovery. An opening of the Fredenbaumparks becomes momentary the waterplanned. In the northwest the park is to be expanded to the Dortmund Ems channel.
Also the Hoeschpark lies in the Dortmunder the north. In the 1937 green belt put on by the realm work service in direct proximity of the Westphalia hut and the boron IGP rubber strip are numerous sports sites and the warm water open-rir swimming pool stick heath.After the sales by the Thyssen company to the city is momentarily reorganized the park and prepared again.
The 1811 as west dead yard in the western city center west park put on loads with beer garden and Boulebahnen for summer staying in. Just like thatclose convenient Tremoniapark on the area of the former bill Tremonia, whose large meadow is used as Liegewiese and football field.
In the Dortmunder periphery at the borders to sour country and cathedral country the expanded forest areas Bolmke , city forest bitter Mark, swords forest, Niederhofener forest, Grävingholz , Kurler shrubs lie, Rahmer forest and the tub brook valley. These are outstanding attainable by moving and cycle tracks and let the big-city life fast forget.
the city Dortmundevery two years assign the Nelly Sachs price for literature.
Since 1957 there are the international culture days of the city Dortmund, the meanwhile oldest continuously taking place Kulturfestival in Germany. A European partner country of exhibits of its cultural variety places every two years on differentMeetings forwards. Approximately 20 European countries were so far to guest. Today the Dortmunder is culture days core of the country-wide event Scene: North-Rhine/Westphalia.
Merged into the culture days with the Jazzfestival europhonics the jazz scene of the respective partner country is lit up and introduced. The 1987 firstunder the title Dortmunder jazz spring initiated music celebration presented annually contemporary, European jazz at different play places in the city.
The Frauenfilmfestival femme total is organized two-annually since 1987. With the festival with topic tables an emphasis, productions shown in those womenin the range direction, film script, clay/tone or camera considerably participated. On the Filmfestival will besides an topic-independent feature competition for director inside, a new generation promotion price for young picture arranging gutters and a promotion price for camera women assigned.
Since 1997 the dance and Theaterfestival off arranges themselveslimit at the free dance and Theaterscene. Parallel to the festival a symposium is organized.
The Dortmunder Literaturfestival LesArt is held annually.
As also in other German cities the culture landscape of the city opens annually on the day of the open monument and the Dortmunder museum night a broad public.
The Dortmunder Weihnachtsmarkt is also over 300 conditions one the largest Weihnachtsmärkte Germany and becomes annually from more than two million visitors from the city, which region visits and from the foreign country. ThoseAttraction of the Dortmunder Weihnachtsmarktes taking place in the shade of the Reinoldikirche is the largest Christmas tree of the world on the Hansaplatz with a height of 50 meters, established as stand construction. The stand construction, in which a fire sprinkler (52 extinguishing nozzles, 3200 litres/minute) installs for fire fightingis, with 1700 spruces one equips. 13000 small lamps provide for the lighting. The tree has a dead weight of 30 tons and becomes secured with a concrete foundation of 140 tons. Due to the already now high weight is no higher treepossible, since the maximum static maximum stress of the multi-storey underground parking which was under the Hansaplatz is reached.
Further meetings are:
- Micro! festival
- Kabarett Matinee „reports for interested village inhabitants “in the shedding mountain town center center
- WAM Filmnacht
- music festival Juicy Beats
- skirt in the ruins on the Hohensyburg
leads culinary specialities past at the Dortmunder beer in the Dortmunder kitchen. Despite the fall of the formerly largest brewery location in Europe the Dortmunder light, an harsh, has bottom-fermented export beer, further world-wide reputation. As native beverage, handed to the westfälischen, It finds specialities Pfefferpotthast with Pumpernickel , Panhas or Möppkenbrot to today many lovers. The Dortmunder catering trade celebrates annually apart from the public-effective industrial fair Dortmund A la Carte a Pfefferpotthastfest on the age market.
Dortmund sporty sign is the steeped in tradition football - federal lyingist Borussia Dortmund, German football master 1956, 1957, 1963, 1995, 1996 and 2002, championsleague and world Cup winner of the 1997, that in the signalIduna park (formerly Westphalia stadium) southern the city center plays. The association has approx. 30,000 members and to the Heimspielen appear on the average approximately 80,000 spectators. The amateur crew of the BVB plays the hand ball ladies of the BVB in the football upper league Westphalia, is in that1. Federal league and the first crew of the table tennis department belong the 2. Federal league on. Pronounced the enthusiasm for sport and football of humans in Dortmund are internationally well-known.
The Westphalia stadium is play place of the soccer world championship 2006. It offers place for approximately 81,000 spectators.In direct neighbourhood is the stadium red one earth, which Helmut-granular-resounds Westphalia resounding as scene of numerous European and world championships in different kinds of sport as well as the Leichtathletikzentrum. Since 1925 the traditional Steherrennen becomes at the 1 in always Westphalia-resounds. Weihnachtsfeiertag held,followed at the same place the 1926 the annual Sechstagerennen. The international riding and jumping tournament in the Dortmunder Westphalia-resound rank among the most important meetings of the riding in Germany.
In Dortmund the olympia base Westphalia and the federal achievement center rudders is resident. Besidesexist achievement centers for the kinds of sport shooting, ice art run and ice dance. In the Willi Daume house to the Strobelallee is the seat to German hand ball of the federation. Also the German Ringer federation has his office in Dortmund.
In the Dortmunder Schauspielhaus becomes since1982 annually savings banks the Chess Meeting Dortmund delivered. Come out from the international Dortmunder it is considered to chess days as the most important and play-strongest chess tournament in Germany and possesses international meaning.
Since 1913 existing Dortmunder the gallopp course in the quarter Wambel has a 2000-m-Grasbahn anda 1600-m-Allwettersandbahn. On the course equipped with floodlight installation and considered grandstands the German pc. becomes annual. Casually and the large price of the Dortmunder economics delivered.
In Dortmund there are three golf courses: Since 1956 in the realm Mark of the DortmunderGulf club e. V. claimant 18-Loch-Platz, those from the former British Army of the Rhine to crew times 18-Loch-Anlage put on Royal Saint Barbara´s in Brackel as well as a 9-Loch-Golfplatz in the internal span of the Dortmunder gallopp course.
South the Westphalia park exists a training distance for wheel sportsmen.
Within the leisure range andwith the spreading haven Dortmund offers a various offer. Among other things the city has ten swimming pools, numerous sport resounding and -, a in the meantime relatively well developed, 300 km comprehensive cycle track net, an Mountainbike arena lay close (on the area of the former domestic refuse dump in the quarter Deusen),three climbing plants, a high express garden as well as several Funsportanlagen (Skatebord, BMX and Beachvolleyballanlagen) and naturally the many parks and green areas. Altogether there are nearly 600 sport associations in Dortmund with approximately 140,000 members. The monument-protected Dortmunder south bath in the city center is the traditionalDelivering place of more numerously, national meaning swimming meetings. The bath is reorganized momentarily and is available starting from 2006 again for swimming matches.
A special meaning for the spreading haven possess the association TSC largest with nearly 6000 members unity Dortmund, the city sport federation andthe sport world Dortmund gGmbH, as operators of the Dortmunder of swimming pools.
In addition, kinds of edge haven such as American football find in Dortmund attention. Like that 1980 were the Dortmund GIANTS of one of the first German football associations.
economics and infrastructure
In the context of the industrialization Dortmund
change and perspectives Thomas pear of the steel plant Phoenix east rapidly to a center of the heavy industry (coal - and steel industry). Important Dortmunder of companies was Hoesch, the Dortmunder union, the PhönixAG for mining industry and hut enterprise as well as starting from 1969 the Dortmunder bills summarized under the roof of the Ruhr coal AG. Still in the middle 20. Century were there on the today's Dortmunder city more than 15 coal mines (see also: Would list former mines andPit fields in Dortmund) their the latter 1987 the enterprise stopped.
Those economically healthy Hoesch AG was transferred in the year 1992 pikanterweise by at that time under-financed the Essener Krupp steel AG in of Germany first hostile takeover by secret share buying up. 1997 fused Krupp Hoeschand the Düsseldorfer Thyssen steel AG to the ThyssenKrupp steel AG, with now dramatic consequences for the Dortmunder of hut locations. The Flüssig-Phasen of the iron and steel production were completely shut down in Dortmund in the subsequent years, because the new company its steel section onthe geographically more favorable Rhine rail concentrated. The job dismantling developed from this was not simple for Dortmund to bear.
The fallow lands of the earlier steel plants offer Dortmund beside now clean air however also a substantial Entwicklungspotenzial for the city:
- The earlier area that Dortmunder union in the west of the city center is today (2005) settled to large parts already with new logistics and commercial structure: it is traffic-favorably at the railway route by the Emschertal, because of the northern urban motorway, to the feeder to A45, A40 and a2,and in proximity of the Dortmund Ems channel.
- The former steel plant Phoenix east in the southeast in horde/hurdle becomes after its dismantling, which becomes outline and the reorganization the project Phoenix lake an interesting address for living and business purposes with high recreation value.
- The location Phoenix westa central role in the competition comes to the micro system engineering already now around further firm settlements from the range with the MST.factory. Dortmund is considered today as largest German center to micro system engineering and resident up-to-date 26 companies with approx. 1700 persons employed in thisstill recent future industry.
- The location Westphalia hut in the Dortmunder northeast is one of largest industrialfallow Europe. Even if still to small extent (under 1.000 coworkers) on the Westphalia hut one produces, then this area results in (approx. 3 km times 5 km) enormousPossibilities of the town development. A use for industrie and logistics location and the development of new green and leisure areas are conceivable. A final decision concerning zukünftlicher use and the Aquirierung from investors did not succeed here yet.
The machine and equipment construction possessin Dortmund a large tradition. The construction of chemical plants company Uhde GmbH, which likewise belongs today to the ThyssenKrupp AG, is active. In former times in Dortmund active companies were the Thyssen Klönne AG and the equipment construction to packing and beverage rack machines. Building vehicles became in former times inDortmund by the company Orenstein & Koppel manufactured, who came with the Hoesch Krupp fusions to the Krupp conveying engineering and their affiliated firms. Also the machine tool manufacture has a considerable Dortmunder past: in Lütgendortmund at the city boundary to Bochum existed into the 1980er yearthe exempt private company sound-hope, formerly world-well-known manufacturer of multi-spindle automatic lathes. With the earlier „Hoesch engine works Germany “had to exhibit Dortmund at the fount route close of the Westphalia hut a manufacturer of bulk sp centre lathes.
Meanwhile enterprises of the insurance and financial system have themselves as well as in in DortmundSurrounding field of the university many modern IT and service enterprise establishes firmly. These offer “today futurable jobs „to the children of the old steelmakers. Also microelectronics is represented: here in particular the successful manufacturer of ASIC is - chips ELMOS AG to call, itsProducts particularly in the automotive engineering are inquired.
Beyond its borders Dortmund became as beer city by brewing export beer admits. Of the innumerable Dortmunder breweries (among other things miner, Borussia, Dortmunder Actien brewery (DAB), Dortmunder union brewery (DUB), crowns, Hansa, knight, pin, Thier), after that the 1. And almost 50 years grew world war to large breweries long the German beer market controlled, remained by concentration in addition, by false estimate of the market tendency only a brewery location: Under the roof thatto the Bielefelder Dr. August Oetker kg of belonging and in the north city residents Dortmunder Actien brewery (DAB) today all large Dortmunder beer marks is united.
in the time of 1960 to 1994 was reduced the number of the industrial persons employed of127.000 to 37.000 persons. New jobs were created mainly within the range of the data processing as well as when banks and insurance.
Likewise the meaning of Dortmund rose as upper center of the retail trade. The west light way in the heart of the city center applies after the chewing fingers road in Munich,the Zeil in Frankfurt and beside the describing lane in Cologne as one of the most frequently frequented purchase miles of Germany. The high rents and not existing empty conditions on the west light way and east light way reflect this development. The new building of the Dortmunder of main station with projected36,000 square meters additional sales area at fussläufiger distance to the west light way the competitive situation will continue to heat up within the city, in addition, with existing and angedachten shopping centre in neighbour cities in the Ruhr district.
A future-pointing signal was end of 1968 the establishment of the University of Dortmund. The Campus - university put the foundation-stone for the today's science location. In spatial proximity to the university 1984 the technology center were opened as one of first Germany. In the adjacent technology park settled themselves since 1988 more than 225 companies also over 8500Coworkers on. The project city crown east on the former barracks area to the B1 is 1958 using a further positive example with the coal crisis of and until today invariably continuing structural change in Dortmund.
With publicly private Partnership Dortmund project betweenthe city, the company ThyssenKrupp, which was compiled from the management consultant McKinsey after the model of the wolf castle AG, both the occupation gap resulted from the structural change is to be closed, and new guidance industries for the city to be developed and strengthened. ThoseIndustrialfallow were merged into the total concept with. The authority fields logistics, micro system engineering (MST) and information and communication technologies became as new guidance industries auserkoren. Later were added the health economy, the biomedicine and energy engineering. The project is in the year 2005 inthe urban economic and occupation promotion integrated. Up to the year 2010 the city Dortmund wants in the framework Dortmund project altogether 67 million euro to spend, in order to activate business initiatives.
The tertiary sector (services) forms today the portion largest with distance (73%) in the Dortmunder restaurant economics and with preference in the spacious range along the B1 (Westphalia dam and Rhine land dam) and at the southern town center arterial roads settled.
defiance of the structural change successful in beginnings is the number of unemployed persons inDortmund very highly. As in the entire Ruhr district the unemployment ratio lies over the federation and state average, is however even high compared with other Ruhr district cities expressed. However the situation differs in the individual quarters with a clearly higher development inthe northern quarters. Thus the unemployment ratio lay related to dependently civilian employees in the urban district city center north 2003 with roughly 27.2% compared with only 9.6% in the urban district Hombruch.
According to the data of the office for statistics and elections of the cityDortmund amounted to the unemployment ratio (in per cent) in Dortmund in each case to 30. June:
|related to dependently civilian employees||15.5||15.0||15.7||17.1||17.1||16.4||15.1||14.0||14.6||15,5||16,6|
|related to all civilian employees||15.1||14.0||13.0||13.5||14.3||15.3|
Dortmund are the most important traffic junction of Westphalia. In the traffic is the city over six motorways (A 1, a2, A 40, A 42, A 44, A 45) and five federal highways (B 1, B 54, B 234, B 235 and B 236) tied up to the German freeway net. With the Kamener cross, the Westhofener cross as well as the motorway interchanges Dortmund Unna and Dortmund northwest lie important German motorway interchanges on or in proximity of the Dortmunder of city.
In the rail traffic ordersDortmund with the Dortmunder main station over a ICE - remote station. It ranks with 41 million passengers annually among the most important railway knots in the German passenger traffic. Important transport installations are thereby also in the east of the city at the distanceafter Hamm operating station Dortmund lain. Beyond that there are 23 regional stations and 25 further rapid-transit railway - stations in Dortmund (see also stations in Dortmund). In the rail goods traffic Dortmund is not however after quiet putting of the two marshalling yards Dortmund Rbf and Dortmunderfeld Railway knot more. Starting from Dortmund also autocourses operate after Westerland, Bozen etc. The Dortmunder main station is to be fundamentally renewed in the next years and be served then also as purchase, leisure and Entertainmentzentrum as well as hotel. However it gives with this as project 3do admitted delays again and again to change.
Also to the European network of air routes Dortmund is tied up. The airport Dortmund is in the eastern quarter Wickede and is attainable as well as over a shuttle bus direct with the passenger car over the B1 over the station Holzwickede /Dortmund-Flughafen tied up to the public suburban traffic. Since 2004 the airport Dortmund operates additionally the airport express, which operates centers between the bus station at the Dortmunder main station and the airport. The VRR - Tariff does not apply on this distance.
The airportDuesseldorf international can be attained in approximately one hour with the course or the passenger car.
In the inland waterway craft travel is Dortmund by the Dortmund Ems channel with the Rhine and the North Sea connected and had the largest channel port of Europe, however intoCourse of the structural change at meaning lost. The building of a Marina is planned, in order to increase the recreational value of the port.
In Rail local passenger traffic (SPNV) is Dortmund by the four rapid-transit railway - lines S 1, S 2, S 4 and S 5, numerous RegionalExpresse and regional courses opened. In the local local passenger traffic Dortmund has running metropolitan railway a net from six in the city underground -, two Strassenbahnlinien and 56 bus one operates - lines, majority by the DSW21 in the traffic group Rhine Ruhr. This route network covers 852.1 kilometers and carries annually 125 million persons.
The city was auto+friendly again developed after the Second World War. Most remarkable characteristics are southern those of theTown centre by the city running B1 and the four to sechsspurige city center ring along the former city barrier. Within this ring the motor traffic is however only very reduced possible - the largest part of this area is developed to the pedestrian precinct.
Also thatWheel-drive promoted to Dortmund by the town planning - since the 1980er - an extensive cycle track net to years production on the cyclist frequently independently of motorized traffic and concomitantly more surely to move to be able itself.
of largest employersthe city is meanwhile the city with numerous subsidiary companies such as
- DSW21 - Dortmunder of public utilities
- DEW21 - in addition Dortmunder energy and water supply
- GmbH Westphalia resounding Dortmund
- GmbH disposal Dortmund
- GmbH Dokom society for telecommunications
Further residents enterprises are in the ranges
- the SIGNAL IDUNA group
- the Continentale
- the people well-being federation
- as well asNorth-Rhine/Westphalia location of the alliance insurance
computer science and data processing:
- adesso AG, EDS Germany GmbH
- Materna GmbH information & Communications
- pro data processing software AG
- Hewlett-Packard GmbH
- itelligence AG
- Innosoft GmbH, project and service management systems
semiconductor and electronic construction units
- Elmos Semiconductor AG
- of Ems new media AG
plant and mechanical engineering
- savings bank Dortmund
- cooperative bank Dortmund EEC
- AHAG securities trading bank AG
further one in Dortmund active enterprises are:
- Borussia Dortmund GmbH & cost. KGaA
- brew & well AG, DortmunderActien brewery AG
- Eurowings of air traffic AG, Germanwings GmbH
- Rewe Dortmund wholesale EEC
- METRO cash & Carry GmbH & cost. Kg
current characteristic numbers of the retail trade:
- Turnover index: (2003) 109.0
- purchasing power index: (2004) 98.5
- Zentralität: (2003) 107.6
to the fair center Westphalia-resound belong 9 air-conditioned a resounding also between 1.000 and 10,600 square meters surface. The newest resounds, westtrap-resounds 3B, in the spring 2005 with a surface by 10.600 m ² was opened. Altogether the fair center Westphalia resounding offers an exhibition surface of 59.000 m ². Detailsto the taking place fairs in the article Westphalia resounding are discussed in detail.
newspapers and magazines
before that 2. World war appeared to general indicators in Dortmund with the Dortmunder the present-strongest, supraregional daily paper of Germany outside of Berlin. AfterHitler a Karrikatur of Emil Stumpp was adjusted the 1890 of Friedrich William Ruhfus created, left liberal newspaper by the national socialists and appeared from now on red one earth” as party organ under the name “Westfäli national newspaper -.
To the journalistic tradition could after endthe war not to be tied. Today locally three local newspapers with SPDnear Westfäli round-look, messages appear to the West German general newspaper WAZ and the rather conservative Ruhr. However the WR of the WAZ group belongs. Once in month that appears Homeless person magazine BODO and is offered in the city for the sales.
Free of charge to be distributed in Dortmund numerous indicator magazines like for example the city indicator. These appear usually weekly. The free meeting magazines coolibri and Heinz lie monthly in cultural facilities and restaurantsout.
The vision publishing house shifts the appearing monthly, country widely available music magazine in Dortmund vision. Furthermore the editorship of the largest skirt and Metal magazine of Europe, is skirt hard, in the quarter roughens.
At the university Dortmund appears during the term two-weeklythe Campuszeitung InDOpendent.
both the WDR and Sat.1 operate regional studios in Dortmund. The WDR produces the transmissions planet knowledge , restaurant time from Dortmund and WDR in Dortmund point Dortmund. „The restaurant time made of Dortmund “reportsdaily with current messages over the region. Sat1 produces the expenditure for North-Rhine/Westphalia of 17:30 in Dortmund.
The citizen channel developed with the cable pilot project is called today floriantv and offers to interested citizens the possibility of arranging even television. floriantv has a firm transmission place inDortmunder cable system.
In Dortmund formerly produced tv.nrw adjusted in May 2005 his transmit mode.
the Hörfunkstudio of the WDR supplies the region halfonce per hour via the transmitter WDR 2 with regional messages. The local private radio radio 91,2 offersregional information as well as the master program of radio North-Rhine/Westphalia. The student radio eldoradio* plays around the clock music, sends in the morning and in the evening also word contributions, and can in Dortmund over antenna, cable and as Web radio be received beyond that. Furtherin Dortmund the private hit radio is produced, which will again take up the transmit mode in December 2005.
Before sound broadcasting academy German in Dortmund resident shifted its office in the year 2005 to upper living. Seminars and training further meetings find however further to Nollendorfplatz in Dortmund Eving instead of.
on-line magazines and Blogs
on-line magazine donews.de is a training project of the institute for journalism of the University of Dortmund and offers background reports from the Ruhr district and the newest information approximately around the Campus of the University of Dortmund.On-line magazines with the largest range are the Borussia Fanzines schwatzgelb.de and die-kirsche.com.
the steeped in tradition medium house Lensing is the third biggest independent newspaper publisher in North Rhine-Westphalia.
The shedding mountain publishing house created by the Dortmunder publisher Bodo shedding mountain shifts the technical periodical book report and the mirror best-seller lists. Of a general public became the publishing house admits by the row the Bibliophilen of paperbacks and in particular the chronicle 20. Century.
The Grafit publishing house made itself and calls themselves in particular by Ruhr district crime films a name todayas market leaders with German-language detective stories.
The steeped in tradition Krüger publishing house publishes today substantially books with local color and a city-historical background.
The independent disk label Century Media has its master seat in Dortmund. There are addresses in Brazil, Australia, France, Italy, Sweden and Great Britain.In Germany are 2005 approx. 40 coworkers employs.
The active music publishing house company produces under the label hedgehog record child cartridges, CDs and child hearing books.
Further in Dortmund residents of publishing houses are:
- Auer publishing house
- borrowing man publishing house
- IFS publishing house
- Ingrid Lessing publishing house
- of plans record
- Schack publishing house
- Udeis publishing house
- publishing house modern learning
Dortmund is seat of the following mechanisms and/or bodies of the public right:
- Federal Institution for industrial safety and industrial medicine (BAuA)
- retail trade federation Westphalia center e. V.
- Chamber of trade Dortmund -Chamber district: Circle-free cities Bochum, Dortmund, Hagen, Hamm and Herne as well as Ennepe Ruhr circle, circle Soest and circle Unna
- Chamber of Commerce and industrie (IHK) to Dortmund - chamber district: Circle-free cities Dortmund and Hamm as well as circle Unna
- central office for the assignment of study places
- office for material testing North-Rhine/Westphalia
- Heinrich Boell donation North-Rhine/Westphalia - national donation of the party alliance 90/Die the Green
education and research
- University of Dortmund; based 1968 with the emphasis natural sciences, engineering sciences, economics and planning sciences; 1980 extend by the educational universityRuhr, since that time also Geisteswissenschaften. Here is also a study center of the professional school for economics & management.
- Professional school Dortmund; based 1971 by combination of a formerly national school of engineering, a work art school, a higher technical school for social work, a higher technical school for Sozialpädagogikand a restaurant technical school.
- Professional school for public administration North-Rhine/Westphalia; the professional school has altogether six departments in different cities of North Rhine-Westphalia; in Dortmund a seventh location is as branch office of the Gelsenkirchener department (where itself also the seat of the professional schoolfinds).
- Internationally School OF management Dortmund (ISM); based 1990 in private working group; since 1994 nationally recognition. The training centre offers different diploma, Bachelor - and starting from 2006 also master - courses of studies within the ranges to economics, hotel and Event management.
- University for musicDetmold - location Dortmund; based 1947 in Detmold as one of the first colleges of music of Germany. You were integrated the urban conservatoire Dortmund (1901 based) and the Westfäli school for music Münster. Meanwhile however only the location exists in Detmold.At present the orchestra center North-Rhine/Westphalia carried by the four national colleges of music in North Rhine-Westphalia uses the premises of the Dortmunder of location up to the completion of own areas. The construction work for the orchestra center North-Rhine/Westphalia is at the Dortmunder bridging race in direct proximity of the concert hallstarted. A completion is projected for 2007.
- institute for Max-Planck for molecular physiology
- institute for Fraunhofer for flow of material and logistics (IML)
- institute for Fraunhofer for software and system engineering (EATS)
- Institut for robot research
- IT-center Dortmund
- FKE - Forschungsinstitut for child nutrition
- social research centre Dortmund
- Forschungsinstitutfor telecommunications
- Institut for land and town development research of the country North-Rhine/Westphalia
- Institut for spectrochemistry and applied spectroscopy
- Institut for industrial physiology
- Institut for newspaper research
- Fritz Hüser institute for German and foreign worker literature
- Institut for school development research
the basis of the Dortmunder education landscape forms a multiplicity more differentlySchool forms. An overview is in the article schools in Dortmund.
Among the most famous Dortmundern the soccer players of the city probably rank such as August spring, Lothar Emmerich and Siggi hero or in recent time player such as Michael Zorc and Lars Ricken. Besides some Industrielle, all are Leopold Hoesch, beyond the city boundaries of Dortmund in front admit become. In addition Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus is inDortmund born.
- Westfäli city book; Volume III 2. Volume from “German city book. Manual of urban history - on behalf of the working group of the historical commissions and with support of the German city daily, the German standard ware and the German municipality daily,hrsg. by Erich Keyser, Stuttgart, 1954
- sketch to German administrative history 1815 - 1945, hrsg. from roll ago Hubatsch, volume 8: Westphalia. Marburg at the Lahn, 1980
- history of the city Dortmund, hrsg. of city archives Dortmund, shedding mountain publishing house, Dortmund 1994. ISBN 3-611-00397-2
- Westfäli city Atlas; Volume: I; 6 volume. On behalf of the historical commission for Westphalia and with support of the landscape federation Westphalia lip, hrsg. by Heinz Stoob and Wilfried Ehbrecht. City briefcase Dortmund, author: Heinz Stoob. ISBN 3-89115-333-3; Dortmund Altenbeken, 1975.
Web on the left of
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- private side approximately around Dortmund with many photos
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- private side to the Dortmunder urban history
- Dortmund Community
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