Three realms of Korea
|Three realms of Korea|
|history of Korea|
as the three realms of Korea the Kingdoms of Goguryeo , are designated Baekje and Silla the 1. Century v. Chr. up to 7. Century n. Chr. far parts of the Korean peninsula and Manchuria controlled. This period of the fall Go-Joseons up to Sillas victory over Goguryeo is therefore described in the Korean historiography also as a time of the three kingdoms.
Reports over this time support themselves mainly by the Samguk Sagi (chronicle of the three kingdoms), the oldest still received writing over the history of Korea. To what extent their data correspond to the truth, is questionable, since the author tries many places to put the alleged superiority out late dominant factors of the Kingdom of Silla.
It is provable that itself the three kingdoms between that 4. and 6. Century n. Chr. as influential states had developed.
Table of contents
the three Kingdoms of
the three city states probably soon after the defeat Go-Joseons were created and won by the incorporation of the surrounding areas gradually at influence. Three of the four Kommandanturen, which were created by the Han dynasty after the victory over Go-Joseon on its area, fell fast to the loose confederation of states Jinhan, from which late Silla should develop. The latter, Lolang, became 313 n. Chr. from Goguryeo defeats.
All three kingdoms possessed a similar culture and language, which were coined/shaped by the close relations with China strongly by the Konfuzianismus and Taoismus. They all led around 4. Century n. Chr. the Buddhismus as state religion.
the Kingdom of Goguryeo became the Samguk Sagi after in the year 37 v. Chr. on the banks of the Yalu river in the today's border area between North Korea and China von König Jumong based. In Chinese writings the name Goguryeo however already finds 75 v. in the year. Chr. Mention.
Goguryeo succeeded it soon to conquer large parts of Manchuria and became thereby the largest three kingdoms. After 313 the n. Chr. the Chinese Kommandantur Lolang had defeated, shifted it its capital after Rakrang (Hangeul: 락랑), which was in the area of the today's Pjöngjang. In 5. Century n. Chr., at the zenith of its power, occupied Goguryeo the Chinese peninsula Liaodong and the area around the today's Seoul. After in China the Sui dynasty 581 China had reunited, the sheet turned against Goguryeo and it was repeats attacks of Chinese troops suspended, which also with the following seaweed - continued to go to dynasty.
after the Samguk Sagi became the Kingdom of Baekje in the year 18 n. Chr. of king Onjo, a son of the founder of Goguryeo, in the area of the today's Seoul based. It covered the southwest of Korea. The Chinese writing San Guo Zhi calls a member of the Manhan - confederation of states „Baekje “.
Baekje transferred in large measure the Chinese culture and technology. As sea power it played a special role in the trade and the relations with Japan.
the Samguk Sagi reports that the Kingdom of Saro (also Seorabol) in the year 57 v. Chr. by the combination of Jinhan, a federation by city states, one based. Saro became 503 n. Chr. in Silla renamed.
The capital of Silla was Seorabol (supposed the today's Gyeongju). Excavations suggest that Sillas culture was coined/shaped more strongly by nomadische trunks in the north and the influence of the Chinese culture was accordingly smaller.
smaller states on the Korean peninsula
further one smaller states existed in the time of the three kingdoms, which were swallowed gradually by the three large kingdoms:
- Gaya at the south coast of the peninsula: from Baekje and Silla Dongye
- and Okjeo at the northern east coast of the peninsula conquers: from Goguryeo Buyeo
- conquers north the peninsula: before its fall of Goguryeo Usan
- on Ulleungdo and Tamna on Jejudo controls: from Silla the end
of the three Kingdoms of Silla swallowed dependent vassal states [
work on] the Kingdom of Gaya in the first half 6. Century n. Chr., on which Goguryeo and Baekje allied themselves against Silla. In order to be able to set itself against the attacks of his rivals to the resistance, the king asked the assistance of the Chinese seaweed dynasty, which by the entrance to the yellow sea, conquered briefly before , became possible of Silla. After Silla with support of its Chinese allied ones first Baekje (660 n. Chr.) and finally Goguryeo (668 n. Chr had occupied.), drove it out the remaining seaweed - troops and introduced thereby the era of the united Silla on the Korean peninsula.
see also: List of the rulers of Korea [[nap: Tre Regni D A Corea]]